Dave Lambert
Updated 2 April 2007


Questions/issues/key persons/historiographical debates this dissertation will attempt to shed greater light upon.

Fresh/greater/additional/new light on
Add significantly to our knowledge of
Stimulate further research on this topic
Fresh information
New interpretation.
Cultivate new ground/break new ground

What/It is important/essential/crucial/vital to appreciate/recognize/realize/stress/remember that _.

Van Ruymbeke has discovered/established/concluded/suggested/argued that .
[Note to myself: other formulations]
Acknowledges, Suggests, Concludes, Insists, Predicts, Reports, Warns, Admits, Discloses, Observes, Believes, Explains, Summarizes, Finds, Concurs, Affirms, Posits, Implies, Notes, Comments, Claims, Illustrates, Proposes, Speculates, Indicates

Unless otherwise indicated, all translations are my own.
In the following paragraphs, page numbers refer to this document.
It was not fanciful to suppose that .
The significance of this date will become clear presently.
Several years ago, a curious fact came to light.
Historians have not examined this episode in any great detail.
In another connection, a student of the French archives mentioned in passing .
Might this not provide the answer to an earlier question?
Would it have been possible for _?
Historians continue to debate this question.
There is now no way to put the matter to the test.

The point of this dissertation is to explore the role played in _ and to illustrate .
It is not intended to be a full-scale history of .
It is, rather, a narrative that covers much ground quickly and briefly.
It opens up much larger questions about .
_ aware of the larger context.
We will be able to clarify along the way several otherwise obscure points/certain historiographical issues/controversies/debates.
All we can attempt here is a brief sketch of the outlines (which are clear enough). The details must await the discovery of new evidence, if such exists.
This study seeks to answer some specific questions: 1); 2); 3).
Many such questions can be asked. As yet, no answer can be given/answers are harder to come by.
We will highlight the most significant problems of our theme and indicate where we are still searching for answers.
The primary purpose of this study is to _.
This study seeks to employ the standard works on to _.
I will account for several major themes before embarking on a discussion of .
But that does not lie within the scope of this work.
Although a history of the Dutch tobacco trade lies outside the scope of this essay, some indication of its character is necessary for an understanding of the problems met by English merchants in the North.
A number of themes/questions have emerged which need to be stressed/highlighted.
The first is that .
Second, _.
Third, .
Traditional accounts have fixed this episode so firmly that it is hard to view it in a different way.
Recent research has shown that the traditional picture of _ is incomplete.
We challenge several traditional accounts.
Our findings call into question some of the traditional interpretations of _.
We present a refocused view of _.
I hope this narrative structure permits hitherto isolated sources/facts/events/persons to be meaningfully related.
At times, in giving what might seem to be pieces of scattered information, my intention is to put future researchers on the road to new discoveries about .
(De Joux, De Sailly) The sources are uneven: some periods are well documented; for others, only secondhand knowledge is available.
Research difficulties I have found in the process of explaining the background to this migration. I have had success in clearing up several of them, but other questions still are left unanswered due to a lack of evidence.
I would hope to have shifted the interpretative emphasis still further from the purely English/Virginia to the European aspects of this _.
Their work/writings (Durand/Michel) have value to the historian of this period beyond the ways in which they are customarily employed. They shine a light into areas of interest to take us further into .
This dissertation will provide a rather different framework for looking at than has been employed by most historians.
This fact has previously been completely overlooked in the Manakin Town literature.
I have sought in each chapter to tell the story of a single, discrete episode.
To assess its significance necessitates placing the narrative realistically into the wider setting in which it took place.

The present author completely scanned the pages of _.
In addition, a broad range of secondary sources was used to situate the in the context of historical debates.
Nor have I been content to take my examples from French-language sources alone. I have consulted other sources so far as my linguistic capability permits.

As for the general relationship between Galway and De Sailly, the detailed evidence is at present lacking but we can sketch its contours.

From the evidence assembled so far in this dissertation, however, it is possible to deduce/hazard an educated guess at what happened in the interval.
The most likely explanation is that .
An alternative explanation would be that .

Two of the best-known incidents have been examined by Professor _.

Through De Sailly's eyes we can take stock of the situation/scene/event/issue.
We might profitably let/but let us allow De Sailly describe it himself.

But before we investigate , let us turn to the _.

A closer look at the incident reveals some of its contours.

Nicholson's judgment/observation has been widely quoted, but it is unfair.

The evidence for this view is scanty/meager/limited/sparse.

The events of the next three or four years may, however, be summarized briefly as far as William Bentinck was concerned.
Details/a biography of Coxe’s life are scarce.
Despite much good work/several useful works on , surprising gaps remain.
Most striking is the absence of a full study of/a biography of _.
Galway deserves an updated/modern biography.
Whether DeSailly was in London during this period/these events is open to question/unknown/unclear from existing sources.
We can hope to discover traces of his activity in the archives of the different places where he lived or was posted.
From that point we lose traces of his activity.
Hard evidence about his life before 1689 is difficult to uncover.
It is possible to reconstruct some aspects of De Sailly’s career before he enters the records of New York in 1691.
Between 1690-1696 De Joux vanishes/fades from the record.
Virtually nothing is known of his activities for over four years save that .
De Sailly is lost to view/No more is heard of De Sailly until .
It is quite remarkable to find in his book only one reference to Galway, and that reference merely to the effect that _.
So wrote Galway in 1698.
The tone of these recollections was undoubtedly affected by his experiences of the last 10 years/ the intervening decade.
But these do accord with what can be gleaned from other sources about his attitudes/activities as a .
Moreover, several features of his account can be substantiated/corroborated from other sources.
Many details of his life would be clarified if more were known about their relationship.
De Sailly's early life remains a mystery.
Documentation of his personal life remains sketchy at best.
There is little biographical information on De Sailly.
His birth date and birthplace are unknown.
There is, however, a brief entry on him in the second edition of La France Protestante.
However, has attracted little/almost no attention.
This is surprising because _.

We ignore/must pass over the matter of Orange here since it is neither essential to our argument nor possible to treat briefly.

As we have seen, .
As we will see below, .
_ (of which more later.)
But more about that a little bit later.
But there will be more to say about this later/below.
Just how _ will become apparent in the following chapter.
Indeed, so significant was that it has been thought wise to accord separate and extended treatment in the next chapter.
This topic was so vital and so complex that it must be reserved for fuller treatment below.
De Joux, whose career we shall encounter farther on/later on/below in this dissertation.

Out of the many possible examples, we shall select three for closer examination: the first affects ; the second pertains to _; the third to .
Examples might be multiplied, but these may suffice. Proof to the contrary lies in _.
Although these examples emphasize _, counter/alternative examples could also be given.
The following examples can serve as illustrations.
Many other examples of _ could be listed.
Enough has been said, however, to illustrate the point.
One example will suffice to illustrate .
To take one fairly typical example:

Having been led out of the proper chronological order, we can now return to _.
We can now/must return briefly to .

Let it suffice to say that _; suffice it to say here that; there is not sufficient space here to consider in any detail .
Considerations of space have necessitated the curtailing of a detailed history of _.
_ need not concern us here.
will require of us some further time (space) to unravel.
This is not the time to _. There is not sufficient space here to .
The precise grounds for _ need not detain us here.
Within the time at my disposal _.
Avoiding the intricate history of , we need only note that .
It is needless/unnecessary/fruitless to pursue this point further.
The point does not need laboring.
merits our attention.

A recent student of has emphasized /explains it this way.
He described what happened as follows:
Raymond Hylton has provided convincing evidence for this in his study of .
My investigation does not support/presents conclusions similar/dissimilar to those of Hylton.
In the opinion of the most recent investigator of the episode, _.

The present chapter illuminates/illustrates/defines the nature of .

To the rise and the full significance of this _ we must now turn.

Existing accounts of remain silent on the significant political/military/etc. issues of those years.

There are a number of unresolved issues in the story of De Sailly's efforts to finalize that resettlement.

It is impossible to understand this dispute without first briefly reviewing the previous history of the Irish situation.

Certain questions, however, remain.

Perform a detailed investigation of/construct a comprehensive picture of _.

There were obstacles in the path of _. One such obstacle was _.

Concerning the 1698 persecutions in France, there is evidence that contemporaries thought that this was so, although there is, equally, evidence that some thought that _.

Another point is that _.

References to them take up significant space in the Calendars.
The correspondence of/diary of are full of .

The assertion that is incorrect.

There were a number of reasons for this reluctance.
It was, in the first place, .
Another substantial reason for reluctance to act was that .
Notwithstanding the reluctance, .

It is probable, though evidence is lacking, that .
It seems a reasonable assumption that _.

Two circumstances combined to _.

A final point of some relevance to Galway's time in Savoy is that .

It is quite probable/possible/likely that the King made the final decision.

Leaving aside the question of whether or not .

The term "state"/Huguenot is used here as a convenient shorthand for _.
The term is central to the argument of this study. For that reason it is essential to define it at the outset.
The term "Huguenot/Vaudois" has become something of a generic term for "," but the word must be used with greater precision here.
Sometime authors refer to _ as _. In these pages, the distinction will be made simply between and _. (Valdese, Waldensians, Vaudois)

Before we can analyze , we must first examine .
To understand the reason for , we must examine .

In the language of modern historiography, he shared the "mentalite" of the nobility.

The question whether must remain open.

There has been some controversy over/about/on .

, whom we met earlier in Rotterdam/whom we now meet as _.

has been cogently described by others and needs no extended commentary here.

It is not possible to pursue this topic further, nor to develop possible interconnections with and .


See _, whose general argument I follow.
This paragraph is drawn from several main sources.
The discussion here relies heavily on .
We know/learn from several/certain (limited) biographical sources that .
For a more balanced view that takes into account , see _.
There is an extensive literature on which includes the following:
In reference to Durand of D./to William Byrd as agent.
_ must still count as an underdeveloped area of research.
Macaulay's authority/citation for classing him in that group is not given.
Bienville has attracted surprisingly little scholarly attention.
I am indebted to person/book/article for pointing my way in this search.
Many of these sources were first brought to my notice by Mr. X's article/book.
Glozier and Van Ruymbeke touch upon it only as part of a much broader study.
Special monographs/studies/words, such as , deal only with certain limited aspects of the whole.
There is no acceptable modern study of person/event.
biographical sketch in Haag and Haag is to be used with caution.
All previous biographies of are superseded by .
The _ is recounted by _.
It is summarized more analytically by _.
_ is so useful that it deserves more attention than it usually gets.
It is strange that _ has not received more attention from historians.
For sources of a somewhat older vintage.
The starting point for much of what follows is the book by .
Curiously enough, except in one passing reference on page 38 of his book, Head does not draw our attention to _.
For a brief general treatment of , see .
For details of _, see _.
For the original French text, see _.
For the English view of this _, see .
For a detailed treatment of this controversy, see .
For a recent account of , see .
These articles contain many valuable references for a further study of the subject.
The indispensable work on is _.
A brief overview can be found in .
My account of is based on .
The best account of is to be found in _.
has been much studied and has produced an extensive literature.
There are several accounts of _. This is not the place to tell it again.


It would be tedious/worthwhile/fruitful/not useful to go into the agreement/proposal/indenture in detail, but some pertinent clauses warrant discussion.
It would be tedious to recapitulate the difficulties raised by professor Yada.
The part played by De Sailly may never be adequately understood, but the few extant documents/letters/etc. provide us a clearer outline of his role.
These letters illustrate/modify/challenge/support/contradict the so-often told tale of .
It would be fruitless to follow all the proposals and counterproposals.
The Partition Treaty is a difficult/lengthy/often perplexing story that we cannot follow in detail.
The details are complicated/unnecessary to recapitulate/tedious to relate.
I have not noticed any mention of this collection/article by other authorities.
No evidence of/reference to this transaction has ever been found/has yet been reported/uncovered.
Several points in his letter/proposal/petition deserve close attention.
His letter, among other things, contains the following passage.
Of the two pamphlets/tracts/proposals/letters/memos written to counter the _ argument, but apparently only one of them has survived.
_ is such an illuminating tract that it deserves to be treated in some detail.
There are tantalizing hints in two letters written in 1698 and 1699 that .
As Sir Robert Southwell wrote by way of explanation to the Duke of Ormond in April.
Internal evidence dates it late 1699 or early 1700.
An examination of the letter tells us much/little/somewhat about De Sailly's thoughts/positions.
Yet much can be inferred from the letter about his role in/position on _.
They met for a planning conference in Zurich. Because its minutes are one of the few documents extant, it is useful to examine their contents in detail.
A close look at the document also illustrates .
From internal evidence, I have dated it in 1700. I have hazarded the guess that it was directed to the Earl of Nottingham.
Lowther's letter has not survived but its tenor can be deduced from Gilpin's highly embarrassed reply.
The surviving records do not permit us to say whether __.