George H.W. Bush (Bush #41)

George H.W. Bush bio

Miller Center

Campaign commercials

Miller Center (University of Virginia)

World War Two heroism

Parachute jump on his 83rd birthday

Presidential election of 1988

In Reagan's footsteps.
Accused of the 'wimp factor"
Peace abroad and a stable domestic economy

Summaries of the election campaign

Campaign commercials (Living Room Candidate)

Bush Presidency

Bush presidency:"First, do no harm"
Bush against government action to solve economic & social problems.
Carried his approach too far and defended it too insensitively.
Many voters want to limit government in the abstract
Most want to keep safety net of government transfer payments

Bush's political shifts
Bush accused of being the Velcro president.
Bush a political chameleon.

"Read my lips: no new taxes."
Assertion made during the 1988 presidential campaign

Broke his promise to get Congress to help balance the budget

Fall of the Berlin Wall (October 1989)

The Berlin Wall Falls - 1989 | Today in History | 9 Nov

Finding Dulcinea: On This Day: The Berlin Wall Comes Down

Did a prayer meeting really bring down the Berlin Wall and end the Cold War?

09 Nov 1989: Berliners celebrate the fall of the Wall (BBC On This Day)

Individuals attempting to flee

Photo Exhibition of Berlin Wall

Berlin Wall (BBC News Timeline)

The End of the Cold War

Fall of Communism in Eastern Europe, 1989 (Historian of the State Department)

End of Cold War (Miller Center, University of Virginia)

German Unification (Miller Center, University of Virginia)

Gorbachev Resigns (New York Times)

Photos: 20 Years Since the Fall of the Soviet Union (The Atlantic magazine)

Soviet Union timeline

BBC World Service - Special Reports - 1989 Timeline

1989: The year of revolutions - a look back 20 years on

Fall of Communism in Eastern Europe, 1989 - Milestones

ABC - 1990 News reports on the collapse of communism

Tiananmen Square Massacre (June 1989) (Finding Dulcinea)

The June 4 Massacre in Tiananmen Square, 1989

Chronology: The Memory Of Tiananmen | FRONTLINE | PBS

The Tank Man | FRONTLINE | PBS

Tank Man: The amazing story behind THAT photo - Newsnight

Backstory of how the picture got out (New York Times)

Invasion of Panama (December 1989)

U.S. Invades Panama - 1989 | Today in History | 20 Dec

U.S. Invasion of Panama (New York Times)

U.S. Invades Panama - 1989 | Today in History | 20 Dec

Manuel Noriega obituary

Music torture: How heavy metal broke Manuel Noriega

Finding Dulcinea: On This Day: US Forces Invade Panama

Invasion of Panama to capture Manuel Noriega (Miller Center, University of Virginia)

Persian Gulf War (Operation Desert Storm) (1991)

Successful effort to push Iraq out of Kuwait.
Decision not to invade rest of Iraq or go after Saddam Hussein
Subsequent opinions on whether U.S. made correct choices

The Gulf War 1991

"Highway of Death" Iraqi Army Armed Retreat from Kuwait 1991

Desert Storm Air War Begins--to drive Iraq out of Kuwait (New York Times)

Desert Storm Ends (New York Times)

Finding Dulcinea: On This Day: Iraq Invades Kuwait Leading to Persian Gulf War

Persian Gulf War (Miller Center, University of Virginia)

My Website Spotlight blog post

Desert Storm “The War Never Really Ended” — Part I
Desert Storm “The War Never Really Ended” — Part II

Trouble spots in the Middle East


Weapons and Technology

U.S. female pilot captured by the Iraqis

1992 Presidential election loss to Bill Clinton

Campaign commercials (Living Room Candidate)

Election of 1992 (Miller Center, University of Virginia)

Summary of the 1992 election campaign (American Experience)