US involvement with Latin America

Monroe Doctrine

Video: Monroe Doctrine - History Channel (1:47)

Mexican-American War (1846-1848)

The Annexation of Texas, the Mexican-American War, and the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, 1845–1848

Mexican-American War: Disputed Territory

Territorial Expansion, Filibustering, and U.S. Interest in Central America and Cuba, 1849–1861

Blaine and Pan Americanism, 1880s/1890s

Spanish-American war

US Diplomacy and Yellow Journalism

The Spanish-American War

Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, 1904
Importance of Roosevelt Corollary as the background to multiple US interventions

The Roosevelt Corollary Explained in 3 Minutes: US History Review

Sphere of influence notion
{Just read the introduction]

Dollar Diplomacy, 1909–1913
Dollar Diplomacy

Dollar Diplomacy

Building the Panama Canal, 1903–1914
US aim will be to protect Panama Canal during WWI and WWII

Banana Wars (read up to "notable veterans"}

Marines in the Banana Wars

The Great Depression and U.S. Foreign Policy

Interventions generally ended with beginning of Great Depression

Good Neighbor policy under FDR
Based on non-intervention
Good Neighbor Policy, 1933

Good Neighbor Policy

FDR speech on Good Neighbor Policy

Mexican Expropriation of Foreign Oil, 1938 [nationalization theme]
US did not react adversely

World War II
US pressure to support the Allies

Act of Chapultepec: pledge of collective security
Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance
Re: 1945 (February-March) Act of Chapultepec and 1947 Rio Treaty

United States versus the Soviet Union
[All the material on that wiki page]


Video: Guatemala - CIA Overthrow Jacobo Arbenz (16:00)

Video: Arbenz & the CIA, Guatemala 1950's (7:24)

1954 Coup overthrowing Arbentz

Jacobo Árbenz (1951-1954) Guatemala)
[read down to "Later Life"]

Carlos Castillo Armas (Guatemala)
[read down to "Presidency and Assassination"]


Video: Cuban Revolution (1:44:00) continued

Fidel Castro in the Cuban Revolution

Fulgencio Batista, from army sergeant to dictator

Che Guevara

Video: Cold War - Cuba [10 of 24] (44:00)
Cuban Missile Crisis

Dominican Republic

Rafael Trujillo

Dominican Republic civil war 1965
Specialize in the US intervention

20 Years after Dominican War, wounds linger



September 1964 Chile: Eduardo Frei, supported by US, defeats Salvador Allende, in the Presidential election

September 1970 Chile: Salvador Allende wins a plurality of votes for President

15 September 1970 Chile: US starts Project FUBELT to block Allende from Presidency

22 October 1970 Chile: General Rene Schneider assassinated by Chilean military

24 October 1970 Chile: Chilean legislature ratifies election results>>Allende is installed as President

9 November 1970 Chile: US policy paper NSDM 93>>US hostility to Allende

Allende is President from 1970-1973

March 1973 Chile: Allende's Unidad Popular political party gains legislative seats

August 1973 Chile: Chilean truckers strike.

11 September 1973 Chile: Chilean military (led by Augusto Pinochet) overthrows Allende, who commits suicide.

24 September 1973 Chile: US grants diplomatic recognition to Pinochet government.
Pinochet will rule Chile for the next 17 years

September 1974 Chile: Chilean General Carlos Prats and wife are assassinated in Argentina by Chilean agents

November 1975 Chile: Operation Condor (a form of state-sponsored international terrorism).
Military dictators in Southern Cone countries will hunt down political leftists wherever they are in exile.

June 1976 Chile: Kissinger meets in Santiago with Pinochet assuring him of US backing. Kissinger delivers a speech defending human rights.

September 1976 Chile: Orlando Letelier, former Chilean Ambassador to US, is assassinated in Washington, D.C. by Chilean agents.


Salvador Allende

The Allende Years and the Pinochet Coup, 1969–1973 (US State Department)

Augusto Pinochet

1973 Chilean coup d'étatétat

Military dictatorship of Chile (1973-1990)–90)

Operation Condor

Operation Condor