US involvement with Latin America

Monroe Doctrine
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1801-1829/monro

Video: Monroe Doctrine - History Channel (1:47)
http://youtu.be/2HUVkhMKYcY

Mexican-American War (1846-1848)

The Annexation of Texas, the Mexican-American War, and the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, 1845–1848
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1830-1860/texas-annexation

Mexican-American War: Disputed Territory
http://youtu.be/xnfRG2B7ff8

Territorial Expansion, Filibustering, and U.S. Interest in Central America and Cuba, 1849–1861
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1830-1860/territorial-expansion

Blaine and Pan Americanism, 1880s/1890s
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1866-1898/blaine

Spanish-American war
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1866-1898/spanish-american-war

US Diplomacy and Yellow Journalismhttps://history.state.gov/milestones/1866-1898/yellow-journalism

The Spanish-American War
http://youtu.be/IU5l4yQCpMM

Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, 1904
Importance of Roosevelt Corollary as the background to multiple US interventions
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/roosevelt-and-monroe-doctrine

The Roosevelt Corollary Explained in 3 Minutes: US History Review
http://youtu.be/D6k9nu8-7oU

Sphere of influence notion
{Just read the introduction]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sphere_of_influence

Dollar Diplomacy, 1909–1913
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/dollar-diplo
Dollar Diplomacy
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dollar_diplomacy

Dollar Diplomacy
http://youtu.be/d0Y78EBRqN4

Building the Panama Canal, 1903–1914
US aim will be to protect Panama Canal during WWI and WWII
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/panama-canal

Interventions:
Banana Wars (read up to "notable veterans"}
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banana_Wars

Marines in the Banana Wars
http://youtu.be/H3vqTygzi5Y

The Great Depression and U.S. Foreign Policy
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1921-1936/great-depression

Interventions generally ended with beginning of Great Depression

Good Neighbor policy under FDR
Based on non-intervention
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Good_Neighbor_policy
Good Neighbor Policy, 1933
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1921-1936/good-neighbor

Good Neighbor Policy
http://youtu.be/XfjgSqEMynk

FDR speech on Good Neighbor Policy
http://youtu.be/TwgJmF_BN2k

Mexican Expropriation of Foreign Oil, 1938 [nationalization theme]
US did not react adversely
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1937-1945/mexican-oil

World War II
US pressure to support the Allies

Act of Chapultepec: pledge of collective security
Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance
Re: 1945 (February-March) Act of Chapultepec and 1947 Rio Treaty
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inter-American_Treaty_of_Reciprocal_Assistance



United States versus the Soviet Union
[All the material on that wiki page]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/US+versus+Soviets



Guatemala

Video: Guatemala - CIA Overthrow Jacobo Arbenz (16:00)
http://youtu.be/nW2DPZW-_js

Video: Arbenz & the CIA, Guatemala 1950's (7:24)
https://youtu.be/rb7XaF1rs1E

1954 Coup overthrowing Arbentz
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/1954_Guatemalan_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat

Jacobo Árbenz (1951-1954) Guatemala)
[read down to "Later Life"]
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacobo_%C3%81rbenz

Carlos Castillo Armas (Guatemala)
[read down to "Presidency and Assassination"]
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlos_Castillo_Armas



Cuba

Video: Cuban Revolution (1:44:00) continued
http://youtu.be/f0952Hj4fWw

Fidel Castro in the Cuban Revolution
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fidel_Castro_in_the_Cuban_Revolution

Fulgencio Batista, from army sergeant to dictator
http://www.historyofcuba.com/history/batista.htm

Che Guevara
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Che_Guevara

Video: Cold War - Cuba [10 of 24] (44:00)
Cuban Missile Crisis
http://youtu.be/yOxeZt217uw



Dominican Republic

Rafael Trujillo
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rafael_Trujillo

Dominican Republic civil war 1965
Specialize in the US intervention
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dominican_Civil_War

20 Years after Dominican War, wounds linger
http://www.nytimes.com/1985/05/01/world/20-years-after-dominican-war-wounds-linger.html




Chile

Timeline:

September 1964 Chile: Eduardo Frei, supported by US, defeats Salvador Allende, in the Presidential election

September 1970 Chile: Salvador Allende wins a plurality of votes for President

15 September 1970 Chile: US starts Project FUBELT to block Allende from Presidency

22 October 1970 Chile: General Rene Schneider assassinated by Chilean military

24 October 1970 Chile: Chilean legislature ratifies election results>>Allende is installed as President

9 November 1970 Chile: US policy paper NSDM 93>>US hostility to Allende

Allende is President from 1970-1973

March 1973 Chile: Allende's Unidad Popular political party gains legislative seats

August 1973 Chile: Chilean truckers strike.

11 September 1973 Chile: Chilean military (led by Augusto Pinochet) overthrows Allende, who commits suicide.

24 September 1973 Chile: US grants diplomatic recognition to Pinochet government.
Pinochet will rule Chile for the next 17 years

September 1974 Chile: Chilean General Carlos Prats and wife are assassinated in Argentina by Chilean agents

November 1975 Chile: Operation Condor (a form of state-sponsored international terrorism).
Military dictators in Southern Cone countries will hunt down political leftists wherever they are in exile.

June 1976 Chile: Kissinger meets in Santiago with Pinochet assuring him of US backing. Kissinger delivers a speech defending human rights.

September 1976 Chile: Orlando Letelier, former Chilean Ambassador to US, is assassinated in Washington, D.C. by Chilean agents.

Readings:

Salvador Allende
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salvador_Allende

The Allende Years and the Pinochet Coup, 1969–1973 (US State Department)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1969-1976/allende

Augusto Pinochet
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augusto_Pinochet

1973 Chilean coup d'état
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/1973_Chilean_coup_d%27état

Military dictatorship of Chile (1973-1990)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_dictatorship_of_Chile_(1973–90)





Operation Condor

Operation Condor
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Condor