CHILE

How would you do a coup in America or California?



Video: CIA, Chile, and Allende
From CNN Cold War video
http://youtu.be/8R7MNnoYktM

Chile history
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Chile

Chile war of independence
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chilean_War_of_Independence

Map: Chile
http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/map/chile-political-map.htm

BBC Profile
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-19357497
Timeline
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-18727510

Country Study (Library of Congress)
http://www.loc.gov/item/94021663/

CIA World Factbook
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ci.html

US Embassy
http://chile.usembassy.gov/

Country study: Chile (ADST)
http://adst.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/Chile.pdf

20 Things to do in Santiago, Chile, Travel Guide
https://youtu.be/9jPvRjBJMnQ

Valparaiso Travel Guide - Exploring Chile's Cultural Capital
[Viña del Mar is close by] Punta del Este is in Uruguay
https://youtu.be/wcyptfGDg_s



timeline

September 1964 Chile: Eduardo Frei, supported by US, defeats Salvador Allende, in the Presidential election

The price of power
Nixon, Kissinger, Frei government in Chile
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1982/12/the-price-of-power/376309/

September 1970 Chile: Salvador Allende wins a plurality of votes for President

15 September 1970 Chile: US starts Project FUBELT to block Allende from Presidency

22 October 1970 Chile: General Rene Schneider assassinated by Chilean military

24 October 1970 Chile: Chilean legislature ratifies election results>>Allende is installed as President
The Allende Years and the Pinochet Coup, 1969–1973 - Milestones: Office of the Historian
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1969-1976/allende

9 November 1970 Chile: US policy paper NSDM 93>>US hostility to Allende

Allende is President from 1970-1973

March 1973 Chile: Allende's Unidad Popular political party gains legislative seats

August 1973 Chile: Chilean truckers strike.

11 September 1973 Chile: Chilean military (led by Augusto Pinochet) overthrows Allende, who commits suicide.

24 September 1973 Chile: US grants diplomatic recognition to Pinochet government.
Pinochet will rule Chile for the next 17 years

September 1974 Chile: Chilean General Carlos Prats and wife are assassinated in Argentina by Chilean agents

November 1975 Chile: Operation Condor (a form of state-sponsored international terrorism).
Military dictators in Southern Cone countries will hunt down political leftists wherever they are in exile.

June 1976 Chile: Kissinger meets in Santiago with Pinochet assuring him of US backing. Kissinger delivers a speech defending human rights.

September 1976 Chile: Orlando Letelier, former Chilean Ambassador to US, is assassinated in Washington, D.C. by Chilean agents.



Salvador Allende

Marxist
Ties to Cuba
Presidential candidate
US tries to prevent his election
Fear that Chile would become a second Cuba
CIA activities
Nixon and Kissinger attitudes

Salvador Allende
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salvador_Allende

Presidency of Salvador Allende
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Presidency_of_Salvador_Allende

Cuba maneuverings
Fidel Castro's state visit to Chile during Allende's time in office (1971)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fidel_Castro%27s_state_visit_to_Chile

US intervention in Chile
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_intervention_in_Chile

Project FUBELT
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_FUBELT

Allende in Presidency (1970-1973)

++++ The Allende Years and the Pinochet Coup, 1969–1973
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1969-1976/allende

Put Castro visit here

US maneuverings

Chile Documentation Project
http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/chile/

Pinochet: A Declassified Documentary Obit
put below under Military Government
http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB212/index.htm



ITT and Harold Geneen

The North-South Dialogue and Economic Diplomacy - Milestones: Office of the Historian
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1977-1980/north-south-dialogue

I.T.T. Is Accused of Having Tried to Influence U.S. Policies in Latin America
http://www.nytimes.com/1972/03/23/archives/i-t-t-is-accused-of-having-tried-to-influence-us-policies-in-latin.html




Military Government
Augosto Pinochet

Augusto Pinochet
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augusto_Pinochet

1973 Chilean coup d'état
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/1973_Chilean_coup_d%27état

Military dictatorship of Chile (1973-1990)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_dictatorship_of_Chile_(1973–90)

Peter Kornbluh
The U.S. and the Overthrow of the Chilean Government: A Declassified Dossier (2003)
http://youtu.be/jCNxYVCMzoM




Military repression under Pinochet

Put above
use as one of the required readings
Chile's Coup Against Salvador Allende and the Truth Behind "Missing"
(Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training)
http://adst.org/2013/09/chiles-coup-against-salvador-allende-and-the-truth-behind-missing/

Caravan of Death (Chile)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caravan_of_Death

Operation Condor
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Condor

Letelier assassination




Reconciliation

Freedom songs: Chile’s sounds of resistance ring out again
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/dec/04/chile-pinochet-music-song-political-prisoners

Daughters of Chile's bloody past to clash over their country's future | World news | The Guardian
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/oct/06/chile-elections-michelle-bachelet-evelyn-matthei