Songs during/about the Civil Rights era

1960s dance styles from Hairspray website
Use during Vietnam segment
http://www.hairsprayuktour.com/1960s-dance-styles/

Hairspray song soundtrack
Use during the Vietnam segment
http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjHt2jbxG8KhU_3ylEPHkh_N_k2LhsUkW

Hairspray
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hairspray_(musical)

Oh, Freedom: Songs of the Civil Rights movement

10 Essential Civil Rights Songs - Music of the Movement
http://folkmusic.about.com/od/toptens/tp/CivilRightsSong.htm

Top Tracks - The Freedom Singers playlist
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pQsGbG-
oYeY&list=PL20vIoH6MJUpnyyKuHNAcxkzl5Cx6d6GJ

The Freedom Singers - Woke Up This Morning
http://youtu.be/TsziXdKfOsE

Eyes on the Prize playlist on YouTube
Get my tape counter outlines
http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOwK3r1sMvSZVth7XGlcpfLSjS3tAp90T

Freedom Riders documentary
http://youtu.be/DcvsWXrS2PI

Freedom Summer documentary
https://youtu.be/nBgnyNFufR4

Playlist: Civil Rights songs
This Little Light of Mine
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xhiV6DB_h_8&list=RDxhiV6DB_h_8

Birmingham Sunday
http://youtu.be/8XtK9_dBIQk

Hallelujah, I'm a travelin
http://youtu.be/VrDcTtsduLE

Morehouse College - We Shall Overcome
http://youtu.be/Aor6-DkzBJ0

We shall not be moved
http://youtu.be/Qf0vf6eV6JE

If You Miss Me From the Back of the Bus
http://youtu.be/-ODLwix8DGM

Woke up this morning
http://youtu.be/TsziXdKfOsE

Ain't Gonna Let Nobody Turn Me Around
http://youtu.be/WPuBGcng6Tw

Videos from Eyes on the Prize

Video: Eyes On The Prize - (Part 3) Ain't Scared of Your Jails 1960–1961 ( )
https://youtu.be/neDpuJVc4Ko

Video: Eyes On The Prize - (Part 4) No Easy Walk 1961–1963 ( )
https://youtu.be/1hkNqIQWfFs

Video: Eyes On The Prize - (Part 5) Mississippi Is This America 1962–1964 ( )
https://youtu.be/aP2A6_2b6g8

Video: Eyes On The Prize - (Part 6) Bridge to Freedom 1965 ( )
https://youtu.be/Ej2BCUIdUI4





The following extensive chronology will help us tie together the events of the civil rights movement:

Follow with me by using Google Images on your laptop for each person and event.

Jim Crow laws (Segregation)

Video: What were the Jim Crow laws? Video
http://youtu.be/x2Iwa9LeuFM

Rise and Fall of Jim Crow (PBS)
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/

The forgotten way African Americans stayed safe in a racist America
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2016/01/08/the-forgotten-way-african-americans-stayed-safe-in-a-racist-america/

Plessy versus Ferguson (1896) (Supreme Court decision)

Plessy v. Ferguson (Drake's "One Dance" Parody) Mr. Betts
http://youtu.be/NwNrnYJE36k

Plessy versus Ferguson (Today in History, Library of Congress)
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/may18.html

Separate but equal is ok.

1948

Post World War II. Returning black veterans unwilling to accept second–class status back home.

Racial desegregation of the armed forces (1948) by executive order of President Truman.

July 26, 1948 - President Harry S. Truman orders the integration of U.S. armed forces.
http://youtu.be/-fBv-1lgM9Y

1954

Brown v. Board of Education (Supreme Court decision)

Overturned the decision in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896).
"Separate facilities are inherently unequal" and therefore unconstitutional.

Argued by Thurgood Marshall on behalf of the NAACP.

Brown v. Board of Education (PBS' The Supreme Court)
http://youtu.be/TTGHLdr-iak

Supreme Court Ends School Segregation
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/May-June-08/On-this-Day--Supreme-Court-Ends-School-Segregation.html

How an experiment with dolls helped lead to school integration
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/07/upshot/how-an-experiment-with-dolls-helped-lead-to-school-integration.html?hpw&rref

Kenneth Clark "Doll" test
http://www.understandingrace.org/lived/video/index.html

Kenneth Clark doll test
Simple Justice: The Social Science Evidence of Racism
http://youtu.be/85-EC_nDlpY

A Girl Like Me
http://www.understandingrace.org/lived/video/index.html

1955

Emmett Till's Murder (28 August 1955)

Murder in Mississippi of a young black teenager from Chicago for having insulted a white women.

August 28, 1955 - 14-year-old Emmett Till Abducted and Murdered in Mississippi Delta
http://youtu.be/OvKfGATjigs

American Freedom Stories: Emmett Till
https://youtu.be/MGqqOMTreNA

Eyes on the Prize: Emmett Till
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/story/01_till.html

Who was Emmett Till? (BBC News)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-23394324

Woman Linked to 1955 Emmett Till Murder Tells Historian Her Claims Were False
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/27/us/emmett-till-lynching-carolyn-bryant-donham.html?_r=0

1955

Montgomery, Alabama, Bus Boycott (Rosa Parks)

Rosa Parks arrested on 1 December 1955

Remembering Rosa Parks | Today in History
https://youtu.be/GCqTZOJz4s8

American Freedom Stories: MLK as the new pastor
http://youtu.be/sPFGBfZi0gU

American Freedom Stories: Rosa Parks
https://youtu.be/zTcwUKoidBc

Dec. 1, 1955 - Rosa Parks Arrested for Violating Segregation Laws
https://youtu.be/7iXne4bf5JU

American Freedom Stories: Montgomery Bus Boycott
http://youtu.be/FE6Yvy--5aw

The Montgomery Bus Boycott Ends
https://youtu.be/eLanYTrI23Y

Rosa Parks (Today in History, Library of Congress)
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/dec01.html

Eyes on the Prize: Montgomery Bus Boycott
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/story/02_bus.html

Martin Luther King, Jr.

Citizen Martin Luther King (American Experience)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/mlk/

Martin Luther King’s Christian America
https://thewayofimprovement.com/2017/01/16/martin-luther-kings-christian-america/

1956

Southern Manifesto

Document signed by 100 Southern members of Congress saying they would not obey the Brown versus Board of Education decision.
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/rights/sources_document2.html

White Citizens' Councils

Class and White Citizen's Councils
[Newseum]
http://youtu.be/sn5na4k0Bxg

Brought economic power to bear.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/profiles/38_councils.html

White Citizens' Councils
Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute (Stanford University)
http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_white_citizens_councils_wcc/

1957

Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/profiles/48_sclc.html

Grouping of African-American pastors.

Southern Christian Leadership Conference (Encyclopedia of Alabama)
http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1909

Little Rock Central High School

Central High School desegregated.
Governor Faubus.
Nine black students.
President Eisenhower sent 101st Airborne.

Arkansas National Guard Prevent School Desegregation - 1957 | Today in History | 4 Sept
http://youtu.be/RFVGKykCGyw

Colonel (Ret.) Heath Twichell on securing Little Rock Central High School
http://youtu.be/3hRwOpYZbig

Book Trailer: Elizabeth and Hazel: Two Women of Little Rock, by David Margolick
http://youtu.be/X46XuWzpFgA

September 27, 1958: Little Rock Schools Close Rather Than Integrate
https://youtu.be/DaaRlFSjm0I

Arkansas National Guard Bars “Little Rock Nine” From School
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/September-October-08/On-this-Day--Arkansas-National-Guard-Bars--Little-Rock-Nine--from-School.html

Eyes on the Prize: Little Rock High School
Work through each tab: "Introduction"; "Context"; "Press"; "Music"; "Video"; and "Gallery"
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/story/03_schools.html

1959

Non-Violence

MLK and his wife spent a month in India studying Gandhi's non–violence.

MLK and Gandhi
http://youtu.be/uSm8-bD5hdI

MLK explanation of his philosophy of non-violence
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/mlk/sfeature/sf_bible.html
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/sources/ps_nonviolence.html

King's Trip to India
Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute (Stanford University)
http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_kings_trip_to_india/

1960

Sit–ins

Eyes on the Prize: Nonviolent Protests
Work through each tab: "Introduction"; "Context"; "Press"; "Music"; "Video"; and "Gallery"
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/story/04_nonviolence.html

Greensboro Lunch Counter Sit-in

Details of what happened:

Greensboro Four: Civil Rights Sit-in
http://www.pbs.org/independentlens/februaryone/sitin.html

Student NonViolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)

SNCC's legacy: A civil rights history
http://youtu.be/QZE0a5-p9pg

(SNCC—pronounced "snick).
Established to coordinate sit–ins across the south.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/profiles/49_sncc.html

Nashville sit-ins

American Freedom Stories: John Lewis
http://youtu.be/k6QJAGacJyU

John Lewis
Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute (Stanford University)
http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_lewis_john_1940/

Diane Nash
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/reflect/r04_nash.html

The question Diane Nash Asked the Memphis Mayor To End Desegreation
http://youtu.be/vudezAfIxSE

"Who the hell is Diane Nash?" From Freedom Riders
http://youtu.be/GIffL6KplzQ

Feb. 29, 1960 - Student Sit-in Organizers Expelled
http://youtu.be/EgmieHf3gzg

Singing in the Civil Rights Movement
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/reflect/r03_music.html

MLK jailed (October).

October 19, 1960 - Martin Luther King Arrested in Atlanta Sit-In Protest
[right before 1960 Presidential election]
https://youtu.be/uoABKgFjGm4

During the 1960 presidential election campaign, concern expressed by both JFK and Robert Kennedy for the arrest and prison sentence of Martin Luther King, Jr., earned Kennedy the black vote.

1961

Freedom Rides

A group of black and white persons set out by bus from Washington, D.C. to New Orleans to test the "whites only" facilities of southern interstate bus terminals.

Freedom Riders: The Young Witness (Anniston)
http://youtu.be/r1EDOL9II0s

Letter from a Freedom Rider's father
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/sources/ps_riders.html

Interview with white Freedom Rider Jim Zwerg
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/peoplescentury/episodes/skindeep/zwergtranscript.html

Dec. 5, 1960 - Public Bus Segregation Ruled Unconstitutional, Freedom Rides Continue
https://youtu.be/TJEC4wkSXeA

Route taken by Freedom Riders
http://amhist.ist.unomaha.edu/module_files/Freedom%20Rides%20Map.jpg

In Birmingham, riders attacked by Ku Klux Klan while police and FBI looked the other way.
Google Images
http://bit.ly/GFRvyE

Freedom Ride Protests Provoke Violent Backlash Across American South (Finding Dulcinea: On This Day)
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/May/Freedom-Ride-Protests-Provoke-Violent-Backlash-Across-American-South.html

Eyes on the Prize: Freedom Rides
Work through each tab: "Introduction"; "Context"; "Press"; "Music"; "Video"; and "Gallery"
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/story/05_riders.html

The 50th Anniversary of the Freedom Riders
Denver Post Plog (75 incredible photos)
http://blogs.denverpost.com/captured/2011/05/31/captured-the-50th-anniversary-of-the-freedom-riders/

1962

University of Mississippi Desegregated

James Meredith desegregated the University of Mississippi.

October 1, 1962 - James Meredith Integrates Ole Miss
https://youtu.be/-F8K6p651v8

James Meredith Graduates From Ole Miss
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Aug/James-Meredith-Graduates-From-Ole-Miss.html

1963
[Put in the actual day/month for this year]

Project "C" [Confrontation] in Birmingham

Birmingham, Alabama (called "Bombingham" by civil rights workers, due to so many unsolved bombings).

Eyes on the Prize: Birmingham
Work through each tab: "Introduction"; "Context"; "Press"; "Music"; "Video"; and "Gallery"
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/story/07_c.html

1. "Letter from a Birmingham Jail"

Written by MLK while in jail. Response to an ad from white pastors telling him that he was stirring up too much trouble.

Letter from Birmingham Jail (Encyclopedia of Alabama)
http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1389

2. Birmingham Children's march.
Police dogs and fire hoses. TV coverage shocked America.

American Freedom Stories: Children's Crusade of 1963
https://youtu.be/WV0k-3Hkjsw

American Freedom Stories: Civil Rights Foot Soldiers
http://youtu.be/cWRJaSuDhTk

1963 Protesting Black Children Assaulted and Arrested in Birmingham, AL
http://youtu.be/7g9aBsZu8MI

Childrens' Crusade
Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute (Stanford University)
http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_childrens_crusade/

3. Sheriff "Bull Connor.

Bull Connor
Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute (Stanford University)
http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_connor_theophilus_eugene_bull_1897_1973/

4. JFK TV speech.

He was afraid of losing votes of white southern Democrats. He finally spoke out: "Civil rights is a moral issue."

Kennedy's finest moment
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/11/opinion/kennedys-civil-rights-triumph.html?ref=global-home

Medgar Evers murdered

American Freedom Stories: Medgar Evers Assassination
https://youtu.be/7gMvhvs1gMI

American Freedom Stories: Medgar Evers Legacy
https://youtu.be/qbFMFcUUMd4

Evers was the Mississippi head of NAACP.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/profiles/10_evers.html

Medgar Evers
Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute (Stanford University)
http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_evers_medgar_1925_1963/

March on Washington

Eyes on the Prize: March on Washington
Work through each tab: "Introduction"; "Context"; "Press"; "Music"; "Video"; and "Gallery"
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/story/08_washington.html

March on Washington - 1963 | Today in History | 28 Aug
https://youtu.be/GlMQ4Sa8iYU

MLK "I Have a Dream Speech"

One of the great speeches in U.S. history.
Delivered as part of the program during a March on Washington (60,000 whites and 190,00 blacks).

Martin Luther King Jr. Delivers “I Have a Dream” Speech
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/July-August-08/On-this-Day--Martin-Luther-King-Jr--Gives-His--I-Have-a-Dream--Speech.html

Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing

Bomb exploded during Sunday School, killing four teenage black girls.
The Sunday school lesson for that morning was "A Love that Forgives."

American Freedom Stories: Bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church
https://youtu.be/K5KqCMsHlq0

September 15, 1963: Four Black Girls Killed in Bombing of Birmingham, Alabama, Church
https://youtu.be/kfcExiQVzLs

Four Girls Killed in Birmingham Church Bombing
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Sept/Four-Girls-Killed-in-Birmingham-Church-Bombing.html

John F. Kennedy assassinated

President Lyndon B. Johnson

1964

Freedom Summer

Local black leaders aided by white students from elite colleges .
Whites in the South saw this activity as "invasion" by outside agitators.

Mississippi in Black and White: Freedom Summer 50 Years Later
http://youtu.be/1XhHiATDxu8

Eyes on the Prize: Freedom Summer
Work through each tab: "Introduction"; "Context"; "Press"; "Music"; "Video"; and "Gallery"
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/story/09_summer.html

One Volunteer's Freedom Summer
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/sources/ps_summer.html

Voter registration

No real power for blacks until they could vote. But risked their lives if they went through with the process.

Alabama Voter Registration form [See if you can fill this out!! I can't.]
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/sources/ps_march.html

1965 Alabama literacy test
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/literacy_popup.html

Murder in Mississippi (21 June 1964)

Two white and one black civil rights workers were murdered in Mississippi.

Names of the three workers:

August 4, 1964: Bodies of Murdered Civil Rights Workers Found in Mississippi
http://youtu.be/jYdszjtiPrg

Three Civil Rights Workers in Mississippi Go Missing
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/June/Three-Civil-Rights-Workers-in-Mississippi-Go-Missing.html

Civil Rights Act (1 July 1964)

Johnson signs Civil Rights Act (History.com This Day in History | 7/2/1964)
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/johnson-signs-civil-rights-act

Civil Rights Act Passed - 1964 | Today in History | 19 June
https://youtu.be/6J6xO4gtCJM

Provisions:

MLK won the Nobel Peace Prize.

This Day in History - Martin Luther King Wins the Nobel Peace Prize
http://youtu.be/MCEgCuNxwQI

Martin Luther King: The Nobel Prize for Peace (Museum of the Bible)
http://youtu.be/BZ3T9Qqdvuk

MLK Wins Nobel Peace Prize 1964 (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/1014.html#article

1965

Selma to Montgomery march. Alabama. "Bloody Sunday".

March 7, 1965 - Bloody Sunday
https://youtu.be/jp0uXZdDxhs

American Freedom Stories: Bloody Sunday
https://youtu.be/uZql8SwgvPA

American Freedom Stories: March from Selma to Montgomery
https://youtu.be/q1_KtW-9tIg

Selma-to-Montgomery March Begins
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/March-April-08/On-This-Day--The-Selma-to-Montgomery-March-Begins.html

Eyes on the Prize: Selma to Montgomery
Work through each tab: "Introduction"; "Context"; "Press"; "Music"; and "Gallery"
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/story/10_march.html

LBJ speech

Asks Joint Session of Congress for sweeping civil rights legislation.
Ends speech with "we shall overcome."
His southern friends appalled at his sellout.

LBJ -- We Shall Overcome
http://youtu.be/bKDVNSpsBZE

Voting Rights Act of 1965

Voting Rights Act of 1965
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voting_Rights_Act_of_1965
Video
http://youtu.be/MdjcTLeSz9I

Watts Riots

Watts Riots - 1965 | Today in History | 11 Aug
https://youtu.be/PE9jA1dU3jE

August 17, 1965: Days of Riots End in Watts
https://youtu.be/7ye5gldN2Ik

Watts Riots 1965 (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0811.html#article

1967

Black power

Militant black leaders gained prominence in SNCC, questioned Martin Luther King's philosophy of nonviolence, and forced white members to leave the organization.

Black Power
Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute (Stanford University)
http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_black_power/

Black Panther Party

Founded in California. Major figures: Eldridge Cleaver, Huey Newton, and Bobby Seale. Advocated violent confrontation with whites.

1968

Tet Offensive in Vietnam (February)

Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. (April: in Memphis)

1968 King Assassination Report (CBS News
http://youtu.be/cmOBbxgxKvo

Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Assassinated
http://youtu.be/fXOGRI-5S9U

Assassination of MLK
Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute (Stanford University)
http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_kings_assassination_4_april_1968/

Assassination of Robert F. Kennedy (June: in Los Angeles)

Senator Robert F. Kennedy Assassinated
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/May-June-08/On-This-Day--Senator-Robert-F--Kennedy-Assassinated.html

Black Power Salute at Mexico City Olympics

U.S. Athletes Give Black Power Salute on Olympic Podium
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/September-October-08/On-this-Day--US-Athletes-Give-Black-Power-Salute-on-Olympic-Podium.html

October 16, 1968 - U.S. Olympic Sprinters Protest Racial Inequality
https://youtu.be/E3wjBlnxNek

Hispanic School Protests in Los Angeles

East LA Walkouts
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_LA_walkouts

Sal Castro and the 1968 East LA Walkouts
http://youtu.be/-3TKnj0fXZs

Walkout: The True Story of the Historic 1968 Chicano Student Walkout in East L.A.
http://www.democracynow.org/2006/3/29/walkout_the_true_story_of_the