FABULOUS FRIDAY, 22 SEPTEMBER

Mood Music:

Irish tavern music (11:37)
http://youtu.be/SBATrLRWySg

17th c. English country dances
http://youtu.be/YkQzq5fOEK4

Friday songs (12 more week and we'll be through)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/attendance

II. Exam #1

It will be next Monday, 25 September.

Bring your Scantron and #2 pencil along with your amazing brain.

The study guide is available on the following wiki page:
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+151+Exam+1+F17

III. In class today: reaction to homework

George Whitefield (God in America, PBS)
http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/george-whitefield.html

The Great Awakening Comes to Weathersfield, Connecticut: Nathan Cole's Spiritual Travels (History Matters)
http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/5711/

IV. In class today: new material

Back again to English history as it affects colonies

English Civil War

Video: English Civil War
http://youtu.be/u3h_RyFEV0M

The Execution of Charles I
He was the son of James I

Oliver Cromwell

Oliver Cromwell
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/civil_war_revolution/cromwell_01.shtml

Charles II (1660–1685)

Restoration [of the monarchy]

Video: Restoration of English monarchy
http://youtu.be/HFF5V6XlCKo

Key for America:

Charles II gave land grants (New York, Carolinas) of new colonies as rewards to men who supported him during his exile in France.

All were proprietorships: their owners held title to the soil and controlled the government.

Carolinas (1663)

Colonial Carolina
http://youtu.be/ip8Dh7K0dzs

A buffer between the other English colonies and the Spanish in Florida

Map of the Carolinas and Georgia
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI041.jpg

Charles II paid back several of his supporters (those who stood by him in exile in France) with land grants.

Creating the Carolinas (US History.org)
http://www.ushistory.org/us/5c.asp

Northern portion of the grant (North Carolina) grew similarly to and was linked with Virginia.

Area around Charleston became the nucleus of South Carolina.

Heavily influenced by settlers from Barbados

Their brand of slavery was harsher than in other parts of North America.

Rice and indigo (Eliza Pinckney) the main crops

South Carolina used skills slaves brought from Africa (rice growing) and the West Indies (indigo—blue dye).
Both crops offset each other: different growing seasons; indigo grown on high ground, rice in low–lying swampy areas.

First Great Awakening

Religion in 18th century America (Library of Congress)
[Scroll down halfway and begin at "The Emergence of American Evangelicalism: The Great Awakening"
http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/religion/rel02.html

Video: First Great Awakening (6:39)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n-dk4-HBNWQ

Put with Great Awakening video
Ezekiel 37:1-14 - The Valley of Dry Bones
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Ezekiel%2037:1-14

Dry Bones (Delta Rhythm Boys)
http://youtu.be/mVoPG9HtYF8

First Great Awakening: a reaction to the decline of religious intensity in the American colonies

Began in Massachusetts in 1730s; in all colonies by 1760s.

Jonathan Edwards

Great Awakening began in Northampton, Massachusetts (1734–35) with Jonathan Edwards.

He noticed a remarkable number of conversions among the youth of his church to a message based on Calvinist principles, a recognition of their own depraved natures, and the need to surrender completely to God's will.

Jonathan Edwards (God in America, PBS)
http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/jonathan-edwards.html

Jonathan Edwards
http://www.christianitytoday.com/history/people/theologians/jonathan-edwards.html

George Whitefield

The effects of such conversions remained isolated until 1739, when George Whitefield, an English Anglican clergyman, arrived in America.
For fifteen months he toured the colonies.
Preached to large audiences from Georgia to New England.
His journey: new interconnection among the previously distinct colonies.

George Whitefield (God in America, PBS)
http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/george-whitefield.html

Impact of the Great Awakening:

Challenged deference, introduced egalitarianism to the colonies.

The Great Awakening divided churches over several issues:
  • Were pastors clearly born again?
  • How much education did pastors need?
  • Was itinerant evangelism allowable?

Denominations split into New Lights and Old Lights (Presbyterians) and Old Sides and New Sides (Congregationalists).






WONDERFUL WEDNESDAY, 20 SEPTEMBER

Mood Music:

Irish tavern music (11:37)
http://youtu.be/SBATrLRWySg

17th c. English country dances
http://youtu.be/YkQzq5fOEK4

I. Prayer/attendance

II. Exam #1

It will be on Monday, 25 September.

Bring your Scantron and #2 pencil along with your amazing brain.

The study guide is available on the following wiki page:
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+151+Exam+1+F17

III. Homework for Friday, 22 September

George Whitefield (God in America, PBS)
http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/george-whitefield.html

The Great Awakening Comes to Weathersfield, Connecticut: Nathan Cole's Spiritual Travels (History Matters)
http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/5711/

IV. In class today: reaction to homework

Salem Witchcraft (On This Day, Finding Dulcinea)
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/July-August-08/On-this-Day--Five-Women-Hanged-in-Salem-for-Witchcraft.html

V. In class today: new material

MIDDLE COLONIES=New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware

Crash Course US History:
The Quakers, the Dutch, and the Ladies
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p47tZLJbdag

Map of Middle Colonies
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI037.jpg

Religious Pluralism in the Middle Colonies (Divining America, National Humanities Center)
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/eighteen/ekeyinfo/midcol.htm

Pennsylvania (1681)

Charles II gave William Penn a proprietary land grant

Penn saw this land as a refuge for Quakers—a "holy experiment"
Pennsylvania became known for its religious toleration.
Religious diversity: Quakers, German Reformed, Lutherans, Mennonites
Penn actively promoted his colony—to Germans (Deutsch) particularly
Pennsylvania became grain producing area of colonial America

Holy Experiment
Best Poor Man's country
Walking Purchase

Video: Pennsylvania, the Quaker's Delight (Lion King Parody Song)
http://youtu.be/XeL3jhx-ZRk

William Penn (God in America)
http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/william-penn.html

Quakers

Society of Friends, founded in England by George Fox.

a. Quakers believed everyone could be saved—all were children of God and could experience his inner light.
b. No need of a formal priesthood or liturgy.
c. Women were allowed an important role in ministry.
d. Refused to swear oaths on the Bible—it would imply they were not telling the truth on other occasions.
e. Pacifists. Refused to perform militia service or pay taxes for self–defense.
f. Related well to the Indians. Could history have developed differently if we had learned from Quakers?

America as a Religious Refuge (Part 2) (Library of Congress) Read the portions entitled "The Quakers"
and "The Pennsylvania Germans"
http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/religion/rel01-2.html

New Netherlands

Netherlands a small country but a major trading power and enemy of England in Europe
Dutch settled along the Hudson river in what is now New York.

Conquered by the English in 1664

Video: From New Amsterdam to New York Illustrated - @MrBettsClass
http://youtu.be/QoFy2bEpdpY

Henry Hudson's explorations (1609). 400th anniversary in 2009

Video: Henry Hudson
https://youtu.be/wuk21ciiZ6U

Henry Hudson (PBS)
http://www.pbs.org/empireofthebay/profiles/hudson.html

Salem Witchcraft (1692)

Video: What Caused The Salem Witch Trials?
http://youtu.be/3MmV42tUjfs

Salem Witchcraft
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/July-August-08/On-this-Day--Five-Women-Hanged-in-Salem-for-Witchcraft.html

"A strong belief in the devil, factions among Salem Village fanatics and rivalry with nearby Salem Town, a recent small pox epidemic and the threat of attack by warring tribes created a fertile ground for fear and suspicion."

Spectral evidence

Spectral evidence refers to a witness testimony that the accused person's spirit or spectral shape
appeared to him/her in a dream at the time the accused person's physical body was at another
location. It was accepted in the courts during the Salem Witch Trials.

Famous Trials
http://www.famous-trials.com/
Salem Trials
http://www.famous-trials.com/salem

New York
Province of New York

Charles II gave his younger brother, duke of York, a large land grant which include the Dutch–held New Netherlands.

Duke of York became King James II when his brother Charles II died.

New Netherlands was conquered in 1664 by the English; renamed New York.

New Jersey. Duke of York regranted much of his land grant to two friends.

Province of New Jersey

We won't do anything more with either New York or New Jersey.






MARVELOUS MONDAY, 18 SEPTEMBER 2017

Mood Music:

Irish tavern music (11:37)
http://youtu.be/SBATrLRWySg

17th c. English country dances
http://youtu.be/YkQzq5fOEK4

I. Prayer/attendance

II. Exam #1

It will be on Monday, 25 September (1 week from today)

The study guide is available on the following wiki page:
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+151+Exam+1+F17

III. Homework for the next two sessions:

a. Wednesday, 20 September

Salem Witchcraft (On This Day, Finding Dulcinea)
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/July-August-08/On-this-Day--Five-Women-Hanged-in-Salem-for-Witchcraft.html

Religion in 18th century America (Library of Congress)
[Scroll down halfway and begin at "The Emergence of American Evangelicalism: The Great Awakening"
http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/religion/rel02.html

b. Friday, 22 September

George Whitefield (God in America, PBS)
http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/george-whitefield.html

The Great Awakening Comes to Weathersfield, Connecticut: Nathan Cole's Spiritual Travels (History Matters)
http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/5711/

IV. In class today: reaction to homework

William Penn (God in America)
http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/william-penn.html

Religious Pluralism in the Middle Colonies (Divining America, National Humanities Center)
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/eighteen/ekeyinfo/midcol.htm

V. In class today: new material

New England: Religious intolerance in treatment of Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson:

Roger Williams

Video: Roger Williams bio
http://youtu.be/6nk1fuKTSdw

Roger Williams (God in America, PBS)
http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/roger-williams.html

Roger Williams Biography (National Park Service)
Youth and Education
http://www.nps.gov/rowi/historyculture/youth.htm
Rejecting the Middle Way
http://www.nps.gov/rowi/historyculture/departure.htm
Founding Providence (Rhode Island)
http://www.nps.gov/rowi/historyculture/foundingprovidence.htm

Anne Hutchinson

She was smart, outspoken and opinionated.
She was the daughter of an English minister and well versed in the Bible.
She interpreted the Scriptures on her own for her meetings, bypassing the official ministers.
She claimed that God had communicated to her by direct revelations.

Video: Anne Hutchinson bio
http://youtu.be/yFl8ltR8m18

Anne Hutchinson (God in America, PBS)
http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/anne-hutchinson.html

Anne Hutchinson (National Women's History Museum)
https://www.womenshistory.org/education-resources/biographies/anne-hutchinson

John Calvin (Calvinists):

God alone decided who would be saved—predestination.
Act as if you were one of the elect by strict morality and hard work
Laymen governed church through elders and ministers (presbytery)

John Calvin biographical sketch (Calvin College)
http://www.calvin.edu/about/john-calvin/

John Calvin: Institutes of the Christian Religion (1536)

Video: John Calvin
http://youtu.be/2ivVAcg5pyI

Calvin Bio
http://www.christianitytoday.com/history/people/theologians/john-calvin.html

Covenant theology

God covenanted with the Puritans and they with Him.

People covenanted together to form a church.

Puritan church became known as Congregationalists

New England towns

No headright system as in Virginia.
Land distributed to groups, not individuals.
Grants of land led to growth of communities not large personal estates.

New England families

Numerous, large (5–7 healthy children), and long–lived.
Even grandparents appeared.
Parents exercised control over their adult children
Allocation of land
Need for children's labor to support them.
Contrast with Chesapeake

MIDDLE COLONIES

Crash Course US History:
The Quakers, the Dutch, and the Ladies
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p47tZLJbdag

Map of Middle Colonies
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI037.jpg

Religious Pluralism in the Middle Colonies (Divining America, National Humanities Center)
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/eighteen/ekeyinfo/midcol.htm

Pennsylvania (1681)

Charles II gave William Penn a proprietary land grant

Penn saw this land as a refuge for Quakers—a "holy experiment"
Pennsylvania became known for its religious toleration.
Religious diversity: Quakers, German Reformed, Lutherans, Mennonites
Penn actively promoted his colony—to Germans (Deutsch) particularly
Pennsylvania became grain producing area of colonial America

Video: Pennsylvania, the Quaker's Delight (Lion King Parody Song)
http://youtu.be/XeL3jhx-ZRk

Video: Germans in colonial Pennsylvania (4:28)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lf5ejJp31A0

William Penn (God in America)
http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/william-penn.html

Quakers

Society of Friends, founded in England by George Fox.

a. Quakers believed everyone could be saved—all were children of God and could experience his inner light.
b. No need of a formal priesthood or liturgy.
c. Women were allowed an important role in ministry.
d. Refused to swear oaths on the Bible—it would imply they were not telling the truth on other occasions.
e. Pacifists. Refused to perform militia service or pay taxes for self–defense.
f. Related well to the Indians. Could history have developed differently if we had learned from Quakers?

America as a Religious Refuge (Part 2) (Library of Congress) Read the portions entitled "The Quakers"
and "The Pennsylvania Germans"
http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/religion/rel01-2.html






FABULOUS FRIDAY, 15 SEPTEMBER 2017

Friday songs (13 more week and we'll be through)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

Mood Music:

Irish tavern music (11:37)
http://youtu.be/SBATrLRWySg

17th c. English country dances
http://youtu.be/YkQzq5fOEK4

I. Prayer/attendance

II. Exam #1

It will be on Monday, 25 September (2 weeks from this past Monday)

I will have a study guide (not yet totally ready) on the following wiki page:
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+151+Exam+1

III. Homework for Monday, 18 September

William Penn (God in America)
http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/william-penn.html

Religious Pluralism in the Middle Colonies (Divining America, National Humanities Center)
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/eighteen/ekeyinfo/midcol.htm

IV. In class today: reaction to homework

America as a Religious Refuge, Part 1
http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/religion/rel01.html

Puritanism and Predestination (Divining America, National Humanities Center)
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/eighteen/ekeyinfo/puritan.htm

V. In class today: new material

a. Plymouth Colony (Notice the date: 1620)

Separatist Puritans
Called "Pilgrims"
Wanted to leave the Church of England entirely.

Video: Mayflower
http://youtu.be/w59TkoL-tZY

Video: Mayflower Compact
http://youtu.be/Tqhc0kqR_h8

Video: The Pilgrims (Selena Gomez's "Bad Liar" Parody)
http://youtu.be/6AOAXiuWOKI

God in America: Pilgrims
http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/pilgrims.html

Faith of the Pilgrims
http://www.plimoth.org/what-see-do/17th-century-english-village/faith-pilgrims

Video: Governor William Bradford
http://youtu.be/4LnUhFKr9YU

William Bradford
http://www.learner.org/amerpass/unit03/authors-1.html

Squanto (compare him to Malinche) helps Pilgrims.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Squanto

Great Migration

Between 1620 and 1630, other options for settlement (besides Virginia and New England). English migrants settled on St. Kitts (1624) and Barbados (1627).

Great map illustrating the Great Migration during the1600s
https://joannedi.files.wordpress.com/2012/12/greatmigrationmap1620-1640.jpg

b. Massachusetts Bay Colony
(Notice the date: 1630)

(Non Separatist) Puritans

Video: Puritan Faith (George Michael's "Faith" Parody)
https://youtu.be/HcCBv6tf5qA

Video: Massachusetts Bay Colony ("TMNT Theme" Parody)
https://youtu.be/tnfvEdVWTzw

The Puritans (God in America, PBS)
http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/puritans.html

Video: Governor John Winthrop
http://youtu.be/8psobkdtgUU

The Puritan Ideal: A City on Hill
http://youtu.be/JhTby_SOWnE

Governor John Winthrop (God in America, PBS)
[His divine signal]
http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/john-winthrop.html

John Winthrop
http://www.learner.org/amerpass/unit03/authors-9.html

Religious intolerance in treatment of Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson:

Roger Williams

Video: Roger Williams bio
http://youtu.be/6nk1fuKTSdw

Roger Williams (God in America, PBS)
http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/roger-williams.html

Roger Williams Biography (National Park Service)
Youth and Education
http://www.nps.gov/rowi/historyculture/youth.htm
Rejecting the Middle Way
http://www.nps.gov/rowi/historyculture/departure.htm
Founding Providence (Rhode Island)
http://www.nps.gov/rowi/historyculture/foundingprovidence.htm

Anne Hutchinson

Video: Anne Hutchinson bio
http://youtu.be/yFl8ltR8m18

Anne Hutchinson (God in America, PBS)
http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/anne-hutchinson.html

Anne Hutchinson (National Women's History Museum)
https://www.womenshistory.org/education-resources/biographies/anne-hutchinson

Covenant theology

God covenanted with the Puritans and they with Him.
People covenanted together to form a church.

Puritan church became known as Congregationalists

New England towns

No headright system as in Virginia.
Land distributed to groups, not individuals.
Grants of land led to growth of communities not large personal estates.

New England families

Numerous, large (5–7 healthy children), and long–lived.
Even grandparents appeared.
Parents exercised control over their adult children
Allocation of land
Need for children's labor to support them.
Contrast with Chesapeake






WONDERFUL WEDNESDAY, 13 SEPTEMBER 2017

Mood Music:

Irish tavern music (11:37)
http://youtu.be/SBATrLRWySg

17th c. English country dances
http://youtu.be/YkQzq5fOEK4

I. Prayer/attendance

II. Exam #1

It will be on Monday, 25 September (2 weeks from this past Monday)

I will have a study guide (not yet totally ready) on the following wiki page:
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+151+Exam+1

III. Homework for Friday, 15 September

America as a Religious Refuge, Part 1
http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/religion/rel01.html

Puritanism and Predestination (Divining America, National Humanities Center)
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/eighteen/ekeyinfo/puritan.htm

IV. In class today: reaction to homework

Popular culture in Colonial America
Don't miss the slide show at the bottom of the article.
http://www.history.org/Foundation/journal/Spring08/pop.cfm

Courtship in Colonial America
Don't miss the slide show at the bottom of the article.
http://www.history.org/Foundation/journal/Holiday07/court.cfm

Religion in Early Virginia
http://www.history.org/Almanack/life/religion/religionva.cfm

V. In class today: new material

Indentured servitude In Virginia

Need for laborers.
Tobacco cultivation required many laborers.
English began with indentured servants (7 years) from England.
Slaves cost three times as much for initial outlay.
Life was hard on servants; not much easier for owners
Diet of pork and corn
Not much material wealth (not like today's Williamsburg)
Servant might not live through his indenture
If he lived through it, he could become a landowner himself.

Richard Frethorne (History Matters)
http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/6475

Indentured Servants (US History.org)
http://www.ushistory.org/us/5b.asp

Jamestown indenture contract
http://www.virtualjamestown.org/wbind1.html

Virginia families.

Predominance of males, servitude, high mortality rates caused

Fewer, smaller (1–3 healthy children), and shorter–lived families.

Most children had step–parents: death of parent and remarriage.

Rich families began by 1700 to control the colony
They were intermarried, wealthy, powerful
The same people were Burgesses, militia, church vestry, county court

King Charles I (1625-1649)

He was the son of James I
His own sons were Charles II and James II [we will meet up with them later in our semester]

Intolerant of Puritans
Believed in divine right of kings
Puritan dissenters decided to flee from England to Massachusetts Bay colony (1630)

Personality and Political Style of Charles I (BBC)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/civil_war_revolution/personality_charles_01.shtml

Maryland (1632).

Video: Catholic Maryland
http://youtu.be/RsxrJ0f91aU

Proprietorship. A personal possession.
Land grant from King Charles I to Calvert family (Lord Baltimore).

Catholic.
Maryland a sanctuary for Catholics
Catholics severely persecuted in England.

Maryland similar to Virginia:
Rivers
Tobacco
Plantations
Indentured servitude and slavery.
Chesapeake (Bay). Term includes Virginia and Maryland, mostly.

Maryland: The Catholic Experiment (US History.org)
http://www.ushistory.org/us/5a.asp

NEW ENGLAND

Map of New England colonies
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI036.jpg

Video: Mayflower Story: Desperate Crossing [part 1 of 3 parts] (12 minutes)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pv-_JxApHzo&feature=youtube_gdata_player

a. Plymouth Colony (Notice the date: 1620)

Separatist Puritans
Called "Pilgrims"
Wanted to leave the Church of England entirely.

Video: Mayflower
http://youtu.be/w59TkoL-tZY

Video: Mayflower Compact
http://youtu.be/Tqhc0kqR_h8

Video: The Pilgrims (Selena Gomez's "Bad Liar" Parody)
http://youtu.be/6AOAXiuWOKI

God in America: Pilgrims
http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/pilgrims.html

Faith of the Pilgrims
http://www.plimoth.org/what-see-do/17th-century-english-village/faith-pilgrims

Video: Governor William Bradford
http://youtu.be/4LnUhFKr9YU

William Bradford
http://www.learner.org/amerpass/unit03/authors-1.html

Pokanoket Indians (compare to Powhatans) help Pilgrims.
Squanto (compare him to Malinche) helps Pilgrims.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Squanto

Between 1620 and 1630, other options for settlement (besides Virginia and New England). English migrants settled on St. Kitts (1624) and Barbados (1627).

Great map illustrating the Great Migration during the1600s
https://joannedi.files.wordpress.com/2012/12/greatmigrationmap1620-1640.jpg

b. Massachusetts Bay Colony
(Notice the date: 1630)

(Non Separatist) Puritans

Video: Puritan Faith (George Michael's "Faith" Parody)
https://youtu.be/HcCBv6tf5qA

Video: Massachusetts Bay Colony ("TMNT Theme" Parody)
https://youtu.be/tnfvEdVWTzw

The Puritans (God in America, PBS)
http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/puritans.html

Video: Governor John Winthrop
http://youtu.be/8psobkdtgUU

The Puritan Ideal: A City on Hill
http://youtu.be/JhTby_SOWnE

Governor John Winthrop (God in America, PBS)
http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/john-winthrop.html

John Winthrop
http://www.learner.org/amerpass/unit03/authors-9.html

Religious intolerance in treatment of Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson:

Roger Williams

Video: Roger Williams bio
http://youtu.be/6nk1fuKTSdw

Roger Williams (God in America, PBS)
http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/roger-williams.html

Roger Williams Biography (National Park Service)
Youth and Education
http://www.nps.gov/rowi/historyculture/youth.htm
Rejecting the Middle Way
http://www.nps.gov/rowi/historyculture/departure.htm
Founding Providence (Rhode Island)
http://www.nps.gov/rowi/historyculture/foundingprovidence.htm

Anne Hutchinson

Video: Anne Hutchinson bio
http://youtu.be/yFl8ltR8m18

Anne Hutchinson (God in America, PBS)
http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/anne-hutchinson.html

Anne Hutchinson (National Women's History Museum)
https://www.womenshistory.org/education-resources/biographies/anne-hutchinson

Covenant theology

God covenanted with the Puritans and they with Him.
People covenanted together to form a church.

Puritan church became known as Congregationalists

New England towns

No headright system as in Virginia.
Land distributed to groups, not individuals.
Grants of land led to growth of communities not large personal estates.

New England families

Numerous, large (5–7 healthy children), and long–lived.
Even grandparents appeared.
Parents exercised control over their adult children
Allocation of land
Need for children's labor to support them.
Contrast with Chesapeake.






MARVELOUS MONDAY, 11 SEPTEMBER 2017

[REMEMBER 9/11/2001]

Mood Music:

Irish tavern music (11:37)
http://youtu.be/SBATrLRWySg

17th c. English country dances
http://youtu.be/YkQzq5fOEK4

I. Prayer/attendance

II. Homework for Wednesday, 13 September

Popular culture in Colonial America
Don't miss the slide show at the bottom of the article.
http://www.history.org/Foundation/journal/Spring08/pop.cfm

Courtship in Colonial America
Don't miss the slide show at the bottom of the article.
http://www.history.org/Foundation/journal/Holiday07/court.cfm

Religion in Early Virginia
http://www.history.org/Almanack/life/religion/religionva.cfm

III. In class today: reaction to homework reading

John Smith's Bold Endeavor (NOVA)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/ancient/john-smith.html

Lost City of Powhatan (Smithsonian)
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/lost-city-of-powhatan-149908455/

The Powhatan Indian World (National Park Service)
[Read half of the screen; stop at the paragraph beginning with "While in England, Pocahontas ...]
https://www.nps.gov/jame/learn/historyculture/copy-of-the-powhatan-indian-world.htm

IV. In class today: new material

King James I (1603-1625)
James I (British Monarchy)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/james_i_vi.shtml

New royal family: House of Stuart

During his reign, the Pilgrims fled to Netherlands and then from there to Plymouth colony

Jamestown (1607) named for him

In 2011 we celebrated the 400th anniversary of the King James Bible.
Folger Shakespeare Library celebrates 400th anniversary of King James Bible (Washington Post)
http://wapo.st/OCbvYk

English colonies in America

Differed on many dimensions:

a. Type of colony (originally v. later—movement to make colonies royal)

Charter
Royal (monarch, crown)
Proprietorship

b. Religion: Puritan, Anglican, Catholic, Quaker, and others

c. Methods of land distribution

d. Relations with the Indians

e. Types of servitude

f. Major crops and exports

g. Date founded: the place they left and the America they came to both differed.

VIRGINIA

Jamestown (1607).

First permanent English settlement in America
Roanoke Island was the first settlement but was not permanent

Video: Jamestown Colony ("Shut Up and Dance" parody) (Mr. Betts)
http://youtu.be/sxGvHs9CQkA

Map of the Chesapeake colonies (Virginia and Maryland)
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI025.jpg

Virginia Company of London

Joint–stock company. Limited liability of investors
Not financed by government.

John Smith

John Smith's Bold Endeavor (NOVA)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/ancient/john-smith.html

John Smith's account of the trip to Virginia (Library of Congress)
http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/timeline/colonial/jamestwn/colonist.html

Route of the voyage related to this account:
https://aculturame.files.wordpress.com/2013/09/dsc05304-copy.jpg

Powhatan Indians and Pocahontas

Pocahontas "Colors of the Wind"
http://youtu.be/pk33dTVHreQ

Pocahontas: What They Don't Tell You (Mr, Betts)
https://youtu.be/pCwbsZ-tY6Y

Lost City of Powhatan (Smithsonian)
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/lost-city-of-powhatan-149908455/

The Powhatan Indian World (National Park Service)
[Read half of the screen; stop at the paragraph beginning with "While in England, Pocahontas ...]
https://www.nps.gov/jame/learn/historyculture/copy-of-the-powhatan-indian-world.htm

Indian and English cultural differences.

a. Land ownership:
English wanted private property; Indian land owned communally.

b. Gender division of work:
Indian women worked the fields. English women did not.
Indian men hunted.
English saw hunting as an upper-class leisure activity.

c. Leadership: Nature of hierarchy differed
English looked for "chiefs"
Indian leaders' authority rested on consensus.

Tobacco:

Basis of Virginia's success.
John Rolfe the main name (he married Pocahontas)
Key cash crop
Required much land
Required continuous labor

The History of 18th Century Tobacco Plantations in Coastal Virginia
http://youtu.be/43lWR9Pd0-c

John Rolfe (National Park Service, Jamestown)
http://www.nps.gov/jame/historyculture/john-rolfe.htm

Headrights

Land grants to individuals
Settlers could claim 50 acres of land for themselves
50 acres for those whom they paid passage (including servants).
Enabled some to build a large estate of landed wealth.

Headrights
http://www.ancestry.com/wiki/index.php?title=Virginia_Land_Records

House of Burgesses (1619).

Virginia began the tradition of local representative government.
New Spain, New France, and New Netherlands had autocratic rule.

First Legislative Assembly in America (National Park Service, Jamestown)
http://www.nps.gov/jame/historyculture/the-first-legislative-assembly.htm

Royal colony.

In 1624, Virginia becomes a royal colony, ruled by the king through appointed officials.

Anglican Church.

Church of England (Episcopalians today). Not Puritans.

Religion in Early Virginia
http://www.history.org/Almanack/life/religion/religionva.cfm

Reverend Robert Hunt (National Park Service, Jamestown)
http://www.nps.gov/jame/historyculture/the-reverend-robert-hunt-the-first-chaplain-at-jamestown.htm






FABULOUS FRIDAY, 8 SEPTEMBER 2017

Mood music:

Irish tavern music (11:37)
http://youtu.be/SBATrLRWySg

Anasazi flute amerindienne - Native American Magic Flute music - 1 hour
http://youtu.be/RpuD1c3fSFE

Indigenous music of North America
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indigenous_music_of_North_America

Friday songs (14 more weeks and we'll be through)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/attendance

II. Homework for Monday, 11 September

John Smith's Bold Endeavor (NOVA)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/ancient/john-smith.html

Lost City of Powhatan (Smithsonian)
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/lost-city-of-powhatan-149908455/

The Powhatan Indian World (National Park Service)
[Read half of the screen; stop at the paragraph beginning with "While in England, Pocahontas ...]
https://www.nps.gov/jame/learn/historyculture/copy-of-the-powhatan-indian-world.htm

III. In class today: reaction to homework for today

The Roanoke Island Colony: Lost, and Found? [Do this with the material below}
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/11/science/the-roanoke-colonists-lost-and-found.html

John Smith's account of the trip to Virginia (Library of Congress)
[Close reading example]
http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/timeline/colonial/jamestwn/colonist.html

Route of the voyage related to this account:
https://aculturame.files.wordpress.com/2013/09/dsc05304-copy.jpg

Reverend Robert Hunt (National Park Service, Jamestown)
http://www.nps.gov/jame/historyculture/the-reverend-robert-hunt-the-first-chaplain-at-jamestown.htm

[Note to myself: use this material to discuss the graves]

Remains of English Jamestown Colony leaders uncovered
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-33680128

Reverend Robert Hunt: "His grave faced west towards the people he served ..."

b. Listen to this video clip about the same thing:

Grave did face east to west, but Reverend Hunt's head faced east.

Finding the Founders of English America
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pkqmiVU58uw

c. Which directions do graves face (Google search term)
https://www.google.com/search?q=which+direction+do+graves+face&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8

IV. In class today: new material

Native Americans

Map:Routes of the first Americans
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI001.jpg

Native Americans originally came to America from Asia
Land bridge from Siberia across the Bering Straits.

Early cultures: fishing, hunting, and gathering for mere subsistence.

Native pre-contact housing
http://hanksville.net/maps/houses/housingmap.html

Settled agriculture (corn, beans, squash) more sophisticated civilizations.

Indian tribes adapted to different geographic settings.

Map: Location of Major Groups of First Americans
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI006.jpg

Five million Indians in North America at time of European arrival.

Over two hundred language groups.

Indians not organized into tribes but into hundreds of bands

Seldom did a "chief" hold significant power.

Bands quarreled with each other

Used Europeans to help them fight their enemies

Early North American civilizations:

Mound Builders (Ohio river region)
Anasazi (Arizona and New Mexico)
Mississippians (Midwest and Southeast U.S.). Cahokia.

Use of the term "Indian

"American Indian" or "Native American"?
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/roadshow/fts/bismarck_200504A16.html

Important museum:
Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian
http://www.nmai.si.edu/

Roanoke Island (in present-day North Carolina) (1585-1590)

Attempted base from which to harass Spanish treasure fleets.
Resupply voyage stopped because of Spanish Armada

Spanish Armada prevented resupply to Roanoke Colony

Roanoke Island (Frozen's "Let It Go" Parody)
http://youtu.be/NUsuzs1qKDo

John White at Roanoke Island

John White watercolors of native inhabitants at Roanoke Island
Index of his watercolors
http://www.virtualjamestown.org/images/white_debry_html/jamestown.html

Indian village of Pomeiooc
Image
http://www.virtualjamestown.org/images/white_debry_html/white31.html
Description
http://www.virtualjamestown.org/images/white_debry_html/white.html#s34

Indian woman and young girl
Image
http://www.virtualjamestown.org/images/white_debry_html/white32.html
Description
http://www.virtualjamestown.org/images/white_debry_html/white.html#s35

Readings about Roanoke Island

Ancient map gives clue to fate of 'Lost Colony' (Telegraph)
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/science/science-news/9244947/Ancient-map-gives-clue-to-fate-of-Lost-Colony.html

The Roanoke Island Colony: Lost, and Found?
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/11/science/the-roanoke-colonists-lost-and-found.html

This Drone Could Find the Lost Colony of Roanoke
http://www.thedailybeast.com/this-drone-could-find-the-lost-colony-of-roanoke

King James I (1603-1625)

New royal family: House of Stuart

During his reign, the Pilgrims fled to Netherlands and then from there to Plymouth colony

Jamestown (1607) named for him

In 2011 we celebrated the 400th anniversary of the King James Bible.
Folger Shakespeare Library celebrates 400th anniversary of King James Bible (Washington Post)
http://wapo.st/OCbvYk






WONDERFUL WEDNESDAY, 6 SEPTEMBER 2017

Mood Music:

17th c. English country dances
http://youtu.be/YkQzq5fOEK4

Irish tavern music (11:37)
http://youtu.be/SBATrLRWySg

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework for Friday, 8 September

The Roanoke Island Colony: Lost, and Found?
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/11/science/the-roanoke-colonists-lost-and-found.html

John Smith's account of the trip to Virginia (Library of Congress)
[Close reading example]
http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/timeline/colonial/jamestwn/colonist.html

Route of the voyage related to this account:
https://aculturame.files.wordpress.com/2013/09/dsc05304-copy.jpg

Reverend Robert Hunt (National Park Service, Jamestown)
http://www.nps.gov/jame/historyculture/the-reverend-robert-hunt-the-first-chaplain-at-jamestown.htm

Remains of English Jamestown Colony leaders uncovered
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-33680128

III. In class today: reaction to homework reading

Martin Luther: Father of protest songs?
[Note to me: Play "A Mighty Fortress is Our God"
http://www.bbc.com/culture/story/20170522-martin-luther-father-of-protest-songs

Ancient map gives clue to fate of 'Lost Colony' (Telegraph)
[We will do this one on Friday]
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/science/science-news/9244947/Ancient-map-gives-clue-to-fate-ofLost-Colony.html

IV. In class today: new material

Martin Luther

Martin Luther
http://youtu.be/j89_BAh2Q3M

People saved by faith alone (Not by pilgrimages, indulgences)
Priesthood of all believers replaced monasticism as the ideal
Neither priests nor Latin Bible should keep people from the Word

Martin Luther (On This Day, Finding Dulcinea)
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/September-October-08/On-this-Day--Martin-Luther-Nails--Ninety-five-Theses--to-Chapel-Door.html

Martin Luther: Father of protest songs?
http://www.bbc.com/culture/story/20170522-martin-luther-father-of-protest-songs

A Mighty Fortress is our God
http://youtu.be/jcDC4vLw23k
Lyrics
https://www.hymnal.net/en/hymn/h/886

(Lutherans): Protestant Reformation (1517)

In 2017 we celebrate the 500th anniversary of the Protestant Reformation.

Protestant Reformation in England (1533)

English King Henry VIII [House of Tudor]

Video: Henry VIII
http://youtu.be/vGi2TYAQfXE

Henry VIII broke with Rome in 1533.
Under Henry, Protestantism hardly differed from Catholicism.

Biographical sketch of Henry VIII (British Monarchy website)
https://www.royal.uk/henry-viii-r1509-1547

An Overview of the English Reformation (BBC)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/tudors/reformation_overview_01.shtml

Edward VI

Son of Henry VIII was Protestant, but died as a teenager.

Mary I

One daughter of Henry VIII, Mary I ("Bloody" Mary), was Catholic.

Mary burned many Protestants at the stake.
Other Protestants fled to safety of Frankfurt and Geneva
There they absorbed radical Calvinist doctrines.
They returned to England after the death of Mary.
Eager to "purify" English church of any hint of Catholicism.

Queen Elizabeth I (1558-1603)

Queen Elizabeth I
http://youtu.be/cDg9AoJYxeY

Elizabeth I (British Monarchy)
[Current Queen is Elizabeth II]
https://www.royal.uk/elizabeth-i-r1558-1603

Other daughter of Henry VIII, Elizabeth I, was Protestant:

Church settlement.
Church of England became clearly Protestant, but in its own way.
Latin liturgy translated into the English Book of Common Prayer.
Cult of saints dropped.
Clergy permitted to marry.
Calvinists, however, did not think these reforms went far enough.
Puritans versus Separatists

Elizabethan Room Virtual Tour (BBC)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/tudors/launch_vt_elizabethan_room.shtml

English Exploration

England would not be bound by the Treaty of Tordesillas.
But tried to explore initially in areas not claimed by Spanish or Portuguese.

John Cabot (1497)

Voyages - Segment 3 of 3 - "Northwest Discoveries"
John Cabot, Verranzano, Cartier, Hudson
http://youtu.be/9H8ZcoPdkNk

Article about the Northwest Passage these days
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/07/23/climate/ships-in-the-arctic.html?mcubz=1

Basis of later English claims.
Not followed up for almost 100 years.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Cabot

John Cabot (Royal Museums, Greenwich)
http://www.rmg.co.uk/explore/sea-and-ships/facts/explorers-and-leaders/john-and-sebastian-cabot

Cabot Project (Bristol University)
http://www.bristol.ac.uk/history/research/cabot.html

The Voyages of John Cabot (American Journeys)
http://www.americanjourneys.org/aj-069/summary/index.asp

Francis Drake (1577)

Francis Drake goes round the world
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/On-this-Day--Francis-Drake-Sets-Out-to-Circumnavigate-the-World-.html

Account of Sir Francis Drake's landing in California (National Humanities Center)
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/amerbegin/contact/text5/drake.pdf

Drake claims California for England (History.com This Day in History | 6/17/1579)
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/drake-claims-california-for-england

Spanish Armada (1588)

Video: Spanish armada
http://youtu.be/h_crzvi980U

Rivalry between Spain and England
Spain was hard–core Catholic
Spain hated Protestant England.
Spanish naval Armada (fleet) attempted to invade England
A major battle in world history.
English defeated the Spanish.

Spanish Armada prevented resupply to the Lost Colony.

Spanish Armada (Royal Museums, Greenwich)
Links to several detailed articles
http://www.rmg.co.uk/explore/sea-and-ships/facts/navies-and-warships/the-spanish-armada

God Blew and They Were Scattered (UK National Archives)
http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/lesson39.htm

The Spanish Armada (BBC)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/tudors/adams_armada_01.shtml

Roanoke Island

John White's drawings
http://www.virtualjamestown.org/images/white_debry_html/jamestown.html







FABULOUS FRIDAY, 1 SEPTEMBER 2017

Mood Music:

Musica Reservata– Music From the Time of Christopher Columbus (Full 1968 Album)
http://youtu.be/tqAoaOttygo

Anasazi flute amerindienne - Native American Magic Flute music - 1 hour
http://youtu.be/RpuD1c3fSFE

Indigenous music of North America
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indigenous_music_of_North_America

Friday songs (15 more week and we'll be through)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/attendance

II. FYI (For Your Information)

KQED MindShift
https://ww2.kqed.org/mindshift/

III. Homework for Wednesday, 6 September

Martin Luther: Father of protest songs?
http://www.bbc.com/culture/story/20170522-martin-luther-father-of-protest-songs

Ancient map gives clue to fate of 'Lost Colony' (Telegraph)
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/science/science-news/9244947/Ancient-map-gives-clue-to-fate-ofLost-Colony.html

[Note to me: From now on, add assignments from our online textbook]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/U.S.+History.org

IV. In class today: Reaction to homework

Alfred Crosby on the Columbian Exchange (Smithsonian)
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history-archaeology/Alfred-W-Crosby-on-the-Columbian-Exchange.html

V. In class today: new material

Historical Analysis: sourcing, contextualization, corroboration
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Historical+Analysis

a. Sourcing
1.Who wrote the source?
2.When was it written?
3.Where was it written?
4.Is the author in a position to know first-hand, or is the account based on hearsay?
5.Can the source be believed? Is the author trustworthy. What will he stand to gain or lose?

b. Contextualization
1. What else was happening at the time this was written? (The burning issues of the day).
2. What was different back then? What was the same?
3. What would it look like through the eyes of someone who lived back then?

c. Corroboration
1. What are the real facts?
2. Comparing different accounts
3. What is common to the various accounts?
4. When do they disagree?
5. What might explain these discrepancies?
6. How might the accounts be reconciled?

American Journeys
http://www.americanjourneys.org/
See my Website Spotlight blog post
http://thelearningprofessor.blogspot.com/2012/07/website-spotlight-american-journeys.html

Columbian Exchange

The Columbian Exchange (wonderful diagram of the exchange)
http://thecolumbianexchange.weebly.com/

Alfred Crosby on the Columbian Exchange (Smithsonian)
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history-archaeology/Alfred-W-Crosby-on-the-Columbian-Exchange.html

Mr. Betts' Kitchen - Ceviche and the Columbian Exchange
https://youtu.be/fGCgFeBr7Nc

Hernán Cortés (1519–1521)

Conqueror of Aztec empire in Mexico

Conquistadors [particularly Hernan Cortes] (PBS)
http://www.pbs.org/conquistadors/

Malinche. Translator and mistress to Cortes
Sold by her Aztec mother as a slave to Mayans (where Cortes landed)
Caught between several worlds
Is she a hero or a traitor to Mexicans?

Ferdinand Magellan (1519–1522).

Sailed around the globe.

Ferdinand Magellan (Royal Museums, Greenwich)
http://www.rmg.co.uk/magellan

Ferdinand Magellan (On This Day, Finding Dulcinea)
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/March-April-08/On-this-Day--Explorer-Ferdinand-Magellan-Killed-by-Philippine-Tribe.html

Ferdinand Magellan (Mariner's Museum)
https://youtu.be/r3f539pYIyU

Magellan GPS system
http://magellan.factoryoutletstore.com/cat/20606/Magellan-RoadMate-GPS-Systems.html

Hernando de Soto (1539–42).

Traveled though the Southeastern United States

Hernando de Soto Map (Google Images)
http://bit.ly/RaL765

Hernando de Soto (American Journeys)
http://www.americanjourneys.org/aj-021/summary/index.asp
http://www.americanjourneys.org/aj-023/index.asp

Hernando de Soto National Memorial
http://www.nps.gov/deso/historyculture/index.htm

De Soto reaches the Mississippi (History.com This Day in History | 5/8/1541)
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/de-soto-reaches-the-mississippi

De Soto dies in the American wilderness (History.com This Day in History | 5/21/1542)
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/de-soto-dies-in-the-american-wilderness

Francisco Vázquez de Coronado (1540–1542).

Traveled through the Southwestern United States

Francisco Vázquez de Coronado (PBS, The West)
http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/people/a_c/coronado.htm

Map of Coronado's travels (PBS,The West)
http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/places/trails_ter/coronado.htm

Coronado's Report to the King of Spain (PBS, The West)
http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/resources/archives/one/corona9.htm

Roanoke Island [we will read this

Roanoke Island (Frozen's "Let It Go" Parody)
http://youtu.be/NUsuzs1qKDo






WONDERFUL WEDNESDAY, 30 AUGUST 2017

Mood music:

Musica Reservata– Music From the Time of Christopher Columbus (Full 1968 Album)
http://youtu.be/tqAoaOttygo

Musica Reservata
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musica_reservata

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. FYI (For Your Information)

You’re Sorry for Someone’s Loss. But How Do You Say It?
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/24/smarter-living/condolence-letters-how-to.html

III. Homework reading for Friday, 1 September

Alfred Crosby on the Columbian Exchange (Smithsonian)
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history-archaeology/Alfred-W-Crosby-on-the-Columbian-Exchange.html

IV. In class today

Overview map of voyages of exploration
https://mrgrayhistory.wikispaces.com/file/view/Age_-_Voyages_Map.jpg/245720413/770x397/Age_-_Voyages_Map.jpg

Background to European explorations:

Luxury goods in Asia: silk, dyes, perfumes, jewels, and gold.

Spices in Asia: pepper, cloves, cinnamon, and nutmeg.
Spice Islands [Moluccas in today's Indonesia] (Royal Museums, Greenwich)

The Spice Islands | Explore Royal Museums Greenwich
http://www.rmg.co.uk/discover/explore/spice-islands

Earlier role of Italy as middlemen in European overland trade with China.

Marco Polo's Travels (1275) to China. Published in 1477.
Marco Polo traveled overland.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/polo_marco.shtml

Constantinople (1453). Fell to the Muslim Turks.

Map: Constantinople
https://etc.usf.edu/maps/pages/1700/1787/1787.jpg

Muslims then controlled overland trade routes from Catholic Europe to Asia.

Europeans sought all–water trade route to Asia to outflank Muslims.

Voyages of Exploration:

Video: Voyages of exploration>>Up to Portugal
http://youtu.be/ijm60slmnyg

Video: Crash Course World History
Columbus, de Gama, and Zheng He! 15th Century Mariners. Crash Course: World History #21 - YouTube

Portugal

Will try to reach Asia by sailing east.
The other European countries will try to reach Asia by sailing west
America gets in their way and becomes the heart of our story.
Portugal began explorations first:
Portuguese sailed around Africa to reach Asia

Early Explorations 1400s

Portugal: Prince Henry the Navigator
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part1/1p259.html

Bartolomeu Dias: Cape of Good Hope (1488)
http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/bartholomew-alternate-spelling-bartolomeu-dias

Vasco da Gama: India (1498)
http://www.sahistory.org.za/dated-event/explorer-and-navigator-vasco-da-gama-completes-his-voyage-round-cape-good-hope-india

Video: Vasco Da Gama
https://youtu.be/rh-49zc2zyM

Spain:

Video: Voyage of exploration>>Christopher Columbus
http://youtu.be/15lDRnybGf4

Columbus & the New World (Jay-Z's "Empire State of Mind Parody)
http://youtu.be/z7oe8TD_Vn0

5 Facts About Columbus - Mr. Betts' Class
https://youtu.be/zibOKes8aLo

Same time as Columbus left Spain, Jews Banished from Spain
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/March/Jews-Banished-From-Spain-During-Spanish-Inquisition.html

Christopher Columbus: (12 October 1492)

Sailed west to reach Asia.
Landed in Bahamas on first voyage. Four voyages in all
Believed he reached East Indies—called the natives "Indians."
Never realized he discovered a whole new world.

Voyage of Christopher Columbus
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/September-October-08/On-this-Day--Columbus-Lands-in-Caribbean.html

Treaty of Tordesillas (1494)

Pope divided land claims between Portugal and Spain
Portugal got Africa and Brazil
Spain got remainder of New World

Treaty of Tordesillas
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Tordesillas






MARVELOUS MONDAY, 28 August 2017

I'm Dave Lambert. I hope you had a terrific summer.

We are going to have fun together this semester--while learning much in the process.

Check out this video to give us all some cool thoughts:

Sleepy Labrador Puppy "Moki" Loves The A/C
https://youtu.be/7SZJ6PEH8Gs




SORRY, NO CRASHING

I probably won't be able to add anyone who is not already registered.



TODAY'S SCHEDULE.

I will send the material on this page to you via email.

1. Prayer

I will pray for us every class and ask if you have a prayer request or a praise you feel comfortable offering publicly.

My church: Grace Church (Baptist) in Glendora (the Spanish-language ministry)

My wife's church: St. Dorothy's Catholic Church in Glendora

2. Thorn in the Flesh
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Thorn+in+the+Flesh

Integrating my faith into our class is natural for me. So I want to start off the semester doing so.

3. Info card
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Info+Card

4. Syllabus
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+151+Syllabus+MWF+F17

We will go over it in more detail Wednesday, but here are the highlights.

a. You need to bring your laptop to every class session.

b. No text is required. We will use all online sources and websites.

But we will use an online textbook which I have indexed on this link::
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/U.S.+History.org

c. Grade is based on 4 multiple-choice exams and participation.

d. Attendance is required. Any absences over three will mean a deduction to the grade.

5. Learning Professor wiki
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/home

US HISTORY TO 1877
HIST 151 Today MWF F17
HIST 151 Syllabus MWF F17

6. Our Class Page
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+151+Today+MWF+F17

Always turn to this page for our daily schedule

[This outline is on that page.]

7. High Fives (why I like to do it as you leave class each day)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/High+Fives

8. Material for today:

Columbus & the New World (Jay-Z's "Empire State of Mind Parody)
http://youtu.be/z7oe8TD_Vn0

Historical Analysis: sourcing, contextualization, corroboration
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Historical+Analysis