FABULOUS FRIDAY, 28 APRIL

Mood Music:

God bless the USA playlist
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ps7xmW-9LXQ&list=RDPs7xmW-9LXQ

Great is Thy Faithfulness playlist'
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dTKIqmdfHSk&list=RDdTKIqmdfHSk

Glen Campbell - Rhinestone Cowboy
http://youtu.be/8kAU3B9Pi_U

Friday songs
(Today's the day, we're finally through; I'm so glad, and you are, too)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 04/28/2005

Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Exam #4 (Final Exam)

Same format as our other exams. Not cumulative.

Here is the study guide:
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+4

Exam schedule:

9:20 class: 1 May from 9:35-11:25

11:40 class: 3 May from 11:55-1:45

IV. Semester Grade scale

Technically, here is how it should go: Based on 300 points

A=270-300 points (average of 67 points on each exam) 90%
B=240-269 points (average of 60 points on each exam) 80%
C=210-239 points (average of 52 points on each exam) 70%
D=180-209 points (average of 45 points on each exam) 60%
Minus points for excess absences
Plus points for participation and contribution to class sessions.

But I will rarely do F's. So I will be generous at the bottom part of the scale.

You will all do better on the semester grade than you probably expect

V. In class today: new material

This material will not be on the exam. I just want you to know it. So concentrate intently on the videos.

Great website and video resources on Iraq and Afghanistan
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/FRONTLINE

September 11, 2001

Though most of the hijackers were from Saudi Arabia (as was Bin Laden), Bin Laden was in
Afghanistan. So we attacked Afghanistan.

Afghanistan/Iraq

We invaded Afghanistan in 2001.
In 2003, we pulled out resources from Afghanistan to invade and occupy Iraq.
Wars in both countries were occurring at the same time.

Middle East Map
http://www.projectvisa.com/regions/Middle_East

Map: Muslim Distribution between Sunni and Shiite
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/world_maps/muslim_distribution.jpg

Sunni Muslim versus Shiite Muslim
Video: Why Do Saudi Arabia And Iran Hate Each Other? ((3:02)
http://youtu.be/G-dMM3HRnhY

Islamic State (ISIS)
Video: The Rise of ISIS (6:18)
http://youtu.be/pzmO6RWy1v8

Kurds
Video: Who Are The Kurds? (3:00)
http://youtu.be/Uv5-q_9fpro

Syria
Video: Syrian catastrophe (3:02)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FFL1TbYZBBg&feature=youtu.be






WONDERFUL WEDNESDAY, 26 APRIL

Mood music:

God bless the USA playlist
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ps7xmW-9LXQ&list=RDPs7xmW-9LXQ

Glen Campbell - Rhinestone Cowboy
http://youtu.be/8kAU3B9Pi_U

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 04/26/1995

Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Exam #4 (Final Exam)

Same format as our other exams. Not cumulative.

Here is the study guide:
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+4

Exam schedule:

9:20 class: 1 May from 9:35-11:25

11:40 class: 3 May from 11:55-1:45

IV. Semester Grade scale

Technically, here is how it should go: Based on 300 points

A=270-300 points (average of 67 points on each exam) 90%
B=240-269 points (average of 60 points on each exam) 80%
C=210-239 points (average of 52 points on each exam) 70%
D=180-209 points (average of 45 points on each exam) 60%
Minus points for excess absences
Plus points for participation and contribution to class sessions.

But I will rarely do F's. So I will be generous at the bottom part of the scale.

You will all do better on the semester grade than you probably expect

V. In class today: new material

PRESIDENT BILL CLINTON

Video: Bill Clinton bio
https://youtu.be/w2yX0JAn10Y

Election of 1992

Campaign commercials website (Living Room Candidate)
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1992

1. Republican George H.W. Bush (Bush #41). Incumbent President
Seemed to lack the "vision thing."
Faulted for concentrating on foreign policy.

2. Democrat Bill Clinton. Arkansas governor. "New democrat." More toward center.
Democrats countered: "it's the economy, stupid."

3. Ross Perot. Texas billionaire led a third–party bid.

Video: Giant Sucking Sound - Ross Perot 1992 Presidential Debate
http://youtu.be/Rkgx1C_S6ls

4. Clinton won electoral college (with only 43% of popular vote)

Somalia ("Black Hawk Down") 1993

Video: Inside the Real Black Hawk Down | No Man Left Behind
http://youtu.be/O1uvpakorog

Somalia, 1992–1993
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1993-2000/somalia

Ambush in Mogadishu (FRONTLINE)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/ambush/

Interviews with Rangers on the Black Hawk Down mission
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/ambush/interviews/

1994 Congressional elections

Republicans won both houses of Congress for the first time since 1954.

Newt Gingrich became the outspoken/controversial House Speaker.

Republicans offered a "Contract with America": a list of reforms to be passed during the first One Hundred Days.

Government Shutdowns (1995-1996)

Congressional Republicans shut down government over balanced budget
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_federal_government_shutdowns_of_1995%E2%80%931996

They were seen by many as ideologically inflexible.

Presidential Election of 1996: Clinton ran for a second term

President Clinton seen as reasonable and moderate
Protector of certain federal programs that Congress attacked.
Gained support of women, who benefited from such programs.

Campaign commercials (Living Room Candidate) 1996
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1996

War in Europe: Kosovo

Map: The Breakup of Yugoslavia/Civil War in Bosnia
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI725.jpg

Balkans War: a brief guide
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-17632399

Republicans will later be against any idea of nation-building.

Impeachment attempted over the Monica Lewinsky affair

President Clinton Admits to Affair With Monica Lewinsky
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/July-August-08/On-this-Day--President-Clinton-Admits-Affair.html

Video: The Clinton-Lewinsky Scandal | National Geographic
http://youtu.be/9M9TZ1ebQCA

Impeachment summary (BBC News)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/events/clinton_under_fire/timeline/168540.stm

Bill Clinton legacy

"Breathtakingly bright but capable of doing really dumb things."

Hillary Clinton's present and future role.

PRESIDENT GEORGE W. BUSH (BUSH #43)

Video: George W. Bush bio
https://youtu.be/lAvv-zPLurs

Campaign commercials
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/2000
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/2004

Election of 2000
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI730.jpg

PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA

Video: Barack Obama bio
http://youtu.be/1-IgxSn21jU

Campaign commercials
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/2008
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/2012






MARVELOUS MONDAY, 24 APRIL

Mood music:

God bless the USA playlist
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ps7xmW-9LXQ&list=RDPs7xmW-9LXQ

Glen Campbell - Rhinestone Cowboy
http://youtu.be/8kAU3B9Pi_U

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 04/24/1990

Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Exam #4 (Final Exam)

Same format as our other exams. Not cumulative.

Here is the study guide:
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+4

Exam schedule:

9:20 class: 1 May from 9:35-11:25

11:40 class: 3 May from 11:55-1:45

IV. Semester Grade scale

Technically, here is how it should go: Based on 300 points

A=270-300 points (average of 67 points on each exam) 90%
B=240-269 points (average of 60 points on each exam) 80%
C=210-239 points (average of 52 points on each exam) 70%
D=180-209 points (average of 45 points on each exam) 60%
Minus points for excess absences
Plus points for participation and contribution to class sessions.

But I will rarely do F's. So I will be generous at the bottom part of the scale.

You will all do better on the semester grade than you probably expect

V. In class today: new material

PRESIDENT GEORGE HERBERT WALKER BUSH (BUSH #41)

Video: George H.W. Bush bio
https://youtu.be/-cGgBQsG5WA

Video: Parachute jump on his 83rd birthday
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-_5K7c4QOuM

Presidential election of 1988

In Reagan's footsteps.
Accused of the 'wimp factor"
Peace abroad and a stable domestic economy

Campaign commercials 1988 (Living Room Candidate)
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1988

Bush Presidency

Bush against government action to solve economic & social problems.
Carried his approach too far and defended it too insensitively.
Many voters want to limit government in the abstract
Most want to keep safety net of government transfer payments

"Read my lips: no new taxes."
Assertion made during the 1988 presidential campaign

Broke his promise to get Congress to help balance the budget

Fall of the Berlin Wall (October 1989)

Video: The Berlin Wall Falls
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jnCPdLlUgvo

Fall of Communism in Eastern Europe, 1989https://history.state.gov/milestones/1989-1992/fall-of-communism
The Berlin Wall Comes Down
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/November/The-Berlin-Wall-Comes-Down.html

End of the Cold War

Map: The End of the Cold War
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI703.jpg

The Collapse of the Soviet Unionhttps://history.state.gov/milestones/1989-1992/collapse-soviet-union
Tiananmen Square

Tiananmen Square, 1989https://history.state.gov/milestones/1989-1992/tiananmen-square
Video: Tank Man: (start at 3:02)
http://youtu.be/SACHK-W4o1E

Invasion of Panama (December 1989)

Video: U.S. Invades Panama - 20 December 1989
https://youtu.be/MDZMseL6G10

US Forces Invade Panama
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/On-this-Day--U-S--forces-invaded-Panama-to-overthrow-Gen--Manuel-Noriega.html

Persian Gulf War (Operation Desert Storm) (1991)

Successful effort to push Iraq out of Kuwait.
Decision not to invade rest of Iraq or go after Saddam Hussein
Subsequent opinions on whether U.S. made correct choices

The Gulf War, 1991
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1989-1992/gulf-war
Video: The Gulf War 1991
http://youtu.be/If71ek0iSIQ

Video: Capt. H.R. McMaster
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aBG_G678Trg

Iraq Invades Kuwait Leading to Persian Gulf War
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/July-August-08/On-this-Day--Iraq-Invades-Kuwait--Leading-to-Persian-Gulf-War.html

Map: Trouble spots in the Middle East
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI694.jpg

1992 Presidential election loss to Bill Clinton

Campaign commercials (Living Room Candidate)
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1992

Dana Carvey impersonates Bush #41 and Ross Perot
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z851sZXYq5g&feature=youtu.be






FABULOUS FRIDAY, 21 APRIL

Friday songs
(1 more week, and we'll be through)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

Mood music:

Billboard Year-End Hot 100 singles of 1985
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billboard_Year-End_Hot_100_singles_of_1985

Glen Campbell - Rhinestone Cowboy
http://youtu.be/8kAU3B9Pi_U

Playlist Mix - Glen Campbell - Rhinestone Cowboy
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8kAU3B9Pi_U&list=RD8kAU3B9Pi_U

Roger Miller King Of the Road
http://youtu.be/OmOe27SJ3Yc

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 04/21/1985

Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Exam #4 (Final Exam)

Same format as our other exams. Not cumulative.

Here is the study guide:
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+4

Exam schedule:

9:20 class: 1 May from 9:35-11:25

11:40 class: 3 May from 11:55-1:45

IV. Semester Grade scale

Technically, here is how it should go: Based on 300 points

A=270-300 points (average of 67 points on each exam) 90%
B=240-269 points (average of 60 points on each exam) 80%
C=210-239 points (average of 52 points on each exam) 70%
D=180-209 points (average of 45 points on each exam) 60%
Minus points for excess absences
Plus points for participation and contribution to class sessions.

But I will rarely do F's. So I will be generous at the bottom part of the scale.

You will all do better on the semester grade than you probably expect

V. IDEA evaluation

I will devote time at the end of class today for you to complete the evaluation.

VI. In class today: new material

PRESIDENT RONALD REAGAN

Video: Ronald Reagan bio
http://youtu.be/MOzg83FFY9o

Ronald Reagan (Miller Center, University of Virginia)
http://millercenter.org/president/reagan

Reagan Library
https://www.reaganfoundation.org/?gclid=CI_K9onGldMCFUhcfgod5dMKAg

Election of 1980

Reagan accused President Carter of letting America be kicked around in world affairs.
Reagan's bold conservatism scared many voters
Reagan elected largely as a reaction against Carter.
Reagan's theme of "Stand Up, America" resonated with the electorate.

Campaign commercials (Living Room Candidate)
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1980

Assassination attempt (March 1981)

Reagan's courageous response to assassination attempt (during first 100 days) increased his political power.

Video: Assassination attempt
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xYlYSc9hAUA

John Hinckly, Jr., Shoots President Reagan and James Brady
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/March/John-Hinckley-Jr--Shoots-President-Reagan-and-James-Brady.html

Reagan's administrative agenda

1. Cut taxes

2. Cut government red tape

3. Cut government spending on domestic programs

4. Increase defense spending

5. Stand up to communism

Reagan pictured Soviet Union as "evil empire." [Axis of Evil??]

Believed intense military buildup needed to confront Soviets.

Video: "Evil Empire" speech
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=do0x-Egc6oA

6. Negotiate with the Soviets

Video: "Tear Down This [Berlin] Wall" speech
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WjWDrTXMgF8

Reagan Urges Soviets to Tear Down Berlin Wall (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0612.html#article

Republican party coalition

Made up of ideologically diverse constituencies:

1. Economic conservatives who had always voted Republican

2. Cultural conservatives

Fundamentalist and evangelical Christians
Advocated family values
Opposed abortion and homosexuality

3. "Reagan Democrats"

Blue–collar workers who supported family values

4. White voters in South (no longer the Solid Democratic South)

5. Young Americans (18–30) activated during Reagan years

6. Suburban voters (anti-taxes and anti-government).

Reaganomics

Video: Reaganomics (Alanis Morissette's "Ironic" parody) (Mr. Betts Class)
http://youtu.be/BdaLrYTCE7g

Supply–side economic policies.

Cut federal spending on domestic programs

Cut taxes for the wealthy and for corporations

Free up investment capital and encourage new job creation

Investment income to offset loss of tax revenue caused by tax cuts.

Money freed up by tax cuts would "trickle down" to less wealthy

Did not work.

We got tremendous economic deficits.

Foreign policy events during the Reagan Administration

1. Beirut (Lebanon) barracks bombing (1983)

Video: Beirut bombing
http://youtu.be/KgyTb6O3gwI

1983 Beirut Bomb Still Reverberates Today
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/Middle-East/October-08/1983-Beirut-Bomb-Still-Reverberates-Today.html

2. Invasion of Grenada (1983)

Video: U.S. Invades Grenada - 1983 | Today in History | 25 Oct
http://youtu.be/F4aSfX47Mgo

Trouble spots in Central America and the Caribbean
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI695.jpg

3. Reagan Doctrine

U.S. would openly support all anticommunist fighters.

Reagan Doctrine, 1985
https://2001-2009.state.gov/r/pa/ho/time/rd/17741.htm

Presidential Election (1984)

President Reagan easily re-elected over Walter Mondale.

Campaign commercials (Living Room Candidate)
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1984

Iran–Contra scandal

Two sides to the issue: Contras in Nicaragua and US arms sales to Iran

U.S supported those fighting against (contra) the communists in Nicaragua.

After Vietnam and Watergate, Congress anxious to oversee foreign policy

Congress ordered Reagan not to continue support of Contras. Reagan disobeyed.

Reagan Endorses CIA Support of Nicaraguan Contras
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/November/Reagan-Endorses-CIA-Support-of-Nicaraguan-Contras.html

Video: President Ronald Reagan - Address on Iran-Contra
http://youtu.be/R67CH-qhXJs

Iran-Contra Scandal Breaks
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/November/Iran-Contra-Scandal-Breaks-in-a-Lebanese-Magazine.html

Role of Oliver North.
Sold arms to Iran (illegal) and our enemy.
Used profits to send to the Contras to keep fighting Communists

Video: Oliver North hearing
http://youtu.be/dZw8PzLZn2s

PRESIDENT GEORGE HERBERT WALKER BUSH (BUSH #41)

Video: George H.W. Bush bio
https://youtu.be/-cGgBQsG5WA

George H.W. Bush (Miller Center, University of Virginia)
http://millercenter.org/president/bush

Video: World War Two heroism
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kh72XctOv5M&feature=related

Video: Parachute jump on his 83rd birthday
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-_5K7c4QOuM






WONDERFUL WEDNESDAY, 19 APRIL

Mood music:

Billboard Year-End Hot 100 singles of 1975
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billboard_Year-End_Hot_100_singles_of_1975

Billboard Year-End Hot 100 singles of 1985
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billboard_Year-End_Hot_100_singles_of_1985

Glen Campbell - Rhinestone Cowboy
http://youtu.be/8kAU3B9Pi_U

Playlist Mix - Glen Campbell - Rhinestone Cowboy
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8kAU3B9Pi_U&list=RD8kAU3B9Pi_U

Roger Miller King Of the Road
http://youtu.be/OmOe27SJ3Yc

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 04/19/1975

Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Exam #4 (Final Exam)

Same format as our other exams. Not cumulative.

Here is the study guide:
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+4

Exam schedule:

9:20 class: 1 May from 9:35-11:25

11:40 class: 3 May from 11:55-1:45

IV. Semester Grade scale

Technically, here is how it should go: Based on 300 points

A=270-300 points (average of 67 points on each exam) 90%
B=240-269 points (average of 60 points on each exam) 80%
C=210-239 points (average of 52 points on each exam) 70%
D=180-209 points (average of 45 points on each exam) 60%
Minus points for excess absences
Plus points for participation and contribution to class sessions.

But I will rarely do F's. So I will be generous at the bottom part of the scale.

You will all do better on the semester grade than you probably expect

V. IDEA evaluations

I will devote time at the end of class this Friday for you to complete these evaluation.

VI. In class today: new material: President Gerald Ford and President Jimmy Carter

Post–Watergate restrictions on executive power

Congressional reactions to "imperial Presidency

It is interesting to see how our government balances itself over time.

1. War Powers Act—President must consult with Congress before sending American troops into foreign wars.

2. Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act—prohibited the impounding of federal appropriations.

3. Freedom of Information Act—to aid citizens who were the victims of dirty–tricks campaigns and by giving people greater access to government documents.

PRESIDENT GERALD FORD

Gerald Ford (Miller Center, University of Virginia)
http://millercenter.org/president/ford

Videos: Gerald Ford bio
https://youtu.be/Mf4NBMvksKI
http://youtu.be/uAFnTM5qChQ

Ford was not dumb and klutzy as media often portrayed him
Video: Ford trips on helicopter steps
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jlz0he9rtKw

Offered pro football contract after All-American at U. of Michigan.

Went to Yale Law School instead.

Served in House of Representatives (1949-1973); leader of minority party.

Gerald Ford became Vice President, then President

Spiro Agnew was replaced as Nixon's Vice President by Gerald Ford.

Video: Gerald Ford Sworn In as Vice President - 6 December 1973
http://youtu.be/Or9OEUBr0qc

When Nixon resigned as President, Gerald Ford became the new President.

He served out the remainder of Nixon's term.

Ford was defeated by Carter in 1976.

Ford Pardoned Richard Nixon (Sept 1974)

Video: Ford Pardons Nixon - 1974 | Today in History | 8 Sept
https://youtu.be/67c-I-yt7s0

President Ford Pardons Richard Nixon
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/September-October-08/On-this-Day--President-Ford-Pardons-Richard-Nixon.html

1976 Presidential election

Ford was defeated by Jimmy Carter in the 1976 presidential election (New York Times)
http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/11/02/nov-2-1976-carter-defeats-ford-in-presidential-election/

Campaign commercials (Living Room Candidate) 1976
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1976

PRESIDENT JIMMY CARTER

Jimmy Carter
Miller Center (University of Virginia)
http://millercenter.org/president/carter

Video: Jimmy Carter bio
https://youtu.be/MVlU7F5Gwo8

Election of 1976

Carter took advantage of the reaction against Watergate to defeat Gerald Ford (New York Times)
http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/11/02/nov-2-1976-carter-defeats-ford-in-presidential-election/

Campaign Commercials (Living Room Candidate)
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1976

Panama Canal Treaty (1977)

U.S. gave Canal Zone back to Panama on 12/31/99
Treaty passed Senate by only one vote.

The Panama Canal and the Torrijos-Carter Treaties
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1977-1980/panama-canal

Camp David Agreements (1978)

Video: Camp David Accords
http://youtu.be/jYASjRMEWeA

Camp David Accords and the Arab-Israeli Peace Process
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1977-1980/camp-david

Camp David Peace Treaty 1979 [great front page picture] (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0326.html#article

Sadat and Begin Sign Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/March/Sadat-and-Begin-Sign-Israel-Egypt-Peace-Treaty.html

Iran Hostage Crisis (1979)

U.S. permitted deposed Shah to come to the U.S. for cancer treatment.

Video: The Iranian Revolution: Why It Still Matters Decades Later
http://youtu.be/hoFTDPtT_cY

Video: The Revolution That Led to the Iran We Know Today (WSJ)
http://youtu.be/P82j90p7hYc

Ayatollah Khomeini Returns From Exile
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/On-this-Day--Ayatollah-Khomeini-Returns-From-Exile.html

Iranian Muslim fundamentalists took members of U.S. embassy hostage.

In pictures: Iran hostage crisis (BBC News)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/picture_gallery/04/middle_east_iran_hostage_crisis/html/1.stm

Iran Hostage Crisis Begins
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/November/On-this-Day--Iran-Hostage-Crisis-Begins.html

Unsuccessful US attempt to rescue hostages in Iran (1980)

On this day in history, 24 April 1980, the Iranian Hostage Rescue Mission ended in disaster
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/hostage-rescue-mission-ends-in-disaster

Overview map of the operation
http://www.helis.com/featured/eagle_claw.php

Iran Hostage rap
http://youtu.be/c2Yt5ndQNr0

Human Rights

Carter and Human Rights, 1977–1981
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1977-1980/human-rights

He was accused of a double standard:

Critical of Soviet Union, Argentina, and Chile
Willing to tolerate U.S. allies (South Korea, the Shah's Iran, Philippines).

Video: Ask President Carter: How can students advance human rights? (Carter Center)
http://youtu.be/AtqrV2mBB7Y

Soviet invasion of Afghanistan (1979)

The Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan and the U.S. Response, 1978–1980
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1977-1980/soviet-invasion-afghanistan

Carter Doctrine (1979)

U.S. would defend the Persian Gulf militarily from any Soviet invasion

Video: The Carter Doctrine announced
http://youtu.be/jjcMXKmW28E

U.S. boycott of 1980 Olympic Games

Olympic Boycott, 1980 (Historian of the State Department)
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1977-1980/Olympic

Video: The 1980 Moscow Olympics Boycott | Flashback | NBC News
http://youtu.be/jL_8vpos-Fk

1980 Presidential Election

Carter lost the 1980 election to Ronald Reagan

Video: Ronald Reagan on The Misery Index
Misery Index: combine the unemployment rate and the rate of inflation
http://youtu.be/FcXODiINQoE

Campaign commercials (Living Room Candidate)
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1980

Assessment of Carter Presidency

Misery Index: combine the unemployment rate and the rate of inflation

Everything—domestically as well as internationally—seemed to go against him. He is a fantastic ex–president.

Carter's Post-Presidency

Nobel Peace Prize winner

Habitat for Humanity
http://www.habitat.org/how/default_jcwp.aspx






MARVELOUS MONDAY, 17 APRIL

Mood music:

The Seekers - When the Stars Begin to Fall
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wOKDT0S2O3c&feature=youtu.be

The Seekers The Water Is Wide 1964
http://youtu.be/QOOjbKmSV1o

The Seekers This Train
http://youtu.be/TCwOrTLIk9w

I. Prayer/Attendance

Thanks for your prayers for me. The doctor diagnosed my situation as pneumonia, prescribed antibiotics, and told me to get a lot of rest. I feel pretty much ok today.

II. Time Machine: 04/17/1970
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Exam #4 (Final Exam)

Same format as our other exams. Not cumulative.

Here is the study guide:
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+4

Exam schedule:

9:20 class: 1 May from 9:35-11:25

11:40 class: 3 May from 11:55-1:45

IV. Semester Grade scale

Technically, here is how it should go:

Based on 300 points

A=270-300 points (average of 67 points on each exam) 90%

B=240-269 points (average of 60 points on each exam) 80%

C=210-239 points (average of 52 points on each exam) 70%

D=180-209 points (average of 45 points on each exam) 60%

Minus points for excess absences.

Plus points for participation and contribution to class sessions.

But I will rarely do F's. So I will be generous at the bottom part of the scale.

You will all do better on the semester grade than you probably expect

V. IDEA evaluations

I will devote time at the end of class this Friday for you to complete these evaluation.

VI. In class today: reaction to homework

Richard Nixon Delivers “Checkers Speech”
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Sept/Richard-Nixon-Delivers-Checkers-Speech.html

Nixon Leaves on Diplomatic Trip to China
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Feb/On-this-Day--Nixon-Leaves-on-Diplomatic-Trip-to-China.html

Campaign commercials (Living Room Candidate)
[Watch two of them from each candidate]
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1968

VII. In class today: new material: President Richard Nixon)

PRESIDENT RICHARD NIXON

Vdeo: Richard Nixon bio
https://youtu.be/KrXr1zksNEs

Nixon library tour (Yorba Linda)
[Kylie Fisher]
https://www.nixonfoundation.org

Nixon as Eisenhower's Vice President (1952-1958)

1. Nixon's "Checkers" speech (September 1952)

Video: Richard Nixon - "Checkers" Speech
http://youtu.be/I9LcAJOsFGg

Richard Nixon Delivers “Checkers Speech”
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Sept/Richard-Nixon-Delivers-Checkers-Speech.html

2. Nixon in Venezuela (1958)

Video: Today in History | 13 May 1958
https://youtu.be/CI6P_5cgbGQ

3. Nixon debates Khrushchev at a fair in Moscow | 7/24/1959
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nixon-debates-khrushchev-at-a-fair-in-moscow

Video: US-USSR Kitchen Debate - 1959 | Today in History | 24 July
http://youtu.be/1JVXaEnDGDg

Presidential Election of 1960

Remember: Nixon lost to Kennedy

Nixon-Kennedy Debate (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0926.html#article

Campaign commercials (Living Room Candidate)
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1960

Presidential Election of 1968

Campaign commercials (Living Room Candidate)
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1968

1. Democratic Convention (Chicago).

Video: 1968 Democratic National Convention
http://youtu.be/6ZlD4Dn_U7U

Johnson surprisingly decided not to run for reelection

The convention nominated Johnson's VP Hubert Humphrey.
Chicago police clashed with 5.000 anti-war protestors.
Police banged heads

2. Republican Convention (Miami Beach).

Nixon won nomination over
Nelson Rockefeller (liberal wing)
Ronald Reagan (conservative wing).

Nixon stood for stability and order:
Against war protestors
Against counterculture.

3. Results of the 1968 election

a. Nixon won (43.4% popular; 301 electoral)
Law and order candidate.
Supported by so-called "silent majority"—those not protesting

Video: Nixon's "Great Silent Majority"
http://youtu.be/Hqz0i83Jqxg

b. He defeated Humphrey and Wallace

Democrat Hubert Humphrey (LBJ's Vice President) (42.7% popular; 191 electoral)

George Wallace, segregationist Alabama governor: third–party (13.5% popular; 46 electoral)

Nixon's Foreign policy

Detente. Relaxation of tensions between the superpowers.

Video: Detente Explained (Keith Hughes)
http://youtu.be/V2-dg8GL9aA

"Grand strategy." Nixon and Kissinger.

Henry Kissinger: National security adviser; then Secretary of State

Video: Henry Kissinger interview on hacking
http://youtu.be/FWpng-ULW9M

Originally, People's Republic of China (PRC) seen as a tool of Soviet Union
Nixon decided to play them off against each other

Ping-Pong Diplomacy

Video: Ping Pong Diplomacy (NBC Nightly News)
http://youtu.be/PfMRq2Of_Qw

Video: Fantastic table tennis point
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A8IVASo0umU&feature=youtu.be

Nixon's Visit to People's Republic of China (PRC) (1972)

A surprise:
Nixon was such a long-time Communist–hater
U.S. had no diplomatic relations with PRC then

Video: Nixon in China: The Week that Changed the World
http://youtu.be/Lnz7Ze71Pc0

Nixon Leaves on Diplomatic Trip to China
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Feb/On-this-Day--Nixon-Leaves-on-Diplomatic-Trip-to-China.html

Nixon and Vietnam

Ending the Vietnam War, 1969–1973
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1969-1976/ending-vietnam

His anti-Communist credentials
As a Republican, he had not “lost” China
He began the withdrawal of U.S. troops
South Vietnamese should carry the load.
Similar to our attempts both in Iraq and Afghanistan: "if they stand up, we will stand down"

Civil Rights protests going on at same time:

When Martin Luther King Came Out Against Vietnam
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/04/04/opinion/when-martin-luther-king-came-out-against-vietnam.html?_r=0

Election of 1972

Nixon was easily reelected over George McGovern.
Democrats, however, retained control of Congress.
He did not need to do a "Watergate."

Video: Campaign commercials (Living Room Candidate)
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1972

Nixon's "Southern Strategy"

Video: Pat Buchanan talks about the so-called Nixon Southern Strategy
http://youtu.be/T5DM3XTuOHc

Main issue: Urged Republicans to go slow on civil rights issues

Republicans stood for law and order.

Equated Democrats with permissiveness, crime, drugs, pornography, the hippie lifestyle, student radicalism, black militancy, feminism, homosexuality, and dissolution of the family.

Watergate

Video: Watergate: Saturday Night Massacre
http://youtu.be/Yfnhuf-piq4

Video: All The President's Men - Movie Trailer
http://youtu.be/vLt6djxhNe8

The Watergate Story Timeline (Washington Post)
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/politics/special/watergate/timeline.html

Vice President Agnew Resigned

Nixon's Vice President Spiro Agnew had to resign because of income tax evasion and corruption.

Video: Spiro Agnew's resignation
http://youtu.be/m6YwGyb7ouc

Vice President Spiro Agnew Resigns
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Oct/Vice-President-Spiro-Agnew-Resigns.html

Gerald Ford became Vice President

Spiro Agnew was replaced as Nixon's Vice President by Gerald Ford.

Video: VP Ford chosen as VP
http://youtu.be/Or9OEUBr0qc

President Nixon resigned on 9 August 1974 (before he could be impeached because of Watergate)

Video: Nixon resignation (Miller Center)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZEOGJJ7UKFM&feature=related

Richard Nixon Resigns
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/July-August-08/On-this-Day--Richard-Nixon-Resigns.html

Gerald Ford Becomes President

When Nixon resigned as President, Gerald Ford became the new President.

Video: Gerald Ford Sworn In as Vice President - 1973 | Today in History | 6 Dec
http://youtu.be/Or9OEUBr0qc

Nelson Rockefeller became Vice President.

Only time neither President nor VP elected by people.

Ford Pardons Nixon

Ford Grants Pardon to Nixon (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0908.html#article

Post–Watergate restrictions on executive power

Congressional reactions to "imperial Presidency

It is interesting to see how our government balances itself over time.

1. War Powers Act—President must consult with Congress before sending American troops into foreign wars.

2. Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act—prohibited the impounding of federal appropriations.

3. Freedom of Information Act—to aid citizens who were the victims of dirty–tricks campaigns and by giving people greater access to government documents.







WONDERFUL WEDNESDAY, 14 APRIL

I'm sorry to have to cancel class today.






MARVELOUS MONDAY, 10 APRIL

Mood music:

The Seekers - When the Stars Begin to Fall
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wOKDT0S2O3c&feature=youtu.be

The Seekers The Water Is Wide 1964
http://youtu.be/QOOjbKmSV1o

The Seekers This Train
http://youtu.be/TCwOrTLIk9w

John Denver - Take Me Home, Country Roads
http://youtu.be/1vrEljMfXYo

John Denver - Sunshine On My Shoulders
http://youtu.be/diwuu_r6GJE

John Denver - Leaving On A Jet Plane
http://youtu.be/SneCkM0bJq0

John Denver - Rocky Mountain High
http://youtu.be/eOB4VdlkzO4

The Mamas & The Papas - Monday Monday
http://youtu.be/h81Ojd3d2rY

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 04/10/1968
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Exam #4 (Final Exam)

Here is the study guide:
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+4

IV. Homework for Wednesday, 12 April

Richard Nixon Delivers “Checkers Speech”
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Sept/Richard-Nixon-Delivers-Checkers-Speech.html

Nixon Leaves on Diplomatic Trip to China
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Feb/On-this-Day--Nixon-Leaves-on-Diplomatic-Trip-to-China.html

Campaign commercials (Living Room Candidate)
[Watch two of them from each candidate]
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1968

V. In class today: reactions to the Vietnam war photos

Vietnam War photos (Boston Globe)
http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2010/05/vietnam_35_years_later.html

VI. FYI: New Mr. Betts video:

Martin Luther King, Jr. (Bruno Mars' "When I Was Your Man" Parody
https://youtu.be/jeWBq4T5qy0

VII. In class today: new material
(complete Vietnam War; begin President Richard Nixon)

TET OFFENSIVE (January 1968)

Tet Offensive by the enemy
Tet is the Chinese Lunar New Year holiday

U.S. Involvement in the Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive, 1968
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1961-1968/tet

This event was really important in retrospect
Enemy coordinated attacks all over South Vietnam
U.S. was victorious militarily

In U.S., public relations fallout bad
Americans became convinced that war was not winnable.

Divisions at Home in U.S.

Pro-war—by hard hats; silent majority

Anti-war protests:

Video: Reporting Vietnam: The press and the anti-war movement
https://youtu.be/AA0lBz6R0Z4

Vietnam War Protests 1969 (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/1115.html#article

Counterculture and the New Left both opposed the Vietnam War
Used teach–ins, antiwar marches, and demonstrations.
Some burned draft cards
Others fled the draft by moving to Canada.
"Hey, hey, LBJ, how many kids did you kill today?"

Kent State University

U.S. raid into Cambodia (1970) triggered campus protests at Kent State and Jackson State.

Kent State University: 4 students killed; National Guard unit fired into a crowd of student protesters.

Video: On this day: Four killed in Kent State shooting
http://youtu.be/Lmd6CHah7Wg

Kent State Students Shot by Ohio National Guard
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/May-June-08/On-this-Day--Kent-State-Students-Shot-by-Ohio-National-Guard.html

Richard Nixon: Vietnamization of the war

His anti-Communist credentials
As a Republican, he had not “lost” China
He began the withdrawal of U.S. troops
South Vietnamese should carry the load.
Similar to our attempts both in Iraq and Afghanistan: "if they stand up, we will stand down"

Ending the Vietnam War, 1969–1973
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1969-1976/ending-vietnam

Fall of South Vietnam (April 1975)

Google Images: Helicopters Leaving Saigon
http://bit.ly/H9huRr

Saigon Falls to Vietcong Ending Vietnam War (On This Day, Finding Dulcinea)
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/April/Saigon-Falls-to-Vietcong--Ending-Vietnam-War.html

Legacy of the Vietnam war

58,000 U.S. dead

Video: Reporting Vietnam: One Week’s Dead (27 June 1969)
https://youtu.be/3WK9VtHNb3Q

Financial cost to U.S.: $200 billion.
America's most unpopular war.
Involvement of six U.S. presidents: Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, and Ford.

Vietnamese refugees who came to America

Vietnamese boat people
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnamese_boat_people






FABULOUS FRIDAY, 7 APRIL

Friday songs
(3 more weeks, and we'll be through)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

Mood music:

SSgt Barry Sadler - The Ballad Of The Green Berets
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JbQ9zbLiUno&feature=youtube_gdata_player

Barry McGuire - Eve of Destruction
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qfZVu0alU0I&feature=youtu.be

The Seekers - When the Stars Begin to Fall
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wOKDT0S2O3c&feature=youtu.be

John Denver - Take Me Home, Country Roads
http://youtu.be/1vrEljMfXYo

John Denver - Sunshine On My Shoulders
http://youtu.be/diwuu_r6GJE

John Denver - Leaving On A Jet Plane
http://youtu.be/SneCkM0bJq0

John Denver - Rocky Mountain High
http://youtu.be/eOB4VdlkzO4

The Mamas & The Papas - Monday Monday
http://youtu.be/h81Ojd3d2rY

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 04/07/1967
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Exam #3

IV. Homework for Monday, 10 April

Vietnam War photos (Boston Globe)
http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2010/05/vietnam_35_years_later.html

V. In class today: reactions to the Cold War video we watched on Wednesday

Cold War: Vietnam (CNN)
http://youtu.be/6s0Z2mwTrXY

V. In class today: new material

VIETNAM WAR

Vietnam became one of the many sites where the Cold War and the Third World intersected.

Maps for us to refer back to during our study of the Vietnam War.

Static map:
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI650.jpg

Map: South Vietnam provinces, 1967
http://www.rivervet.com/mapprovinces.htm

Context for U.S. decision-making

Containment policy

American leaders thought of Vietnam as an Asian Berlin, a place to draw the line against communism and to implement the containment doctrine.

China 1949
McCarthy in US (1950-1954)
Korean War (1950-1953)

French Indochina

Indochina (Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos) colonized in 1880s.
Vietnamese resisted French colonial regime as much as possible
Vietnamese tradition of historical resistance to invaders: China.

Ho Chi Minh:

Leader of Vietnamese Communist Party
Major leader of Vietnamese resistance to the Japanese
Vietminh declared independence from France in 1945.
Ho quoted from U.S. Declaration of Independence.

General Giap:

Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap, Who Ousted U.S. From Vietnam, Is Dead
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/05/world/asia/gen-vo-nguyen-giap-dies.html?ref=global-home&pagewanted=all

Vietminh war against the French

U.S. had a choice:

a) Support Ho Chi Minh's bid for independence

b) Support French return to Indochina

We supported the French return.
Context: containment of communism
We paid 80% of the costs of French war against Vietminh

Dienbienphu (May 1954)

French fall to Viet Minh at Dien Bien Phu (History.com This Day in History | 5/7/1954)
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/french-fall-to-viet-minh-at-dien-bien-phu

French withdrawal from Indochina

Geneva peace conference (July 1954)
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/geneva-conference-begins

Vietnam was divided at the 17th parallel.
Ho's forces gained control of North Vietnam.
Election to unify the country was scheduled for 1956.
America, figuring Ho Chi Minh would win, did not permit the election.

U.S. replaced France in Vietnam

AMERICA IN VIETNAM

Overview:

Ground combat took place within South Vietnam

U.S. never invaded North Vietnam

U.S. pursued an air war against North Vietnam

Enemy side:

North Vietnam and those living in South Vietnam (called Viet Cong) who will fight against the United States

Our side:

United States and those South Vietnamese friendly to U.S.

Our man in Vietnam: Ngo Dinh Diem

Our initial handpicked leader in South Vietnam
No real alternative leader in South Vietnam to Ho Chi Minh in the North
U.S. backed Ngo Dinh Diem

He consolidated power over internal rivals.
Diem was a Catholic (in a mostly Buddhist country).

Bachelor (role of his family, especially brother and his sister-in-law)

Diem's oppressive policies and persecution of Buddhists made him unpopular

Vietnamese monk burning himself to death
http://i104.photobucket.com/albums/m179/pinguy1982/thichquangducselfimmolade7.jpg

CIA backed an overthrow of Diem (who was murdered)

The Ugly American Telegram
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/24/opinion/the-ugly-american-telegram.html?ref=global-home

Arrest and assassination of Ngo Dinh Diem
JFK himself was assassinated three weeks later.

Kennedy's escalation of the U.S. war effort

North Vietnam and Viet Cong increased attempts to win in South
South Vietnam on the verge of losing
JFK had sent 16,000 American advisors.
Big historical question: what would Kennedy have done had he lived?

After Diem, revolving-door governments in South Vietnam
Comparisons to Iraq and Afghanistan

Why did we let Diem be overthrown?
Was there any better alternative?
Was the country itself able to operate as a country?
Could and would the South Vietnamese leaders actually lead their own people?
At what point could the U.S. have gotten out of Vietnam?

President Lyndon Johnson and the Americanization of the War

Competition with his Great Society
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/presidents/36_l_johnson/l_johnson_foreign.html

Tonkin Gulf Incident and Resolution

U.S. Involvement in the Vietnam War: the Gulf of Tonkin and Escalation, 1964
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1961-1968/gulf-of-tonkin

Response to North Vietnamese attack on American destroyer.
U.S. not entirely clean in this incident.

Tonkin Gulf Congressional Resolution
Gave LBJ authority to use unlimited military force in North Vietnam.
Johnson interpreted it as equivalent to declaration of war.

George Ball's dissent against continued U.S. involvement in Vietnam

He wanted us to bail out of Vietnam early on; in retrospect, he was probably right.

Operation Rolling Thunder: U.S. air campaign over North Vietnam

More U.S. bombs on Vietnam than U.S. dropped in all of WWII
North Vietnamese did not give up.
Hid in shelters; rebuilt roads and bridges
Their perseverance frustrated and awed American decision makers.
U.S. prisoners of war: John McCain among them

Escalation: U.S. commits regular combat units to Vietnam

Johnson's decision for major increase of U.S. effort in Vietnam

Johnson sent 50,000 U.S. ground troops in July 1965.
Successive escalations of U.S. troop levels.
Maximum level of 536,000 in 1968.

We told the South Vietnamese: watch how well we could complete the job.
They watched.
We did not complete the job.

Attrition strategy

American aim was to kill more enemy than could be sent from the North.

Search and destroy tactics

Body count: the indication of success.
If it's dead and Vietnamese, it's VC

Attrition did not succeed

Sanctuary: Enemy could use Laos and Cambodia as a sanctuary
Hard to defeat an enemy that has this kind of advantage.
Compare to Taliban using Pakistan as a sanctuary.

Ho Chi Minh trail: Google Images
http://bit.ly/GXZlFl

U.S. military in Vietnam

Many different wars depending on branch of service and location within South Vietnam

Vietnam tour of duty: 12 months for Army

Could be stationed in a U.S. unit or on an advisory team

Morale Problems: largely due to the draft

1. Fragging
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/fragging-on-the-rise-in-us-units

2. Drug use

3. Post–traumatic stress. Other wars: shell shock, battle fatigue.






WONDERFUL WEDNESDAY, 5 APRIL

Mood music:

SSgt Barry Sadler - The Ballad Of The Green Berets
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JbQ9zbLiUno&feature=youtube_gdata_player

The Seekers - When the Stars Begin to Fall
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wOKDT0S2O3c&feature=youtu.be

The Seekers - 1966 - 'Yesterday
http://youtu.be/u2d7RSu0Xo0

The Seekers - The Last Thing On My Mind
http://youtu.be/DtyHvjTJK1E

John Denver - Take Me Home, Country Roads
http://youtu.be/1vrEljMfXYo

John Denver - Sunshine On My Shoulders
http://youtu.be/diwuu_r6GJE

John Denver - Leaving On A Jet Plane
http://youtu.be/SneCkM0bJq0

John Denver - Rocky Mountain High
http://youtu.be/eOB4VdlkzO4

The Mamas & The Papas - Monday Monday
http://youtu.be/h81Ojd3d2rY

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 04/05/1967
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Exam #3:

I'll get it back to you on Friday.

IV. In class today: Video

Cold War: Vietnam (CNN)
https://youtu.be/6s0Z2mwTrXY
http://youtu.be/6s0Z2mwTrXY

Please open up a Word document and enter your observations/questions for next class session.






MARVELOUS MONDAY, 3 APRIL

Exam #3

God bless!!






FABULOUS FRIDAY, 31 MARCH

Friday songs
(4 more weeks, and we'll be through)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

Mood Music:

Joan Baez: We Shall Overcome
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RkNsEH1GD7Q&feature=youtu.be

Joan Baez: No nos moveran
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kKopB66ujuQ&feature=youtu.be

The Seekers
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MsgXbSUMzR4&list=RDMsgXbSUMzR4

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 03/31/1968
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Exam #3:

Monday, 3 April 2017

Study Guide
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+3

IV. In class today: reaction to homework

Video: Sal Castro and the 1968 East LA Walkouts (15:19)
http://youtu.be/-3TKnj0fXZs

V. In class today: new material

1965

Selma:

a. "Bloody Sunday".

Selma (New York Times) Check out this front page of New York Times
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0307.html#article

Video: Moments in Civil Rights history (3:56)
March 7, 1965 - Bloody Sunday
https://youtu.be/jp0uXZdDxhs

b. Selma to Montgomery march
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/March-April-08/On-This-Day--The-Selma-to-Montgomery-March-Begins.html

Video: American Freedom Stories: March from Selma to Montgomery (4:11)
https://youtu.be/q1_KtW-9tIg

Our God Is Marching On - How Long? Not Long!
http://youtu.be/lez10drkLAw

LBJ speech to Congress calling for legislation on Voting Rights

Asks Joint Session of Congress for Voting Rights legislation.
Ends speech with "we shall overcome."
His southern friends appalled at his sellout.

Video: LBJ -- We Shall Overcome (0:53)
http://youtu.be/bKDVNSpsBZE

Voting Rights Act of 1965

Voting Rights Act of 1965
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voting_Rights_Act_of_1965

The Voting Rights Act of 1965 set strict rules for protecting the right of African Americans to vote–that have since been used to enforce equal rights for women as well as all minorities.

Video (2:56)
http://youtu.be/MdjcTLeSz9I

Watts Riots

Video: Watts Riots - 1965 | Today in History | 11 Aug (2:48)
https://youtu.be/PE9jA1dU3jE

1967

Black power

Militant black leaders gained prominence in SNCC, questioned Martin Luther King's philosophy of nonviolence, and forced white members to leave the organization.

Black Power
Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute (Stanford University)
http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_black_power/

Black Panther Party

Founded in California. Major figures: Eldridge Cleaver, Huey Newton, and Bobby Seale. Advocated violent confrontation with whites.

Video: 5 Things To Know About The Black Panthers (2:08)
http://youtu.be/W9PwhmyhYLA

1968

Tet Offensive in Vietnam (February)

Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. (April: in Memphis)

Martin Luther King's Last Speech: "I've Been To The Mountaintop"
http://youtu.be/Oehry1JC9Rk

Video:Moments in Civil Rights history (2:33)
Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Assassinated
http://youtu.be/fXOGRI-5S9U

Assassination of Robert F. Kennedy (June: in Los Angeles)

Senator Robert F. Kennedy Assassinated
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/May-June-08/On-This-Day--Senator-Robert-F--Kennedy-Assassinated.html

Black Power Salute at Mexico City Olympics

Who: Tommie Smith and John Carlos

Video: Moments in Civil Rights history (2:45)
October 16, 1968 - U.S. Olympic Sprinters Protest Racial Inequality
https://youtu.be/E3wjBlnxNek

U.S. Athletes Give Black Power Salute on Olympic Podium
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/September-October-08/On-this-Day--US-Athletes-Give-Black-Power-Salute-on-Olympic-Podium.html

Hispanic School Protests in Los Angeles

Video: Sal Castro and the 1968 East LA Walkouts (15:19)
http://youtu.be/-3TKnj0fXZs

Joan Baez: No nos moveran
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kKopB66ujuQ&feature=youtu.be






WONDERFUL WEDNESDAY, 29 MARCH

Mood Music:

1960s dance styles (from Hairspray website)
http://www.hairsprayuktour.com/1960s-dance-styles/

Video: Peter, Paul & Mary - If I Had A Hammer (2:38)
http://youtu.be/AKgm9ARmOMM

Video: Peter, Paul and Mary - Blowing in the Wind (3:00)
http://youtu.be/Ld6fAO4idaI

Morehouse College - We Shall Overcome
http://youtu.be/Aor6-DkzBJ0

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 03/29/1966
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Exam #3:

Monday, 3 April 2017

Study Guide
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+3

IV. Homework for Friday, 31 March

Video: Sal Castro and the 1968 East LA Walkouts (15:19)
http://youtu.be/-3TKnj0fXZs

V. In class today: reaction to homework

FYI: Links from American Experience website do not work.

Interview with white Freedom Rider Jim Zwerg
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/peoplescentury/episodes/skindeep/zwergtranscript.html

VI. In class today: new material

Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing

Bomb exploded during Sunday School, killing four teenage black girls.
The Sunday school lesson for that morning was "A Love that Forgives."

American Freedom Stories: Bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church (3:16)
https://youtu.be/K5KqCMsHlq0

Four Girls Killed in Birmingham Church Bombing
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Sept/Four-Girls-Killed-in-Birmingham-Church-Bombing.html

John F. Kennedy assassinated

President Lyndon B. Johnson

1964

Freedom Summer: voter registration and freedom schools
http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/Content.aspx?dsNav=N:4294963828-4294963805&dsRecordDetails=R:CS3707

Local black leaders aided by white students from elite colleges.
.
Whites in the South saw this activity as "invasion" by outside agitators.

Mississippi in Black and White: Freedom Summer 50 Years Later (2:39)
http://youtu.be/1XhHiATDxu8

Voter registration

No real power for blacks until they could vote. But risked their lives if they went through with the process.

1965 Alabama literacy test
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/literacy_popup.html

Murder in Mississippi (21 June 1964)

Two white (Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner) and one black (James Chaney) civil rights workers were murdered in Mississippi.

Video: Moments in Civil Rights history (2:49)
August 4, 1964: Bodies of Murdered Civil Rights Workers Found in Mississippi
http://youtu.be/jYdszjtiPrg

Three Civil Rights Workers in Mississippi Go Missing
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/July-August-08/On-this-Day--Bodies-of-Three-Civil-Rights-Workers-Discovered-in-Mississippi.html

Civil Rights Act (1 July 1964)

Johnson signs Civil Rights Act (History.com This Day in History | 7/2/1964)
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/johnson-signs-civil-rights-act


Video: Civil Rights Act Passed - 1964 | Today in History | 19 June (3:09)
https://youtu.be/6J6xO4gtCJM

Voting Rights Act of 1965

Voting Rights Act of 1965
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voting_Rights_Act_of_1965

Video (2:56)
http://youtu.be/MdjcTLeSz9I

MLK won the Nobel Peace Prize.

Video: Martin Luther King Wins the Nobel Peace Prize (1:09)
http://youtu.be/MCEgCuNxwQI

Martin Luther King: The Nobel Prize for Peace (Museum of the Bible) (1:04)
http://youtu.be/BZ3T9Qqdvuk








MARVELOUS MONDAY, 27 MARCH

Mood Music:

1960s dance styles (from Hairspray website)
http://www.hairsprayuktour.com/1960s-dance-styles/

Video: Peter, Paul & Mary - If I Had A Hammer (2:38)
http://youtu.be/AKgm9ARmOMM

Video: Peter, Paul and Mary - Blowing in the Wind (3:00)
http://youtu.be/Ld6fAO4idaI

Keep your eyes on the prize
http://youtu.be/_13PeTSKClQ

Birmingham Sunday
http://youtu.be/8XtK9_dBIQk

Hallelujah, I'm a travelin
http://youtu.be/VrDcTtsduLE

Morehouse College - We Shall Overcome
http://youtu.be/Aor6-DkzBJ0

We shall not be moved
http://youtu.be/Qf0vf6eV6JE

If You Miss Me From the Back of the Bus
http://youtu.be/-ODLwix8DGM

Woke up this morning
http://youtu.be/TsziXdKfOsE

Ain't Gonna Let Nobody Turn Me Around
http://youtu.be/WPuBGcng6Tw

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 03/27/1960
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Exam #3:

Monday, 3 April 2017 (one week from today)

Study Guide
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+3

IV. Homework for Wednesday, 29 March

Letter from a Freedom Rider's father
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/sources/ps_riders.html

Interview with white Freedom Rider Jim Zwerg
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/peoplescentury/episodes/skindeep/zwergtranscript.html

One Volunteer's Freedom Summer
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/sources/ps_summer.html

V. In class today: reaction to homework

Singing as part of the Civil Rights movement
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/reflect/r03_music.html

VI. In class today (27 March): Civil Rights module

1962

University of Mississippi Desegregated

James Meredith desegregated the University of Mississippi.

Video: Moments in Civil Rights history (2:21)
October 1, 1962 - James Meredith Integrates Ole Miss
https://youtu.be/-F8K6p651v8

James Meredith Graduates From Ole Miss
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Aug/James-Meredith-Graduates-From-Ole-Miss.html

1963

Project "C" [Confrontation] in Birmingham

Birmingham, Alabama (called "Bombingham" by civil rights workers, due to so many unsolved bombings).

Eyes on the Prize: Birmingham
Work through each tab: "Introduction"; "Context"; "Press"; "Music"; and "Gallery"
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/story/07_c.html

1. "Letter from a Birmingham Jail"

Written by MLK while in jail. Response to an ad from white pastors telling him that he was stirring up too much trouble.

Video: Letter from Birmingham Jail (5:39)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XIpfCVt2eb4&feature=youtu.be

2. Birmingham Children's march

Police dogs and fire hoses. TV coverage shocked America.

Video: Moments in Civil Rights history (2:39)
Protesting Black Children Assaulted and Arrested in Birmingham, AL
http://youtu.be/7g9aBsZu8MI

3. Sheriff "Bull Connor.

FYI: another great resource
Bull Connor
Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute (Stanford University)
http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_connor_theophilus_eugene_bull_1897_1973/

4. JFK TV speech.

He was afraid of losing votes of white southern Democrats. He finally spoke out: "Civil rights is a moral issue."

Video: JFK speech on Civil Rights (1:35)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RWX_pjyIq-g&feature=youtu.be

Kennedy's finest moment
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/11/opinion/kennedys-civil-rights-triumph.html?ref=global-home

Medgar Evers murdered

Evers was the Mississippi head of NAACP.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/profiles/10_evers.html

American Freedom Stories: (3:10)
https://youtu.be/7gMvhvs1gMI

March on Washington

Eyes on the Prize: March on Washington
Work through each tab: "Introduction"; "Context"; "Press"; "Music"; and "Gallery"
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/story/08_washington.html

Video: King Leads the March on Washington (3:21)
http://youtu.be/0wDU-oYQN04

Video: 53rd Anniversary of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom (2:54)
https://youtu.be/D5kYEuSf7Ow

Video: Congressman John Lewis Recalls His Speech at March on Washington (2:08)
http://youtu.be/MFUI-at4sEg

MLK "I Have a Dream Speech"

One of the great speeches in U.S. history.

Delivered as part of the program during the March on Washington (60,000 whites and 190,00 blacks).

Martin Luther King Jr. Delivers “I Have a Dream” Speech
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/July-August-08/On-this-Day--Martin-Luther-King-Jr--Gives-His--I-Have-a-Dream--Speech.html






FABULOUS FRIDAY, 24 MARCH

Mood Music:

Songs from "Hairspray"
http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjHt2jbxG8KhU_3ylEPHkh_N_k2LhsUkW

Welcome to the 60s (Hairspray)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lu5zrI3eUL0

I know where I've been (Hairspray)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H-2He8cNHdw

1960s dance styles (from Hairspray website)
http://www.hairsprayuktour.com/1960s-dance-styles/

Keep your eyes on the prize
http://youtu.be/_13PeTSKClQ

Birmingham Sunday
http://youtu.be/8XtK9_dBIQk

Hallelujah, I'm a travelin
http://youtu.be/VrDcTtsduLE

Morehouse College - We Shall Overcome
http://youtu.be/Aor6-DkzBJ0

We shall not be moved
http://youtu.be/Qf0vf6eV6JE

If You Miss Me From the Back of the Bus
http://youtu.be/-ODLwix8DGM

Woke up this morning
http://youtu.be/TsziXdKfOsE

Ain't Gonna Let Nobody Turn Me Around
http://youtu.be/WPuBGcng6Tw

Friday songs
(5 more weeks, and we'll be through)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 03/24/1957
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Exam #3:

Monday, 3 April 2017

Study Guide
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+3

IV. Homework for Monday, 27 March

V. In class today: reaction to homework

Martin Luther King's explanation of his philosophy of non-violence
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/mlk/sfeature/sf_bible.html
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/sources/ps_nonviolence.html

Martin Luther King’s Christian America
https://thewayofimprovement.com/2017/01/16/martin-luther-kings-christian-america/

VI. FYI

Mr. Betts uploaded a video yesterday on Brown vs. Board of Education
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2sJeMtyY9co&feature=youtu.be

VII. In class today (24 March): Civil Rights module

1956

Southern Manifesto

Document signed by 100 Southern members of Congress.
They would not obey the Brown versus Board of Education decision.
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/rights/sources_document2.html

White Citizens' Councils

Video: Class and the White Citizen's Councils [Newseum] (1:57)
http://youtu.be/sn5na4k0Bxg

Citizen's Councils brought economic power to bear.on African-Americans
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/profiles/38_councils.html

1957

Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/profiles/48_sclc.html

Grouping of African-American pastors.

Little Rock Central High School

Central High School desegregated.
Governor Faubus.
Nine black students.
President Eisenhower sent 101st Airborne.

Eyes on the Prize: Little Rock High School
Work through each tab: "Introduction"; "Context"; "Press"; "Music"; and "Gallery"
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/story/03_schools.html

Video: Moments in Civil Rights History (2:41)
September 27, 1958: Little Rock Schools Close Rather Than Integrate
https://youtu.be/DaaRlFSjm0I

Arkansas National Guard Bars “Little Rock Nine” From School
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/September-October-08/On-this-Day--Arkansas-National-Guard-Bars--Little-Rock-Nine--from-School.html

1959

Non-Violence

MLK and his wife spent a month in India studying Gandhi's non–violence.

Video: MLK and Gandhi
http://youtu.be/uSm8-bD5hdI

MLK explanation of his philosophy of non-violence
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/mlk/sfeature/sf_bible.html
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/sources/ps_nonviolence.html

1960

Sit–ins

Eyes on the Prize: Nonviolent Protests
Work through each tab: "Introduction"; "Context"; "Press"; "Music"; and "Gallery"
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/story/04_nonviolence.html

Greensboro Lunch Counter Sit-in

Video: Moments in Civil Rights history (2:41)
Martin Luther King Arrested in Atlanta Sit-In Protest
https://youtu.be/uoABKgFjGm4

Greensboro Four
Four African-American freshman (Joseph McNeil, Franklin McCain, Ezell Blair Jr., and David Richmond) at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University in Greensboro, North Carolina.

Decided to sit in at a Woolworth's lunch counter and request service.

Website: Greensboro Four: Civil Rights Sit-in
http://www.pbs.org/independentlens/februaryone/sitin.html

Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)

(SNCC—pronounced "snick).
Established to coordinate sit–ins across the south.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/profiles/49_sncc.html

Nashville sit-ins

Video: American Freedom Stories: John Lewis (1:56)
http://youtu.be/k6QJAGacJyU

Diane Nash
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/reflect/r04_nash.html

Video: The question Diane Nash Asked the Memphis Mayor To End Desegreation (3:56)
http://youtu.be/vudezAfIxSE

MLK jailed (October).

During the 1960 presidential election campaign, concern expressed by both JFK and Robert Kennedy for the arrest and prison sentence of Martin Luther King, Jr., earned Kennedy the black vote.

1961

Freedom Rides

A group of black and white persons set out by bus from Washington, D.C. to New Orleans to test the "whites only" facilities of southern interstate bus terminals.

Eyes on the Prize: Freedom Rides
Work through each tab: "Introduction"; "Context"; "Press"; "Music"; and "Gallery"
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/story/05_riders.html

Video: Freedom Riders: The Young Witness (Anniston) (4:51)
http://youtu.be/r1EDOL9II0s

Letter from a Freedom Rider's father
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/sources/ps_riders.html

Interview with white Freedom Rider Jim Zwerg
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/peoplescentury/episodes/skindeep/zwergtranscript.html

1962

University of Mississippi Desegregated

James Meredith desegregated the University of Mississippi.

Video: Moments in Civil Rights history (2:21)
October 1, 1962 - James Meredith Integrates Ole Miss
https://youtu.be/-F8K6p651v8

James Meredith Graduates From Ole Miss
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Aug/James-Meredith-Graduates-From-Ole-Miss.html






WONDERFUL WEDNESDAY, 22 MARCH

Mood Music:

Songs from "Hairspray"
http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjHt2jbxG8KhU_3ylEPHkh_N_k2LhsUkW

Welcome to the 60s (Hairspray)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lu5zrI3eUL0

I know where I've been (Hairspray)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H-2He8cNHdw

1960s dance styles (from Hairspray website)
http://www.hairsprayuktour.com/1960s-dance-styles/

Keep your eyes on the prize
http://youtu.be/_13PeTSKClQ

Birmingham Sunday
http://youtu.be/8XtK9_dBIQk

Hallelujah, I'm a travelin
http://youtu.be/VrDcTtsduLE

Morehouse College - We Shall Overcome
http://youtu.be/Aor6-DkzBJ0

We shall not be moved
http://youtu.be/Qf0vf6eV6JE

If You Miss Me From the Back of the Bus
http://youtu.be/-ODLwix8DGM

Woke up this morning
http://youtu.be/TsziXdKfOsE

Ain't Gonna Let Nobody Turn Me Around
http://youtu.be/WPuBGcng6Tw

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 03/22/1954
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Exam #3:

Monday, 3 April 2017

Study Guide
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+3

IV. Homework for Wednesday, 24 March

Martin Luther King's explanation of his philosophy of non-violence
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/mlk/sfeature/sf_bible.html
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/sources/ps_nonviolence.html

Martin Luther King’s Christian America
https://thewayofimprovement.com/2017/01/16/martin-luther-kings-christian-america/

V. In class today (22 March): begin Civil Rights module

The following extensive chronology will help us tie together the events of the civil rights movement:

Pay close attention to the videos. I am trying really hard to bring material that will support your preferred visual learning styles.

Jim Crow laws (Segregation)

Video: What were the Jim Crow laws? (3:13)
http://youtu.be/x2Iwa9LeuFM

Great website: Rise and Fall of Jim Crow (PBS)
Notice the terrific chronology.
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/

Green Book: The forgotten way African Americans stayed safe in a racist America
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2016/01/08/the-forgotten-way-african-americans-stayed-safe-in-a-racist-america/

Plessy versus Ferguson (1896)

Supreme Court decision: Separate but equal is ok.

Video: Plessy v. Ferguson (Drake's "One Dance" Parody) Mr. Betts class (2:24)
http://youtu.be/NwNrnYJE36k

Plessy versus Ferguson (Today in History, Library of Congress)
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/may18.html

Black leaders: Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois

Their legacies represent differing approaches within the civil rights movement.

Video: Why Booker T. Washington and W.E.B.DuBois matter (Mr. Betts class) (3:25)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MLkyCAcizdk&feature=youtu.be

1. Booker T. Washington (1856-1915)

Son of a slave woman and a white man.

Atlanta Compromise (1895): Known for major speech
Blacks should not yet push for political or social equality
Blacks should work hard and show themselves worthy
Blacks should accommodate (temporarily) to white society

2. W.E.B. DuBois (1868-1963)

First African American to earn a Ph.D. from Harvard.
He disagreed with Booker T. Washington
DuBois wanted blacks to be more aggressive and militant
Wanted to educate the top 10% of blacks ("talented tenth")
Demonstrate blacks could compete effectively with whites.
Helped form the NAACP in 1909.

1948

Post World War II. Returning black veterans unwilling to accept second–class status back home.

Racial desegregation of the armed forces (July 1948) by executive order of President Truman.

Video: President Harry S. Truman orders the integration of U.S. armed forces (1:57)
http://youtu.be/-fBv-1lgM9Y

FYI: Best overall video resource for Civil Rights era
Eyes on the Prize playlist on YouTube
http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOwK3r1sMvSZVth7XGlcpfLSjS3tAp90T

1954

Brown v. Board of Education (Supreme Court decision)

Overturned the decision in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)

"Separate facilities are inherently unequal" and therefore unconstitutional.

Argued by Thurgood Marshall on behalf of the NAACP.

Brown v. Board of Education (PBS' The Supreme Court) (4:53)
http://youtu.be/TTGHLdr-iak

Supreme Court Ends School Segregation
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/May-June-08/On-this-Day--Supreme-Court-Ends-School-Segregation.html

Kenneth Clark's "doll" test

How an experiment with dolls helped lead to school integration
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/07/upshot/how-an-experiment-with-dolls-helped-lead-to-school-integration.html?hpw&rref

Video: Kenneth Clark doll test (3:46)
Simple Justice: The Social Science Evidence of Racism
http://youtu.be/85-EC_nDlpY

Video: A Girl Like Me [modern adaptation of that doll test]
http://www.understandingrace.org/lived/video/index.html

1955

Emmett Till's Murder (28 August 1955)

Murder in Mississippi of a young black teenager from Chicago for having insulted a white women.

Video: Moments in Civil Rights history (3:33)
14-year-old Emmett Till Abducted and Murdered in Mississippi Delta
http://youtu.be/OvKfGATjigs

Video: American Freedom Stories: Emmett Till (2:18)
https://youtu.be/MGqqOMTreNA

Woman Linked to 1955 Emmett Till Murder Tells Historian Her Claims Were False
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/27/us/emmett-till-lynching-carolyn-bryant-donham.html?_r=0

White artist's painting of Emmett Till draws protests
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/03/21/arts/design/painting-of-emmett-till-at-whitney-biennial-draws-protests.html?_r=0

1955

Montgomery, Alabama, Bus Boycott (Rosa Parks)

Rosa Parks arrested on 1 December 1955

Video: Moments in Civil Rights History (2:21)
Rosa Parks Arrested for Violating Segregation Laws
https://youtu.be/7iXne4bf5JU

Martin Luther King will lead the Montgomery Improvement Association
That group will sponsor the bus boycott

Video: American Freedom Stories: MLK as the new pastor in Montgomery (1:57)
http://youtu.be/sPFGBfZi0gU

Video: American Freedom Stories: Montgomery Bus Boycott (3:51)
http://youtu.be/FE6Yvy--5aw

FYI: Here is another great website using Eyes on the Prize
Let's run through the tabs
Montgomery Bus Boycott
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/story/02_bus.html

1956

Southern Manifesto

Document signed by 100 Southern members of Congress saying they would not obey the Brown versus Board of Education decision.
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/rights/sources_document2.html

White Citizens' Councils

Video: Class and the White Citizen's Councils [Newseum] (1:57)
http://youtu.be/sn5na4k0Bxg

They brought economic power to bear.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/profiles/38_councils.html

FYI: Another great resource:
MLK Research and Education Institute (Stanford University)
White Citizens' Councils
http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_white_citizens_councils_wcc/

1957

Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/profiles/48_sclc.html

Grouping of African-American pastors.

Southern Christian Leadership Conference (Encyclopedia of Alabama)
http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1909






MARVELOUS MONDAY, 20 MARCH

Mood Music:

Chuck Berry
Sweet Little Sixteen
http://youtu.be/ZLV4NGpoy_E
Johnny B-Goode
http://youtu.be/rVT65M4mRnM

Songs from "Hairspray"
http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjHt2jbxG8KhU_3ylEPHkh_N_k2LhsUkW

1960s dance styles from Hairspray website
http://www.hairsprayuktour.com/1960s-dance-styles/

Elvis playlist
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gSOZoaMaOzs&list=RDgSOZoaMaOzs

Little Richard playlist
http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL6848182142599EF8

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 03/20/1961
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Exam #3:

3 April 2017 (2 weeks from today)

Study Guide
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+3

IV. In class today: reaction to homework

Korean War in Photos (Boston Globe | Big Picture) (48 photos)

Work your way through ALL of the photos. Read ALL of the captions.

Be prepared to comment on 5 photos [spread throughout the montage] that impacted you the most.
http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2010/06/remembering_the_korean_war_60.html

V. In class today (20 March): new material>>COLD WAR continued

President John F. Kennedy

I. John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum
http://www.jfklibrary.org/JFK/JFK-in-History.aspx

II. John F. Kennedy
Miller Center (University of Virginia)
http://millercenter.org/president/kennedy

Photos: President Kennedy (Big Picture | Boston Globe)
http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2010/11/the_presidency_of_jfk_50_years.html

1960 Presidential Election

Nixon and Kennedy Hold First Ever Presidential Debate
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/September-October-08/On-This-Day--Nixon-and-JFK-Appear-in-First-Televised-Presidential-Debate.html

1960 Election campaign commercials
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1960

Peace Corps

Video: Peace Corps
http://youtu.be/vvZFOeV9RWw

Alliance for Progress and Peace Corps, 1961–1969 (US State Department)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1961-1968/alliance-for-progress

Peace Corps (John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum)
http://www.jfklibrary.org/JFK/JFK-in-History/Peace-Corps.aspx

Great image collage about Peace Corps (Washington Post)
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/artsandliving/magazine/closer-inspection/20110227/index.html?hpid=features1&hpv=national

Berlin Wall (August 1961)

The Berlin Crisis, 1958–1961 (US State Department)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1953-1960/berlin-crises

Video: East Germany Closes Border - 1961 | Today in History | 13 Aug
http://youtu.be/WpY5ADyOrGQ

Video: The Building of the Berlin Wall (August 1961) (5:45)
http://youtu.be/IZvP5BxqZsw

Video: Berlin Wall deconstructed (2:27)
http://youtu.be/-9VKVt4yuhI

Soviets built a wall to keep people from fleeing East Berlin.

Photo essay: Berlin Wall (The Big Picture | Boston Globe)
http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/08/remembering_the_divide.html

President Kennedy's Speech at the Berlin Wall (June 1963)

Video: JFK Berlin Wall speech (26 June 1963)
[start at 0:44]
http://youtu.be/Qg66TBS2_4k

President Kennedy Declares “Ich bin ein Berliner”
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/May-June-08/On-this-Day--President-Kennedy-Declares--Ich-bin-ein-Berliner-.html

Cuba and Castro

1. Fidel Castro ousted American–backed dictator Fulgencio Batista (1959)

Castro takes power (1 January 1959)

Batista Flees Cuba and Castro Takes Power
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/On-this-Day--Batista-Flees-Cuba-and-Castro-Takes-Power.html

Video: Cuban Revolution 1959 Today in History 1 January (1:21)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P846Xcyau1Y&feature=youtu.be

Video: Castro talks about guerrilla warfare (5:10)
http://youtu.be/67ZWBl-66H8

Video: Rally Hails Cuban Dictator Fidel Castro (0:54
[Castro playing baseball]
http://youtu.be/EkHVi0D0e9o

2. Castro's Cuba became an ally of the Soviet Union.

3. America freaked. President Eisenhower (Ike) broke diplomatic relations with Cuba.

Eisenhower Places Embargo on Exports to Cuba
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/September-October-08/On-this-Day--Eisenhower-Places-Embargo-on-Exports-to-Cuba.html

4. Ike ordered CIA to use Cuban exiles to try to overthrow Castro.

Bay of Pigs invasion (April 1961)

Video: Cuba and the Bay of Pigs
http://youtu.be/8qXZp8bxpNY

The Bay of Pigs Invasion and its Aftermath, April 1961–October 1962 (US State Department)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1961-1968/bay-of-pigs

1. Kennedy approved the Eisenhower-initiated plan to topple Castro.
2. The 1,500 man invasion force was unsuccessful.
3. No uprising against Castro occurred.
4. Kennedy took all the blame. His poll ratings went up! Kennedy in his first Hundred Days.

Bay of Pigs Invasion Embarrasses US
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/March-April-08/On-this-Day--Bay-of-Pigs-Invasion-Embarrasses-U-S-.html

Cuban missile crisis (October 1962)

Video: Cuban Missile Crisis Explained - @MrBettsClass
https://youtu.be/rgNQN3nZPFg

Photo essay: The Cuban Missile Crisis (Alan Taylor/The Atlantic) [26 photos]
http://www.theatlantic.com/infocus/2012/10/50-years-ago-the-cuban-missile-crisis/100387/

The Cuban Missile Crisis, October 1962 (US State Department)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1961-1968/cuban-missile-crisis

1. Soviet's secretly installed offensive missiles in Cuba.

2. Kennedy (JFK) learned from his mistakes earlier at Bay of Pigs. Laid out a range of options.

3. JFK chose a naval blockade (quarantine) of Cuba.

Video: Cuban Missile Crisis (October 1962): JFK speech to the nation
http://youtu.be/ZLxgeINIBEM

Video: Tom Lehrer - We Will All Go Together When We Go (3:26)i
http://youtu.be/frAEmhqdLFs

4. Soviets ships eventually turned back before they got to U.S blockade.

Interactive: World on the Brink: Thirteen Days in October 1962
http://microsites.jfklibrary.org/cmc/






FABULOUS FRIDAY, 17 MARCH

Mood Music:

Elvis: Joshua fit the battle of Jerico
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AKV1o5BHefc&feature=youtu.be

Elvis: Gospel songs
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLwdiXp8G5mJG66MpDNxp3qeZXV_8SxAw6

Elvis playlist
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gSOZoaMaOzs&list=RDgSOZoaMaOzs

Little Richard playlist
http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL6848182142599EF8

Friday songs
(6 more weeks, and we'll be through)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 03/17/1958
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Homework for Monday, 20 March

Korean War in Photos (Boston Globe | Big Picture) (48 photos)

Work your way through ALL of the photos. Read ALL of the captions.

Be prepared to comment on 5 photos [spread throughout the montage] that impacted you the most.
http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2010/06/remembering_the_korean_war_60.html

IV: FYI

Mr. Betts: Cold War Berlin
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lIQbxHPEPTM&feature=youtu.be

V. In class today (17 March): new material>>COLD WAR continued

Reconstruction of Japan

Occupation and Reconstruction of Japan, 1945–52 (US State Department)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/japan-reconstruction

Korean War and Japan’s Recovery (US State Department)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/korean-war

Role of U.S. in controlling postwar Japan (Douglas MacArthur)

To help contain communism in Asia, we eventually built up Japan.

Japan turned into a formidable economic competitor.

People's Republic of China (PRC) (1949)

The Chinese Revolution of 1949 (US State Department)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/chinese-rev

Video: Mao's Communists take over China 1949
http://youtu.be/4OWXTGFxzU0

1. Chinese Civil War (1945-1949)
War between the forces of Mao Tse-Tung's Commuists and our World War II ally, Chang Kai-Shek.

2. Mao Tse-Tung's Communists won. Establishment of the People's Republic of China (1949).

3. Chang Kai-Shek and his supporters were forced to leave mainland China and move to the island of Taiwan (formerly called Formosa).

4. The Communist victory had a major influence on American politics.

Republicans criticized Democrats for the "loss" of China to the Communists.

A defeat for containment.

Korean War (1950-1953)

Video: Start of Korean War (4/10)
https://youtu.be/uFPwJUqtz7o

Video: MacArthur Dismissed and Korean Armistice (5/10)
http://youtu.be/rDhy7i7JIl4

The Korean War, 1950–1953 (US State Department)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/korean-war-2

Let's spend a few minutes with this map of the Korean War
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI599.jpg

Here is a summary of the specific events during the war:

1. North Korea attacked across 38th parallel into South Korea (25 June 1950)

2. President Truman, determined to "contain" communism, committed U.S. forces to battle.

MacArthur Named Commander of UN Forces
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/July/MacArthur-Named-Commander-of-UN-Forces.html

3. Pusan perimeter

a. North Koreans advanced all the way to southern tip of South Korea.
b. America feared an Asian "Dunkirk"

4. Inchon invasion. Douglas MacArthur reversed initial tide of the war.

5. U.S. moved to 38th parallel, thereby recovering all of South Korea.

6. U.S. decided to take North Korea, too. Moved north of 38th parallel.

7. U.S. forces pushed to the Yalu River (North Korea's border with PRC)

8. Chinese troops entered the Korean War.

9. U.S. embarrassed militarily, particularly at the Chosin Reservoir

Ballad of the Chosin
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1OI40GsNiHk&feature=youtube_gdata_player

10. MacArthur now looked like a chump.

11. Civilian control of the military became a hot issue.

12. MacArthur: wanted to expand the war to the Chinese mainland; use nuclear weapons

13. Truman: wanted to keep conflict limited; not risk Soviet entry and a possible World War Three.

14. President Truman fired General MacArthur

15. War's results. U.S. casualties: 34,000 dead.

16. Sometimes called the "Forgotten War": frustrating; no clear victory.

17. Issues today: U.S. troops in South Korea; North Korea threat to peace.

Check out today's front page of Washington Post: US prepared to take military action.

Photo essay: Korean War (Boston Globe | Big Picture) (48 photos)
Work your way through ALL of the photos. Read ALL of the captions.
Comment specifically on 5 photos [spread throughout the montage] that impacted you the most.
http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2010/06/remembering_the_korean_war_60.html

President Dwight D. Eisenhower

American Experience: The Presidents series
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/presidents/34_eisenhower/index.html

Dwight D. Eisenhower (Miller Center, University of Virginia)
http://millercenter.org/president/eisenhower

Video: Eisenhower's New Look Strategy (9/10)
http://youtu.be/1Z5o7YzH7kE

1952 Presidential Election: Eisenhower wins

Check out this great web site:

1952 election campaign commercials
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1952

1956 Presidential Election: Eisenhower wins

1956 election campaign commercials
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1956

Sputnik (1957)

Video: Sputnik (1957) [National Air and Space Museum]
http://youtu.be/lkyjKGIWRF0

Sputnik, 1957 (US State Department)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1953-1960/sputnik

Soviets launched a satellite that scared America and put them ahead (temporarily) in the space race.

Video: Space Race (Taylor Swift's "Blank Space" parody) (Mr. Betts class)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H_pomAWW284

U–2 incident (1960)

Video: U-2 Incident (10/10)
http://youtu.be/BsQsXCzkDoc

U-2 Overflights and the Capture of Francis Gary Powers, 1960 (US State Department)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1953-1960/u2-incident

U–2 spy plane carrying high–powered cameras crashed 1,200 miles inside the Soviet Union.

After denying presence of such a spy plane, President Eisenhower (Ike) accepted the blame






WONDERFUL WEDNESDAY, 15 MARCH

LA TERM

A great opportunity for you: LA Term!!!

Our special guest today: Dr. Paul Hertig
Department of Global Studies, Sociology, and TESOL

Mood music: Rock and Roll

Elvis playlist
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gSOZoaMaOzs&list=RDgSOZoaMaOzs

Little Richard playlist
http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL6848182142599EF8

Buddy Holly
http://youtu.be/D1EzcaLCwhE

Danny & the Juniors
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jXq8oQ5DNbQ&list=RDjXq8oQ5DNbQ

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 03/15/1958
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. In class today (15 March): new material>>COLD WAR continued

Israel
Maps of Israel
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/middle_east/03/v3_israel_palestinians/maps/html/default.stm

Berlin blockade and airlift (1948–49)

Video: Berlin Airlift and Formation of NATO (3/10)
http://youtu.be/cH-GVf9floo

The Berlin Airlift, 1948–1949 (US State Department)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/berlin-airlift

Berlin Airlift Map
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI593.jpg

1. Soviets blocked land access to Berlin.

2. U.S. airlifted food and fuel for 2 million West Berliners.

Operation Little Vittles
https://www.trumanlibrary.org/whistlestop/BERLIN_A/CHOCOLAT.HTM

3. Flights of 1,000 planes a day (every 3 minutes) for ten months.

4. Soviets finally called off blockade.

Soviet Union Ends Berlin Blockade
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/May-June-08/On-this-Day--Soviet-Union-Ends-Berlin-Blockade.html

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) (1949)

Video: Berlin Airlift and Formation of NATO (3/10)
http://youtu.be/cH-GVf9floo

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 1949 (US State Department)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/nato

1. Established to defend Europe against a Soviet invasion.
2. U.S. foreign policy change: not since French–American alliance (1778)
3. Members pledged to treat an attack against one as an attack on all.
4. Dwight Eisenhower named initial NATO commander.
5. Four U.S. divisions stationed in Europe to evidence American support.
6. Soviets later formed Warsaw Pact in response.

Issue in 2017: US approach to NATO.

McCarthyism:

Anti–communist hysteria
Named for Republican Senator from Wisconsin Joseph McCarthy (R-Wisconsin)

Anti-Communist hysteria
Arthur Miller: The Crucible

Video: McCarthyism (8/10)
http://youtu.be/HaRtRhyorsw

Video: McCarthyism (Sia's "Chandelier" parody) [Mr. Betts class]
http://youtu.be/MXZ-n83hJW4

What Donald Trump Learned From Joseph McCarthy’s Right-Hand Man, Roy Cohn
https://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/21/us/politics/donald-trump-roy-cohn.html

Video: US Senator Joseph McCarthy and Counsel Roy Cohn at Senate hearing
http://youtu.be/_JdhmAkijGk

Video: Roy Cohn defends Senator McCarthy
http://youtu.be/5UnIqFbomyk

Edward R. Murrow
Movie: Good night, and good luck
http://youtu.be/PSEDycjaOMY

Arthur Miller
The Crucible: Parallels to today (2012)
http://youtu.be/QG0iezYkHLc

Here are some of the key names and major events associated with McCarthyism:

1. J.Edgar Hoover (head of the FBI): fear of internal subversion by Communist spies became intertwined with fear of external attack by the Soviet Union.

2. Spy revelations gave people cause to be alarmed

Red Scare and House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) (6/10)
https://youtu.be/enHS3oicqKA

3. People began pointing accusing fingers at each other.

Red-baiting.

How to spot a Communist
http://youtu.be/lTgt0tGS8YY

4. "Hollywood Ten" (screenwriters and directors) jailed for contempt of Congress.

They refused to provide names of alleged Communists.

Others were blacklisted—even if only accused.

Those who did provide names (Elia Kazan) suffer to this day

5. Schoolteachers had to take loyalty oaths and were fired if they refused.

6. Alger Hiss case (1950)

Alger Hiss Case and the Rosenbergs (7/10)
http://youtu.be/wNQvdpa0sc4

Hiss accused by Whittaker Chambers of being a Communist spy.

Role of House of Representatives Committee on Un–American Activities (Richard Nixon a member).

7. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed (1953) for having supposedly spied for the Soviet Union.

8. Downfall of McCarthy

a. Eisenhower reluctance to confront McCarthy.

b. Televised hearings: Army–McCarthy.

Army-McCarthy Hearings First Televised
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/March-April-08/On-this-Day--Army-McCarthy-Hearings-First-Televised.html






MARVELOUS MONDAY, 13 MARCH 2017

Welcome back. I hope you had a terrific semester break.

Mood music: 1950s Rock and Roll

Mix - Danny & the Juniors - At The Hop (American Bandstand 1958)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jXq8oQ5DNbQ&list=RDjXq8oQ5DNbQ

Mix - Little Richard, Tutti Frutti
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QFq5O2kabQo&list=RDQFq5O2kabQo

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 03/13/1950
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Exam #2

IV. In class today (13 March): new material>>COLD WAR

Sources Of The Cold War

Main focus is the rivalry between the U.S. and the Soviet Union (USSR).

USSR=Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

Here is a listing of which Republics the USSR included:
Russia by far the major part of the USSR.
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Post-Soviet_states

Hot war==actual shooting
Cold war==hostility but either no actual shooting or war through surrogates

Containment

Containment of Soviets became the cornerstone of American foreign policy.

Video: Policy of Containment (1/10)
http://youtu.be/W9VOdsUOUa8

George F. Kennan
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/bomb/peopleevents/pandeAMEX57.html

Kennan and Containment (US State Department)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/kennan

1. Kennan's "Long telegram" 1946

a. American diplomat in Moscow.

b. Soviet fanaticism made even a temporary understanding impossible.

c. His report played into a growing belief among American officials that only toughness would work with the Soviets.

2. Kennan's "Mr. X" article.

a. The article, titled the Sources of Soviet Conduct and based on the "long telegram," was published in the prestigious Foreign Affairs magazine.

b. Author (Kennan) advocated a policy of firm containment of the Soviets.

c. "Confront the Soviets with unalterable counterforce at every point where they show signs of encroaching on the interests of a peaceful and stable world."

Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech (1946)

Churchill Delivers 'Iron Curtain' Speech - 1946 | Today In History | 5 Mar
http://youtu.be/X2FM3_h33Tg

1. Warned that a Soviet "iron curtain" had cut off Eastern European countries from the West.

2. Called for an Anglo–American partnership to resist the communist menace.

Map: After World War II. Iron Curtain
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI593.jpg

President Harry S. Truman

Harry S. Truman
Miller Center (University of Virginia)
http://millercenter.org/president/truman

Truman Doctrine (1947)

Video: Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan (2/10)
http://youtu.be/Xyoviiavusk

The Truman Doctrine, 1947 (US State Department)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/truman-doctrine

1. British had no money to continue to help Greece and Turkey.

2. British claimed that Communists threatened both countries.

3. Congress approved $400 million economic aid to Greece & Turkey.

4. Truman doctrine: "U.S. policy to support free peoples who are resisting attempted takeover by (a) armed minorities or (b) outside pressure."

Marshall Plan (1948)

Video: Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan (2/10)
http://youtu.be/Xyoviiavusk

Marshall Plan, 1948 (US State Department)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/marshall-plan

1. War damage and dislocation in Europe invited communist influence:

a. Food was scarce; workers were demoralized; winter of 1947 was the worst in 50 years.

b. Communist voting strength was growing in France and Italy

2. U.S. offered economic aid to all European countries (including Soviets)

3. Soviets declined: fearing aid might defeat their control of Eastern Europe

Soviet Union rejects Marshall Plan assistance (History.com This Day in History | 7/2/1947)
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/soviet-union-rejects-marshall-plan-assistance

4. U.S. gave $17 billion in aid over four years.

5. That aid helped rebuild Europe. It was also good for American business.

Israel Became a Separate Country

UN Votes to Partition Palestine (On This Day, Finding Dulcinea)
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/November/UN-Votes-to-Partition-Palestine.html

Video: 1948 Nation of Israel is Born
http://youtu.be/4E7GxwCUp6k

Creation of Israel, 1948 (US State Department)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/creation-israel

History of the Israel conflict
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/middle_east/03/v3_ip_timeline/html/

Maps of Israel
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/middle_east/03/v3_israel_palestinians/maps/html/default.stm






FABULOUS FRIDAY, 3 MARCH

EXAM #2

God bless you as you take your exam today.

Have a great semester break. I will miss seeing you.






MARVELOUS MONDAY, 27 FEBRUARY

Mood Music

Songs of the Second World War
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLzHXn54yu0Q2Hf9t3Et8XHteHpIcNlQyH

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 02/27/1945
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Exam #2, this Friday, 3 March

Study Guide
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+2

Three ways for students to create digital flashcards
http://www.freetech4teachers.com/2017/02/three-ways-for-students-to-create.html#.WKcE7vLE5ps

Please bring your Scantron and pencil.

IV. In class today: reaction to homework

British Special Operations Executive (SOE): Tools and Gadgets Gallery
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/soe_gallery.shtml

GI Joe: US Soldiers of World War Two
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/us_soldiers_01.shtml

V. In class today (Monday, 27 February): new material

Let's remember to refer back to these two maps:

Pacific
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI578.jpg

Europe
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI585.jpg

1944

D-Day==Normandy invasion==Operation Overlord==6 June 1944

Biggest invasion armada in world history (5,000 ships, 150,000 men).

Animated Map: The D-Day Landings
Read the description for each of the four maps: The Atlantic Wall, Concentration of Forces, The Landings, Securing the Beachheads
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/interactive/animations/wwtwo_map_d_day/index_embed.shtml

Fascinating tidbit: U.S. Paratrooper Joseph Beyrle fought for both U.S. and Soviets.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Beyrle

D-Day 6 June 1944
http://youtu.be/4cGuB-OWR0g

Military/Civilian Life

British Special Operations Executive (SOE): Tools and Gadgets Gallery
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/soe_gallery.shtml

GI Joe: US Soldiers of World War Two
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/us_soldiers_01.shtml

Powers of Persuasion: Poster Art from WWII
http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/powers_of_persuasion/powers_of_persuasion_home.html

Liberation of Paris (25 August 1944)

WWII: Liberation of Paris - 1944 | Today in History | 25 Aug
https://youtu.be/t4L1xpVzZes

Battle of the Bulge (December 1944)

Map showing the "bulge"
https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/564x/c0/a1/a6/c0a1a6a19bbd0648a99184bfa388988b.jpg

17 Dec 1944 Germany attacks in Ardennes (BBC On This Day)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/december/17/newsid_3515000/3515538.stm

Battle of the Bulge
http://youtu.be/8a8fqGpHgsk

Battle of the Bulge begins: Today in History newsreel
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uXShqI1vGCw&feature=youtu.be

1945

Yalta Conference (February)
Located in the Crimea

Soviets would control most of Eastern Europe.
Germany would be divided.
Soviets would fight Japan three months after German surrender

The Yalta Conference, 1945
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1937-1945/yalta-conf

Churchill, Stalin and Roosevelt meet in Yalta
http://youtu.be/ybnzMnFEWJY

Yalta Conference (BBC On This Day)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/7/newsid_3517000/3517236.stm

Iwo Jima (February-March)

Marines Raise Flag Over Iwo Jima 1945 United News Newsreel
http://youtu.be/cXkT1XgtRUM

23 Feb 1945: US flag raised over Iwo Jima (BBC On This Day)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/23/newsid_3564000/3564547.stm

Okinawa (April)

Attacks by 3,000 kamikaze planes on U.S. fleet.
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/September-October-08/On-this-Day--Japanese-Pilots-Begin-Kamikaze-Campaign.html

Remembering Japan's kamikaze pilots
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-26256048

Okinawa
http://youtu.be/v3Lbv0K8gCs

Footage of Kamikaze Attack on US Ships
http://youtu.be/ypLuXx6SKgU
http://youtu.be/E93P_meu5aU

21 Jun 1945: US troops take Okinawa (BBC On This Day)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/21/newsid_3564000/3564489.stm

Victory in Europe

FDR died (12 April 1945)

Hitler killed himself (30 April 1945)

Germany surrendered (7 May)

1945: Churchill announcing the end of World War II in Europe
http://youtu.be/lq-zjE1yfDM

Victory against Japan

Factors involved in the decision to drop the atomic bombs on Japan:

1. Fear that the Soviet Union would soon enter the war against Japan
2. Concern that a land war in Japan would result in massive American casualties

Chronology:

1. First atomic bomb: Hiroshima (6 August 1945)

6 Aug 1945: US drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima (BBC On This Day)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/6/newsid_3602000/3602189.stm

2. Soviets entered war in Pacific with 1.5 million troops (8 August 1945)

3. Second atomic bomb: Nagasaki (9 August 1945)

9 August 1945 U.S. drops atomic bomb on Nagasaki (BBC On This Day)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/9/newsid_3580000/3580143.stm

Fascinating tidbit: Japanese survivor of both atomic bombs
http://www.economist.com/obituary/displaystory.cfm?story_id=15268228
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/07/world/asia/07yamaguchi.html?hp

4. Japanese surrendered (2 September 1945)

Emperor allowed to keep his throne
Allied Supreme Commander Douglas MacArthur would rule Japan.

Japanese Surrender Signing On USS Missouri (1945)
http://youtu.be/vYB2cZIv2Fw

American and the Holocaust (American Experience)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/holocaust/
My Website Spotlight blog post
http://thelearningprofessor.blogspot.com/2011/12/website-spotlight-america-and-holocaust.html

Kurt Klein's story [click on the letter icons to read each letter]
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/holocaust/sfeature/index.html

SS St. Louis: The ship of Jewish refugees that nobody wanted
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-27373131

What did America know as the Holocaust unfolded. Quite a lot, as it turns out.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/social-issues/what-did-americans-know-as-the-holocaust-unfolded-quite-a-lot-it-turns-out/2016/04/12/ff4f0ec2-fcec-11e5-9140-e61d062438bb_story.html

Death Toll of World War II

World–wide: 55 million
United States: 405,000
Soviet Union: 21 million (one–ninth of Soviet population).

Postwar position of the U.S.

We suffered little damage to our own land.
We emerged as the world leader






FABULOUS FRIDAY, 24 FEBRUARY

Friday songs
(9 more weeks, and we'll be through)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

Mood Music

Songs of the Second World War
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLzHXn54yu0Q2Hf9t3Et8XHteHpIcNlQyH

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 02/24/1941
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Exam #2, Friday, 3 March (one week from today)

Study Guide (I will keep refining it.)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+2

Three ways for students to create digital flashcards
http://www.freetech4teachers.com/2017/02/three-ways-for-students-to-create.html#.WKcE7vLE5ps

IV. Homework for Monday, 27 February

British Special Operations Executive (SOE): Tools and Gadgets Gallery
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/soe_gallery.shtml

GI Joe: US Soldiers of World War Two
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/us_soldiers_01.shtml

V. In class today: reaction to homework

In defense of Neville Chamberlain, hindsight’s most battered punching bag
https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/worldviews/wp/2015/07/20/in-defense-of-neville-chamberlain-hindsights-most-battered-punching-bag/

VI. My thanks to your classmate George Vine for this neat contribution.

A WWII Propaganda Campaign Popularized the Myth That Carrots Help You See in the Dark
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/a-wwii-propaganda-campaign-popularized-the-myth-that-carrots-help-you-see-in-the-dark-28812484/

VII. In class today (Friday, 24 February): new material

World War II lineup leaders:

A. The Allies

1. United States: Franklin D.Roosevelt

2. Great Britain: Winston Churchill

The World Wars: Winston Churchill
https://youtu.be/YuYGkcgzf_o

Winston Churchill Finest Hour Speech
http://youtu.be/me7mnY3U_ak

3. Soviet Union: Josef Stalin

The World Wars: Joseph Stalin
http://youtu.be/hN2Jb6JoNyw

U.S.-Soviet Alliance, 1941–1945
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1937-1945/us-soviet

4. France: Charles DeGaulle

5. China: Chang Kai–Shek

Chiang Kai-shek (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chiang_Kai_Shek

Madame Chiang Kai-Shek
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/features/profiles/c/madame-chiang-kai-shek.html

Madame Chiang Kai Shek
http://youtu.be/Rk4eI2UYWsg

B. The other side:

1. Germany: Adolf Hitler

2. Italy: Benito Mussolini

(Very Rare!) Mussolini's Speech - in English! (1929 Fox Movietone Newsreel)
http://youtu.be/tTXhez2mNmM

Il Duce Concludes His Visit To Germany
http://youtu.be/dgJpJainfHA

3. Japan: General Hideki Tojo; Emperor Hirohito

1941

Lend–Lease Act

U.S. became the "arsenal of democracy" by lending and leasing American military goods to those fighting against the Axis powers.

American unemployment dropped as our industries geared up to produce war material.

Lend-Lease and Military Aid to the Allies in the Early Years of World War II
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1937-1945/lend-lease

FDR and the Lend Lease Act
http://youtu.be/FTk_v7L4wro

Germany invaded Soviet Union (June 22)

Major mistake.

22 Jun 1941: Hitler invades the Soviet Union (BBC News On This Day)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/22/newsid_3526000/3526691.stm

Hitler Turns On Stalin
http://youtu.be/tkfGHFWGrag

Let's remember to refer back to these two maps:

Pacific
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI578.jpg

Europe
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI585.jpg

Japan attacked Pearl Harbor (December 7)

Japan, China, the United States and the Road to Pearl Harbor, 1937–41
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1937-1945/pearl-harbor

Why did the Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor Mr. Betts
http://youtu.be/HlF_TQeccRw

Video: WWII: U.S. Declares War on Japan - 1941 | Today in History | 8 Dec
http://youtu.be/3Wh4ikl-UzE

Internment of Japanese-Americans

Manzanar Historic site virtual museum
http://www.nps.gov/museum/exhibits/manz/index.html

Photo essay: Japanese-American internment
http://www.theatlantic.com/infocus/2011/08/world-war-ii-internment-of-japanese-americans/100132/

Japanese initial victories:

Philippines, Malaya, Thailand, Hong Kong.

Remember: the war between China and Japan going on simultaneously.

1942

Doolittle raid on Tokyo (4/18)

Animated Map
http://www.historyanimated.com/Doolittle.html

Great video
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zxa7MOqwj-g&feature=youtu.be

Battle of Midway

U.S. wins. Turning point in Pacific war

7 Jun 1942 Japanese beaten in Battle of Midway (BBC On This Day)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/7/newsid_3499000/3499378.stm

The Battle of Midway
http://youtu.be/N-au50GxIXw

1943

Stalingrad

Turning point of the war in Europe.

2 Feb 1943 Germans surrender at Stalingrad (BBC On This Day)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/2/newsid_3573000/3573003.stm

Battle of Stalingrad
http://youtu.be/bCQBSf1rb7o

March Of Time - One Day Of War - Russia 1943
http://youtu.be/hRlxsaQvsaI

Soviets can now go on the offensive.

Tehran Conference (1943)

Dispute b/n Britain & U.S: when/where Europe invaded.

Soviets demanded a second front.

Soviets bore brunt of land war until mid–1944.

Decision was finally made on a cross-channel invasion against Europe mainland

Eisenhower was named to be Supreme Commander of Allied Forces

The Tehran Conference, 1943
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1937-1945/tehran-conf

WWII: Tehran Conference - 1943 | Today in History | 28 Nov
https://youtu.be/QwvuGUqsXwo

1 Dec 1943 Allies united after Tehran conference (BBC On This Day)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/december/1/newsid_3535000/3535949.stm





WONDERFUL WEDNESDAY, 22 FEBRUARY

Mood Music

Songs of the Second World War
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLzHXn54yu0Q2Hf9t3Et8XHteHpIcNlQyH

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 02/22/1938
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Exam #2, Friday, 3 March

Study Guide (I will keep refining it.)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+2

Three ways for students to create digital flashcards
http://www.freetech4teachers.com/2017/02/three-ways-for-students-to-create.html#.WKcE7vLE5ps

IV. Homework for Friday, 24 February

Photo essay: Axis invasions and the fall of France
http://www.theatlantic.com/infocus/2011/07/world-war-ii-axis-invasions-and-the-fall-of-france/100098/

Photo essay: Battle of Britain
http://www.theatlantic.com/infocus/2011/07/world-war-ii-the-battle-of-britain/100102/

Photo essay: Pearl Harbor
http://www.theatlantic.com/infocus/2011/07/world-war-ii-pearl-harbor/100117/

Photo essay: Japanese-American internment
http://www.theatlantic.com/infocus/2011/08/world-war-ii-internment-of-japanese-americans/100132/

In defense of Neville Chamberlain, hindsight’s most battered punching bag
https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/worldviews/wp/2015/07/20/in-defense-of-neville-chamberlain-hindsights-most-battered-punching-bag/

V. In class today: reaction to homework

World War II before the war (Alan Taylor photo essay)
http://www.theatlantic.com/infocus/2011/06/world-war-ii-before-the-war/100089/

VI. In class today (Wednesday, 22 February): new material

Civil war in Spain. (1936-1939)

Spanish Civil War (Today in History, Library of Congress)
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/jul17.html

Video: Spanish Civil War
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8R8uLM6ptsM

John McCain: Salute to a Communist
https://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/25/opinion/john-mccain-salute-to-a-communist.html?_r=1

Lineup:

Democratically-elected (left-wing) Spanish government: supported by Soviet Union and international mercenaries (Abraham Lincoln brigade from America)

Challenger: General Francisco Franco (right-wing) supported by Germany and Italy (fascists).

Franco eventually won.

Britain, France, and U.S. looked the other way.

1937

Beginning of World War II in Asia.

Japanese invasion of mainland China (7 July 1937)

China then was a U.S. ally.

Japanese invasion of China 1937
Fighting Lines In North China And Shanghai (1937)
http://youtu.be/PxEl8BRj1NY

Nanking Massacre: One of the darkest periods in Chinese history
http://youtu.be/VmaMtgXX2Vs

1938

Expansion in Europe by Germany, 1930s
http://germanhistorydocs.ghi-dc.org/images/Map_1_english_for_bh-edit.jpg

Appeasement (Ariana Grande "One Last Time" Parody) [Mr. Betts]
http://youtu.be/l1Zymw3BpEU

1. German invasion and annexation of Austria (12 March 1938)

2. Munich agreement (Chamberlain/Hitler) (15 September 1938).
Czech Sudetenland to Germany.

Munich Agreement Signed - 1938 | Today in History | 30 Sept
http://youtu.be/ZWU2cFxhlxQ

Appeasement issue: not stopping a dictator early on

Appeasement (Ariana Grande "One Last Time" Parody)
http://youtu.be/l1Zymw3BpEU

In defense of Neville Chamberlain, hindsight’s most battered punching bag
https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/worldviews/wp/2015/07/20/in-defense-of-neville-chamberlain-hindsights-most-battered-punching-bag/

1939

1. Germany occupied remainder of Czechoslovakia (March)

2. German-Russian Non-Aggression Pact (8/23)

The odd couple: fascists and communists. Agreed not to attack each other.

3. German invasion of Poland (1 September 1939). Beginning of World War II in Europe

Nazi Germany Invades Poland, Starting World War II (On This Day, Finding Dulcinea)
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/September-October-08/On-This-Day--Nazi-Germany-invades-Poland--starting-World-War-II.html

Germany Invades Poland-France and Britain Declares War
http://youtu.be/s8dW3zSd4EA

4. U.S. declared neutrality (5 September 1939). U.S. still trying to stay out of war

The Neutrality Acts, 1930s
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1921-1936/neutrality-acts

Neutrality Act signed (:29)
Cash-and-Carry
http://youtu.be/UukhOSH-kAI

American Isolationism in the 1930s
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1937-1945/american-isolationism

Henry Luce and 20th Century U.S. Internationalism
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1937-1945/internationalism

1940

1. German blitzkrieg (lightning warfare) [today we call it "shock and awe"]

Blitzkrieg: Germany's Lightning War (BBC)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/blitzkrieg_01.shtml

2. Germans invade Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Belgium

3. Dunkirk: British and French evacuated from beach (6/4)

Dunkirk Evacuation 1940 | Movietone Moment | 3 June
http://youtu.be/IsMsOlHxm9Y

Dunkirk: animated history
http://youtu.be/HzYi8VjZKvI

4. France conquered (6/5-6/25)

14 June 1940 German troops enter Paris (BBC On This Day)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/14/newsid_4485000/4485727.stm

Photos of Paris through a Nazi lens
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2417335/Paris-Nazi-lens-Propaganda-images-occupied-French-capital-citizens-thriving-German-rule.html

[Keep in mind:]

Hitler's conquests and attacks in Europe made French, Dutch, and British colonies in Asia vulnerable to Japanese attack.

Japan had been at war in China since 1937.

Japan will not attack Pearl Harbor until December 1941.

[Return to chronology]

Blitz and Battle of Britain: Britain attacked by air (June-December 1940).

"Blitz." Prelude to expected German invasion.

7 September 1940 London Blitzed by German Bombers (BBC On This Day)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/7/newsid_3515000/3515708.stm

The Blitz cartoon, 1940-1941 (World War II )
http://youtu.be/6vWiJBlwcT4

London's Biggest Blitz - 1941
http://youtu.be/DcnV-3KAcuk

Video: RAF Fighters scramble
http://youtu.be/KFWwunGb8Lk

Why this was important:

US needs to help Britain hang on against possible Nazi invasion.

US is still neutral (or at least not involved in any fighting) at this point.






FABULOUS FRIDAY, 17 FEBRUARY

Friday songs
(10 more weeks, and we'll be through)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

Mood Music

101 Songs That Won World War II
http://www.allmusic.com/album/101-songs-that-won-world-war-ii-mw0001313416

Songs of the Second World War
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLzHXn54yu0Q2Hf9t3Et8XHteHpIcNlQyH

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 02/15/1935
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Exam #2, Friday, 3 March

Study Guide (I will keep refining it.)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+2

Three ways for students to create digital flashcards
http://www.freetech4teachers.com/2017/02/three-ways-for-students-to-create.html#.WKcE7vLE5ps

IV. Homework for Wednesday, 22 February

Remember: no class on Monday (Presidents' Day Holiday

World War II before the war (Alan Taylor photo essay)
http://www.theatlantic.com/infocus/2011/06/world-war-ii-before-the-war/100089/

V. In class today: reaction to homework

Riding the rails
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/introduction/rails-introduction/

Tales from the rails
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/interview/rails-tales/

Waiting for a train by Jimmie Rodgers
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M0ftVEeRtn4&feature=youtu.be

Life during the Great Depression
http://erroluys.com/greatdepression.html

VI. In class today:

Video: Crash course [John Green] (13:12)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q78COTwT7nE&feature=youtu.be

World War II movies
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/World+War+II+Movies

VI. In class today: new material

World War Two: the material is arranged by year

1931

Japan became a major threat to U.S. goals in Asia:

Video: Japanese expansion (10:00)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=it3nIEcpClw&feature=youtu.be

Standard Map: Pacific Theater
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI578.jpg

(1) Japan's "New Order" in Asia

Wanted a sphere of influence in Asia
Similar to United States in Latin America
U.S. unwilling to permit such Japanese influence.
United States had major interests at stake in Asia:
Philippines and various Pacific islands
Religious missions
Trade and investments
Open Door in China.

(2) Japanese seized Manchuria (1931)

American response: Stimson Doctrine of nonrecognition
Mere moral lecture
U.S. had neither the means nor will to use military force.

1933

Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany (1/30)

Franklin Roosevelt became President of the United States (3/4)

U.S. recognized Soviet Union. To increase trade. To halt Japanese expansion.
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/November/US-and-Soviet-Union-Establish-Diplomatic-Relations.html

1935

U.S. Neutrality Acts. Neutrality Acts an expression of isolationist sentiment.

Congress sought to protect the nation by outlawing the contacts that had compromised U.S. neutrality during World War I.

1936

Expansion in Europe by Germany, 1930s
http://sturgiswesthistory.weebly.com/uploads/9/5/2/5/9525566/912648586_orig.jpg

German expansion in Europe
http://users.humboldt.edu/ogayle/hist111/unit2WWII.html

Germany reoccupied the Rhineland (3/7)

1936 Summer Olympics held in Berlin (August)
Jesse Owens (American Experience)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/owens/

America's Time - 1936-1941: Over The Edge
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EWg2xghlbnc&feature=youtu.be

Please open the same document you used for our last video. As you watch today's video, record your reactions and questions.

Civil war in Spain. (1936-1939)

Spanish Civil War (Today in History, Library of Congress)
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/jul17.html

Lineup:

Democratically-elected (left-wing) Spanish government: supported by Soviet Union and international mercenaries (Abraham Lincoln brigade from America)

Challenger: General Francisco Franco (right-wing) supported by Germany and Italy (fascists).

Franco eventually won.

Britain, France, and U.S. looked the other way.






WONDERFUL WEDNESDAY, 15 FEBRUARY

Mood Music: Songs of the Great Depression

A decade of 1930s music
https://youtu.be/_rmlDHktgkI

Great Depression Songs: Brother Can You Spare a Dime Lyrics
https://youtu.be/xDNoEa30gfc

Gold Diggers of 1933 - "We're in the Money"
http://youtu.be/UJOjTNuuEVw

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 02/15/1935
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Study Abroad: Lithuania
Our Guest: Danielle (Dani) Boren)

Lithuania map
https://vilniusjewishlibrary.wordpress.com/maps/

IV. Homework reading for Friday, 17 February

Riding the rails
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/introduction/rails-introduction/

Tales from the rails
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/interview/rails-tales/

Waiting for a train by Jimmie Rodgers
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M0ftVEeRtn4&feature=youtu.be

Life during the Great Depression
http://erroluys.com/greatdepression.html

V. New Deal political cartoons
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~MA02/volpe/newdeal/cartoons.html

[Reminder to me: Use this title as Google Image search term]

VI. In class today: reaction to homework

Route 66
Using this excellent exhibition by the Smithsonian, please read through each of the 10 screens (click on "Continue" at bottom right or on each of the ten red dots at the top).
http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthemove/exhibition/exhibition_10_1.html

[Reminder to me: Seabiscuit vs War Admiral video clip]
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WVT2MPNCqgM

Reminder to me: Video clip Seabiscuit wins the 1940 Santa Anita Handicap]
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FTgCJDefFrE&feature=youtu.be

Who was Seabiscuit?
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/biography/seabiscuit-biography/

Horse Racing in the Depression
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/seabiscuit-racing-depression/

"Seabiscuit-itis"
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/seabiscuit-seabiscuit-itis/

VII. In class today: new material

Opposition to the New Deal

a) Conservative critics.

Republicans did not like government control of the economy.

b) Liberal critics:

1) Father Charles Coughlin

Video clip: Drive the money-changers from the temple
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oPBooPu28QY&feature=youtu.be

Catholic priest from Detroit
Weekly radio sermons (30 million audience)
Criticized the New Deal
Proposed a National Union for Social Justice to counter the New Deal.
Anti-Semite: depression caused by international Jewish bankers.
Expressed support for Hitler's approach to running Germany.

Reverend Charles E. Coughlin
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/holocaust/peopleevents/pandeAMEX96.htm

2) Dr. Francis E. Townsend
http://www.ssa.gov/history/towns5.html

Proposed an Old Age Revolving Pensions plan
Every person over age 60 would get a $200 per month pension.
His plan would cost 50% of national income to help 7% of population.

3) Huey Long.

Former Governor of and Democratic Senator from Louisiana.
Proposed a Share Our Wealth Society
Tax rich people heavily
Furnish each family an annual income of $2,500

Assassinated in 1935

Every Man a King (American Rhetoric Speech Bank)
http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/hueyplongking.htm

Social Security Act

FICA deduction today.
Designed to prevent more radical alternatives (Townsend and Long)
Workers required to pay into it
Answer to critics of "relief"
Worker's payment matched by employer

Social Security Act (Finding Dulcinea)
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/July-August-08/On-this-Day--Congress-Passes-Social-Security-Act.html

Frances Perkins
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frances_Perkin

Works Progress Administration (WPA)

WPA (Today in History, Library of Congress)
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/apr08.html

Emphasized under-consumption.
Massive public works programs for the jobless
Home relief (the dole) versus work relief.

Employed 3 million men as manual laborers: roads, hospitals, bridges.

Criticized by conservatives as make-work

Employed educated persons: Federal Art, Writers', Theater Projects
Federal Music Project (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_Music_Project
Federal Theatre Project (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_Theatre_Project
Federal Writers' Project (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_Writers%27_Project

Presidential Election of 1936
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1936_presidential_election

FDR won a second term easily

Results in U.S. House of Representatives
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_House_of_Representatives_elections,_1936
Results in U.S. Senate
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Senate_elections,_1936

FDR attempt at "Court Packing" (Supreme Court)

Video clip: FDR Court Packing
Reshaping the Supreme Court
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6wjAwH_OOmI&feature=youtu.be

Editorial Cartoons on Court Packing
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~MA02/volpe/newdeal/cartoons.html

Court Packing (Finding Dulcinea)
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Feb/On-This-Day--FDR-Suggests--Court-Packing--Plan.html

Court declared AAA and NIRA unconstitutional on 5-4 votes.
FDR wanted to appoint pro–New Deal justices
Proposed six new ones (one for every member over age 70).
Congress (both parties) opposed the plan
Felt he was overreaching and looking like a dictator.

Issue became moot: a swing justice changed his voting pattern.

The so-called "switch in time that saved nine"
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_switch_in_time_that_saved_nine
Owen Roberts (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Owen_Roberts

FDR and the Supreme Court special exhibit
http://www.presidentialtimeline.org/#/exhibit/32/02

Presidential Election of 1940
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_presidential_election,_1940

War had started in Europe on 1 September 1939 when Hitler invaded Poland.

FDR won historic third term.

New Deal coalition
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Deal_coalition

Democratic Party then consisted of the following:

Farmers
Urban immigrants
Organized labor

White southerners

Northern blacks
Ever since the Civil War, blacks had usually voted Republican.
Big shift occurred during the New Deal: blacks began voting for Democrats

This New Deal coalition held together until the 1960s, when the civil rights movement created internal tension in the Democratic Party.

New Deal assessed

New Deal failed in its fundamental purpose: to put people back to work and end the depression.

Depression only ended due to World War II.

But New Deal gave Americans back their psychological will to overcome.

In the past, federal government had served as an economic regulator.
During New Deal, it became an economic guarantor and stimulator as well.

Congressional Republicans are currently trying to limit the size of government, much of which began with the New Deal.






MARVELOUS MONDAY, 13 FEBRUARY

Mood Music: Songs of the Great Depression

A decade of 1930s music
https://youtu.be/_rmlDHktgkI

Great Depression Songs: Brother Can You Spare a Dime Lyrics
https://youtu.be/xDNoEa30gfc

Judy Garland - Life Is Just A Bowl Of Cherries (The Judy Garland Show)
http://youtu.be/G6KR9fwHK-0

Gold Diggers of 1933 - "We're in the Money"
http://youtu.be/UJOjTNuuEVw

Woody Guthrie - The Dust Bowl Balladeer
http://youtu.be/Vc0FzJdxK1o

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 02/13/1935
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Exam #1

Let me make a few observations.

Your total score is on the reverse side.

Class average was 55 points out of 75.

IV. Homework reading

a. Wednesday, 15 February

Route 66
Using this excellent exhibition by the Smithsonian, please read through each of the 10 screens (click on "Continue" at bottom right or on each of the ten red dots at the top).
http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthemove/exhibition/exhibition_10_1.html

Who was Seabiscuit?
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/biography/seabiscuit-biography/

Horse Racing in the Depression
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/seabiscuit-racing-depression/

"Seabiscuit-itis"
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/seabiscuit-seabiscuit-itis/

b. Friday, 17 February

Riding the rails
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/introduction/rails-introduction/

Tales from the rails
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/interview/rails-tales/

Waiting for a train by Jimmie Rodgers
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M0ftVEeRtn4&feature=youtu.be

Life during the Great Depression
http://erroluys.com/greatdepression.html

V. Depression Slang
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~MA04/hess/Slang/kids.html#Joe

VI. New Deal political cartoons
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~MA02/volpe/newdeal/cartoons.html

VII. In class today: new materials

New Deal ("Uptown Funk" Parody)
http://youtu.be/hsw4B1PWZLQ

Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)

Farming in the 1930s
http://livinghistoryfarm.org/farminginthe30s/farminginthe1930s.html

"Flour sacks for clothes"
http://livinghistoryfarm.org/farminginthe30s/life_06.html

Three million people left farms in the 1930s.
Agricultural Adjustment Act was designed to help farm problems:

Overproduction
Low prices paid for crops
Low income of farmers
Difficulty of paying mortgages
Rise in farm foreclosures

The act provided for the following:
Government paid subsidies to farmers who
a) Restricted crop acreage: wheat, cotton, corn, rice, or tobacco
b) Reduced number of livestock, particularly pigs.

Dust Bowl

Drought and poor farming techniques led to dust storms.
Many from Oklahoma (Okies) and Arkansas (Arkies) fled to California.

Woody Guthrie I ain't got no home
https://youtu.be/MfMzsa03E3E

Dust Bowl (Finding Dulcinea)
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/May/Great-Plains-Hit-With-Devastating-Dust-Storm.html

Use "Dust Bowl 1930" as search term in Google Images.
http://bit.ly/wzsbYY

Route 66
http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthemove/exhibition/exhibition_10_1.html

Description and history
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._Route_66_in_California

Map
https://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/route66/maps66.html

Time lapse video of trip along Route 66
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ufx-_98fmCU&feature=youtu.be

Green book for African-American motorists
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Negro_Motorist_Green_Book

John Steinbeck, Grapes of Wrath

Grapes of Wrath
http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/treasures/trm143.html

Grapes of Wrath "Two for a Penny" Movie Clip
http://youtu.be/CPI7QbqPj9E

What to Find in Salinas Valley: Lush Fields, Good Wine and, Yes, Steinbeck -
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/09/travel/salinas-valley-california-wine-tourism.html?_r=0

Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)

Job corps for young men, aged 18–25.
Supervised by U.S. army.
Workers paid $30 per month, of which $25 had to be sent to family.
Pumped $2 billion into economy (equivalent to $200 billion today).
Work planned by National Park Service:
Tree planting (North Dakota to Texas), flood control, road construction.

American Experience: Civilian Conservation Corps
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/ccc/
Go to Photo Gallery. Click through the photos there.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/photo-gallery/ccc/

CCC Song
Loveless C.C.C.
http://youtu.be/aJGxnonD1Ho






FABULOUS FRIDAY, 10 FEBRUARY

Mood music: Songs of the 1930s

No Depression in Heaven
New Lost City Ramblers (use the entire playlist)
http://youtu.be/CfioKAcetL8

Friday songs
(11 more weeks, and we'll be through)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. "Name that ...." Wheel

9:20 class
https://www.classtools.net/random-name-picker/44_CmGfk9

11:40 class
https://www.classtools.net/random-name-picker/39_PLMf6k

III. Time Machine: 02/10/1929 versus 02/10/1930
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

IV. Exam #1

I will have it back to you on Monday.

V. Reactions to the video we watched on Monday

1929-1936: Stormy Weather (44:59)
https://youtu.be/zSfzFWU5LbY
Study Guide
http://www.history.com/images/media/pdf/Century4.pdf

VII. In class today: new material

business did well in the 1920s

1. Presidents.

All three were Republicans: Warren Harding, Calvin Coolidge, and Herbert Hoover.

All three were pro–business ("The business of America is business").

2. Supreme Court.

Protected business and private property as it had in the Gilded Age.
Sheltered business from government regulation
Hindered organized labor from striking.

3. Congress. Responsive to corporate lobbying.

4. Welfare capitalism.

Corporations countered the appeal of unions by offering pensions, profit–sharing, picnics, and company-sponsored sports teams.

5. Consumerism

[We will see a replay of this consumerism when we look later at the 1950s.]

Consumer society.

Number of consumers increased by advertising (increased sophistication plus increased expenditures), credit, and higher wages

6. Automobile

Ford Model T

a. The car altered American life as much as the railroad had 75 years earlier.
b. Car registrations went from 8 to 23 million in the 1920s.
c. Car prices more affordable: mass production and competition
d. Automobile industry fostered growth of other industries

  • Items to make cars: steel, glass, rubber, textiles.
  • Roads: "good roads" movement.
  • Motels and diners
  • Oil drilling
  • Gas stations.

1928 Presidential Election

Hoover won the 1928 election against Al Smith

Dirty Campaigning in the Roaring Twenties: Herbert Hoover vs. Al Smith - Mental Floss
http://www.mentalfloss.com/blogs/archives/19391

Should a Catholic Be President?: A Contemporary View of the 1928 Election
http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/5074

Hoover's administration
Not too successful.
Remedies relied upon self–help, not government assistance.
Traditional: tried to balance the budget
Vetoed several relief measures.

Hooverville (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoovervilles

See also:

The Ordeal of Herbert Hoover (2 part series)
http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2004/summer/hoover-1.html
http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2004/summer/hoover-2.html



Bonus Army March (1932)

Google Image Search
http://bit.ly/wInmQR

Bonus Army (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bonus_Army
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dWvCCxOUsM8&feature=channel_page

Bonus Expeditionary Force

World War I veterans (15,000) camped in Washington

Demanded payment immediately of promised (1945) cash bonuses

President Hoover ordered the army to evict the veterans

Army, commanded by Douglas MacArthur, operated harshly
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/macarthur/peopleevents/pandeAMEX89.html

"Cheered in 1917, Jeered in 1932"

Bonus Army march
http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/treasures/trm203.html

Bonus Army (Library of Congress)
Scroll down 2/3 of the way
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/jul28.html

1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles
(Today in History, Library of Congress)
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/jul30.html

GREAT DEPRESSION

Stock Market Crash (1929)

Most of the 1920s saw an upbeat business climate. Then things went south.

Business context

1. Increasing flow of consumer goods: autos, radios, and household appliances

2. Installment credit increased sales

3. Optimism in the air
Unlimited prosperity would never end

Irving Kaufman - Blue Skies (1927)
http://youtu.be/V7cPcEa4e8I

4. But the consumer–goods revolution contained seeds of its own collapse.

  • Factories produced more than country could consume.
  • Workers had insufficient purchasing power.
  • Farmers were particularly suffering.

5. Stock market crash in October 1929 burst the bubble.

Black Tuesday, Stock Market Crash Ushers in Great Depression (On This Day, Finding Dulcinea)
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/September-October-08/On-this-Day---Black-Tuesday--Stock-Market-Crash-Ushers-in-Great-Depression.html

Beginning of the depression.

1. Between 1929 and 1932, industrial production declined by almost 45%
Decline of production led to plant closings and unemployment.

2. Unemployment rose quickly:
  • 1930—5 million (15% unemployment)
  • 1931—9 million (25%)
  • 1932—12 million (40%)

3. Bank failures rose steadily.

4. Protectionism

Smoot–Hawley tariff raised U.S. import duties to an all–time high.
Difficult for other countries to sell their products in U.S.
Difficult for them to earn dollars to buy American products.
Other countries raised their tariffs in retaliation.

Ben Stein's take on Smoot-Hawley (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/10/business/10every.html

Ben Stein take on Smoot-Hawley in Ferris Bueller's Day Off (YouTube)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uhiCFdWeQfA

5. Depression dominated American life for 10 years (1929–1939).

a. People postponed marriage; married couples postponed having children.
b. Malnutrition and deteriorating diets made people susceptible to disease.
c. Out–of–work fathers felt ashamed of their diminished roles.

1932 Presidential Election

Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) defeated Herbert Hoover

Happy Days are Here Again
FDR's 1932 campaign song
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gt2Rmx-h84I

President Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) (1933-1945)

Paralyzed nation strengthened by physically–handicapped President

Google Images: Franklin Roosevelt
http://bit.ly/wgOWay

Google Images: Franklin Roosevelt and polio
http://bit.ly/Axrtg8

First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt

Details on her life.
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/features/profiles/r/eleanor-roosevelt.html

Google Images: Eleanor Roosevelt
http://bit.ly/zfqYio

Great advocate of social justice; admired by African-Americans.

Marion Anderson concert at the Lincoln Memorial, 1939
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XF9Quk0QhSE

Marching on Washington: Marion Anderson
http://www.pbs.org/pov/brotheroutsider/march/pastmarches03_anderson.html

Eleanor Roosevelt letter resigning from the Daughters of the American Revolution
http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/american_originals/eleanor.html

Depression Slang
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~MA04/hess/Slang/kids.html#Joe
Deal particularly with these two parts:
a. Click on "Shoot Some Soda Jerk Slang" and work through that section.
b. Click on "Don't Be Dead Between the Ears, Check Out Some Jivin' Slang" and work through that section

NEW DEAL

First 100 Days

Congress was in session for one hundred days before it adjourned.
During this period, FDR went fifteen for fifteen in major legislation.
Subsequent presidents are measured by this impossible standard.

Saving the Banks

Context: prior bank failures
FDR issued a decree closing all banks in America
This approach called a "banking holiday"

Emergency Banking Relief Act.

Provided for government supervision and assistance to banks
Strong ones would be reopened with federal support
Weak ones would be closed
Deposit insurance ($5,000) would be available

Banking Crisis (University of Virginia)
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~MA02/volpe/newdeal/banking.html

Fireside chats

FDR made great use of radio to reach public.

Playlist (Miller Center)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=osYAEggOtI8list=PL3833257914F80DA9

First Fireside Chat: The Banking Crisis
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~MA02/volpe/newdeal/banking_fireside_text.html






WONDERFUL WEDNESDAY, 8 FEBRUARY

EXAM #1

May the Lord be with you.






MARVELOUS MONDAY, 6 FEBRUARY

Mood music: Songs of the 1930s

Songs of the Depression era
http://www.parlorsongs.com/issues/1998-10/oct98feature.php
http://www.parlorsongs.com/issues/1998-10/oct98gallery.php

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Exam #1: Wednesday, 8 February

Bring your pencil and Scantron.

There will be 50-75 Multiple-Choice and True/False questions.

The study guide is on this wiki page.
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+1

III. In class today: Video on the Great Depression

For your viewing enjoyment: another great Peter Jennings-narrated video that will introduce our next material on the Great Depression.

Open the Word document you used before and record your reactions and questions. We will discuss them on Friday.

1929-1936: Stormy Weather (44:59)
https://youtu.be/zSfzFWU5LbY
Study Guide
http://www.history.com/images/media/pdf/Century4.pdf






FABULOUS FRIDAY, 3 FEBRUARY

Mood music: Songs of the 1920s

Hit Songs From the Roaring 1920's
http://youtu.be/HeOQjyuPCms

Friday songs
(12 more weeks, and we'll be through)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. "This is Your Lucky Morning" Wheel

9:20 class
https://www.classtools.net/random-name-picker/44_CmGfk9

11:40 class
https://www.classtools.net/random-name-picker/39_PLMf6k

III. Time Machine: 02/03/1925
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

IV. Exam #1: postponed until next Wednesday, 8 February

I hate to do this to you, but I need to postpone the exam until next Wednesday, 8 February.

I simply have not been able to get the exam together to have it on Monday as previously scheduled..

Bring your pencil and Scantron. There will be 50 multiple-choice questions.

The study guide is on this wiki page.
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+1

Let's talk a bit about the best way to study for the exam.

V. Monday, 6 February

For your viewing enjoyment: another great Peter Jennings-narrated video that will introduce our next material on the Great Depression.

1929-1936: Stormy Weather (44:59)
https://youtu.be/zSfzFWU5LbY
Study Guide
http://www.history.com/images/media/pdf/Century4.pdf

VII. In class today: new material

Charles A. Lindbergh

Charles Lindbergh (Finding Dulcinea)
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/features/profiles/l/charles-lindbergh.html

1. First solo transatlantic flight: New York to Paris (1927)

Check out this map and summary of his flight: He was all alone in the air for 33 hours.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/lindbergh/maps/flighttext.html

2. Combination of radio and talking movies (used for newsreels) gave him a world–wide attention that would previously have been impossible.

3. Later kidnapping and murder of the Lindbergh baby

4. Later, later involvement in the "America First" campaign to keep America out of World War II.

Scopes trial (1925)

Fundamentalism and the Social Gospel
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/monkeytrial/peopleevents/e_gospel.html

1. Trial was held in Dayton, Tennessee

2. John Scopes, a high school Biology teacher, had apparently taught evolution, a violation of Tennessee law.

3. Clarence Darrow, noted trial lawyer and non-religious, defended Scopes.
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/features/profiles/d/clarence-darrow.html

4. William Jennings Bryan, an evangelical, argued against evolution.
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/May-June-08/On-this-Day--Tennessee-Educator-Scopes-Indicted-for-Teaching-Evolution.html

5. Evolution undermines Biblical account of creation

6. The issues at stake:

Faith v. reason
Science v. creationism
Rural v. urban values

Sister Aimee Semple McPherson (1920s)

Sister Aimee video from American Experience
[start at 11:30 for several minutes] [then to 22:04} [then 25:46}
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u76D3UyDC2M&index=5&list=WL&t=3956s

Photo Gallery
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/sister/gallery/index.html

The Angelus Temple, Echo Park, Los Angeles
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/sister/sfeature/temple.html

God or Gorilla?
1. A Crisis of Faith
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/sister/sfeature/darwin_01.html
2. The Fight for Genesis
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/sister/sfeature/darwin_02.html
3. McPherson on Trial
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/sister/sfeature/darwin_03.html






WONDERFUL WEDNESDAY, 1 FEBRUARY

Mood music: Songs of the 1920s

Hit Songs From the Roaring 1920's
http://youtu.be/HeOQjyuPCms

Top 20 Greatest Songs 1920-1929
http://youtu.be/07f0TPfNLnk

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. For Class Use: Random Name Generator

9:20 class
https://www.classtools.net/random-name-picker/44_CmGfk9

11:40 class
https://www.classtools.net/random-name-picker/39_PLMf6k

III. Time Machine: 02/01/1922
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

IV. Exam #1

It will be on Monday, 6 February.

Bring your pencil and Scantron. There will be 50 multiple-choice questions.

The study guide is on this wiki page.
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+1

Let's talk a bit about the best way to study for the exam.

V. Homework for Friday, 3 February

Fundamentalism and the Social Gospel
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/monkeytrial/peopleevents/e_gospel.html

Sister Aimee Semple McPherson
God or Gorilla?
1. A Crisis of Faith
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/sister/sfeature/darwin_01.html
2. The Fight for Genesis
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/sister/sfeature/darwin_02.html
3. McPherson on Trial
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/sister/sfeature/darwin_03.html

Excerpts from Interviews with 2 Professors who study Sister Aimee
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/sister/sfeature/qa.html

VI. In class today (Wednesday, 1 February): reaction to homework

Boom to bust: What are your thoughts from our video?

Temperance and Prohibition (Today in History, Library of Congress)
[scroll half-way down the screen)
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/oct28.html

On This Day: Italian-Born Anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti Executed
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Aug/Italian-Born-Anarchists-Sacco-and-Vanzetti-Executed.html

Left over from prior assignment:

Roman Catholics and Immigration in Nineteenth-Century America (National Humanities Center)
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/nineteen/nkeyinfo/nromcath.htm

Chinese Immigration and the Chinese Exclusion Acts (Historian of the State Department)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1866-1898/chinese-immigration

The Immigration Act of 1924 (The Johnson-Reed Act)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1921-1936/immigration-act

[Reminder to me to cover on Wednesday]
I want to make clearer something we discussed on Friday about immigration.
German Jews versus Polish/Russian Jews
(earlier immigrants often looked down on newer immigrants from their same country)

VII. In class today: new material

Immigrant cultures

Role of ethnic enclaves: preserve culture

Ethnic associations
Newspapers
Schools (tied to religion: parochial and rabbinical)
Churches
Restaurants
Stores

How to strike a balance between assimilation and ethnic identity
Melting pot or salad bowl as appropriate metaphor?

Generational divide

First generation: not speak English
Second generation: not speak native tongue
Third generation: aware of heritage

Nativist response

Distrust of foreigners by "natives" a consistent theme in U.S. history.

New immigrants were particularly seen as utterly alien
Threaten "American" values based on their language, religion, and culture.

1920s: CONSERVATIVES BATTLE CHANGING TIMES

Overview

Dilemma for many: How does one anchor oneself in a world of rampant materialism and social change?

1. Many people felt threatened by change.
2. Some reacted defensively by looking for scapegoats.
3. An increase in nativism,
4. Fear of radicalism
5. Strengthened religious fundamentalism

"New" morality

The 1920s saw an acceleration of the tempo of American life.

Major website: Roaring Twenties
http://www.1920-30.com/

Roaring Twenties photo gallery
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/photo-gallery/crash/

Crime/Prohibition of Alcohol

Temperance and Prohibition (Today in History, Library of Congress)
[scroll half-way down the screen)
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/oct28.html

Prohibition: Photo Gallery (PBS, Ken Burns)
http://www.pbs.org/kenburns/prohibition/photos/

Speakeasy (Google images)
http://bit.ly/AebVBa

Ku Klux Klan

Video clip (2:11)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vz5p9VE0JAk

1. Result of increase in nativism.
2. Revived (1915) to insure "native, white, Protestant supremacy."
3. Drew its membership from villages and small towns untouched by immigration, industrialization, and illiberal thought.
4. Unlike its predecessor: which was mostly against blacks, New Klan devoted to 100% Americanism
5. New Klan was anti–Catholic, anti–Semitic, anti–foreigner.
6. Peak publicity: 30,000 down Pennsylvania Ave. in Washington, D.C.
Google Images: http://bit.ly/ywtk3T
7. Not just in the South. Klan controlled much of the state of Indiana.
8. Klan declined by 1930s.
9. Today's Klan is third wave.

Sacco and Vanzetti (1921)

Red Scare/Sacco and Vanzetti
Video Clip (3:32) (Dr. Marvin Byrd)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8vU0LdSYB84

Google Images: Sacco and Vanzetti
http://bit.ly/AgrjnH

1. Two Italian immigrants were accused of murder in a payroll robbery
2. Both were anarchists (want to destroy all government)
3. It is not clear they were really guilty, but both executed
4. Fear of radicalism: antiforeign, antianarchist sentimen

On This Day: Italian-Born Anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti Executed
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Aug/Italian-Born-Anarchists-Sacco-and-Vanzetti-Executed.html

Sacco-Vanzetti Trial (Famous Trials)
http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/SaccoV/SaccoV.htm

Sunset Hall's Red Twilight (Los Angeles Times)
http://articles.latimes.com/2005/mar/09/local/me-sunset9







MARVELOUS MONDAY, 30 JANUARY

1920-1929: Boom To Bust (46:13)
https://youtu.be/RN7ftyZigYs
Study Guide
http://www.history.com/images/media/pdf/Century3.pdf






FABULOUS FRIDAY, 27 JANUARY

Friday songs
(13 more weeks, and we'll be through)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

Mood music:

Songs of World War One

Mademoiselle from Armentieres
http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/mademoisellefromarmentieres.htm

How ya gonna keep him down on the farm once he's see Paree
http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/howyagonna.htm

You're a grand old flag
http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/youreagrandoldflag.htm

Songs of the 1920s

Hit Songs From the Roaring 1920's
http://youtu.be/HeOQjyuPCms

Top 20 Greatest Songs 1920-1929
http://youtu.be/07f0TPfNLnk

I. Prayer/Attendance

For Class Use: Random Name Generator

9:20 class
https://www.classtools.net/random-name-picker/44_CmGfk9

11:40 class
https://www.classtools.net/random-name-picker/39_PLMf6k

II. Time Machine: 01/27/1918
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Exam #1

It will be on Monday, 6 February

The study guide is on this wiki page. I will continue to polish it:
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+1

IV. FYI: data to answer your good questions about the Influenza epidemic
[Thanks to Debora An Chi for this excellent link!]
http://www.history.com/topics/1918-flu-pandemic

V. Homework for Monday, 30 January

Roman Catholics and Immigration in Nineteenth-Century America (National Humanities Center)
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/nineteen/nkeyinfo/nromcath.htm

Chinese Immigration and the Chinese Exclusion Acts (Historian of the State Department)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1866-1898/chinese-immigration

The Immigration Act of 1924 (The Johnson-Reed Act)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1921-1936/immigration-act

VI. In class today: new material

League of Nations

The League of Nations, 1920
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1914-1920/league

League of Nations the most important point to Wilson
To police the world: forerunner of United Nations
Article 10: required major power intervention against aggressors
U.S. unwilling to commit to such potential intervention abroad

U.S. Senate rejection of the peace treaty

1. Senate has to approve any treaty by 2/3 vote
Wilson was a Democrat
Senate had 96 members: 49 Republicans, 47 Democrats
Close party balance as in 2001
Most Republicans opposed the treaty as written

2. Wilson stubbornly refused to work with his Republican opponents
Took his case to the American people: tiring speaking tour
Wilson suffered a stroke

3. Senate rejected the peace treaty

4. America did not join the League of Nations

March 19, 1920 | Senate Rejects Treaty of Versailles for Second and Final Time (New York Times)
http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/03/19/march-19-1920-senate-rejects-treaty-of-versailles-for-second-and-final-time/

U.S. Post-World War I Foreign Policy

1. Major foreign policy debate
2. Collective security versus unilateralism
3. Most Americans preferred historical tradition of nonalignment
4. Willing to act unilaterally in world to achieve national interests
5. Reluctant to take on binding commitments to collective action

A 100-year legacy of World War I [use this wonderful interactive]
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/06/27/world/legacy-of-world-war-i.html

IMMIGRATION

Social workers: Settlement Houses

Key name: Jane Addams
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/chicago/peopleevents/p_addams.html

Hull House in Chicago (1889).

Located in center–city, immigrant neighborhoods.
Staffers: young; middle–class; college–educated; white women.

Emphasis placed on:
English language classes
Courses in cooking, sewing, and household skills
Infant welfare clinics
Bathhouses

Settlement House Movement (National Women's History Museum)
http://www.nwhm.org/online-exhibits/progressiveera/settlementhouse.html

Hull House (National Women's History Museum)
http://www.nwhm.org/online-exhibits/progressiveera/hullhouse.html

Immigration website (Library of Congress)
http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/immigration/

Work through an example with me (use your own computer) on how this flows.

Push factors for immigration:

Wars
Unemployment
Food shortages
Anti–Semitism (Poland and Russia).
German Jews versus Polish/Russian Jews

Pull factors for immigration:

America as a land of opportunity
Patterns of settlement and adaptation.
Role of chain migration.

Role of return migration.

U.S. has always had immigration:

Asylum of liberty.

Source of immigration changed:
Prior immigrants: northern and western Europe and the British Isles.
New immigrants: eastern and southern Europe.

Characteristics of newer immigrants (1890-1900)

Generally poor
Often illiterate
Jewish or Catholic
Catholicism became largest American religion
Had very different customs.
Most settled in eastern cities.
Few settled in South.

Tenement Museum
http://www.tenement.org/immigrate/
Tenement Museum (Richard Byrne)
[Richard Byrne a great website for prospective and current teachers]
http://bit.ly/NSwoLD

Immigrant cultures

Role of ethnic enclaves: preserve culture

Ethnic associations
Newspapers
Schools (tied to religion: parochial and rabbinical)
Churches
Restaurants
Stores

How to strike a balance between assimilation and ethnic identity
Melting pot or salad bowl as appropriate metaphor?

Generational divide

First generation: not speak English
Second generation: not speak native tongue
Third generation: aware of heritage

Nativist response

Distrust of foreigners by "natives" a consistent theme in U.S. history.

New immigrants were particularly seen as utterly alien
Threaten "American" values based on their language, religion, and culture.





WONDERFUL WEDNESDAY, 25 JANUARY

Mood music: Songs of World War One

Most Famous Song from WWI in US.: Over There
http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/overthere.htm
Bio of George M. Cohan
http://www.firstworldwar.com/bio/cohan.htm

K-K-K-Katy - Bob Wilson and His Varsity Rhythm Boys with the Blazers
http://youtu.be/U3mxYm3elu4
http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/katy.htm

Keep The Home Fires Burning (John McCormack)
http://youtu.be/WvuCaLRcgh4
http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/keepthehomefiresburning.htm

Send Me Away With A Smile (John McCormack)
http://youtu.be/ephOZ3RUIAI

Mademoiselle from Armentieres
http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/mademoisellefromarmentieres.htm

Pack up your troubles
http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/packupyourtroubles.htm

There's a long, long trail a winding
http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/theresalonglongtrailawinding.htm

How ya gonna keep him down on the farm once he's see Paree
http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/howyagonna.htm

You're a grand old flag
http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/youreagrandoldflag.htm

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 01/25/1918
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Exam #1

It will be on Monday, 6 February

The study guide is on this wiki page. I will continue to polish it:
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+1

IV. Buffet/Smorgasbord of delights

World War I Newspapers - The Stars and Stripes
http://paperlessarchives.com/wwi_newspapers.html

FirstWorldWar.com website (they are organized by year):
http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/index.htm

WWI Memoirs and diaries
http://www.firstworldwar.com/diaries/index.htm

WWI Prose and poetry
http://www.firstworldwar.com/poetsandprose/index.htm

WWI Photographs
Click on a category
Then click on a picture. A sort of slide show begins
http://www.firstworldwar.com/photos/index.htm
Example: Animals
http://www.firstworldwar.com/photos/animals.htm

WWI Postcards
http://www.firstworldwar.com/photos/postcards.htm

V. In class today: new material

Major battles (all in 1918) involving Americans:

Map of the US participation
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI512.jpg

1. Arrival of U.S. forces was just in time

Video: US troops enter WWI
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PTyJTmxkZcQ&feature=youtu.be

2. As a result of Bolshevik Revolution, Russia had gotten out of the war

Germans shifted their troops from Russia to France
Germans launched a major offensive in March 1918 on the Western front in France

3. Americans fought at

Belleau Wood
http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/belleau.htm

Chateau-Thierry
http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/belleau.htm

Marne
http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/marne2.htm

Saint Mihiel
http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/stmihiel_pershing.htm

Meuse-Argonne
http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/meuseargonne_pershing.htm

4. By November 1918, Germany was retreating all along the front

Fighting ceased on 11 November 1918: our current Veterans' Day

US Casualties

American dead totaled 118,000

SPANISH FLU

Influenza epidemic killed some 20 million people world–wide (700,000 Americans)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/influenza/

Video: The Influenza Pandemic of 1918
http://youtu.be/rbYwNOcKqqc

A Letter from Camp Devens:
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/primary-resources/influenza-letter/

First person account:
Please, Let Me Put Him in a Macaroni Box (The Spanish Influenza of 1918 in Philadelphia)

Great resource: Influenza 1918 (American Experience)
https://youtu.be/ueBnbTRJzJg

THE BOLSHEVIK REVOLUTION AND THE RED SCARE

Bolshevik Revolution (1917)

1. Bolsheviks (Communists under Lenin) overthrew the Czar

2. March 1918: Treaty of Brest Litovsk—Russia pulled out of the World War
Germany could move its troops to France
Summer 1918: along with Allies, U.S. began intervention

3. Civil war erupted between Bolsheviks (Red Russians) and their internal enemies (White Russians)

U.S. Intervention in Russia (1918-1920)

1. Wilson sent 15,000 U.S. troops to Soviet Union
2. American aim was to defeat Bolsheviks (Red Russians) in civil war against White Russians
3. American troops remained in Russia until 1920
4. Created bad blood between U.S. and Soviets

U.S. Army in Russia during World War One (National Archives magazine)
http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2002/winter/us-army-in-russia-1.html
http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2002/winter/us-army-in-russia-2.html
http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2002/winter/us-army-in-russia-3.html

Red Scare
Main website on the Red Scare: http://newman.baruch.cuny.edu/digital/redscare/default.htm

Provoked by fear of Bolshevik influence
Remember: Russian Revolution in 1917
Fear in America of a similar social revolution
Much labor violence in America; many saw it as Bolshevism

Palmer raids
Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer coordinated raids on alleged Communists, whose civil liberties were denied.
Seeds of McCarthyism planted during these years

Palmer Raids (Stanford History Education Group)
http://sheg.stanford.edu/upload/Lessons/Unit%209_WWI%20and%20the%201920s/Palmer%20Raids%20Lesson%20Plan.pdf

Rise of J. Edgar Hoover and the FBI
American Legion. War veteran organization stood for 100% Americanism, social conformity, and anticommunism.
[Red Scare evaporated by 1920, but reappeared in the 1950s.]

PARIS PEACE CONFERENCE (VERSAILLES)

Hall of Mirrors, Palace of Versailles
http://www.nbcnews.com/id/19418708/ns/world_news-wonderful_world/t/versailles-hall-mirrors-reopens-public/#.WIFgin3E5pU

1. British and French demanded harsh approach to defeated Germany
2. Wanted defeated Germany disarmed
3. Wanted Germany's colonies: Africa, Asia
4. Wanted monetary payback (reparations) of Allied war costs
5. Hoped reparations would cripple Germany forever ($33 billion)
6. Severity of reparations a main cause of World War II

New and reconstituted nations after the Versailles Treaty
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI520.jpg

Map: The World at War, 1914-1918
http://images.classwell.com/mcd_xhtml_ebooks/2005_world_history/images/mcd_mwh2005_0618377115_p418_f1.jpg

Map: Europe Pre-World War I
http://images.classwell.com/mcd_xhtml_ebooks/2005_world_history/images/mcd_mwh2005_0618377115_p426_f01.jpg

Wilson's program (Fourteen Points)

World peace based on American principles. Highly idealistic.
Some of his points were as follows:

Open diplomacy
Freedom of the seas
Removal of trade barriers
Reduction of armaments
Impartial adjustment of colonial claims
Evacuation of occupied lands
National self-determination

Woodrow Wilson, World War I, and American idealism
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/14/opinion/woodrow-wilson-world-war-1-and-american-idealism.html

League of Nations

League of Nations the most important point to Wilson
To police the world: forerunner of United Nations
Article 10: required major power intervention against aggressors
U.S. unwilling to commit to such potential intervention abroad

U.S. Senate rejection of the peace treaty

1. Senate has to approve any treaty by 2/3 vote
Wilson was a Democrat
Senate had 96 members: 49 Republicans, 47 Democrats
Close party balance as in 2001
Most Republicans opposed the treaty as written

2. Wilson stubbornly refused to work with his Republican opponents
Took his case to the American people: tiring speaking tour
Wilson suffered a stroke

3. Senate rejected the peace treaty

4. America did not join the League of Nations

March 19, 1920 | Senate Rejects Treaty of Versailles for Second and Final Time (New York Times)
http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/03/19/march-19-1920-senate-rejects-treaty-of-versailles-for-second-and-final-time/

U.S. Post-World War I Foreign Policy

1. Major foreign policy debate
2. Collective security versus unilateralism
3. Most Americans preferred historical tradition of nonalignment
4. Willing to act unilaterally in world to achieve national interests
5. Reluctant to take on binding commitments to collective action

A 100-year legacy of World War I [use this wonderful interactive]
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/06/27/world/legacy-of-world-war-i.html







MARVELOUS MONDAY, 23 JANUARY

Mood music: Songs of World War One

Most Famous Song from WWI in US.: Over There
http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/overthere.htm
Bio of George M. Cohan
http://www.firstworldwar.com/bio/cohan.htm

Songs of WWI (14:00 mix)
http://youtu.be/4omozkMCQwY

Oh It's A Lovely War Sung (Courtland & Jeffries)
http://youtu.be/w6RnirpFaZk

K-K-K-Katy - Bob Wilson and His Varsity Rhythm Boys with the Blazers
http://youtu.be/U3mxYm3elu4
http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/katy.htm

Keep The Home Fires Burning (John McCormack)
http://youtu.be/WvuCaLRcgh4
http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/keepthehomefiresburning.htm

Send Me Away With A Smile (John McCormack)
http://youtu.be/ephOZ3RUIAI

The Rose Of No Man's Land (Henry Burr)
http://youtu.be/sHFO2FSxg_8

Mademoiselle from Armentieres
http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/mademoisellefromarmentieres.htm

Pack up your troubles
http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/packupyourtroubles.htm

There's a long, long trail a winding
http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/theresalonglongtrailawinding.htm

How ya gonna keep him down on the farm once he's see Paree
http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/howyagonna.htm

Oh, how I hate to get up in the morning
http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/ohhowihatetogetupinthemorning.htm

You're a grand old flag
http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/youreagrandoldflag.htm

II. Time Machine: 01/24/1914
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Exam #1

It will be on Monday, 6 February (2 weeks from today)

I will have a study guide (not yet ready) on the following wiki page:
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+1

IV. In class today: new material

Mobilizing and Managing the home front

Mobilization of the nation for war altered American life

War cost $32 billion—U.S. yearly budget only $1 billion

Centralized planning boards: New Deal and World War II precedents

(1) War Industries Board

Key name: Bernard Baruch

Coordinated the national economy

(2) Food Administration

Key name: Herbert Hoover

a. Victory gardens

b. Meatless and wheatless days

(3) Fuel Administration

a. Daylight savings time

b. Gasless days

(4) Committee on Public Opinion

Key name: George Creel
Propaganda agency to get America behind the war effort

75,000 four-minute speakers
Four-Minute Men: Volunteer Speeches during World War One [check out this History Matters website]
http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/4970/

Anti-German sentiment became pronounced in U.S.
Schools stopped teaching the German language
Sauerkraut became "liberty cabbage"
Saloons removed pretzels
German composers were not played

Posters in World War One
http://www.firstworldwar.com/posters/usa.htm
Go to Posters, United States.
Click through the posters on each of the 4 pages.
What is the intended audience? What does the government want people to do?

Espionage and Sedition Acts:

Stopped people from speaking out
Compare to Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798

Espionage Act (1917)—limited First Amendment rights

Sedition Acts (1918)—further limited free speech

WORLD WAR I: AMERICAN ROLE

American Expeditionary Force (AEF)

1. Name given to the American armies in France

2. Commanded by General John "Black Jack" Pershing

Leadership, Personal Courage, Devotion to Troops Won for Pershing Affection of Nation
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0913.html

3. U.S. came in on the side of the Allies: Britain and France

When the Americans turned the tide
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/27/world/europe/world-war-i-second-battle-of-the-marne.html?_r=0

A soldier's life

I. Read these articles to get a clear picture of a soldier's life in the trenches during World War One

a. First World War.com -Life in the Trenches
http://www.firstworldwar.com/features/trenchlife.htm

II. Here are some articles I thought you might enjoy):

First World War.com -No Man's Land
http://www.firstworldwar.com/atoz/nomansland.htm

First World War.com - Observation Balloons
http://www.firstworldwar.com/atoz/balloons.htm

First World War.com -Poison Gas
http://www.firstworldwar.com/weaponry/gas.htm

First World War.com -Creeping Barrage
http://www.firstworldwar.com/atoz/creepingbarrage.htm

First World War.com -Big Bertha
http://www.firstworldwar.com/atoz/bigbertha.htm

First World War.com -Tanks
http://www.firstworldwar.com/weaponry/tanks.htm

First World War.com - Snipers
http://www.firstworldwar.com/atoz/snipers.htm

First World War.com - Wiring Parties
http://www.firstworldwar.com/atoz/wiring.htm

First World War.com - A Night Counter-attack
http://www.firstworldwar.com/diaries/nightcounterattack.htm

First World War.com - Alvin C. York
http://www.firstworldwar.com/bio/york.htm
Internet Movie Data Base: Sergeant York (played by Gary Cooper)
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0034167/

First World War.com - Women and WWI
http://www.firstworldwar.com/features/womenww1_one.htm

First World War.com - Hun
http://www.firstworldwar.com/atoz/hun.htm

First World War.com - Hitler in WWI
http://www.firstworldwar.com/features/aslowfuse.htm






FABULOUS FRIDAY, 20 JANUARY

HAPPY INAUGURATION DAY!!

Friday songs
(14 more weeks, and we'll be through)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

Mood Music: Songs of World War One
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4omozkMCQwY&feature=youtu.be

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 01/20/1914
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Your reaction to the video we watched on Wednesday

IV. New material for today left over from last Friday

Philippine–American war (1898–1902)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/peopleevents/pande33.html

The Philippine-American War, 1899–1902
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/war

Small Planet: A Gift from the Gods
http://www.smplanet.com/teaching/imperialism/#SAW3

1. Emiliano Aguinaldo's army had helped U.S. against the Spanish.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/peopleevents/pande8.html

2. Aguinaldo expected to be president of an independent Philippines.

3. U.S. decided not to permit him to be President.

4. Aguinaldo led a guerrilla war against the occupying U.S. military.

5. War foreshadowed tactics and atrocities of Vietnam.

6. Aguinaldo finally captured. The revolt ended.
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl19.html

V. In class today: new material>>First World War

Great resources to get yourself excited about!!

World War I in Photos 10-part series
http://www.theatlantic.com/static/infocus/wwi/

First World War.com
http://www.firstworldwar.com/

I don't know where to put this one, so here it is.
World War I — The Quick. The Dead. The Artists.
http://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/05/arts/design/review-world-war-i-the-quick-the-dead-the-artists.html

WORLD WAR I:

War Beginnings

1. Large armies (web of alliances) dominated European continent

[See section below: War Lineup}

2. In Sarajevo, Archduke Ferdinand, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, was assassinated.

In Sarajevo, divisions that drove an assassin have only begun to heal
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/27/world/europe/in-sarajevo-gavrilo-princip-set-off-world-war-i.html

3. America's initial reaction: Wilson urged "impartiality in thought and action

4. America not sure whom to root for: we had immigrants from many places

War Lineup:

Map: Europe, 1914
http://images.classwell.com/mcd_xhtml_ebooks/2005_world_history/images/mcd_mwh2005_0618377115_p405_f01.jpg

European Alliances and battlefronts
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI510.jpg

Allies: Britain, France, Russia, Japan, and Italy

Central Powers: Germany, Austria–Hungary, Turkey

Initially, the United States attempted to remain neutral

For your reading enjoyment:
The teenage soldiers of World War I
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-29934965

American financial assistance to the Allies

1. England and France bought huge amounts of arms, grain, and clothing

2. American bankers helped finance purchases:

3. Loans to Allies exceeded $2 billion; Loans to Germany: only $27 million

4. U.S. was not exactly neutral

German submarine (U-boat) warfare

1. A real threat to freedom of the seas came from German submarines

2. (Feb 1915) Germans declared the waters around British Isles a war zone
Threatened to sink any ship there

3. (May 1915) Germans sank passenger liner Lusitania

Among 1,198 dead were 128 Americans

PR impact: comparable to Maine in Havana harbor

But this time, America just protested through diplomatic notes.

4. Major German miscalculation

(1 Feb 1917). Germans decided on unrestricted submarine warfare

Germany hoped to defeat Allies before American troops reached Europe

Zimmermann telegram (25 Feb 1917)

1. Germany asked Mexico to be their ally—and perhaps even invade a part of the U.S.—if U.S. entered the war against Germany.

2. In return, Germany would help Mexico get back territory U.S. received from the Treaty of Guadalupe (1848) ending the Mexican War.

Why was the Zimmermann telegram so important?
http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-38581861

Wilson's War Message (2 April 1917)

President Wilson bio sketch
http://www.firstworldwar.com/bio/wilson.htm

Woodrow Wilson, World War I, and American idealism
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/14/opinion/woodrow-wilson-world-war-1-and-american-idealism.html

1. Wilson wanted to make the world "safe for democracy."

Idealism, progressivism, "city on a hill"

2. America: a special sense of mission—to reform world politics

3. Wilson believed taking part in the war necessary to guarantee U.S. a seat—and an insider's voice—at the peace table.





WONDERFUL WEDNESDAY, 18 JANUARY

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Time Machine: 01/18/1900
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

III. Video (44 minutes)

The Century: America's Time - 1914-1919: Shell Shock
https://youtu.be/1GBWDQ5cF_U

Study Guide to accompany the film
http://www.history.com/images/media/pdf/Century2.pdf






FABULOUS FRIDAY, 13 JANUARY

Friday Songs [15 more weeks and we'll be through]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Mood music

Maple Leaf Rag - Scott Joplin (1899) Ragtime Piano Roll Legend
http://youtu.be/O_dI6BZt06U

Ragtime Piano : SCOTT JOPLIN . " The Entertainer " (1902)
http://youtu.be/fPmruHc4S9Q

The Cake Walkers by Howard Johnston (1899, Ragtime piano)
http://youtu.be/85LNQ1z-7i0

1899 - "My Babe From Boston" by The Peerless Orchestra
http://youtu.be/fz-qF1yDyMw

Harlem Rag - TOM TURPIN (1899, Ragtime Piano)
http://youtu.be/sP7oFkyfvG8

Singing in a Trolley Car (think of our very own APU trolley cars
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/music_cover5.html

III. Time Machine: 01/13/1900
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

IV. For your added enjoyment

1896: The Bicycle Craze
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/bicycle.html

The League of American Wheelmen Champion the Good Roads Movement
http://connecticuthistory.org/the-league-of-american-wheelmen-and-the-good-roads-movement-how-popes-bicycles-led-to-good-roads/

History of the motorcycle
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_motorcycle

Harley-Davidson
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harley-Davidson

V. In class today: new material

Crucible of Empire
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/
Video (2:50 Trolley car; 33:54 Maine; 42:03 Teller)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8g8NpQsmxj4&feature=youtu.be

Singing in a Trolley Car
https://digitalcollections.nypl.org/items/510d47de-16e1-a3d9-e040-e00a18064a99#/?uuid=510d47de-16e1-a3d9-e040-e00a18064a99

1890s Music:
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/music.html

Music Gallery for Spanish-American War
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/music_gallery.html
Brass Buttons
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/music_cover2.html
Before the Maine
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/music_cover7.html
After the war is over
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/music_cover13.html

Spanish–American War (1898)

Spanish-American war
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1866-1898/spanish-american-war

Motives for war:

[Underlying versus immediate] [How does this compare to today?]

U.S. had sizable economic interests in Cuba and a lobbying group of 100,000 Cubans who lived in the U.S.

1. Humanitarians. Believed Spain was too cruel in fighting rebels.

2. Hawks (jingoes). Believed America should chastise Spain.

3. "Yellow journalism." Circulation war: Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst.
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/frames/_journalism.html
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/headlines.html

a. Read the material on this introductory page. [Same URL for the four sections]
b. Read the biographies of William Randolph Hearst and Richard Harding Davis
c. Click on Headline Gallery and read the items there.
d. Click on Cartoon Gallery and view the items there.

US Diplomacy and Yellow Journalism
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1866-1898/yellow-journalism

Small Planet: Yellow Journalism
http://www.smplanet.com/teaching/imperialism/#SAW1

4. De Lome letter—Spanish Ambassador to U.S. criticized McKinley
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl9.html

5. Sinking of the U.S. battleship Maine.
Blown up in Havana harbor. Probably an internal explosion.
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl10.html

The War Itself

Teller Amendment. U.S. had no intention of taking possession of Cuba.

1. Short and glorious—"a splendid little war."

Small Planet: A Splendid Little War
http://www.smplanet.com/teaching/imperialism/#SAW2

2. Major battles:

Excellent map:
http://images.classwell.com/mcd_xhtml_ebooks/2005_world_history/images/mcd_mwh2005_0618377115_p385_f1.jpg

a. Manila. George Dewey defeated Spanish fleet in Manila.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/peopleevents/pande1.html

George Dewey (Today in History, Library of Congress)
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/dec26.html

b. San Juan Hill. Theodore Roosevelt and his Rough Riders.
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl16.html

3. U.S. defeated Spain.

4. Beginning of a U.S. empire.

Treaty of Paris (1898)

1. Guam: to the U.S.

2. Puerto Rico: to the U.S.

Puerto Rico invaded (History.com This Day in History |7/25/1898)
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/puerto-rico-invaded

3. Cuba: granted independence by Spain

4. Platt Amendment permited U.S. intervention in Cuba's internal affairs

The United States, Cuba, and the Platt Amendment, 1901
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/platt

5. Philippines: U.S. paid $20 million to Spain.

Spanish-American War Ends (On This Day, Finding Dulcinea)
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Aug/Spanish-American-War-Ends.html

Philippines: take it or not take it

The proposed treaty with Spain sparked an important debate in America: Should we acquire the Philippines?
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl17.html

1. Those in favor of acquiring Philippines: imperialist case. Advocated an empire.

Appealed to motives of
Patriotism
Manifest destiny
Commerce.

2. Those against acquiring Philippines: anti–imperialist case.

Many felt imperialism counter to U.S. principles.
Others felt U.S. could expand markets without ruling other countries.
Labor unions felt they would be undercut by importation of low–wage contract workers.

3. Result: we paid $20 million and acquired the Philippines as an American possession.

Philippine–American war (1898–1902)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/peopleevents/pande33.html

The Philippine-American War, 1899–1902
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/war

Small Planet: A Gift from the Gods
http://www.smplanet.com/teaching/imperialism/#SAW3

1. Emiliano Aguinaldo's army had helped U.S. against the Spanish.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/peopleevents/pande8.html

2. Aguinaldo expected to be president of an independent Philippines.

3. U.S. decided not to permit him to be President.

4. Aguinaldo led a guerrilla war against the occupying U.S. military.

5. War foreshadowed tactics and atrocities of Vietnam.

6. Aguinaldo finally captured. The revolt ended.
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl19.html






WONDERFUL WEDNESDAY, 11 JANUARY

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Mood music

Queen Lili'uokalani - Aloha'Oe
http://youtu.be/Y1bIxMYPlas

Queen Liliuokalani March
http://youtu.be/M4Sqgz7tN-A

1899 in Music
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/1899_in_music

Ragtime
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ragtime

Maple Leaf Rag - Scott Joplin (1899) Ragtime Piano Roll Legend
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maple_Leaf_Rag
http://youtu.be/O_dI6BZt06U

III. Time Machine: 01/11/1900
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

IV. In class today: new material

Historical Analysis: sourcing, contextualization, corroboration
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Historical+Analysis

a. Sourcing
1.Who wrote the source?
2.When was it written?
3.Where was it written?
4.Is the author in a position to know first-hand, or is the account based on hearsay?
5.Can the source be believed? Is the author trustworthy. What will he stand to gain or lose?

b. Contextualization
1. What else was happening at the time this was written? (The burning issues of the day).
2. What was different back then? What was the same?
3. What would it look like through the eyes of someone who lived back then?

c. Corroboration
1. What are the real facts?
2. Comparing different accounts
3. What is common to the various accounts?
4. When do they disagree?
5. What might explain these discrepancies?
6. How might the accounts be reconciled?

American Eyes Abroad

1. In 1890, the US census declared the frontier "closed."

2. Many in America began to believe we had to expand abroad.

3. Great powers measured their greatness by the colonies they acquired.

World Colonial Empires, 1900
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI445.jpg

4. Britain, Germany, and France divided up Africa. They wanted to carve up Asia as well.

Imperialism in Africa
http://images.classwell.com/mcd_xhtml_ebooks/2005_world_history/images/mcd_mwh2005_0618377115_p343_f01.jpg

Alfred Thayer Mahan
[look him up on Google Images]

Alfred Thayer Mahan bio
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Thayer_Mahan
Alfred Thayer Mahan video clip
http://youtu.be/GbsFfEuyUNs

Mahan's The Influence of Sea Power upon History (Historian of the State Department)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1866-1898/mahan

Mahan was for many years the President of the Naval War College.

Mahan's argument ran as follows:

~National greatness and prosperity depended on naval power.
~Mahan urged the Navy to shift from wood construction to steel
~Overproduction: In the US, more produced than domestic market could absorb.
~Hence, overseas markets needed to dispose of surplus
~Overseas markets implied distant ports
~Reaching distant ports required large merchant marine
~Merchant marine needed protection of powerful navy
~Ships needed coaling stations and repair yards
~Coaling stations implied secure stops: colonies
~Canal across Panama needed to link East coast with Pacific Ocean

Hawaii

Footholds in the Pacific (Small Planet)
http://www.smplanet.com/teaching/imperialism/#EP2

1. In 1820, the first American missionaries arrived.

2. Their offspring became powerful sugar planters in Hawaii.

3. By 1875, a treaty between the U.S. and Hawaii tightened the links between the two:

a. Allowed Hawaiian sugar to enter the U.S. free of customs duties;
b. Required Hawaiian monarchy to make no territorial or economic concessions to other countries.

4. In 1890 McKinley Tariff ended special status given to Hawaiian sugar.

5. By this time, Caucasian Americans owned three–quarters of the islands' wealth, though they represented a mere 2.1 percent of the population.

6. In 1891, a strongly nationalistic Queen Liliuokalani ascended to the throne and tried to restore greater power to Hawaiian natives.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/hawaii/

Queen Liliukalani
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liliuokalani

Her music
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_compositions_and_works_by_Liliuokalani

Queen Lili'uokalani - Aloha'Oe
http://youtu.be/Y1bIxMYPlas

Queen Liliuokalani March
http://youtu.be/M4Sqgz7tN-A

7. In 1893, Americans overthrew Queen Liliuokalani, set up a provisional government, and asked to become an American state—so that their sugar would be classified as domestic and would avoid tariffs.

Hawaiian Monarchy Overthrown by America-Backed Businessmen (New York Times)
http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/01/17/jan-17-1893-hawaiian-monarchy-overthrown-by-america-backed-businessmen/

8. Annexation of Hawaii to the United States took place in 1898 during the Spanish–American War
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1866-1898/hawaii






MARVELOUS MONDAY, 9 January 2017

I'm Dave Lambert. I hope you had a terrific break.

We are going to have fun together this semester--while learning much in the process.



SORRY, NO CRASHING

I won't be able to add anyone who is not already registered.



TODAY'S SCHEDULE.

I will send the material on this page to you via email.

1. Prayer

I will pray for us every class and ask if you have a prayer request or a praise you feel comfortable offering publicly.

My church: Grace Church (Baptist) in Glendora (the Spanish-language ministry)

My wife's church: St. Dorothy's Catholic Church in Glendora

2. Thorn in the Flesh
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Thorn+in+the+Flesh

Integrating my faith into our class is natural for me. So I want to start off the semester doing so.

3. Info card
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Info+Card

4. Syllabus
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Syllabus+%28S17%29

We will go over it in more detail Wednesday, but here are the highlights.

a. You need to bring your laptop to every class session.

b. No text is required. We will use all online sources and websites.

c. Grade is based on 4 multiple-choice exams and participation.

d. Attendance is required. Any absences over three will mean a deduction to the grade.

5. Learning Professor wiki
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/home

6. Our Class Page
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Today+%28S17%29

Always turn to this page for our daily schedule
[This outline is on that page.]

7. High Fives (why I like to do it as you leave class each day)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/High+Fives

8. Material for class today: Newsies

Context: Spanish-American War

Crucible of Empire
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/

1890s music
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/frames/_music.html
Specific songs
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/music_gallery.html

Time machine (we will use this often during our semester)
Home page
http://dmarie.com/timecap/

Time machine 9 January 1898 (01/09/1898)
http://dmarie.com/timecap/final.asp?unique=42744.2708101852
People then were just living their lives as we are in our time.
100 years from now, APU students will read about us.

APU founded in 1899 (3 March)
http://www.apu.edu/about/history/

Here is a brief context for the Newsboy strike in the summer of 1899.
That is right after APU was founded.

Yellow Journalism
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/journalism.html

William Randolph Hearst
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/bio_hearst.html

Articles covering details of the strike (summer 1899)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newsboys'_strike_of_1899
http://historydetectives.nyhistory.org/2012/07/blast-from-the-past-newsboy-strike-of-1899/
https://www.nypl.org/blog/2012/05/25/extra-extra-read-all-about-newsboys-strike-1899
http://www.boweryboyshistory.com/2010/06/newsies-vs-world-newsboys-strike-of.html

Disney movie
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newsies

Broadway Musical study guide
http://newsiesthemusical.com/pdf/NewsiesStudyGuide.pdf

The Fan film (Play first few minutes)
http://youtu.be/al3RbaCaIUA

Newsies (Original Broadway Cast Recording) - 6. I Never Planned on You/Don't Come a-Knocking
http://youtu.be/u6cQkZLtUJQ
Playlist
http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLBNfMfi9WxnGK1MxovWAYoogtAnXF7xb3