TREMENDOUS THURSDAY, 21 SEPTEMBER 2017

Mood Music: 1920s

Hit Songs From the Roaring 1920's
http://youtu.be/HeOQjyuPCms

Top 20 Greatest Songs 1920-1929
http://youtu.be/07f0TPfNLnk

Friday songs on Thursday (12 more week and we'll be through)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/attendance

II. Exam #1

It will be next Tuesday, 26 September..

Exam will have 75 multiple choice questions.

Don't forget to bring your Scantron, pencil, and your amazing brain.

The study guide is on the following wiki page:
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+1+F17

III. In class today: reaction to homework

The day 30,000 white supremacists in KKK robes marched in the nation’s capital
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/retropolis/wp/2017/08/17/the-day-30000-white-
supremacists-in-kkk-robes-marched-in-the-nations-capital/?utm_term=.6174e25b02fe

Italian-Born Anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti Executed
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Aug/Italian-Born-Anarchists-Sacco-and-
Vanzetti-Executed.html

Aimee Semple McPherson, Founder of the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/features/profiles/s/aimee-semple-mcpherson.html

Charles Lindbergh, American Aviator
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/features/profiles/l/charles-lindbergh.html

IV. In class today: new material

Immigration continued:

Video: New Grounds - Isle of Hope, Isle of Tears {Celtic Woman}
[My thanks to Dana Watkin for this suggestion]
http://youtu.be/yluUCjH6ONs

Video: Short film reveals terrible history of No Irish Need Apply
https://www.irishcentral.com/roots/history/short-film-reveals-the-terrible-history-of-no-irish-need-apply

How to strike a balance between assimilation and ethnic identity

Melting pot or salad bowl as appropriate metaphor?

Generational divide

First generation: not speak English
Second generation: not speak native tongue
Third generation: aware of heritage

Nativist response

Distrust of foreigners by "natives" a consistent theme in U.S. history.

New immigrants were particularly seen as utterly alien
Threaten "American" values based on their language, religion, and culture

1920s: Conservatives battle changing times

Overview

Dilemma for many: How does one anchor oneself in a world of rampant materialism and social change?

1. Many people felt threatened by change.
2. Some reacted defensively by looking for scapegoats.
3. An increase in nativism,
4. Fear of radicalism
5. Strengthened religious fundamentalism

"New" morality

The 1920s saw an acceleration of the tempo of American life.

Ku Klux Klan

1. Result of increase in nativism.
2. Revived (1915) to insure "native, white, Protestant supremacy."
3. Drew its membership from villages and small towns untouched by immigration, industrialization, and illiberal thought.
4. Unlike its predecessor: which was mostly against blacks, New Klan devoted to 100% Americanism
5. New Klan was anti–Catholic, anti–Semitic, anti–foreigner.
6. Peak publicity: 30,000 down Pennsylvania Ave. in Washington, D.C.
Google Images: http://bit.ly/ywtk3T
7. Not just in the South. Klan controlled much of the state of Indiana.
8. Klan declined by 1930s.
9. Today's Klan is third wave.

The day 30,000 white supremacists in KKK robes marched in the nation’s capital
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/retropolis/wp/2017/08/17/the-day-30000-white-
supremacists-in-kkk-robes-marched-in-the-nations-capital/?utm_term=.6174e25b02fe

Video: KKK in the 1920's
http://youtu.be/gQJX8v0sC3Q

Sacco and Vanzetti (1921)

1. Two Italian immigrants were accused of murder in a payroll robbery
2. Both were anarchists (want to destroy all government)
3. It is not clear they were really guilty, but both executed
4. Fear of radicalism: antiforeign, antianarchist sentiment

Italian-Born Anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti Executed
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Aug/Italian-Born-Anarchists-Sacco-and-Vanzetti-Executed.html

Sunset Hall's Red Twilight
http://articles.latimes.com/2005/mar/09/local/me-sunset9

Video: The Red Scare & Sacco and Vanzetti
http://youtu.be/8vU0LdSYB84

Video: Sacco and Vanzetti - song by Woody Guthire & David Rovics
http://youtu.be/N0sYAU96FY0

Scopes trial (1925)

1. Held in Dayton, Tennessee

2. John Scopes, a high school Biology teacher, had apparently taught evolution, a violation of Tennessee law.

3. Clarence Darrow, noted trial lawyer and non-religious, defended Scopes.

4. William Jennings Bryan, an evangelical, argued against evolution.

5. Evolution undermines Biblical account of creation

6. The issues at stake:

Faith v. reason
Science v. creationism
Rural v. urban values.

Tennessee Educator John Scopes Indicted for Teaching Evolution
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/May-June-08/On-this-Day--Tennessee-
Educator-Scopes-Indicted-for-Teaching-Evolution.html

Video: Monkey Trial (1925)
http://youtu.be/ofM99LFZhxo

Video: Scopes Trial
http://youtu.be/lTraAeTr5g4

Sister Aimee Semple McPherson (1920s)

Aimee Semple McPherson, Founder of the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/features/profiles/s/aimee-semple-mcpherson.html

Aimee's Religious Message
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~UG00/robertson/asm/message.html

The mysterious disappearance of a celebrity preacher
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-30148022

Video: Sister Aimee Semple McPherson - Opening of Angelus Temple in Los Angeles, California
http://youtu.be/3TIo7_035BQ

Charles A. Lindbergh

Video: Charles Lindbergh pilots the first flight from New York to Paris, May 20th 1927
http://youtu.be/I7-IZhgAdbQ

Video: Charles Lindbergh: A Young, American Hero
http://youtu.be/NbgVhLOdbb8

1. First solo transatlantic flight: New York to Paris (1927)

2. Combination of radio and talking movies (used for newsreels) gave him a world–wide attention that would previously have been impossible.

3. Later kidnapping and murder of the Lindbergh baby

Charles Lindbergh, American Aviator
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/features/profiles/l/charles-lindbergh.html

Lindbergh Does It! To Paris in 33 1/2 Hours; Flies 1,000 Miles Through Snow and Sleet;
Cheering French Carry Him Off Field
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0521.html#article






TERRIFIC TUESDAY, 19 SEPTEMBER 2017

Mood Music: 1920s

Hit Songs From the Roaring 1920's
http://youtu.be/HeOQjyuPCms

Top 20 Greatest Songs 1920-1929
http://youtu.be/07f0TPfNLnk

I. Prayer/attendance

II. Exam #1

It will be on Tuesday, 26 September (1 week from today).

Exam will have 75 multiple choice questions.

Don't forget to bring your Scantron and pencil.

The study guide is on the following wiki page:
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+1+F17

III. Homework for Tuesday, 19 September

The day 30,000 white supremacists in KKK robes marched in the nation’s capital
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/retropolis/wp/2017/08/17/the-day-30000-white-
supremacists-in-kkk-robes-marched-in-the-nations-capital/?utm_term=.6174e25b02fe

Italian-Born Anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti Executed
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Aug/Italian-Born-Anarchists-Sacco-and-
Vanzetti-Executed.html

Aimee Semple McPherson, Founder of the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/features/profiles/s/aimee-semple-mcpherson.html

Charles Lindbergh, American Aviator
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/features/profiles/l/charles-lindbergh.html

IV. In class today: reaction to homework

Antwerp to Ellis Island: Journey of a Lifetime
https://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/28/arts/design/antwerp-to-ellis-island-journey-of-a-lifetime.html

Roman Catholics and Immigration in Nineteenth-Century America (National Humanities Center)
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/nineteen/nkeyinfo/nromcath.htm

Chinese Immigration and the Chinese Exclusion Acts (Historian of the State Department)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1866-1898/chinese-immigration

V. In class today: new material

Spanish Flu epidemic (1918)

Influenza epidemic killed some 20 million people world–wide (700,000 Americans)

1918 Flu Pandemic
http://www.history.com/topics/1918-flu-pandemic

The Influenza Pandemic of 1918
http://youtu.be/rbYwNOcKqqc

The 1918 Spanish Flu wasn't Spanish, so how did it get it’s name?
http://youtu.be/ZcbaFQTBkgs

THE BOLSHEVIK REVOLUTION AND THE RED SCARE

Bolshevik Revolution (1917)

1. Bolsheviks (Communists under Lenin) overthrew the Czar

2. March 1918: Treaty of Brest Litovsk—Russia pulled out of the World War

3. Civil war erupted between Bolsheviks (Red Russians) and their internal enemies (White Russians)

The Century: America's Time - 1914-1919: Shell Shock
Russian Revolution at 26:07
http://youtu.be/1GBWDQ5cF_U

U.S. Intervention in Soviet Union (1918-1920)

1. Wilson sent 15,000 U.S. troops to Soviet Union
2. American aim was to defeat Bolsheviks (Red Russians) in civil war against White Russians
3. American troops remained in Russia until 1920
4. Created bad blood between U.S. and Soviets

Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allied_intervention_in_the_Russian_Civil_War

Polar Bear Expedition
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polar_Bear_Expedition

Red Scare in America (1919-1920)

Provoked by fear of Bolshevik influence
Remember: Russian Revolution in 1917
Fear in America of a similar social revolution
Much labor violence in America; many saw it as Bolshevism

First Red Scare
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Red_Scare

The Red Scare [ushistory.org]
http://www.ushistory.org/us/47a.asp

Palmer raids

Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer coordinated raids on alleged Communists, whose civil liberties were denied.

Seeds of McCarthyism planted during these years

Rise of J. Edgar Hoover and the FBI

American Legion. War veteran organization stood for 100% Americanism, social conformity, and anticommunism.

IMMIGRATION

Social workers: Settlement Houses

Key name: Jane Addams

Hull House in Chicago (1889).

Located in center–city, immigrant neighborhoods.
Staffers: young; middle–class; college–educated; white women.

Emphasis placed on:
English language classes
Courses in cooking, sewing, and household skills
Infant welfare clinics
Bathhouses

Jane Addams | National Women's History Museum
http://www.nwhm.org/education-resources/biographies/jane-addams

Jane Addams & The Hull House
http://youtu.be/11QWd-1thPQ

Hull House
Urban Experience In Chicago: Historical Narrative Contents
http://hullhouse.uic.edu/hull/urbanexp/main.cgi?file=new/historical_narrative_contents.ptt

IMMIGRATION

Antwerp to Ellis Island: Journey of a Lifetime
https://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/28/arts/design/antwerp-to-ellis-island-journey-of-a-lifetime.html

Roman Catholics and Immigration in Nineteenth-Century America (National Humanities Center)
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/nineteen/nkeyinfo/nromcath.htm

Chinese Exclusion Acts (Historian of the State Department)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1866-1898/chinese-immigration

The Immigration Act of 1924 (The Johnson-Reed Act)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1921-1936/immigration-act

Push factors:

Wars
Unemployment
Food shortages
Anti–Semitism (Poland and Russia).

Pull factors:

America as a land of opportunity. Was it for everyone or did some people choose to stay home?

Role of chain migration.

Role of return migration.

U.S. has always had immigration:

Asylum of liberty.

Source of immigration changed from roughly 1890-1900

Prior immigrants: northern and western Europe and the British Isles
.
Newer immigrants: eastern and southern Europe.

Characteristics of newer immigrants (1890-1900)

Generally poor
Often illiterate
Jewish or Catholic
Had very different customs.
Most settled in eastern cities.
Few settled in South.

Immigrant cultures

Role of ethnic enclaves: to preserve their culture

Ethnic associations
Newspapers
Schools (tied to religion: parochial and rabbinical)
Churches
Restaurants
Stores.






TREMENDOUS THURSDAY. 14 SEPTEMBER 2017

Mood Music

Songs of World War I
http://youtu.be/4omozkMCQwY

Oh It's A Lovely War Sung (Courtland & Jeffries)
http://youtu.be/w6RnirpFaZk

K-K-K-Katy - Bob Wilson and His Varsity Rhythm Boys with the Blazers
http://youtu.be/U3mxYm3elu4k
http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/katy.htm

Keep The Home Fires Burning (John McCormack)
http://youtu.be/WvuCaLRcgh4
http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/keepthehomefiresburning.htm

Send Me Away With A Smile (John McCormack)
http://youtu.be/ephOZ3RUIAI

The Rose Of No Man's Land (Henry Burr)
http://youtu.be/sHFO2FSxg_8

Friday songs on Thursday (13 more week and we'll be through)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

II. Exam #1

It will be on Tuesday, 26 September (1 week from today)

The study guide is on the following wiki page:
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+1+F17

III. Homework for Tuesday, 19 September

Antwerp to Ellis Island: Journey of a Lifetime
https://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/28/arts/design/antwerp-to-ellis-island-journey-of-a-lifetime.html

Roman Catholics and Immigration in Nineteenth-Century America (National Humanities Center)
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/nineteen/nkeyinfo/nromcath.htm

Chinese Immigration and the Chinese Exclusion Acts (Historian of the State Department)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1866-1898/chinese-immigration

IV. In class today: reaction to homework

A Slow Fuse - Hitler's World War One Experience
http://www.firstworldwar.com/features/aslowfuse.htm

V. In class today: new material

WORLD WAR I: AMERICAN ROLE

American Expeditionary Force (AEF)

1. Name given to the American armies in France

2. Commanded by General John "Black Jack" Pershing

Leadership, Personal Courage, Devotion to Troops Won for Pershing Affection of Nation
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0913.html

Donald Trump keeps mentioning General John J. Pershing. Who was he?
http://youtu.be/xQqqwbsdseI

3. U.S. came in on the side of the Allies: Britain and France

When the Americans turned the tide
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/27/world/europe/world-war-i-second-battle-of-the-marne.html?_r=0

War in the Air

WWI Air War
http://www.firstworldwar.com/airwar/summary.htm

Video: Dogfights - WW1 Uncut - Dan Snow - BBC
http://youtu.be/f85CDEpiMhQ

A soldier's life in the trenches

First World War.com -Life in the Trenches
http://www.firstworldwar.com/features/trenchlife.htm

(Here are some other articles I thought you might enjoy):

First World War.com -No Man's Land
http://www.firstworldwar.com/atoz/nomansland.htm

First World War.com - Observation Balloons
http://www.firstworldwar.com/atoz/balloons.htm

First World War.com -Poison Gas
http://www.firstworldwar.com/weaponry/gas.htm

First World War.com -Big Bertha
http://www.firstworldwar.com/atoz/bigbertha.htm

First World War.com -Tanks
http://www.firstworldwar.com/weaponry/tanks.htm

First World War.com - Snipers
http://www.firstworldwar.com/atoz/snipers.htm

First World War.com - Wiring Parties
http://www.firstworldwar.com/atoz/wiring.htm

First World War.com - Women and WWI
http://www.firstworldwar.com/features/womenww1_one.htm

Major battles (all in 1918) involving Americans:

Map of the US participation
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI512.jpg

1. Arrival of U.S. forces was just in time

Video: US troops enter WWI
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PTyJTmxkZcQ&feature=youtu.be

2. As a result of Bolshevik Revolution, Russia had gotten out of the war

Germans could shift their troops from Russia to France

Germans launched a major offensive in March 1918 on the Western front in France

3. Americans fought at

Belleau Wood
http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/belleau.htm

Chateau-Thierry
http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/belleau.htm

Marne
http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/marne2.htm

Saint Mihiel
http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/stmihiel_pershing.htm

Meuse-Argonne
http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/meuseargonne_pershing.htm

4. By November 1918, Germany was retreating all along the front

Fighting ceased on 11 November 1918: our current Veterans' Day

US Casualties

American dead totaled 118,000

Total dead= 9 million

PARIS PEACE CONFERENCE (VERSAILLES)

Hall of Mirrors, Palace of Versailles
http://www.nbcnews.com/id/19418708/ns/world_news-wonderful_world/t/versailles-hall-mirrors-reopens-public/#.WIFgin3E5pU

Video: The Treaty of Versailles, What Did the Big Three Want? 1/2
http://youtu.be/vrYhLNQMRro

Video: The Treaty of Versailles, Terms of the Treaty 2/2
http://youtu.be/0jycVFL8CNM

1. British and French demanded harsh approach to defeated Germany
2. Wanted defeated Germany disarmed
3. Wanted Germany's colonies: Africa, Asia
4. Wanted monetary payback (reparations) of Allied war costs
5. Hoped reparations would cripple Germany forever ($33 billion)
6. Severity of reparations a main cause of World War II

New and reconstituted nations after the Versailles Treaty
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI520.jpg

Wilson's program (Fourteen Points)

Fourteen Points (14 T-Shirt Challenge)
https://youtu.be/OSLL-BuSvQ4

World peace based on American principles. Highly idealistic.
Some of his points were as follows:

Open diplomacy
Freedom of the seas
Removal of trade barriers
Reduction of armaments
Impartial adjustment of colonial claims
Evacuation of occupied lands
National self-determination

Woodrow Wilson, World War I, and American idealism
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/14/opinion/woodrow-wilson-world-war-1-and-american-idealism.html

League of Nations

League of Nations the most important point to Wilson
To police the world: forerunner of United Nations
Article 10: required major power intervention against aggressors
U.S. unwilling to commit to such potential intervention abroad

U.S. Senate rejection of the peace treaty

1. Senate has to approve any treaty by 2/3 vote

Wilson was a Democrat
Senate had 96 members: 49 Republicans, 47 Democrats
Close party balance as in 2001
Most Republicans opposed the treaty as written

2. Wilson stubbornly refused to work with his Republican opponents
Took his case to the American people: tiring speaking tour
Wilson suffered a stroke

3. Senate rejected the peace treaty

4. America did not join the League of Nations

March 19, 1920 | Senate Rejects Treaty of Versailles for Second and Final Time (New York Times)
http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/03/19/march-19-1920-senate-rejects-treaty-of-versailles-for-second-and-final-time/

U.S. Post-World War I Foreign Policy

1. Major foreign policy debate
2. Collective security versus unilateralism
3. Most Americans preferred historical tradition of nonalignment
4. Willing to act unilaterally in world to achieve national interests
5. Reluctant to take on binding commitments to collective action

A 100-year legacy of World War I [use this wonderful interactive]
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/06/27/world/legacy-of-world-war-i.html






TERRIFIC TUESDAY, 12 SEPTEMBER 2017

Mood Music:

Most Famous Song from WWI in US.: Over There
http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/overthere.htm
Bio of George M. Cohan
http://www.firstworldwar.com/bio/cohan.htm

Songs of WWI (14:00 mix)
http://youtu.be/4omozkMCQwY

Oh It's A Lovely War Sung (Courtland & Jeffries)
http://youtu.be/w6RnirpFaZk

I: Prayer/attendance

II. Exam #1

It will be on Tuesday, 26 September (2 weeks from today)

The study guide is on the following wiki page:
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Exam+1+F17

III. Homework for Thursday, 14 September

A Slow Fuse - Hitler's World War One Experience
http://www.firstworldwar.com/features/aslowfuse.htm

Video: Dogfights - WW1 Uncut - Dan Snow - BBC
http://youtu.be/f85CDEpiMhQ

IV. In class today: reaction to homework

The teenage soldiers of World War I
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-29934965

V. In class today: your reactions to the video we watched last Thursday

VI. In class today: new material

My go-to website for the World War I

First World War dot com
http://www.firstworldwar.com/index.htm

WWI Memoirs and diaries
http://www.firstworldwar.com/diaries/index.htm

WWI Prose and poetry
http://www.firstworldwar.com/poetsandprose/index.htm

WWI Photographs
Click on a category
Then click on a picture. A sort of slide show begins
http://www.firstworldwar.com/photos/index.htm
Example: Animals
http://www.firstworldwar.com/photos/animals.htm

WWI Postcards
http://www.firstworldwar.com/photos/postcards.htm

World War I in Photos 10-part series
http://www.theatlantic.com/static/infocus/wwi/

WORLD WAR I:

Video: Causes of WWI (Moana's "How Far I'll Go" Parody) - @MrBettsClass
https://youtu.be/_nbHYDSPrWI

War Beginnings

1. Large armies (web of alliances) dominated European continent

[See section below: War Lineup]

2. In Sarajevo, Archduke Ferdinand, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, was assassinated.

Dan Snow in Sarajevo : The Assassination
http://youtu.be/OfO7TduevHA

In Sarajevo, divisions that drove an assassin have only begun to heal
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/27/world/europe/in-sarajevo-gavrilo-princip-set-off-world-war-i.html

3. America's initial reaction: Wilson urged "impartiality in thought and action

4. America not sure whom to root for: we had immigrants from many places

War Lineup:

European Alliances and battlefronts
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI510.jpg

Allies: Britain, France, Russia, Japan, and Italy

Central Powers: Germany, Austria–Hungary, Turkey

Initially, the United States attempted to remain neutral

American financial assistance to the Allies

1. England and France bought huge amounts of arms, grain, and clothing

2. American bankers helped finance purchases:

3. Loans to Allies exceeded $2 billion; Loans to Germany: only $27 million

4. U.S. was not exactly neutral

German submarine (U-boat) warfare

1. A real threat to freedom of the seas came from German submarines

2. (Feb 1915) Germans declared the waters around British Isles a war zone
Threatened to sink any ship there

3. (May 1915) Germans sank passenger liner Lusitania

Among 1,198 dead were 128 Americans

PR impact: comparable to Maine in Havana harbor

But this time, America just protested through diplomatic notes.

4. Major German miscalculation

(1 Feb 1917). Germans decided on unrestricted submarine warfare

Germany hoped to defeat Allies before American troops reached Europe

Zimmermann telegram (25 Feb 1917)

Video: The British Codebreaker Who Cracked The Zimmerman Telegram
http://youtu.be/AXjLEMHbTgo

1. Germany asked Mexico to be their ally—and perhaps even invade a part of the U.S.—if U.S. entered the war against Germany.

2. In return, Germany would help Mexico get back territory U.S. received from the Treaty of Guadalupe (1848) ending the Mexican War.

Why was the Zimmermann telegram so important?
http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-38581861

Wilson's War Message (2 April 1917)

President Wilson bio sketch
http://www.firstworldwar.com/bio/wilson.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woodrow_Wilson

Video: Woodrow Wilson decision to declare war
http://youtu.be/H8gWDhxFTPo

Woodrow Wilson, World War I, and American idealism
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/14/opinion/woodrow-wilson-world-war-1-and-american-idealism.html

1. Wilson wanted to make the world "safe for democracy."

Idealism, progressivism, "city on a hill"

2. America: a special sense of mission—to reform world politics

3. Wilson believed taking part in the war necessary to guarantee U.S. a seat—and an insider's voice—at the peace table.

Mobilizing and Managing the home front

Mobilization of the nation for war altered American life

War cost $32 billion—U.S. yearly budget only $1 billion

Centralized planning boards: New Deal and World War II precedents

Video: War Industries Board and Food Administration
http://youtu.be/vMeYgsgQITU

Video: War bonds
http://youtu.be/Np6WsAeVw7U

(1) War Industries Board

Key name: Bernard Baruch

Coordinated the national economy

(2) Food Administration

Key name: Herbert Hoover

a. Victory gardens

b. Meatless and wheatless days

(3) Fuel Administration

a. Daylight savings time

b. Gasless days

(4) Committee on Public Opinion

Video: Committee on Public Information Propaganda
http://youtu.be/EmYK0ve2hh0

Key name: George Creel
Propaganda agency to get America behind the war effort

75,000 four-minute speakers
Four-Minute Men: Volunteer Speeches during World War One [check out this History Matters website]
http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/4970/

Anti-German sentiment became pronounced in U.S.
Schools stopped teaching the German language
Sauerkraut became "liberty cabbage"
Saloons removed pretzels
German composers were not played

Espionage and Sedition Acts:

Stopped people from speaking out
Compare to Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798

Fear on the Homefront: The Espionage and Sedition Acts
http://youtu.be/m_gj4UFegBQ

Espionage Act (1917)—limited First Amendment rights

Sedition Acts (1918)—further limited free speech






TREMENDOUS THURSDAY. 7 SEPTEMBER 2017

Mood Music

Songs of World War I
http://youtu.be/4omozkMCQwY

Friday songs on Thursday (14 more week and we'll be through)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/attendance

II. Homework for Tuesday, 12 September

The teenage soldiers of World War I
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-29934965

III. In class today: reaction to homework reading

World War One: The Human Face of War (9 stories)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwone/humanfaceofwar_gallery.shtml

IV. Reminder to me: use later

Causes of WWI (Moana's "How Far I'll Go" Parody) - @MrBettsClass
https://youtu.be/_nbHYDSPrWI

Fourteen Points (14 T-Shirt Challenge) - @MrBettsClass
http://youtu.be/OSLL-BuSvQ4

V. In class today: video on World War I

Please open a Microsoft Word document
As you watch the video, record your reactions and questions

The Century: America's Time - 1914-1919: Shell Shock (44:24)
http://youtu.be/1GBWDQ5cF_U






TERRIFIC TUESDAY, 5 SEPTEMBER

Mood Music:

Hands Across the Sea - John Philip Sousa - US Army Band
http://youtu.be/pnlZuUptyHw

Ragtime Piano : SCOTT JOPLIN . " The Entertainer " (1902)
http://youtu.be/fPmruHc4S9Q

The Cake Walkers by Howard Johnston (1899, Ragtime piano)
http://youtu.be/85LNQ1z-7i0

1899 - "My Babe From Boston" by The Peerless Orchestra
http://youtu.be/fz-qF1yDyMw

Harlem Rag - TOM TURPIN (1899, Ragtime Piano)
http://youtu.be/sP7oFkyfvG8

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework for Thursday, 7 September

World War One: The Human Face of War (9 stories)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwone/humanfaceofwar_gallery.shtml

III. In class today: discussion of homework reading {Blend in below}

Yellow Journalism
http://www.smplanet.com/teaching/imperialism/#SAW1

A Splendid Little War
http://www.smplanet.com/teaching/imperialism/#SAW2

IV. In class today: new material>>>Spanish-American War

Video: Crucible of Empire: The Spanish American War
(2:50 Trolley car; 33:54 Maine; 42:03 Teller)
http://youtu.be/8g8NpQsmxj4

Video: The Spanish-American War
http://youtu.be/IU5l4yQCpMM

Spanish-American War (One Direction's "What Makes You Beautiful" Parody) - @MrBettsClass
http://youtu.be/zjv-SS8FXNE

Spanish-American war
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1866-1898/spanish-american-war

Motives for war:

[Underlying versus immediate] [How does this compare to today?]

U.S. had sizable economic interests in Cuba and a lobbying group of 100,000 Cubans who lived in the U.S.

1. Humanitarians. Believed Spain was too cruel in fighting rebels.

2. Hawks (jingoes). Believed America should chastise Spain.

3. "Yellow journalism." Circulation war: Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst.
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/frames/_journalism.html
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/headlines.html

US Diplomacy and Yellow Journalism
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1866-1898/yellow-journalism

Small Planet: Yellow Journalism
http://www.smplanet.com/teaching/imperialism/#SAW1

Walk With Me #2: Yellow Journalism - @MrBettsClass
http://youtu.be/xDG0AQaojZo

4. De Lome letter—Spanish Ambassador to U.S. criticized McKinley
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl9.html

5. Sinking of the U.S. battleship Maine.
Blown up in Havana harbor. Probably an internal explosion.
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl10.html

The War Itself

Teller Amendment. U.S. had no intention of taking possession of Cuba.

1. Short and glorious—"a splendid little war."

Small Planet: A Splendid Little War
http://www.smplanet.com/teaching/imperialism/#SAW2

2. Major battles:

Excellent map:
http://spanishamericanwar.info/Cubamap3.gif

a. Manila. George Dewey defeated Spanish fleet in Manila.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/peopleevents/pande1.html

George Dewey (Today in History, Library of Congress)
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/dec26.html

b. San Juan Hill. Theodore Roosevelt and his Rough Riders.
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl16.html

3. U.S. defeated Spain.

4. Beginning of a U.S. empire.

Treaty of Paris (1898)

1. Guam: to the U.S.

2. Puerto Rico: to the U.S.

Puerto Rico invaded (History.com This Day in History |7/25/1898)
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/puerto-rico-invaded

3. Cuba: granted independence by Spain

4. Platt Amendment permited U.S. intervention in Cuba's internal affairs

5. Philippines: U.S. paid $20 million to Spain.

Spanish-American War Ends (On This Day, Finding Dulcinea)
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Aug/Spanish-American-War-Ends.html

Philippines: take it or not take it

The proposed treaty with Spain sparked an important debate in America: Should we acquire the Philippines?
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl17.html

1. Those in favor of acquiring Philippines: imperialist case. Advocated an empire.

Appealed to motives of
Patriotism
Manifest destiny
Commerce.

2. Those against acquiring Philippines: anti–imperialist case.

Many felt imperialism counter to U.S. principles.
Others felt U.S. could expand markets without ruling other countries.
Labor unions felt they would be undercut by importation of low–wage contract workers.

3. Result: we paid $20 million and acquired the Philippines as an American possession.

Philippine–American war (1898–1902)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/peopleevents/pande33.html

The Philippine-American War, 1899–1902
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/war

Small Planet: A Gift from the Gods
http://www.smplanet.com/teaching/imperialism/#SAW3

1. Emiliano Aguinaldo's army had helped U.S. against the Spanish.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/peopleevents/pande8.html

2. Aguinaldo expected to be president of an independent Philippines.

3. U.S. decided not to permit him to be President.

4. Aguinaldo led a guerrilla war against the occupying U.S. military.

5. War foreshadowed tactics and atrocities of Vietnam.

6. Aguinaldo finally captured. The revolt ended.
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl19.html






TREMENDOUS THURSDAY, 31 AUGUST 2017

II. Mood music

Queen Lili'uokalani - Aloha'Oe
http://youtu.be/Y1bIxMYPlas

Queen Liliuokalani March
http://youtu.be/M4Sqgz7tN-A

Ku'u Home - Old Plantation / 1890's Traditional Hawaiian mele
http://youtu.be/suJF2WPOGU8

1899 in Music
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/1899_in_music

Ragtime
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ragtime

Maple Leaf Rag - Scott Joplin (1899) Ragtime Piano Roll Legend
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maple_Leaf_Rag
http://youtu.be/O_dI6BZt06U

Friday songs on Thursday (15 more week and we'll be through)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/attendance

II. FYI (For Your Information)

You’re Sorry for Someone’s Loss. But How Do You Say It?
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/24/smarter-living/condolence-letters-how-to.html

III. Homework for Tuesday, 5 September

Yellow Journalism
http://www.smplanet.com/teaching/imperialism/#SAW1

A Splendid Little War
http://www.smplanet.com/teaching/imperialism/#SAW2

[Note to me: From now on, add assignments from our online textbook]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/U.S.+History.org

IV. In class today

Historical Analysis: sourcing, contextualization, corroboration
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Historical+Analysis

a. Sourcing
1.Who wrote the source?
2.When was it written?
3.Where was it written?
4.Is the author in a position to know first-hand, or is the account based on hearsay?
5.Can the source be believed? Is the author trustworthy. What will he stand to gain or lose?

b. Contextualization
1. What else was happening at the time this was written? (The burning issues of the day).
2. What was different back then? What was the same?
3. What would it look like through the eyes of someone who lived back then?

c. Corroboration
1. What are the real facts?
2. Comparing different accounts
3. What is common to the various accounts?
4. When do they disagree?
5. What might explain these discrepancies?
6. How might the accounts be reconciled?

American Eyes Abroad

1. In 1890, the US census declared the frontier "closed."

2. Many in America began to believe we had to expand abroad.

3. Great powers measured their greatness by the colonies they acquired.

World Colonial Empires, 1900
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI445.jpg

4. Britain, Germany, and France divided up Africa. They wanted to carve up Asia as well.

Alfred Thayer Mahan

Alfred Thayer Mahan bio
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Thayer_Mahan

Mahan's The Influence of Sea Power upon History (Historian of the State Department)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1866-1898/mahan

Mahan was for many years the President of the Naval War College.

Mahan's argument ran as follows:

~National greatness and prosperity depended on naval power.
~Mahan urged the Navy to shift from wood construction to steel
~Overproduction: In the US, more produced than domestic market could absorb.
~Hence, overseas markets needed to dispose of surplus
~Overseas markets implied distant ports
~Reaching distant ports required large merchant marine
~Merchant marine needed protection of powerful navy
~Ships needed coaling stations and repair yards
~Coaling stations implied secure stops: colonies
~Canal across Panama needed to link East coast with Pacific Ocean

Hawaii

Footholds in the Pacific (Small Planet)
http://www.smplanet.com/teaching/imperialism/#EP2

1. In 1820, the first American missionaries arrived.

2. Their offspring became powerful sugar planters in Hawaii.

3. By 1875, a treaty between the U.S. and Hawaii tightened the links between the two:

a. Allowed Hawaiian sugar to enter the U.S. free of customs duties;
b. Required Hawaiian monarchy to make no territorial or economic concessions to other countries.

4. In 1890 McKinley Tariff ended special status given to Hawaiian sugar.

5. By this time, Caucasian Americans owned three–quarters of the islands' wealth, though they represented a mere 2.1 percent of the population.

6. In 1891, a strongly nationalistic Queen Liliuokalani ascended to the throne and tried to restore greater power to Hawaiian natives.

Queen Liliukalani
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liliuokalani

Her music
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_compositions_and_works_by_Liliuokalani

7. In 1893, Americans overthrew Queen Liliuokalani, set up a provisional government, and asked to become an American state—so that their sugar would be classified as domestic and would avoid tariffs.

Hawaiian Monarchy Overthrown by America-Backed Businessmen (New York Times)
http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/01/17/jan-17-1893-hawaiian-monarchy-overthrown-by-america-backed-businessmen/

8. Annexation of Hawaii to the United States took place in 1898 during the Spanish–American War

Spanish-American war

Spanish-American War (One Direction's "What Makes You Beautiful" Parody) - @MrBettsClass
http://youtu.be/zjv-SS8FXNE






TERRIFIC TUESDAY, 29 August 2017

I'm Dave Lambert. I hope you had a terrific summer.

We are going to have fun together this semester--while learning much in the process.

Check out this video to give us all some cool thoughts:

Sleepy Labrador Puppy "Moki" Loves The A/C
https://youtu.be/7SZJ6PEH8Gs



SORRY, NO CRASHING

I won't be able to add anyone who is not already registered.



TODAY'S SCHEDULE.

I will send the material on this page to you via email.

1. Prayer

I will pray for us every class and ask if you have a prayer request or a praise you feel comfortable offering publicly.

My church: Grace Church (Baptist) in Glendora (the Spanish-language ministry)

My wife's church: St. Dorothy's Catholic Church in Glendora

2. Thorn in the Flesh
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Thorn+in+the+Flesh

Integrating my faith into our class is natural for me. So I want to start off the semester doing so.

3. Info card
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Info+Card

4. Syllabus
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Syllabus+TR+F17

Here are the highlights:

a. You need to bring your laptop to every class session.

b. No hard-copy text is required. We will use all online sources and websites.

We will use an online textbook which I have indexed on this link::
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/U.S.+History.org

c. Grade is based on 4 multiple-choice exams and participation.

d. Attendance is required. Any absences over two will mean a deduction to the grade.

5. Learning Professor wiki
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/home

US HISTORY FROM 1877

HIST 152 Today TR F17
HIST 152 Syllabus TR F17

6. Our Class Page
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+152+Today+TR+F17

Always turn to this page for our daily schedule
[This outline is on that page.]

7. High Fives (why I like to do it as you leave class each day)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/High+Fives

8. Material for class today: Newsboy Strike in 1899

Time machine 29 August 1899 (08/29/1899)
http://dmarie.com/timecap/final.asp?unique=42744.2708101852

People then were just living their lives as we are in our time.
100 years from now, APU students will read about our time period (Hurricane Harvey, Afghanistan War)

APU founded on 3 March 1899
http://www.apu.edu/about/history/

Here is a brief context for the Newsboy strike in the summer of 1899.
That is right after APU was founded.

Crucible of Empire: Spanish-American War
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/

Yellow Journalism
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/journalism.html

Article covering details of the strike (summer 1899)
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newsboys'_strike_of_1899

The Newsies Fan film (Play first few minutes)
http://youtu.be/al3RbaCaIUA