My topic: "Evangelicals and Immigration Reform: Players, Positions, and Potential Impact"

Christians in Political Science (CPS) conference at APU (May 29-31)

[from the brochure] The theme of this year's conference, "Freedom and Responsibility in the Modern World," identifies the tensions that characterize current political debates, such as the strain between individual liberty and concern for the common good, and it underscores pressures often found within communities of faith: How do we balance rights with responsibilities? How do we achieve liberty while guarding against licentiousness?

Christians in Political Science

My proposal:

Evangelicals and Immigration Reform: Players, Positions, and Potential Impact

My focus will be on the apparent shift in the position of certain evangelical groups (considered to be key members of the Republican Party base) toward a greater acceptance of immigration reform, which until recently has had little Republican Party support. I intend to survey the landscape of the current on-going lobbying efforts of evangelical Christian groups (both Anglo and Hispanic) on potential immigration reform legislation at the national level. I will aim for a nuanced analysis of the following: which evangelical groups and persons are the players; what positions does each group hold in the debate; what cleavages exist between the evangelical groups supporting reform; and what strength do the evangelical supporters of reform hold vis-à-vis Republican Party lobbying groups who are against immigration reform in any guise?

Search strategies:

I generally searched within Google and Sweet Search using the terms "evangelicals and immigration reform.

In our Research and Writing class, we should work through each of the databases using this same term.

But then we should try some other combinations to see what turns up:
Christians and immigration
Christians and immigration reform
Religion and immigration
Religion and immigration reform
Immigration reform legislative analysis

[Notes to myself:]

Do a search of key databases for more academic articles.

Work through the databases on my Research Module wiki page

Use search term "evangelicals and immigration reform"

Lexis-Nexis for sure.
Law review articles
Congressional items

THOMAS guide to legislation

Particularly search the Political Science journals to be sure I am up with current research.

Figure out a way to put these on Diigo so I can annotate them online. Or get started with Zotero.


I worked through all my videos and guides this weekend but am still hesitant to commit to it.

I need to do the most recent Firefox update first.

Then I have to decide if I want to use the Firefox with Microsoft Word plugin version of Zotero or the version for Standalone computers. I think the former.

See the Zotero page on my wiki:

Librarian-approved, Time-saving Research Tips, Part 8: Use Zotero to Create your Bibliography

Other items on my immigration reform research journey since we were last with each other:

Local immigration attorney: Veronica Sanchez Villegas
1214 S. Glendora Avenue, West Covina (626) 850-5000
YouTube video of her law firm:

Finding the right immigration lawyer
Immigration portal to [Sisskind Susser Immigration lawyers]

Identifying an immigration attorney
NASFA=Association of International Educators

Carl Shusterman immigration attorney website

Guerra Saenz immigration lawyer

Online resources for learning about immigration law

Approaches to understanding current US-Mexican immigration issues
Kellogg Institute for International Studies (University of Notre Dame)

Critical thinking resources for immigration (American Enterprise Institute)

US immigration law research guide (Georgetown University)

Larry Ferlazzo's best list

Immigration Law: A Primer

Top 9 legal resources for immigration practicioners

++A Guide for Immigration Advocates (Immigrant Legal Resource Center) [order this]

++Basic Immigration Law 40 Hour Training (9 June-13 June) [Brittany Gwynn]

World Relief Immigrant Legal Services

++Dick Aced, Trabuco Presbyterian Church, Orange County or (502) 569-5372
Among the religious groups that train individuals for BIA accreditation are Immigrant Hope (, World Relief (, and Catholic Legal Immigration Network Inc. (

++BIA accreditation Immigrant Legal Resource Center

Catholic Legal Network, Inc. (CLINIC)

Toolkit for BIA Recognition and Accreditation (CLINIC)

Board of Immigration Appeals Recognition and Accreditation Instruction Booklet (Church World Service)

Launching an Immigration legal ministry

Immigration Service and Aid Center (ISAAC)
Guidebook for starting an immigration service ministry

Immigration Policy Center (American Immigration Council)

Immigration (Brookings Institution)

United States Immigration support|917231600&gclid=CPeg6M3v7pACFRC8iQod1BMl4A

Beginnings of an outline:


~~English language media
Conservative ones particularly
Ones that cover Congress (Roll Call, the Hill, CQ, etc.)


NYT Topics

Washington Post immigration tab

Washington Times

Evangelicals Use Bible to Champion Immigration Reform | The Rundown | PBS NewsHour | PBS

~~Spanish language media


~~Think Tanks and Lobbying groups

~Evangelical Immigration Table (EIT)

Evangelical Immigration Table Misuses Scripture, Critics Say

~Evangelicals for Biblical Immigration (EBI)

~~National HIspanic Christian Leadership Conference (NHCLC)
Many articles in Sweet Search to follow up
In his personal capacity
In his capacity of President of NHCLC
bio to start with can be found here:

National Latino Evangelical Coalition on Immigration
President Gabriel Saguero

~American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA)
Resources on 2014 Immigration Reform

~Immigration Policy Center (American Immigration Council)
A Guide to S. 744: Understanding the 2013 Senate Immigration Bill

~National Immigration Law Center
Summary & Analysis: The Senate Bill (S. 744)

~Heritage Foundation
House Standards for Immigration Reform and the Flawed Senate Bill

~American Enterprise Institute

~Center for Immigration Studies [against much further immigration]

PICO national network campaign for citizenship [faith-based groups]


Blend in from below

Definition of immigration reform

Immigration Bill summary (Politico)

How does this site work: can get email or RSS updates
S. 1: Immigration Reform that Works for America’s Future Act (22 January 2013)

Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - S.744 - THOMAS (Library of Congress)
The link I had went away.
What is the home page for THOMAS

~~S. 744 itself
What are the parts
What subparts of each (border control has metrics, too)
What timing of the various parts

~~What is being reformed

~~Economic impact of proposed reform

The Economic Impact of S. 744, the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act
Congressional Budget Office [22 page PDF]

~~In US History, position of political parties on immigration

What has been done recently on reform
"For more than 25 years, it's never been the right time for immigration reform" (15 February 2014)

~~What are the steps normally needed to become a citizen.
Mini case study: What are the steps taken so far by Felipe [name changed]

In a crowded immigration court, seven minutes to decide a family's future

~~Definition of evangelical
Versus Catholic, mainline, Jewish
Differences within hispanic
On immigration
On other issues

Catholic Church's position on Immigration Reform (United States Conference of Catholic Bishops)
How would their position differ from lay Catholics

Center for Immigration Studies
"The Use and Abuse of the Bible in the Immigration Debate" (James Hoffmeier)
ordered from Amazon a book Hoffmeier authored
The Immigration Crisis: Immigrants, Aliens, and the Bible.

"What Does the Bible Teach on Immigration? An Interview with James Hoffmeier - Justin Taylor

~~Survey research sources

~Association of Religious Data Archives (ARDA)
Summary | Religion, Values, and Immigration Reform Survey: National Sample | Data Archive | The Association of Religion Data Archives

~Pew Center

~Other ones


~~Above all, Republican Party position on immigration reform is critical to the debate

~~Which evangelical groups for/against (and what parts are "they" for/against)

~~How to agree on what the Bible says about immigration
Or is this like the slavery debate: see what you want to see

~~Other groups besides evangelicals who are for immigration reform
What parts of the proposals are they for
Big business: which lobbyists exactly

~~Big names who might shape the upcoming debate:

~Jeb Bush

~Jeb Bush's son, George P. Bush
El Bush hispano, ¿nueva esperanza del Partido Republicano? - BBC Mundo

~Ralph Reed
~Senator Marco Rubio
~Senator Ted Cruz

~~Money: where is big money, if any, coming from



Which Congressional committee(s) will be assigned an immigration bill

~United States Senate
S. 744

Gang of Eight: who are they
"Dug in against the Gang of Eight"

~United States House of Representatives
Speaker John Boehner

~~Supreme Court
Have they handled any applicable cases
What is the likely position of a majority

~~President Obama
How much reform is he ok with
How does his low ratings affect his ability to control the debate


Immigration reform issues at state level: CA, AZ, TX, GA, FL

Analysis of Arizona's Immigration Law (National Conference of State Legislatures)


Topic Page: Immigration in the United States (Credo Reference) [Go over with Becky Russo]

Immigration: CQ Researcher [Go over with Becky Russo]

Articles we have covered in class

The following 4 articles we have had assigned for homework and have gone over in class.

1. "Among U.S. evangelicals, surprising support for immigration reform"
2. "Love thy immigrant stranger as thyself"
3. "A Christian split on immigration"
4. "No, Evangelicals Are Not United on Immigration Reform"

Here is how I have "mined" these articles (like "mining" a bibliography) to get a fix on the parts of the issue.

These are the items I want to follow up on from each article.

Ideally I should be using some mindmapping software but I am still not sure which application I want to use. So for now I will produce my list in a linear fashion.

I searched using Google and Sweet Search

1. "Among U.S. evangelicals, surprising support for immigration reform"

~~Ideas and concepts in the overall debate:

I need to pull these issues out of the articles.

~~Check out:

Vote Smart

Right Wing Watch (People for the American Way)

~~People discussed in this article:

a. Reverend Samuel Rodriguez
Many articles in Sweet Search to follow up
In his personal capacity
In his capacity of President of NHCLC
bio to start with can be found here:

b. Republic strategist Ford O'Connell
search under Ford O'Connell and Ford O'Connell immigration

c. Rep. Bob Goodlatte (R) Va.
chairman of House Judiciary Committee
chaired a hearing on immigration reform

d. Rep. Raul Labrador (R) Idaho
Tea Party thinker on immigration
good articles from Sweet Search to follow up with
spend time on this person

e. Southern Baptist Convention

f. Jim Daly, President of Focus on the Family

g. Polling organizations

Public Religion Research Institute poll (2010)

Pew Forum on Religion in Public Life poll

h. Mathew Staver, VP of Liberty University
Liberty Counsel website
"A Christian Approach to Immigration Reform"

i. Rep. Doug Collins (R) Georgia
"A Georgia Congressman Tackles Immigration Reform"

j. Dr. Victoria DeFrancesco Soto
Bilingual. Follow up on her views.

k. Daniel Carroll
Dr. M. Daniel Carroll Rodas Appointed As Immigration Spokesperson For The NHCLC
ordered from Amazon a book he authored
Christians at the Border: Immigration, the Church, and the Bible

l. Matt Soerens: World Relief
ordered from Amazon, a book he coauthored
"Welcoming the Stranger: Justice, Compassion & Truth in the Immigration Debate"

2. "Love thy immigrant stranger as thyself"

Author Molly Worthen is an assistant professor of history at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

National Immigration Forum

Richard Land: Southern Baptist

National Association of Evangelicals

Jesse Miranda is a Pentecostal who founded a national organization for Latino Protestants, Alianza de Ministerios Evangélicos Nacionales (AMEN)

In 2011, when Carl Ruby was an administrator at the conservative Baptist Cedarville University, in Ohio, he helped students organize a conference on immigration (National Immigration Forum)

M. Daniel Carroll Rodas, a professor at Denver Seminary who has written about the Bible's call to "welcome the stranger

Peter Cha, a theologian who will teach in Trinity Evangelical Divinity School's new program in "Compassion and Justice" this fall

Mark Tooley, the president of the Institute on Religion and Democracy, has noticed a shift to the left among evangelical elites, and it worries him.
Institute on Religion and Democracy

3. "A Christian split on immigration"

Author: Michael Gerson

many evangelical leaders and institutions -- including the National Association of Evangelicals and the Ethics and Religious Liberty Commission of the Southern Baptist Convention -- are high-profile advocates

as professor John Green of the University of Akron pointed out at a recent Faith Angle Forum conference [good]
Ethics and Public Policy Center

Leaders such as Richard Land and Ralph Reed have encouraged immigration reform since the 1990s.

4. "No, Evangelicals Are Not United on Immigration Reform"

Rev. Michael Wilker -- who hosted 300 evangelical leaders at his Church of the Reformation, very close to the capitol in Washington DC, for an Evangelical Immigration Table Day of Action

Michael Patrick Leahy wrote about this at Breitbart

~~Kelly Monroe Kullberg, founder of the Veritas Forum, author of the bestselling Finding God at Harvard, and acting president of Christians for a Sustainable Economy
Evangelicals for Biblical Immigration (EVI)
"New Group, Evangelicals for Biblical Immigration, Opposes Gang of 8 Bill"

Full version of EBI Letter to Congress

Gang of Eight" immigration bill

Carl Ruby, formerly of Cedarville
Now (??) of the National Immigration Forum (NIF)
"A Christian college struggles to define itself"

George Soros: atheist globalist and open border advocate (of the Open Society Institute) is the largest donor to the NIF

Jim Wallis and Sojourners: Soros has funded longstanding efforts through Jim Wallis and Sojourners to engage in "messaging and mobilizing" around issues like immigration reform,

Breitbart letter

Phase these items into my outline:

Koch brothers: what is their stance on immigration. Their big money could make a difference.

Cognitive dissonance and how this may affect how evangelical Republicans think about immigration reform.

Reconcile the figures:
  1. of undocumented in US 11+ million
  2. of new ones entering yearly
  3. of people deported yearly
  4. of ones returning voluntarily
===does that still mean there are 11+ million still left in America

New articles since we were last together:

Special issue of Journal of American History devoted to immigration
About the Project
The New Era of Mexican Migration to the United States

Boehner assures Republicans he won't push immigration reform

Sheriffs limit detention of immigrants

Conservative Koch-backed group uses soft touch in recruiting U.S. Hispanics

Is there an evangelical mainstream?

The legal side of Mexican immigration (Wilson Center)

How Mexican mothers identify sons lost on the trek to the US

The GOP position on immigration: Get out

High deportation figures are misleading,0,3514864.story#axzz2zq4QPNoj

++Background information on immigration

The Jeb Bush follies

Jeb Bush's rush to make money may be a hurdle

Immigration activists urge Obama to act boldly

Court deportations drop 43 percent in the last five years

Obama. Republicans openly feud over immigration legislation

++How Jeb Bush crystallized the GOP dilemma on immigration

If Republicans want immigration reform, they'll have to get someone angry
[Check out the last paragraph on the groups who want immigration reform]

A Path to an Agreement? [Stuart Anderson]

Rand Paul: Jeb Bush could have been more artful with his immigration comment

How failure of immigration reform could drag down Paul Ryan

US Citizenship and Immigration Services online [response to an email from that group]

Jeb Bush talks approach if he runs for president

Jeb Bush to meet with Southern Baptist leader

More deportations follow minor crimes

Hoping for asylum, migrants strain US border

Few rewards for the Obama administration's rigidity on deportations

Why immigration (probably) won't sink Marco Rubio in 2016

Who is this “evangelico” you hear so much about?

American Immigration Lawyers' Association

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services

Recognition and Accreditation [to represent immigrants] (Department of Justice)

Board of Immigration Appeals (Department of Justice)

LexisNexis(R) InfoPro - Zimmerman's Research Guide - Board of Immigration Appeals

LexisNexis Immigration cases from law reviews

Executive Office for Immigration Review (Department of Justice)

Google Scholar search on "evangelicals and immigration reform

Cesar Chavez film triggers legacy discussion

Yes He Can, on Immigration (NYT editorial)

Immigration bill splitting House GOP

Inside America's $2billion immigrant detention industry

Mexican Migration Project

Interview with Douglas Massey: Measuring the effects of US policy on Latin American migration patterns

It's time for immigration reform (Douglas Massey--July 2011)

Douglas Massey bio sketch (American Sociological Association--by his mentor)

End for Tuesday, 15 April

California farmers short of labor, and patience

Hopes frustrated, many Latinos reject the ballot box altogether

Border Patrol seeks to add digital eyes to its ranks

Influential Republicans working to draft Jeb Bush into 2016 presidential race

Billionaire mogul Sheldon Adelson looks for mainstream Republicans who can win in 2016

Sheldon Adelson plans VIP dinner for Jeb Bush at GOP gathering in Las Vegas

Topic Page: Immigration in the United States (Credo Reference) [Go over with Becky Russo]

Immigration: CQ Researcher [Go over with Becky Russo]

Talked yesterday to several research librarians about LexisNexis issues.

Received the Jeb Bush book [English version] on Immigration Reform.

Paying price, 16 years later, for an illegal entry

Undocumented immigrant who hid in Chicago church, reenters US

Other articles I have read which I need to plug into the outline above

I read two books pertinent to my topic:

M. Daniel Carroll R. Christians at the Border: Immigration, the Church, and the Bible. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2008.

Matthew Soerens and Jenny Hwang. Welcoming the Stranger: Justice, Compassion & Truth in the Immigration Debate. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2009.

The Biblical debate [use material from the books]

What does the Bible tell us to do in helping the alien and stranger

How to square that with the advice in Romans 13 to obey the law

What if that law seems to conflict with the higher law of God

Take a look at how some reconciliation commissions have dealt with this.

I need to read the book my wife suggested: Blind Spots: Why we fail to what is right and what to do about it.


Ordered Jeb Bush on Immigration Reform

Articles I read since we were last together:

Condoleezza Rice urges Republican party to be more inclusive

Obama, citing a concern for families, orders a review of deportations

GOP outreach to Latinos overshadowed by conservative opposition to immigration reform

Senate primaries test GOP establishment, insurgent wings

Big-Money Donors Demand Larger Say in Campaign Strategy

Trying to Revive His Prospects, Rubio Pushes Strength Abroad

Rick Perry gets a huge response at CPAC

Por qué algunos republicanos se oponen a la reforma migratoria

Leading Republicans Move to Stamp Out Challenges From Right

Seeking wider influence, Tea Party group goes professional

A Reagan Legacy: Amnesty For Illegal Immigrants

Congress tried to fix immigration back in 1986. Why did it fail?

Why immigration reform in 1986 fell short

Enacting Immigration Reform, Again (Romano L. Mazzoli and Alan K. Simpson)

The Top 5 Reasons Why Immigration Reform in 2013 Is Different Than in 1986

Ed Meese: An Amnesty by Any Other Name ...

Pew Research Center: Hispanic Trends Project (19 December 2013)
On Immigration Policy, Deportation Relief Seen As More Important Than Pathway to Citizenship

2013 Hispanic Values Survey: How Shifting Religious Identities and Experiences are Influencing Hispanic Approaches to Politics

California Driver’s License Program Hits an Unexpected Hurdle

TV appearance shows immigration hurting Obama among Hispanics

For G.O.P., Hard Line on Immigration Comes at a Cost

Immigrant detainees on hunger strike in Washington state

Why Republicans should embrace immigration reform, in one chart

Texas Governor Rick Perry (Republican) thinks Mexico may have just solved America's immigration problem

GOP Congressman in South Carolina takes a risk on immigration

Diaz-Balart (Republican, Florida): We’re ready to move on immigration, if House GOP allows it

Young Immigrants Turn Focus to President in Struggle Over Deportations

Former Clinton spokesman Mike McCurry finds his faith, marries it with politics

Doing Good to the Stranger and the Citizen: Evangelicals Discuss Immigration Reform (1 hour Heritage Foundation video: Tooley, Hoffmeier, Kelly Kullberg, Carol Swain)

Evangelicals Battle Over 'Biblical' Immigration |

The new evangelical ethic around immigration reform | OnFaith

Evangelicals and Immigration | National Review Online

Is Immigration Reform Dead? Not If Evangelicals Can Do Anything About It - Michael Wear - The Atlantic

Evangelicals May Be Key to Immigration Reform [good]

SHAPIRO: The evolution of evangelicals on immigration

Focus on the Family joins evangelical call for immigration reform

O.C. churches give fresh fuel to immigration reform

Top Republicans Call to call for legal status for some immigrants [see last paragraph on groups besides evangelicals]

Why is the Roman Catholic Church supporting immigration reform?

Hispanics often lead the way in their faith in the American Dream, poll finds

House Republicans Preparing Plan for Immigration Overhaul (1/8/14) [good]

Michael Gerson: A Coke and a hearty welcome [analysis of a Super Bowl commercial and connection to immigration debate] [get link]

Boehner is hit from the right on overhaul of immigration

Representative Trey Gowdy, Republican of South Carolina and chairman of the House Judiciary
Subcommittee on Immigration

George Will: Why immigration reform matters

Detainees sentenced in seconds in "streamline" justice on border

House Republicans Preparing Plan for Immigration Overhaul (1/8/14)

Behind retreat on immigration, a complicated political interplay

Boehner is hit from the right on overhaul of immigration

Program benefiting some immigrants extends visa wait for others