Milestones of State Department

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Moments in U.S. Diplomatic History (Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training)

All Milestones - Milestones - Office of the Historian
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1750–1775: Diplomatic Struggles in the Colonial Period

Incidents leading up to the French and Indian War, 1753–54

French and Indian War/Seven Years’ War, 1754–63

Albany Plan of Union, 1754

Treaty of Paris, 1763

Parliamentary taxation, 1763–1775

Proclamation Line of 1763, Quebec Act of 1774 and Westward Expansion

1776–1783: Diplomacy and the American Revolution

Secret Committee of Correspondence/ Committee for Foreign Affairs, 1775–1777

French Alliance, French Assistance, and European Diplomacy during the American

Benjamin Franklin: First American Diplomat, 1776–1785

Treaty of Paris, 1783

1784–1800: The Diplomacy of the Early Republic

The United States and the French Revolution, 1789–1799

The United States and the Haitian Revolution, 1791–1804

The Citizen Genêt Affair, 1793–1794

John Jay’s Treaty, 1794–95

Treaty of San Lorenzo/ Pinckney’s Treaty, 1795

Washington’s Farewell Address, 1796

The XYZ Affair and the Quasi-War with France, 1798–1800

1801–1829: Securing the Republic

Barbary Wars, 1801–1805 and 1815–1816

Napoleonic Wars and the United States, 1803–1815

Louisiana Purchase, 1803

War of 1812–1815

Rush-Bagot Pact, 1817 and Convention of 1818

Acquisition of Florida: Treaty of Adams-Onis (1819) and Transcontinental Treaty (1821)

Monroe Doctrine, 1823

1830–1860: Diplomacy and Westward Expansion

Indian Treaties and the Removal Act of 1830

The Oregon Territory, 1846

The Annexation of Texas, the Mexican-American War, and the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, 1845–1848

Founding of Liberia, 1847

Gadsden Purchase, 1853–1854

The United States and the Opening to Japan, 1853

1861–1865: The Civil War and International Diplomacy

Preventing Diplomatic Recognition of the Confederacy, 1861–1865

The Trent Affair, 1861

1866–1898: The Continued Expansion of United States Interests

Alaska purchase

Chinese Exclusion Act

Alfred Thayer Mahan

Blaine and Pan-Americanism

Annexation of Hawaii

US Diplomacy and Yellow Journalism

Spanish-American war

1899–1913: Defending U.S. International Interests

The Philippine-American War, 1899–1902

Secretary of State John Hay and the Open Door in China, 1899–1900

Japanese-American Relations at the Turn of the Century, 1900–1922

The United States, Cuba, and the Platt Amendment, 1901

Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, 1904

The Treaty of Portsmouth and the Russo-Japanese War, 1904–1905

Dollar Diplomacy, 1909–1913

The Chinese Revolution of 1911

Building the Panama Canal, 1903–1914

1914–1920: World War One and Wilsonian Diplomacy

U.S. Invasion and Occupation of Haiti, 1915–34

U.S. Entry into World War I, 1917

Wilson’s Fourteen Points, 1918

The Bullitt Mission to Soviet Russia, 1919

The Paris Peace Conference and the Treaty of Versailles

The League of Nations, 1920

1921–1936: Interwar Diplomacy

The Washington Naval Conference, 1921–1922

The Immigration Act of 1924 (The Johnson-Reed Act)

The Dawes Plan, the Young Plan, German Reparations, and Inter-allied War Debts

The Geneva Naval Conference, 1927

The Kellogg-Briand Pact, 1928

The 1928 Red Line Agreement

The Great Depression and U.S. Foreign Policy

Protectionism in the Interwar Period

The London Naval Conference, 1930

The Mukden Incident of 1931 and the Stimson Doctrine

Good Neighbor Policy, 1933

Recognition of the Soviet Union, 1933

New Deal Trade Policy: Export-Import Bank Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act, 1934

The Neutrality Acts, 1930s

1937–1945: Diplomacy and the Road to Another War

Japan, China, the United States and the Road to Pearl Harbor, 1937–41

Mexican Expropriation of Foreign Oil, 1938

American Isolationism in the 1930s

Henry Luce and 20th Century U.S. Internationalism

The Atlantic Conference & Charter, 1941

Lend-Lease and Military Aid to the Allies in the Early Years of World War II

U.S.-Soviet Alliance, 1941–1945

Repeal of the Chinese Exclusion Act, 1943

Wartime Conferences, 1941–1945

The Casablanca Conference, 1943

The Tehran Conference, 1943

Bretton Woods-GATT, 1941–1947

The Yalta Conference, 1945

The Potsdam Conference, 1945

The Formation of the United Nations, 1945

1945–1952: The Early Cold War

Atomic Diplomacy

The Nuremberg Trial and the Tokyo War Crimes Trials (1945–1948)

Occupation and Reconstruction of Japan, 1945–52

The Acheson-Lilienthal & Baruch Plans, 1946

The Truman Doctrine, 1947

National Security Act of 1947

Kennan and Containment, 1947

Marshall Plan, 1948

The Berlin Airlift, 1948–1949

Creation of Israel, 1948

The Arab-Israeli War of 1948

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 1949

The Chinese Revolution of 1949

NSC-68, 1950

Decolonization of Asia and Africa, 1945–1960

The Korean War, 1950–1953

The Australia, New Zealand and United States Security Treaty (ANZUS Treaty), 1951

The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (The McCarran-Walter Act)

Korean War and Japan’s Recovery

1953–1960: Entrenchment of a Bi-Polar Foreign Policy

Dien Bien Phu & the Fall of French Indochina, 1954

The East German Uprising, 1953

Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO), 1954

The Taiwan Straits Crises: 1954–55 and 1958

U.S.-China Ambassadorial Talks, 1955–1970

The Warsaw Treaty Organization, 1955

The Baghdad Pact (1955) and the Central Treaty Organization (CENTO)

Bandung Conference (Asian-African Conference), 1955

Khrushchev and the Twentieth Congress of the Communist Party, 1956

The Suez Crisis, 1956

Sputnik, 1957

The Eisenhower Doctrine, 1957

The Berlin Crisis, 1958–1961

U-2 Overflights and the Capture of Francis Gary Powers, 1960

1961–1968: The Presidencies of John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson

The Laos Crisis, 1960–1963

The Congo, Decolonization, and the Cold War, 1960–1965

USAID and PL–480, 1961–1969

The Bay of Pigs Invasion and its Aftermath, April 1961–October 1962

The Cuban Missile Crisis, October 1962

Alliance for Progress and Peace Corps, 1961–1969

The Limited Test Ban Treaty, 1963

U.S. Involvement in the Vietnam War: the Gulf of Tonkin and Escalation, 1964

The India-Pakistan War of 1965

The 1967 Arab-Israeli War

U.S. Involvement in the Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive, 1968

Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia, 1968

The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), 1968

1969–1976: The Presidencies of Richard M. Nixon and Gerald R. Ford

The Allende Years and the Pinochet Coup, 1969–1973

Détente and Arms Control, 1969–1979

The South Asia Crisis and the Founding of Bangladesh, 1971

Nixon and the End of the Bretton Woods System, 1971–1973

Strategic Arms Limitations Talks/Treaty (SALT) I and II

Rapprochement with China, 1972

The 1973 Arab-Israeli War

Oil Embargo, 1973–1974

Ending the Vietnam War, 1969–1973

The Angola Crisis 1974–75

Shuttle Diplomacy and the Arab-Israeli Dispute, 1974–1975

Helsinki Final Act, 1975

1977–1981: The Presidency of Jimmy Carter

“Buried in the Sands of the Ogaden”: The Horn of Africa and SALT II, 1977–1979

Central America, 1977–1980

Carter and Human Rights, 1977–1981

Political and Security Relations: United States and Western Europe, 1977–1981

The North-South Dialogue and Economic Diplomacy

Counter-Proliferation During the Carter Administration

China Policy

Trilateral Diplomacy: the United States, Western Europe and Japan

Camp David Accords and the Arab-Israeli Peace Process

The Panama Canal and the Torrijos-Carter Treaties

The Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan and the U.S. Response, 1978–1980

1981–1988: The Presidency of Ronald W. Reagan

U.S.-Soviet Relations, 1981–1991

Central America, 1981–1993

The Reagan Administration and Lebanon, 1981–1984

Crisis in the South Atlantic: Reagan Administration and Anglo-Argentine War of 1982

The August 17, 1982 U.S.-China Communiqué on Arms Sales to Taiwan

1989–1992: The Presidency of George H.W. Bush

The End of Apartheid
Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), 1989
Fall of Communism in Eastern Europe, 1989
The Collapse of the Soviet Union
The Breakup of Yugoslavia, 1990–1992
Tiananmen Square, 1989
The Gulf War, 1991
The Madrid Conference, 1991
Strategic Arms Reduction Treaties, 1991 and 1993

1993–2000: The Presidency of William J. Clinton

The Evolution of NATO, 1988–2001

Somalia, 1992–1993

The War in Bosnia, 1992–1995

Bill Clinton, Boris Yeltsin, and U.S.-Russian Relations

Denuclearization and the Two Koreas, 1993–2001

The Oslo Accords and the Arab-Israeli Peace Process

Intervention in Haiti, 1994–1995

Moments in U.S. Diplomatic History (Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training)

An American Diplomat in Vichy France

Viet Cong Invade American Embassy

The Fall of Saigon--April 30, 1975

The Liberation and The Catastrophe: The Deadly Founding of Israel, May 14, 1948

The Day Venezuelans Attacked Nixon

The Little Emergency that was the Korean War

McCarthy's Red Herring

The 1958 U.S. Marine Invasion of Lebanon

A Completely Lawless Place – Beirut and the Assassination of Ambassador Meloy and Robert Waring

The June 4 Massacre in Tiananmen Square, 1989

The Bombing of U.S. Embassy Beirut — April 18, 1983
The Embassy Beirut Bombing — A Consular Officer’s Perspective

The Bay of Pigs, April 15, 1961 — “People felt this plan would not succeed”

Nixon Goes to China

The Show Trial of U-2 Pilot Francis Gary Powers

The Assassination of U.S. Ambassador Spike Dubs, Kabul, 1979

The U.S.S. Pueblo Incident
Washington Post article about Pueblo

Desert Storm “The War Never Really Ended” — Part I
Desert Storm “The War Never Really Ended” — Part II

The Iran Hostage Crisis—Part I
The Iran Hostage Crisis—Part II
Tie a Yellow Ribbon — The Iran Hostage Crisis as Seen from the Home Front