Nicaragua history

Spanish conquest of Nicaragua

History of Central America

Federal Republic of Central America
[United Provinces of Central America]

Central American crisis

Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal (Nicaragua)

Chamorro, Prize?Winning Editor Is Shot Dead In Nicaragua

The US, El Salvador, Nicaragua (article is from 1981)

National Security Decision Directive NSDD 17 Nicaragua (1982)

Nicaragua–Russia relations

Setback for Contras : CIA Mining of Harbors 'a Fiasco' - latimes

1972 Nicaragua earthquake

Top Secret America | Iran-Contra

Iran-Contra Affair

Iran-Contra affair

U.S supported those fighting against (contra) the communists in Nicaragua.

After Vietnam and Watergate, Congress anxious to oversee foreign policy

Congress ordered Reagan not to continue support of Contras

Reagan Endorses CIA Support of Nicaraguan Contras

Iran-Contra Scandal Breaks

Iran-Contra Affair: Nicaragua Timeline

Iran-Contra Affair: Sandinistas


Iran-Contra Affair: Contras

Iran-Contra Affair: US support for the Contras

1982 Boland Amendment

Boland Amendment | The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
[get password]

Óscar Arias Sánchez (Costa Rica)Óscar_Arias

Nicaraguan revolution

Somoza family

National Guard (Nicaragua)

Augusto César Sandino

Sandinista National Liberacion Front

The Soviet Union fought the Cold War in Nicaragua. Now Putin’s Russia is back.

Operation Charly (Argentine method used in Central America)

Central America and Nicaragua maps

Nicaragua: BBC profile

Nicaragua (Insight Crime)

Bill de Blasio's stand against Reagan's contra war on Nicaragua
[He is the current mayor of New York City]

President Jimmy Carter's approach to Nicaragua

President Ronald Reagan's approach to Nicaragua

Few Nicaraguans among Central America's exodus to US

Confessions of a 'Contra' | The New Republic

Adolfo Calero, Contra Leader in Nicaragua, Is Dead at 80

In Central America, Reagan Remains A Polarizing Figure
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Brief summary of Nicaraguan history for our purposes:

Nicaragua Timeline

1912-25 - US establishes military bases.

1927-33 - Guerrillas led by Augusto Cesar Sandino campaign against US military presence.

1934 - Sandino killed on the orders of the National Guard commander, General Anastasio Somoza

Somoza family dictatorship [US relations with dictators]

1937 - General Somoza elected president, heralding the start of a 44-year-long dictatorship by his family.

1961 - Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) founded [named for Augusto Sandino]

Revolution turns sour. Sandanista's got rid of a dictatorship - but civil war ensued.

The US supported the Contra rebels while the Soviet Union backed the FSLN government of Daniel Ortega.

Daniel Ortega

Nicaragua's broken dreams

CIA activities in Nicaragua

Nicaragua and the Contras

Nicaragua and the Samoza Regime 1970's