NICARAGUA

The Soviet Union fought the Cold War in Nicaragua. Now Putin’s Russia is back
https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/the_americas/the-soviet-union-fought-the-cold-war-in-
nicaragua-now-putins-russia-is-back/2017/04/08/b43039b0-0d8b-11e7-aa57-
2ca1b05c41b8_story.html?utm_term=.25311d1ef915

CIA activities in Nicaragua
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/CIA_activities_in_Nicaragua

Nicaragua and the Contras
http://youtu.be/Ow5cnpTh0fs

Nicaragua and the Samoza Regime 1970's
http://youtu.be/7vi00fhOKLE

Nicaraguan Revolution
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicaraguan_Revolution

Nicaragua
http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/map/nicaragua-political-map.htm

READINGS

Bill de Blasio's stand against Reagan's contra war on Nicaragua
[He is the current mayor of New York City]
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/sep/25/bill-deblasio-reagan-nicaragua

Contras
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contras

The Counter-Revolutionaries (Contras)
https://www.brown.edu/Research/Understanding_the_Iran_Contra_Affair/n-contrasus.php

President Jimmy Carter's approach to Nicaragua
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1977-1980/central-america-carter

President Ronald Reagan's approach to Nicaragua
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1981-1988/central-america

Few Nicaraguans among Central America's exodus to US [good]
http://www.latimes.com/world/mexico-americas/la-fg-nicaragua-no-migrants-20140830-story.html

Nicaragua: BBC profile
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-19735631

Nicaragua (Insight Crime)
http://www.insightcrime.org/nicaragua-organized-crime-news/nicaragua

Confessions of a 'Contra' | The New Republic
http://www.newrepublic.com/article/confessions-contra

Adolfo Calero, Contra Leader in Nicaragua, Is Dead at 80
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/04/world/americas/adolfo-calero-contra-leader-in-nicaragua-is-dead-at-80.html

In Central America, Reagan Remains A Polarizing Figure
Page 1
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A29546-2004Jun9.html
Page 2
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A29546-2004Jun9_2.html

NICARAGUA HISTORY

Nicaragua Timeline
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-19909695

1912-25 - US establishes military bases.

1927-33 - Guerrillas led by Augusto Cesar Sandino campaign against US military presence.

1934 - Sandino killed on the orders of the National Guard commander, General Anastasio Somoza

Somoza family dictatorship [US relations with dictators]

1937 - General Somoza elected president, heralding the start of a 44-year-long dictatorship by his family.

1961 - Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) founded

Revolution turns sour. Sandanista's got rid of a dictatorship - but civil war ensued. The US supported the Contra rebels while the Soviet Union backed the FSLN government of Daniel Ortega

Daniel Ortega
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-15544315

Nicaragua's broken dreams
[return of a coffee brigade volunteer] [think of people going to join Islamic State]
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/3856843.stm

Iran-Contra Affair

U.S supported those fighting against (contra) the communists in Nicaragua.

After Vietnam and Watergate, Congress anxious to oversee foreign policy

Congress ordered Reagan not to continue support of Contras

Reagan Endorses CIA Support of Nicaraguan Contras
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/November/Reagan-Endorses-CIA-Support-of-Nicaraguan-Contras.html

Iran-Contra Scandal Breaks
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/November/Iran-Contra-Scandal-Breaks-in-a-Lebanese-Magazine.html