PRESIDENT RICHARD NIXON



Nixon in Venezuela - 1958 | Today in History | 13 May
https://youtu.be/CI6P_5cgbGQ

US-USSR Kitchen Debate - 1959 | Today in History | 24 July
http://youtu.be/1JVXaEnDGDg

Nixon library tour
[Kylie Fisher]
https://www.nixonfoundation.org

Richard Nixon bio
https://youtu.be/KrXr1zksNEs

Check Miller Center for videos
https://millercenter.org/president/nixon

Campaign commercials
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1968

Nixon as VP:

Venezuela
https://youtu.be/CI6P_5cgbGQ

Moscow debate
http://youtu.be/1JVXaEnDGDg

Election of 1960: Nixon vs Kennedy
TV debate

Richard Nixon - "Checkers" Speech
http://youtu.be/I9LcAJOsFGg

Nixon's "Great Silent Majority"
http://youtu.be/Hqz0i83Jqxg

1968 Democratic National Convention
http://youtu.be/6ZlD4Dn_U7U

Detente Explained (Keith Hughes)
http://youtu.be/V2-dg8GL9aA

Ping Pong Diplomacy NBC Nightly News
http://youtu.be/PfMRq2Of_Qw

Nixon in China: The Week that Changed the World
http://youtu.be/Lnz7Ze71Pc0

Pat Buchanan talks about the so-called Nixon Southern Strategy
http://youtu.be/T5DM3XTuOHc

POLITICO's #ThrowbackThursday: Spiro Agnew's resignation
http://youtu.be/m6YwGyb7ouc

Watergate: Saturday Night Massacre
http://youtu.be/Yfnhuf-piq4

All The President's Men - Trailer
http://youtu.be/vLt6djxhNe8

Henry Kissinger interview on hacking
http://youtu.be/FWpng-ULW9M

When Martin Luther King Came Out Against Vietnam
https://www.nytimes.com/2017/04/04/opinion/when-martin-luther-king-came-out-against-vietnam.html?_r=0

VP Ford chosen as VP
http://youtu.be/Or9OEUBr0qc

Nixon resignation
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZEOGJJ7UKFM&feature=related



Richard Nixon

Richard Nixon
Miller Center (University of Virginia)
http://millercenter.org/president/nixon
My Website Spotlight blog post
http://thelearningprofessor.blogspot.com/2012/06/website-spotlight-richard-nixon.html

The President who never earned his varsity letter
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/15/upshot/the-president-who-never-earned-his-varsity-letter.html?abt=0002&abg=1

Richard Nixon Library (Yorba Linda)
http://nixonfoundation.org/

Richard Nixon obituary (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0109.html



Nixon as Eisenhower's Vice President

Finding Dulcinea: On This Day: Richard Nixon Delivers “Checkers Speech”
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Sept/Richard-Nixon-Delivers-Checkers-Speech.html

Nixon Checkers Speech (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0923.html#article

Sept. 23, 1952 | Nixon's 'Checkers' Speech (New York Times)
http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/09/23/sept-23-1952-nixon-makes-checkers-speech/

Nixon's Checkers Speech
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Sept/Richard-Nixon-Delivers-Checkers-Speech.html

Nixon Kitchen Debate (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0724.html#article

Richard M. Nixon: “Kitchen” Debate with Nikita Khrushchev (1959) (Milestone Documents)
https://www.milestonedocuments.com/documents/view/richard-m-nixons-kitchen-debate-with-nikita-khrushchev

Nixon debates Khrushchev at a fair in Moscow (History.com This Day in History | 7/24/1959)
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nixon-debates-khrushchev-at-a-fair-in-moscow

Nixon and Khrushchev Argue In Public As U.S. Exhibit Opens; Accuse Each Other Of Threats (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0724.html#article

24 Jul 1959: Khrushchev and Nixon have war of words (BBC On This Day)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/july/24/newsid_2779000/2779551.stm

The Day Venezuelans Attacked Nixon
http://adst.org/2013/05/the-day-venezuelans-attacked-nixon/



Presidential Election of 1960

Remember: Nixon lost to Kennedy

Nixon-Kennedy Debate (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0926.html#article

Campaign commercials (Living Room Candidate)
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1960



Presidential Election of 1968

Campaign commercials (Living Room Candidate)
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1968

1. Democratic Convention (Chicago).

Nominated Johnson's VP Hubert Humphrey.
Chicago police clashed with 5.000 anti-war protestors.
Police banged heads

2. Republican Convention (Miami Beach).

Nixon won nomination over
Nelson Rockefeller (liberal wing)
Ronald Reagan (conservative wing).

Nixon stood for stability and order:
Against war protestors
Against counterculture.

3. Results

a. Nixon won (43.4% popular; 301 electoral)
Law and order candidate.
Supported by so-called "silent majority"—those not protesting

Richard M. Nixon: “Silent Majority” Speech (1969) (Milestone Documents)
www.milestonedocuments.com/documents/view/richard-m.-nixon-address-to-the-nation-on-the-war-in-vietnam

b. He defeated
Democrat Hubert Humphrey (LBJ's Vice President) (42.7% popular; 191 electoral)

George Wallace, segregationist Alabama governor: third–party (13.5% popular; 46 electoral)



Nixon's Foreign policy

Detente. Relaxation of tensions between the superpowers.

"Grand strategy." Nixon and Kissinger.
Henry Kissinger: National security adviser; then Secretary of State
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/china/peopleevents/pande02.html

Originally, PRC seen as a tool of Soviet Union
Nixon decided to play them off against each other



Nixon's Visit to People's Republic of China (PRC) (1972)

A surprise:
Nixon was such a long-time Communist–hater
U.S. had no diplomatic relations with PRC then

Nixon's China Game (American Experience)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/china/
My Website Spotlight blog post
http://thelearningprofessor.blogspot.com/2012/06/website-spotlight-richard-nixon.html

Nixon Goes to China
http://adst.org/2013/02/nixon-goes-to-china/

Nixon arrived in China (Today in History, Library of Congress)
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/feb21.html

Finding Dulcinea: On This Day: Nixon Leaves on Diplomatic Trip to China
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Feb/On-this-Day--Nixon-Leaves-on-Diplomatic-Trip-to-China.html

Feb. 17, 1972 | Nixon Departs for Diplomatic Trip to China (New York Times)
http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/02/17/feb-17-1972-president-nixon-departs-for-diplomatic-trip-to-china/#more-101565

Ping-Pong Diplomacy
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/china/peopleevents/pande07.html

Interactive exhibit on China visit. This is good.
http://www.chizeng.com/nixon/longterm.html

Recalling Nixon in China, 40 Years Later (New York Times)
http://thelede.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/02/21/recalling-nixon-in-china-40-years-later/

See also:

22 May 1972: President Nixon arrives in Moscow (BBC On This Day)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/may/22/newsid_4373000/4373149.stm



Election of 1972

Nixon easily reelected over George McGovern.
Democrats, however, retained control of Congress.
He did not need to do a "Watergate."

Campaign commercials (Living Room Candidate)
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1972



Nixon's "Southern Strategy"

Main issue: Urged Republicans to go slow on civil rights issues

Republicans stood for law and order.

Equated Democrats with permissiveness, crime, drugs, pornography, the hippie lifestyle, student radicalism, black militancy, feminism, homosexuality, and dissolution of the family.



Watergate

Watergate Revisited (Washington Post)
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/politics/special/watergate/index.html
My Website Spotlight blog post
http://thelearningprofessor.blogspot.com/2012/06/website-spotlight-watergate.html

The Watergate Story Timeline (Washington Post)
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/politics/special/watergate/timeline.html

TIME magazine summary of its Watergate coverage
http://www.time.com/time/archive/collections/0,21428,c_watergate,00.shtml

Watergate (Washington Post)
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/politics/special/watergate/index.html
Go to the section on Herblock editorial cartoons. Click through the 20 posted there.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/politics/special/watergate/cartoon1.html

See also:

Saturday Night Massacre (New York Times)
http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/10/20/oct-20-1973-pnixon-tries-to-stop-investigation-with-saturday-night-massacre/

The Nixon White House Tapes (National Archives magazine)
http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1988/summer/haldeman.html



Vice President Agnew Resigned

Nixon's Vice President Spiro Agnew had to resign because of income tax evasion and corruption.

VP Agnew Resigns (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/1010.html#article

Finding Dulcinea: On This Day: Vice President Spiro Agnew Resigns
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Oct/Vice-President-Spiro-Agnew-Resigns.html

Gerald Ford became Vice President

Spiro Agnew was replaced as Nixon's Vice President by Gerald Ford.

Gerald Ford Replaces Agnew (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/1127.html#article



President Nixon resigned on 9 August 1974 (before he could be impeached because of Watergate)

Nixon Resigns (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0808.html#article

Finding Dulcinea: On This Day: Richard Nixon Resigns
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/July-August-08/On-this-Day--Richard-Nixon-Resigns.html

YouTube - Nixon resigns
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZEOGJJ7UKFM&feature=related



Gerald Ford Becomes President

When Nixon resigned as President, Gerald Ford became the new President.

Nelson Rockefeller became Vice President.

Only time neither President nor VP elected by people.

Ford Pardons Nixon

Ford Grants Pardon to Nixon (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0908.html#article



Post–Watergate restrictions on executive power

Congressional reactions to "imperial Presidency

It is interesting to see how our government balances itself over time.

1. War Powers Act—President must consult with Congress before sending American troops into foreign wars.

2. Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act—prohibited the impounding of federal appropriations.

3. Freedom of Information Act—to aid citizens who were the victims of dirty–tricks campaigns and by giving people greater access to government documents.