Nixon in Venezuela - 1958 | Today in History | 13 May

US-USSR Kitchen Debate - 1959 | Today in History | 24 July

Nixon library tour
[Kylie Fisher]

Richard Nixon bio

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Nixon as VP:


Moscow debate

Election of 1960: Nixon vs Kennedy
TV debate

Richard Nixon - "Checkers" Speech

Nixon's "Great Silent Majority"

1968 Democratic National Convention

Detente Explained (Keith Hughes)

Ping Pong Diplomacy NBC Nightly News

Nixon in China: The Week that Changed the World

Pat Buchanan talks about the so-called Nixon Southern Strategy

POLITICO's #ThrowbackThursday: Spiro Agnew's resignation

Watergate: Saturday Night Massacre

All The President's Men - Trailer

Henry Kissinger interview on hacking

When Martin Luther King Came Out Against Vietnam

VP Ford chosen as VP

Nixon resignation

Richard Nixon

Richard Nixon
Miller Center (University of Virginia)
My Website Spotlight blog post

The President who never earned his varsity letter

Richard Nixon Library (Yorba Linda)

Richard Nixon obituary (New York Times)

Nixon as Eisenhower's Vice President

Finding Dulcinea: On This Day: Richard Nixon Delivers “Checkers Speech”

Nixon Checkers Speech (New York Times)

Sept. 23, 1952 | Nixon's 'Checkers' Speech (New York Times)

Nixon's Checkers Speech

Nixon Kitchen Debate (New York Times)

Richard M. Nixon: “Kitchen” Debate with Nikita Khrushchev (1959) (Milestone Documents)

Nixon debates Khrushchev at a fair in Moscow ( This Day in History | 7/24/1959)

Nixon and Khrushchev Argue In Public As U.S. Exhibit Opens; Accuse Each Other Of Threats (New York Times)

24 Jul 1959: Khrushchev and Nixon have war of words (BBC On This Day)

The Day Venezuelans Attacked Nixon

Presidential Election of 1960

Remember: Nixon lost to Kennedy

Nixon-Kennedy Debate (New York Times)

Campaign commercials (Living Room Candidate)

Presidential Election of 1968

Campaign commercials (Living Room Candidate)

1. Democratic Convention (Chicago).

Nominated Johnson's VP Hubert Humphrey.
Chicago police clashed with 5.000 anti-war protestors.
Police banged heads

2. Republican Convention (Miami Beach).

Nixon won nomination over
Nelson Rockefeller (liberal wing)
Ronald Reagan (conservative wing).

Nixon stood for stability and order:
Against war protestors
Against counterculture.

3. Results

a. Nixon won (43.4% popular; 301 electoral)
Law and order candidate.
Supported by so-called "silent majority"—those not protesting

Richard M. Nixon: “Silent Majority” Speech (1969) (Milestone Documents)

b. He defeated
Democrat Hubert Humphrey (LBJ's Vice President) (42.7% popular; 191 electoral)

George Wallace, segregationist Alabama governor: third–party (13.5% popular; 46 electoral)

Nixon's Foreign policy

Detente. Relaxation of tensions between the superpowers.

"Grand strategy." Nixon and Kissinger.
Henry Kissinger: National security adviser; then Secretary of State

Originally, PRC seen as a tool of Soviet Union
Nixon decided to play them off against each other

Nixon's Visit to People's Republic of China (PRC) (1972)

A surprise:
Nixon was such a long-time Communist–hater
U.S. had no diplomatic relations with PRC then

Nixon's China Game (American Experience)
My Website Spotlight blog post

Nixon Goes to China

Nixon arrived in China (Today in History, Library of Congress)

Finding Dulcinea: On This Day: Nixon Leaves on Diplomatic Trip to China

Feb. 17, 1972 | Nixon Departs for Diplomatic Trip to China (New York Times)

Ping-Pong Diplomacy

Interactive exhibit on China visit. This is good.

Recalling Nixon in China, 40 Years Later (New York Times)

See also:

22 May 1972: President Nixon arrives in Moscow (BBC On This Day)

Election of 1972

Nixon easily reelected over George McGovern.
Democrats, however, retained control of Congress.
He did not need to do a "Watergate."

Campaign commercials (Living Room Candidate)

Nixon's "Southern Strategy"

Main issue: Urged Republicans to go slow on civil rights issues

Republicans stood for law and order.

Equated Democrats with permissiveness, crime, drugs, pornography, the hippie lifestyle, student radicalism, black militancy, feminism, homosexuality, and dissolution of the family.


Watergate Revisited (Washington Post)
My Website Spotlight blog post

The Watergate Story Timeline (Washington Post)

TIME magazine summary of its Watergate coverage,21428,c_watergate,00.shtml

Watergate (Washington Post)
Go to the section on Herblock editorial cartoons. Click through the 20 posted there.

See also:

Saturday Night Massacre (New York Times)

The Nixon White House Tapes (National Archives magazine)

Vice President Agnew Resigned

Nixon's Vice President Spiro Agnew had to resign because of income tax evasion and corruption.

VP Agnew Resigns (New York Times)

Finding Dulcinea: On This Day: Vice President Spiro Agnew Resigns

Gerald Ford became Vice President

Spiro Agnew was replaced as Nixon's Vice President by Gerald Ford.

Gerald Ford Replaces Agnew (New York Times)

President Nixon resigned on 9 August 1974 (before he could be impeached because of Watergate)

Nixon Resigns (New York Times)

Finding Dulcinea: On This Day: Richard Nixon Resigns

YouTube - Nixon resigns

Gerald Ford Becomes President

When Nixon resigned as President, Gerald Ford became the new President.

Nelson Rockefeller became Vice President.

Only time neither President nor VP elected by people.

Ford Pardons Nixon

Ford Grants Pardon to Nixon (New York Times)

Post–Watergate restrictions on executive power

Congressional reactions to "imperial Presidency

It is interesting to see how our government balances itself over time.

1. War Powers Act—President must consult with Congress before sending American troops into foreign wars.

2. Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act—prohibited the impounding of federal appropriations.

3. Freedom of Information Act—to aid citizens who were the victims of dirty–tricks campaigns and by giving people greater access to government documents.