WELCOME TO SPRING SEMESTER 2016

I'm Dave Lambert. This is POLI 385.

I hope you had a great break.

We are going to have fun together this semester--while learning a whole lot in the process.


SORRY, NO CRASHING

I won't be able to add anyone who is not already registered.


SCHEDULE FOR TODAY

1. PRAYER

2. LAPTOP REQUIRED

You must bring a laptop to class every period.

3. MY "THORN IN THE FLESH"
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Thorn+in+the+Flesh

4. CLASS ROSTER (WITH YOUR LOVELY PICTURES ON IT)

5. INFORMATION CARD
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Info+Card

6. SYLLABUS
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/POLI+385+Syllabus

7. HOME WIKI: THE LEARNING PROFESSOR
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/

Let's take a quick tour of what is on it.

This wiki is public, but only I can make changes to it. You do not need to "join" it or ask to be a member.

8. OUR MAIN CLASS PAGE ON THIS WIKI
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Today+POLI+385

We will use the material contained on our class page of this wiki during every class period:

9. HOMEWORK FOR THURSDAY, 15 JANUARY

Admiral Stavridis: What I Read
http://www.thewire.com/global/2012/08/natos-supreme-allied-commander-europe-james-stavridis-what-i-read/55626/

How the street gangs took Central America
http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/60803/ana-arana/how-the-street-gangs-took-central-america

10. IN CLASS TODAY

I. What I bring to this course.

My international and political science background.

College/Grad school courses/term papers
Vietnam: to see how a developing nation works With this course I have come full circle

Why I have chosen to specialize in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, and Nicaragua.

Migration from those countries is a key political issue today in US.

My own research leads me in this direction.

My continuous effort to improve my Spanish-language fluency has me in church with people from these countries.

I want to build my own background knowledge.

I want to role model for you how I approach a new subject.

II. General thrust of our semester

A. Context:

1. US history versus Mexico and Central America (in brief)

2. International and Regional Organizations (in brief)

3. Mexico and Central American history (in brief)

History affects the present. We will select highlights in each country.

B. Individual countries (2 weeks each)

I want you to get off the plane and feel you are prepared to operate there.

SETTING THE STAGE

Overview issues of political development.

What is a developing nation?

What are normal obstacles to development?
Many we will observe in our target countries.
For selected others, I will have a representative article to illustrate.

Jesus observed that the poor we will have with us always.
Likewise with developing nations.

Most of the problems cannot be easily solved.



What similar problems within and across countries?

[Need to think of development issues in other parts of world beyond our course's focus on Mexico and
Central America.]

Let's turn to the Template page on our wiki:
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/POLI+385+Template






Thursday, 15 January

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework for Tuesday, 20 January

a. Central American Migrants and “La Bestia”: The Route, Dangers, and Government Responses
http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/central-american-migrants-and-la-bestia-route-dangers-and-government-responses

b. Crime and Corruption Top Problems in Emerging and Developing Countries
http://www.pewglobal.org/2014/11/06/crime-and-corruption-top-problems-in-emerging-and-developing-countries/

c. Read the links we went over in class today

III. In class today: reaction to homework

Admiral Stavridis: What I Read
http://www.thewire.com/global/2012/08/natos-supreme-allied-commander-europe-james-stavridis-what-i-read/55626/

How the street gangs took Central America
http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/60803/ana-arana/how-the-street-gangs-took-central-america

IV. In class today: new material

Monroe Doctrine
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1801-1829/monroe

The Annexation of Texas, the Mexican-American War, and the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, 1845–1848
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1830-1860/texas-annexation

Territorial Expansion, Filibustering, and U.S. Interest in Central America and Cuba, 1849–1861
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1830-1860/territorial-expansion

Blaine and Pan Americanism, 1880s/1890s
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1866-1898/blaine

Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, 1904
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/roosevelt-and-monroe-doctrine

Dollar Diplomacy, 1909–1913
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/dollar-diplo

Building the Panama Canal, 1903–1914 [as it relates to Nicaragua canal today]
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/panama-canal

Banana Wars/Small Wars Manual
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banana_Wars
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Small_Wars_Manual

The Immigration Act of 1924 (The Johnson-Reed Act)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1921-1936/immigration-act

Good Neighbor Policy, 1933
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1921-1936/good-neighbor

Mexican Expropriation of Foreign Oil, 1938 [nationalization theme]
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1937-1945/mexican-oil

The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (The McCarran-Walter Act)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/immigration-act

Alliance for Progress and Peace Corps, 1961–1969
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1961-1968/alliance-for-progress

Central America, 1977–1980
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1977-1980/central-america-carter

Central America, 1981–1993
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1981-1988/central-america






Tuesday, 20 January

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework for Thursday, 22 January

Central America Regional Security Initiative: Background and Policy Issues for Congress
CRS (Congressional Research Service) Report 41731
http://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R41731.pdf

III. In class today: material left over from last class

Monroe Doctrine
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1801-1829/monroe

The Annexation of Texas, the Mexican-American War, and the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, 1845–1848
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1830-1860/texas-annexation

Territorial Expansion, Filibustering, and U.S. Interest in Central America and Cuba, 1849–1861
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1830-1860/territorial-expansion

Blaine and Pan Americanism, 1880s/1890s
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1866-1898/blaine

Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, 1904
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/roosevelt-and-monroe-doctrine

Dollar Diplomacy, 1909–1913
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/dollar-diplo

Building the Panama Canal, 1903–1914 [as it relates to Nicaragua canal today]
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/panama-canal

Banana Wars/Small Wars Manual
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banana_Wars
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Small_Wars_Manual

The Immigration Act of 1924 (The Johnson-Reed Act)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1921-1936/immigration-act

Good Neighbor Policy, 1933
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1921-1936/good-neighbor

Mexican Expropriation of Foreign Oil, 1938 [nationalization theme]
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1937-1945/mexican-oil

The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (The McCarran-Walter Act)
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/immigration-act

Alliance for Progress and Peace Corps, 1961–1969
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1961-1968/alliance-for-progress

Central America, 1977–1980
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1977-1980/central-america-carter

Central America, 1981–1993
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1981-1988/central-america

IV. In class today: homework reading

a. Central American Migrants and “La Bestia”: The Route, Dangers, and Government Responses
http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/central-american-migrants-and-la-bestia-route-dangers-and-government-responses

b. Crime and Corruption Top Problems in Emerging and Developing Countries
http://www.pewglobal.org/2014/11/06/crime-and-corruption-top-problems-in-emerging-and-developing-countries/







Thursday, 22 January

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework:

a. Tuesday, 27 January

Mexico: Background and U.S. Relations
CRS (Congressional Research Service) Report 42917 (December 2014)
https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R42917.pdf

b. Thursday, 29 January

U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Merida Initiative and Beyond
CRS (Congressional Research Service) Report 41349 (April 2014)
https://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R41349.pdf

III. Items that may interest you

a. La Patrona (hat tip to Natalia)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M7kbiG20ugc

b. List of "developing nations"
International Statistical Institute
http://www.isi-web.org/component/content/article/5-root/root/81-developing

IV. Term Paper: my evolving musings

V. In class today: reaction to homework

The Administration, with support in Congress, re-launched the Central America portion of the Merida
Initiative as the Central America Regional Security Initiative (CARSI) in FY2010. Next week we will study the Merida Initiative from the Mexican component

Central America Regional Security Initiative: Background and Policy Issues for Congress
CRS (Congressional Research Service) Report 41731
http://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R41731.pdf





Tuesday, 27 January

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework for Thursday, 29 January

U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Merida Initiative and Beyond
CRS (Congressional Research Service) Report 41349 (April 2014)
https://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R41349.pdf

III. Items of interest

a. Term paper
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/POLI+385+Term+Paper

b. The WWW Virtual Library: International Affairs Resources
Latin American and the Caribbean
http://www2.etown.edu/vl/latamer.html

c. Corruption in the United States
Sheldon Silver, New York Assembly Speaker, Took Millions in Payoffs, U.S. Says
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/23/nyregion/speaker-of-new-york-assembly-sheldon-silver-is-arrested-in-corruption-case.html

IV. In class today

a. Catch up on what we did not cover last time

Mexico: Background and U.S. Relations
CRS (Congressional Research Service) Report 42917 (December 2014)
https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R42917.pdf

b. Homework reading for today

Note: Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto and his wife, Angelica Rivera
http://bit.ly/15I8Ado

Mexico: Background and U.S. Relations
CRS (Congressional Research Service) Report 42917 (December 2014)
https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R42917.pdf







Thursday, 29 January

Friday songs on Thursday
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework for Tuesday, 3 February

Mexico Profile (BBC News)
Go through each of the tabs: Overview, Facts, Leaders, Media, Timeline
Pay particular attention to the items in the historical timeline
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-18095241

Five myths about Mexico (BBC News)
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-22373654


IV. Items of interest (Let's go through this one a bit more closely)

WWW Virtual Library: International Affairs Resources (Latin American and the Caribbean)
http://www2.etown.edu/vl/latamer.html

V. In class today: reaction to homework

U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Merida Initiative and Beyond
CRS (Congressional Research Service) Report 41349 (April 2014)
https://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R41349.pdf





Tuesday, 3 February

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Developing nations analytical template
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/POLI+385+Template

III. Homework for Thursday, 5 February

a. Tlatelolco Massacre
http://www.uta.edu/faculty/story/LATINAMERICA/Mexico/OUTLINES/Misc/1TLATELOLCOPAPER.pdf

b. The Zapatista's Mysterious Leader
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/1214676.stm

c. Struggling on: Zapatistas 20 years after the uprising
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-25550654

IV. In class today: reaction to homework

Mexico Profile (BBC News)
Go through each of the tabs: Overview, Facts, Leaders, Media, Timeline
Pay particular attention to the items in the historical timeline
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-18095241

Five myths about Mexico (BBC News)
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-22373654





Thursday, 5 February

Friday songs on Thursday [11 more weeks]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework for next week

a. Tuesday, 10 February

1. My "Evangelicals and Immigration Reform" paper

2. Unauthorized Immigrants: How Pew Research Counts Them and What We Know About Them
http://www.pewresearch.org/2013/04/17/unauthorized-immigrants-how-pew-research-counts-them-
and-what-we-know-about-them/

3. Unauthorized Immigrants in the U.S., 2012
http://www.pewhispanic.org/interactives/unauthorized-immigrants-2012/

4. Hispanics of Mexican Origin in the United States, 2011
http://www.pewhispanic.org/2013/06/19/hispanics-of-mexican-origin-in-the-united-states-2011/

5. How Mexicans Became Americans
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/18/opinion/sunday/how-mexicans-became-americans.html?mabReward=R1

b. Thursday, 12 February

1. Mexico police reform: how might it work?
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-30267017

2. Remittances to Latin America Recover—but Not to Mexico
http://www.pewhispanic.org/2013/11/15/remittances-to-latin-america-recover-but-not-to-mexico/

3. Corruption Perceptions Index
http://www.transparency.org/cpi2014

4. How the world's biggest companies bribe foreign governments
http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2014/12/03/how-the-worlds-biggest-companies-
bribe-foreign-governments-in-11-charts/?tid=hpModule_a2e19bf4-86a3-11e2-9d71-f0feafdd1394

5. Fighting corruption in the developing countries (OECD Observer)
http://www.oecdobserver.org/news/archivestory.php/aid/291/Fighting_corruption_in_the_developing
_countries.html

IV. In class today: reaction to homework

a. Tlatelolco Massacre
http://www.uta.edu/faculty/story/LATINAMERICA/Mexico/OUTLINES/Misc/1TLATELOLCOPAPER.pdf

b. The Zapatista's Mysterious Leader
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/1214676.stm

c. Struggling on: Zapatistas 20 years after the uprising
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-25550654





Tuesday, 10 February

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework for Thursday, 12 February

1. Mexico police reform: how might it work?
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-30267017

2. Remittances to Latin America Recover—but Not to Mexico
http://www.pewhispanic.org/2013/11/15/remittances-to-latin-america-recover-but-not-to-mexico/

3. Corruption Perceptions Index
http://www.transparency.org/cpi2014

4. How the world's biggest companies bribe foreign governments
http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2014/12/03/how-the-worlds-biggest-companies-
bribe-foreign-governments-in-11-charts/?tid=hpModule_a2e19bf4-86a3-11e2-9d71-f0feafdd1394

5. Fighting corruption in the developing countries (OECD Observer)
http://www.oecdobserver.org/news/archivestory.php/aid/291/Fighting_corruption_in_the_developing
_countries.html

III. In class today: reactions to homework

1. My "Evangelicals and Immigration Reform" paper

2. Unauthorized Immigrants: How Pew Research Counts Them and What We Know About Them
http://www.pewresearch.org/2013/04/17/unauthorized-immigrants-how-pew-research-counts-them-
and-what-we-know-about-them/

3. Unauthorized Immigrants in the U.S., 2012
http://www.pewhispanic.org/interactives/unauthorized-immigrants-2012/

4. Hispanics of Mexican Origin in the United States, 2011
http://www.pewhispanic.org/2013/06/19/hispanics-of-mexican-origin-in-the-united-states-2011/

5. How Mexicans Became Americans
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/18/opinion/sunday/how-mexicans-became-americans.html?mabReward=R1

IV. In class today: United Nations

How to Cite United Nations Documents and Publications
http://brs.newsbank.com/ihelp/english/UNAD/how2cite.html

WWW Virtual Library: United Nations
http://www2.etown.edu/vl/un.html

Researching the United Nations (Linda Tashbook)
http://www.nyulawglobal.org/globalex/United_Nations_Research1.htm

Dag Hammarskjöld Library Research Guides
http://research.un.org/en

UN Structure
http://www.un.org/en/aboutun/structure/index.shtml

UN Global Issues
http://www.un.org/en/globalissues/

UN Human Development Reports
http://hdr.undp.org/en

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
Select from the "Browse by country" drop-down menu on the top right.
http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49c3646c2.html

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner on Human Rights (OHCHR)
Regional Office for Central America
http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Countries/LACRegion/Pages/centralamericasummary.aspx

UN Regional Economic Commissions:

UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)
http://www.cepal.org/en

UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)
Statistical Yearbook for Latin America and the Caribbean
http://www.cepal.org/en/pressreleases/eclac039s-statistical-yearbook-presents-social-economic-and-environmental-overview

UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)
Social Panorama of Latin America
http://www.cepal.org/en/publications/social-panorama-latin-america-2013

UN Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)
http://www.uneca.org/

UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)
http://www.unescap.org/

UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)
http://www.escwa.org.lb/





Thursday, 12 February

Friday songs on Thursday [10 more weeks]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework for Tuesday, 17 February

100 years of the war on drugs
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-16681673

U.S. Foreign Assistance to Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador (Heritage Foundation)
http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2014/07/us-foreign-assistance-to-mexico-guatemala-
honduras-and-el-salvador

III. In class today:

Readings:

1. Mexico police reform: how might it work?
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-30267017

2. Remittances to Latin America Recover—but Not to Mexico
http://www.pewhispanic.org/2013/11/15/remittances-to-latin-america-recover-but-not-to-mexico/

3. Corruption Perceptions Index
http://www.transparency.org/cpi2014

4. How the world's biggest companies bribe foreign governments
http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2014/12/03/how-the-worlds-biggest-companies-
bribe-foreign-governments-in-11-charts/?tid=hpModule_a2e19bf4-86a3-11e2-9d71-f0feafdd1394

5. Fighting corruption in the developing countries (OECD Observer)
http://www.oecdobserver.org/news/archivestory.php/aid/291/Fighting_corruption_in_the_developing
_countries.html

Websites:

WWW Virtual Library: US Government Sources
http://www2.etown.edu/vl/usgovt.html

US STATE DEPARTMENT

State Department organization [this page is terrific]
http://m.state.gov/md436.htm

State Department: Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs
http://m.state.gov/mc632.htm

Roberta S. Jacobson, Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs
http://m.state.gov/md198696.htm

State Department, Country Report on Human Rights Practices
http://m.state.gov/mc61127.htm
http://m.state.gov/mc1188.htm

US Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets (US Department of State)
home page http://m.state.gov/mc1919.htm

Mexico-U.S. Bilateral Relations (US Department of State)
http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35749.htm

US Embassies home [use for term paper country]
http://www.usembassy.gov/index.html

US Embassy in Mexico
http://mexico.usembassy.gov/

USAID

US Agency for International Development (USAID) [search by country]
http://www.usaid.gov/
http://www.usaid.gov/where-we-work
http://www.usaid.gov/where-we-work/latin-american-and-caribbean
http://www.usaid.gov/where-we-work/latin-american-and-caribbean/honduras

Mexico: U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)
http://www.usaid.gov/where-we-work/latin-american-and-caribbean/mexico

US CONGRESS

US Senate Foreign Relations Committee
http://www.foreign.senate.gov/

US House Foreign Relations Committee
http://foreignaffairs.house.gov/

Subcommittee Hearing: Advancing U.S. Interests in the Western Hemisphere: The FY 2015 Foreign Affairs Budget | House Committee on Foreign Affairs - Ed Royce, Chairman
http://foreignaffairs.house.gov/hearing/subcommittee-hearing-advancing-us-interests-western-hemisphere-fy-2015-foreign-affairs

Research Congress: GovTrack.us
https://www.govtrack.us/start

U.S. Congress List of Commitees: GovTrack.us
https://www.govtrack.us/congress/committees/

Legislative History Resources Reference Chart — Georgetown Law School
http://www.law.georgetown.edu/library/research/guides/legislative_history_chart.cfm

Legislative History Research Guide — Georgetown Law School
http://www.law.georgetown.edu/library/research/guides/legislative_history.cfm

Committee Hearings - University of Chicago Law Library
http://www.lib.uchicago.edu/e/law/db/ref/hearings.html

DOCUMENTATION

Citing Government Documents (Loyola / Notre Dame Library)
http://guides.lndlibrary.org/content.php?pid=409107&sid=3389167

Citation Guide: U.S. Congressional Documents (Library of Congress)
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/amlaw/lwcite.html

Guide: Citing IGO Publications (Indiana University)
http://libraries.iub.edu/guide-citing-igo-publications





Tuesday, 17 February

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Mid-term Exam

Tuesday, 24 February [Common Day of Learning]
Thursday, 26 February [MID-TERM EXAM]

III. Homework for Thursday, 19 February

The Mexican State and Transparency
https://mexicoinstitute.wordpress.com/2015/02/11/the-mexican-state-and-transparency/

Policing in Mexico
https://mexicoinstitute.wordpress.com/2015/02/11/policing-in-mexico/

The Mexican State and Anti-Corruption Efforts
https://mexicoinstitute.wordpress.com/2015/02/09/the-mexican-state-and-anti-corruption-efforts/

How Mexico's Guerrilla Army Stayed Clear of Organized Crime
http://www.insightcrime.org/news-analysis/how-mexicos-guerrilla-army-stayed-clear-of-organized-crime

Is the Government Manipulating Kidnap Statistics in Mexico?
http://www.insightcrime.org/news-analysis/is-government-manipulating-kidnap-statistics-in-mexico

Can the Chinese system work without corruption?
http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/without-corruption-some-ask-can-the-chinese-communist-party-function/2015/02/10/c69693e8-b12f-11e4-bf39-5560f3918d4b_story.html

IV. In class today: reaction to homework

100 years of the war on drugs
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-16681673

U.S. Foreign Assistance to Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador (Heritage Foundation)
http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2014/07/us-foreign-assistance-to-mexico-guatemala-
honduras-and-el-salvador

National Security Council: Latin America Who is Ricardo Zuniga, the man who helped broker the White
House deal with Cuba?
http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/post-politics/wp/2014/12/22/who-is-ricardo-zuniga-the-man-
who-helped-broker-the-white-house-deal-with-cuba/

V. In class today (and Thursday): new material

A. CIA World Factbook (home page)
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/

Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members of Foreign Governments (CIA World Factbook)
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/world-leaders-1/

CIA World Factbook: Mexico [let's look at what this contains]
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mx.html

CIA World Factbook: Guatemala
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gt.html

CIA World Factbook: Honduras
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ho.html

CIA World Factbook: El Salvador
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/es.html

CIA World Factbook: Nicaragua
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/nu.html

B. Handbook of Latin American Studies (HLAC) [Library of Congress]
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/hlas/

HLAS Online Help Page
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/hlas/help.html#basic

C. Latin American Network Information Center (LANIC)
http://lanic.utexas.edu/las.html

About LANIC - Site Map
http://lanic.utexas.edu/info/sitemap/

History - LANIC
http://lanic.utexas.edu/la/region/history/

Government - LANIC
http://lanic.utexas.edu/la/region/government/

Immigration - LANIC
http://lanic.utexas.edu/la/region/immigration/

Indigenous
http://lanic.utexas.edu/la/region/immigration/

Religion - LANIC
http://lanic.utexas.edu/la/region/religion/

Transparency - LANIC
http://lanic.utexas.edu/la/region/transparency/

Political parties in Latin America- LANIC
http://lanic.utexas.edu/la/region/politicalparties/

Political Science in Latin America - LANIC
http://lanic.utexas.edu/la/region/political/

Countries:

Mexico - LANIC
http://lanic.utexas.edu/la/mexico/

Guatemala - LANIC
http://lanic.utexas.edu/la/ca/guatemala/

Honduras - LANIC
http://lanic.utexas.edu/la/ca/honduras/

El Salvador - LANIC
http://lanic.utexas.edu/la/ca/salvador/

Nicaragua - LANIC
http://lanic.utexas.edu/la/ca/nicaragua/

D. Woodrow Wilson Center Latin American Program
http://www.wilsoncenter.org/program/latin-american-program

Check out the various parts of the web site.

E. Woodrow Wilson Center Mexico Institute
http://www.wilsoncenter.org/program/mexico-institute

Check out the various parts of the web site. Plus:

Transparency and the Rule of Law Series
http://www.wilsoncenter.org/article/transparency-and-the-rule-law-series

The Future of the American Left
http://www.wilsoncenter.org/event/the-future-the-mexican-left

F. Pew Hispanic Trends Project
http://www.pewhispanic.org/

Check out the site. We have already used items from here and will use others.

G. Organization of American States (OAS)
http://www.oas.org/en/about/our_structure.asp

LibGuide for OAS (New York University)
http://library.nyu.edu/research/subjects/un-govt/oas/

CRS Report: Organization of American States
https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R42639.pdf

H. InSight Crime home
http://www.insightcrime.org

In Sight Crime: Mexico
http://www.insightcrime.org/mexico-organized-crime-news

In Sight Crime: Guatemala
http://www.insightcrime.org/guatemala-organized-crime-news

In Sight Crime: Honduras
http://www.insightcrime.org/honduras-organized-crime-news

In Sight Crime: El Salvador
http://www.insightcrime.org/el-salvador-organized-crime-news

In Sight Crime: Nicaragua
http://www.insightcrime.org/nicaragua-organized-crime-news

I. Washington Office on Latin America
http://www.wola.org/

Learn More (top right)
Browse Issues/Browse Countries

Board of Directors
http://www.wola.org/about/board

Programs
http://www.wola.org/program/central_america

Press Releases
http://www.wola.org/press

J. Council of Foreign Relations home page
http://www.cfr.org/

Mexico: Council on Foreign Relations
http://www.cfr.org/region/mexico/ri376

Shannon O'Neil, Council on Foreign Relations
http://www.cfr.org/experts/nicaragua-panama-paraguay/shannon-k-oneil/b12553
http://www.cfr.org/mexico/two-nations-indivisible/p29765





Thursday, 19 February

Friday songs on Thursday [9 more weeks]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Mid-term Exam

Tuesday, 24 February [Common Day of Learning]
Thursday, 26 February [MID-TERM EXAM]

III. In class today: reaction to homework

The Mexican State and Transparency
https://mexicoinstitute.wordpress.com/2015/02/11/the-mexican-state-and-transparency/

Policing in Mexico
https://mexicoinstitute.wordpress.com/2015/02/11/policing-in-mexico/

The Mexican State and Anti-Corruption Efforts
https://mexicoinstitute.wordpress.com/2015/02/09/the-mexican-state-and-anti-corruption-efforts/

How Mexico's Guerrilla Army Stayed Clear of Organized Crime
http://www.insightcrime.org/news-analysis/how-mexicos-guerrilla-army-stayed-clear-of-organized-crime

Is the Government Manipulating Kidnap Statistics in Mexico?
http://www.insightcrime.org/news-analysis/is-government-manipulating-kidnap-statistics-in-mexico

Can the Chinese system work without corruption?
http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/without-corruption-some-ask-can-the-chinese-communist-party-function/2015/02/10/c69693e8-b12f-11e4-bf39-5560f3918d4b_story.html

IV. In class today: new material

In Sight Crime: Mexico
http://www.insightcrime.org/mexico-organized-crime-news

Council on Foreign Relations: Mexico
http://www.cfr.org/region/mexico/ri376

V. Mid-Term Study guide page
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/POLI+385+Mid-Term





Tuesday, 3 March

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework for Thursday, 5 March:

Guatemala: BBC profile [read through all the tabs]
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-19635877

Guatemala: CIA World Factbook country profile
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gt.html

Guatemalan Migration in Times of Civil War and Post-War Challenges
http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/guatemalan-migration-times-civil-war-and-post-war-challenges

Waves of Guatemalan migrant children present unique language challenges
http://www.npr.org/blogs/codeswitch/2014/06/27/326156407/wave-of-guatemalan-migrant-children-presents-unique-challenges

Hispanics of Guatemalan Origin in the United States, 2011
http://www.pewhispanic.org/2013/06/19/hispanics-of-guatemalan-origin-in-the-united-states-2011/

III. Mid-term exam

Will return it on Thursday.

Final exam will be same approach:
Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua
Read the assignments; show what you learned.

IV. Percentages on semester grades

Change to 35% mid-term, 35% final, 15% paper, 15% participation

V. Term paper country
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/POLI+385+Term+Paper

3x5 card: your name; your country

VI. In class today: Careers

During College
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/During+College

Job Search
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Job+Search

Career
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Career

Wardrobe
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Wardrobe

VII. FYI: Smuggling articles:

How the Zetas Tamed Central America's 'Coyotes'
http://www.insightcrime.org/news-analysis/how-the-zetas-tamed-central-americas-coyotes

A Smuggled Girl’s Odyssey of False Promises and Fear
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/06/world/americas/a-smuggled-girls-odyssey-guatemala-migration-
abduction.html?_r=0

Migration spotlights Mexican 'coyote' smugglers | UTSanDiego.com
http://www.utsandiego.com/news/2014/jul/20/migration-spotlights-mexican-coyote-smugglers/

Coyotes Lure Illegal Immigrants with Promises of Amnesty
http://www.nationalreview.com/article/383655/coyotes-lure-illegal-immigrants-promises-amnesty-
ryan-lovelace

Crimes at the Border | PBS FRONTLINE
http://www.pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/mexico704/

Mexico Smuggler Interview | PBS FRONTLINE
http://www.pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/mexico704/interview/smuggler.html

Factors that influence migration: Coyotes and Alien Smuggling
https://www.utexas.edu/lbj/uscir/binpapers/v3a-6lopez.pdf

VIII. In class today: Maps: Guatemala

Map: Guatemala
http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/map/guatemala-political-map.htm

Perry-Castañeda Library (University of Texas, Austin)
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/guatemala.html

IX. In class today:

Central America-4 Border Control Agreement
http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Central_America_Four

Review this article: Mexico's border with Guatemala
Central American Migrants and “La Bestia”: The Route, Dangers, and Government Responses
http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/central-american-migrants-and-la-bestia-route-dangers-and-government-responses

Review this article: Check remittances role in budget for Guatemala
http://www.pewhispanic.org/2013/11/15/remittances-to-latin-america-recover-but-not-to-mexico/

Guatemala: Country Study (Library of Congress)
None available

New York Times Topics home page
http://www.nytimes.com/pages/topics/?module=SiteIndex®ion=Footer&pgtype=undefined

Guatemala: New York Times topics page
[students work with this on Guatemala/what themes]
http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/international/countriesandterritories/guatemala/index.html





Thursday, 5 March

Friday songs on Thursday [7 more weeks]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Mid-Term exam

III. Homework for Tuesday, 17 March

Guatemala: Political, Security, and Socio-Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations
CRS (Congressional Research Service) Report R42580
Maureen Taft-Morales, CRS Specialist in Latin American Affairs
https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R42580.pdf

IV. Term paper: country
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/POLI+385+Term+Paper

3x5 card: your name; your country

V. In class today: reaction to homework

Guatemala: BBC profile [read through all the tabs]
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-19635877

Guatemala: CIA World Factbook country profile
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gt.html

Guatemalan Migration in Times of Civil War and Post-War Challenges
http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/guatemalan-migration-times-civil-war-and-post-war-challenges

Waves of Guatemalan migrant children present unique language challenges
http://www.npr.org/blogs/codeswitch/2014/06/27/326156407/wave-of-guatemalan-migrant-children-presents-unique-challenges

Hispanics of Guatemalan Origin in the United States, 2011
http://www.pewhispanic.org/2013/06/19/hispanics-of-guatemalan-origin-in-the-united-states-2011/

VI. In class today: new material

Guatemala-U.S. Bilateral Relations (US Department of State)
http://m.state.gov/md2045.htm

Guatemala: Latin American Network Information Center (LANIC)
http://www1.lanic.utexas.edu/la/ca/guatemala/

VII. In class today: Congressional Research Service analysts

a. Clare Ribando Seelke
CRS Specialist in Latin American Affairs

Linkedin: Clare Ribando Seelke
https://www.linkedin.com/pub/clare-ribando-seelke/3/966/290

Clare Ribando Seelke: Providing policy analysis to Congress
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2011/02/07/AR2011020704861.html

Clare Ribando Seelke
http://www3.nd.edu/~kellogg/students/seelke.shtml

Rostro de Cristo | Walking with the poor in Ecuador.
http://www.rostrodecristo.org/

b. Maureen Taft-Morales
CRS Specialist in Latin American Affairs

Linkedin: Maureen Taft-Morales
https://www.linkedin.com/pub/maureen-taft-morales/98/3b4/2aa

c. Peter J. Meyer
CRS Analyst in Latin American Affairs

Linkedin: Peter Meyer
https://www.linkedin.com/pub/peter-meyer/8/3/bb4

Biographical sketch: Peter Meyer
http://www.wilsoncenter.org/sites/default/files/Speaker%20Bios.pdf





Tuesday, 17 March

Welcome back from Spring Break!!

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Term paper: country
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/POLI+385+Term+Paper

3x5 card: your name; your country

*Note for your research: use this source if it applies to your country

Spirit and Power: a 10-country survey of Pentecostals
http://www.pewforum.org/2006/10/05/spirit-and-power/

III. Homework for the next few sessions

Where we are heading for the rest of the semester:
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/POLI+385+Content

a. Thursday, 19 March

Guatemala profile (InSight Crime)
http://www.insightcrime.org/guatemala-organized-crime-news/guatemala

Overview: Pentecostalism in Latin America
http://www.pewforum.org/2006/10/05/overview-pentecostalism-in-latin-america/

Bibliography: Pentecostalism in Latin America
http://www.pewforum.org/2006/10/05/bibliography-pentecostalism-in-latin-america/

Historical Overview of Pentecostalism in Guatemala (Pew)
www.pewforum.org/2006/10/05/historical-overview-of-pentecostalism-in-guatemala/

Liberation Theology
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/beliefs/liberationtheology.shtml

b. Tuesday, 24 March

To view ahead of class:

Arbenz and the CIA in Guatemala (Video)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rb7XaF1rs1E&feature=youtube_gdata_player

To read ahead of class:

1954 CIA coup
Congress, the CIA, and Guatemala, 1954 — Central Intelligence Agency
https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/kent-csi/vol44no5/html/v44i5a03p.htm

Background on Guatemala (Center for Justice and Accountability)
http://www.cja.org/article.php?list=type&type=294

To discuss during class:

Guatemala President: Otto Pérez Molina
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-1963597

Guatemala Timeline [if we need to refer to it]
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-19636725

c. Thursday, 26 March

To view ahead of class:

An American Genocide: Guatemala (Video)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IMRUXOgvyUI&feature=youtube_gdata_player

To read ahead of class:

Guatemala [good on the civil wars]
http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/guatemala.htm

Room for Debate: What guilt does the U.S. bear in Guatemala?
http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/05/19/what-guilt-does-the-us-bear-in-guatemala

Guatemalan slaughter was part of Reagan's hard line
http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/05/19/what-guilt-does-the-us-bear-in-
guatemala/guatemalan-slaughter-was-part-of-reagans-hard-line

Guatemala Suffered for U.S. Foreign Policy http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/05/19/what-
guilt-does-the-us-bear-in-guatemala/guatemala-suffered-for-us-foreign-policy

Blaming the U.S. for Guatemalan Deaths Is Easy Propaganda
http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/05/19/what-guilt-does-the-us-bear-in-
guatemala/blaming-the-us-for-guatemalan-deaths-is-easy-propaganda

We Enabled Guatemalan Genocide, but the Elite Committed It
http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/05/19/what-guilt-does-the-us-bear-in-guatemala/we-
enabled-guatemalan-genocide-but-the-elite-committed-it

Healing Guatemala's emotional scars from the civil war
[Compare to racism in the US or issues like impeachment of Clinton]
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-17313508

To discuss during class: Thursday, 26 March

Guatemala ex-leader Rios Montt faces massacre trial (2012)
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-18157517

2013 May - Ex-military leader Efrain Rios Montt is convicted of genocide and crimes against humanity,
only to have the ruling overturned by the constitutional court on a technicality. The trial is scheduled to
resume in January 2015.

Rios Montt Guatemala genocide retrial suspended (2015)
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-30678693

IV. In class today:

a. Review Political Development template
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/POLI+385+Template

b. Put this into your grab bag of research sources.

CIA Center for the Study of Intelligence: Operations Subject Index
https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/kent-csi/subjectII.htm

c. One item from this CIA source for your reading enjoyment (on your own)

The counterintelligence role in a Latin American government's anti-subversion effort.
https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/kent-csi/vol12i2/html/v12i2a08p_0001.htm

V. In class today: left over from last class session

Guatemalan Migration in Times of Civil War and Post-War Challenges
http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/guatemalan-migration-times-civil-war-and-post-war-challenges

VI. In class today: reaction to homework

Guatemala: Political, Security, and Socio-Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations
CRS (Congressional Research Service) Report R42580
Maureen Taft-Morales, CRS Specialist in Latin American Affairs
https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R42580.pdf





Thursday, 19 March

Friday songs on Thursday [5 more weeks and we'll be through]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework for next 2 class sessions:

b. Tuesday, 24 March

To view ahead of class:

Arbenz and the CIA in Guatemala (Video)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rb7XaF1rs1E&feature=youtube_gdata_player

To read ahead of class:

1954 CIA coup
Congress, the CIA, and Guatemala, 1954 — Central Intelligence Agency
https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/kent-csi/vol44no5/html/v44i5a03p.htm

Background on Guatemala (Center for Justice and Accountability)
http://www.cja.org/article.php?list=type&type=294

To discuss during class:

Guatemala President: Otto Pérez Molina
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-1963597

Guatemala Timeline [if we need to refer to it]
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-19636725

Guatemala apologizes to Cuba
http://www.foxnews.com/story/2009/02/17/guatemala-apologizes-to-cuba-for-allowing-cia-to-train-exiles-for-bay-pigs/

Guatemalan plantation was base for doomed Bay of Pigs invasion
http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/bay-of-pigs/helvetia.htm

c. Thursday, 26 March

To view ahead of class:

An American Genocide: Guatemala (Video)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IMRUXOgvyUI&feature=youtube_gdata_player

To read ahead of class:

Guatemala [good on the civil wars]
http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/guatemala.htm

Room for Debate: What guilt does the U.S. bear in Guatemala?
http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/05/19/what-guilt-does-the-us-bear-in-guatemala

Guatemalan slaughter was part of Reagan's hard line
http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/05/19/what-guilt-does-the-us-bear-in-
guatemala/guatemalan-slaughter-was-part-of-reagans-hard-line

Guatemala Suffered for U.S. Foreign Policy http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/05/19/what-
guilt-does-the-us-bear-in-guatemala/guatemala-suffered-for-us-foreign-policy

Blaming the U.S. for Guatemalan Deaths Is Easy Propaganda
http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/05/19/what-guilt-does-the-us-bear-in-
guatemala/blaming-the-us-for-guatemalan-deaths-is-easy-propaganda

We Enabled Guatemalan Genocide, but the Elite Committed It
http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/05/19/what-guilt-does-the-us-bear-in-guatemala/we-
enabled-guatemalan-genocide-but-the-elite-committed-it

Healing Guatemala's emotional scars from the civil war
[Compare to racism in the US or issues like impeachment of Clinton]
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-17313508

To discuss during class: Thursday, 26 March

Guatemala ex-leader Rios Montt faces massacre trial (2012)
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-18157517

2013 May - Ex-military leader Efrain Rios Montt is convicted of genocide and crimes against humanity,
only to have the ruling overturned by the constitutional court on a technicality. The trial is scheduled to
resume in January 2015.

Rios Montt Guatemala genocide retrial suspended (2015)
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-30678693

III. In class today:

Guatemala profile (InSight Crime)
http://www.insightcrime.org/guatemala-organized-crime-news/guatemala

Overview: Pentecostalism in Latin America
http://www.pewforum.org/2006/10/05/overview-pentecostalism-in-latin-america/

Bibliography: Pentecostalism in Latin America
http://www.pewforum.org/2006/10/05/bibliography-pentecostalism-in-latin-america/

Historical Overview of Pentecostalism in Guatemala (Pew)
http://www.pewforum.org/2006/10/05/historical-overview-of-pentecostalism-in-guatemala/

Liberation Theology
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/beliefs/liberationtheology.shtml





Tuesday, 24 March

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework for Thursday, 26 March

To view (and read) ahead of class:

An American Genocide: Guatemala (Video)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IMRUXOgvyUI&feature=youtube_gdata_player

Clyde Snow, Sleuth Who Read Bones From King Tut’s to Kennedy’s, Dies at 86
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/17/us/clyde-snow-forensic-detective-who-found-clues-in-bones-dies-at-86.html

To read ahead of class:

1. Guatemala [good on the civil wars]
http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/guatemala.htm

2. Start with Main page: Room for Debate: What guilt does the U.S. bear in Guatemala?
http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/05/19/what-guilt-does-the-us-bear-in-guatemala
From the main page, click on each of these four items:
a. Guatemalan slaughter was part of Reagan's hard line
b. Guatemala Suffered for U.S. Foreign Policy
c. Blaming the U.S. for Guatemalan Deaths Is Easy Propaganda
d. We Enabled Guatemalan Genocide, but the Elite Committed It

3. Healing Guatemala's emotional scars from the civil war
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-17313508

4. Rios Montt and Gospel Outreach Church of Eureka, California
http://www.democraticunderground.com/1014428551

Reminder to me: To discuss during class on Thursday:

Guatemala ex-leader Rios Montt faces massacre trial (2012)
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-18157517

2013 May - Ex-military leader Efrain Rios Montt is convicted of genocide and crimes against humanity,
only to have the ruling overturned by the constitutional court on a technicality. The trial is scheduled to
resume in January 2015.

Rios Montt Guatemala genocide retrial suspended (2015)
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-30678693

III. In class today: reaction to homework

Background on Guatemala (Center for Justice and Accountability)
http://www.cja.org/article.php?list=type&type=294

Arbenz and the CIA in Guatemala (Video)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rb7XaF1rs1E&feature=youtube_gdata_player

1954 CIA coup
Congress, the CIA, and Guatemala, 1954 — Central Intelligence Agency
https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/kent-csi/vol44no5/html/v44i5a03p.htm

IV. In class today: FYI

Guatemala apologizes to Cuba for allowing CIA to train exiles for Bay of Pigs invasion
http://www.foxnews.com/story/2009/02/17/guatemala-apologizes-to-cuba-for-allowing-cia-to-train-exiles-for-bay-pigs/

Guatemalan plantation was base for doomed Bay of Pigs invasion
http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/bay-of-pigs/helvetia.htm

Guerrilla Army of the Poor (EGP)
http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guerrilla_Army_of_the_Poor





Thursday, 26 March

Friday songs on Thursday [4 more weeks and we'll be through]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Final exam: Thursday, 30 April

III. Term paper due the day of our final exam

IV. Homework for the remainder of the semester:

a. Tuesday, 31 March

Video: In the Name of the People: El Salvador's Civil War 1985
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lHO-WiiZba0&feature=youtube_gdata_player

b. Thursday, 2 April

Background on El Salvador (Center for Justice and Accountability)
http://www.cja.org/article.php?list=type&type=199

Roberto d'Aubuisson, 48, Far-Rightist in Salvador
http://www.nytimes.com/1992/02/21/world/roberto-d-aubuisson-48-far-rightist-in-salvador.html

El Salvador marks Archbishop Oscar Romero's murder
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/8580840.stm

c. Tuesday, 7 April

Dirty Hands (U.S. Policy in El Salvador) Part One
http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1998/12/dirty-hands/377364/

El Salvador's suffering lingers on
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/3879373.stm

El Salvador: 25th anniversary of Jesuit murders
http://www2.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB492/

El Salvador's Gang Truce: Positives and Negatives
http://www.insightcrime.org/investigations/el-salvadors-gang-truce-positives-and-negatives

d. Thursday, 9 April

TBA: Catch up articles

TBA: Cross-cultural videos

e. Tuesday, 14 April (Honduras)

Honduras: Center for Justice and Accountability
http://www.cja.org/article.php?list=type&type=254

Honduras: The Perils of Remittance Dependence and Clandestine Migration
http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/honduras-perils-remittance-dependence-and-clandestine-migration

f. Thursday, 16 April (Honduras)

Cables Show Central Negroponte Role in 80's Covert War Against Nicaragua
http://www.nytimes.com/2005/04/13/politics/13contra.html?_r=0

Our Man in Honduras: John Negroponte
http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2001/sep/20/our-man-in-honduras/

Past vanishes in Honduras [Salvadoran refugee camps in Honduras]
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/3906977.stm

Q & A: Political Crisis in Honduras (2009)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/8124154.stm

g. Tuesday, 21 April (Nicaragua)

Confessions of a 'Contra'
http://www.newrepublic.com/article/confessions-contra

Central America, 1977-1980
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1977-1980/central-america-carter

Central America, 1981-1988
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1981-1988/central-america

In Central America, Reagan Remains A Polarizing Figure
Page 1
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A29546-2004Jun9.html
Page 2
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A29546-2004Jun9_2.html

h. Thursday, 23 April (Nicaragua)

Daniel Ortega
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-15544315

Reagan Endorses CIA Support of Nicaraguan Contras [use for sure]
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/November/Reagan-Endorses-CIA-Support-of-Nicaraguan-Contras.html

Iran-Contra Scandal Breaks [maybe not needed]
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/November/Iran-Contra-Scandal-Breaks-in-a-Lebanese-Magazine.html

V. In class today: reaction to homework

To view (and read) ahead of class:

An American Genocide: Guatemala (Video)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IMRUXOgvyUI&feature=youtube_gdata_player

Clyde Snow, Sleuth Who Read Bones From King Tut’s to Kennedy’s, Dies at 86
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/17/us/clyde-snow-forensic-detective-who-found-clues-in-bones-dies-at-86.html

To read ahead of class:

1. Guatemala [good on the civil wars]
http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/guatemala.htm

2. Start with Main page: Room for Debate: What guilt does the U.S. bear in Guatemala?
http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/05/19/what-guilt-does-the-us-bear-in-guatemala
From the main page, click on each of these four items:
a. Guatemalan slaughter was part of Reagan's hard line
b. Guatemala Suffered for U.S. Foreign Policy
c. Blaming the U.S. for Guatemalan Deaths Is Easy Propaganda

2013 May - Ex-military leader Efrain Rios Montt is convicted of genocide and crimes against humanity,
only to have the ruling overturned by the constitutional court on a technicality. The trial is scheduled to
resume in January 2015.

Rios Montt Guatemala genocide retrial suspended (2015)
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-30678693

d. We Enabled Guatemalan Genocide, but the Elite Committed It

3. Healing Guatemala's emotional scars from the civil war
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-17313508

4. Rios Montt and Gospel Outreach Church of Eureka, California
http://www.democraticunderground.com/1014428551

VI. In class today: items of interest

El Norte film: here is the link on YouTube
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tiuRrsgMoME&feature=youtube_gdata_player

Model villages in the Ixil region
http://www.culturalsurvival.org/publications/cultural-survival-quarterly/guatemala/model-villages-ixil-region

Under Army's forceful thumb. Army-run villages, civil defense patrols aim to undermine rebel support
http://www.csmonitor.com/1986/0626/oguat4.html

I, Rigoberto Menchu, an Indian women in Guatemala
Summary and teaching ideas
http://wmich.edu/dialogues/texts/irigobertamenchu.html





Tuesday, 31 March

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Term Paper thoughts

III. Homework for next few sessions

b. Thursday, 2 April

Background on El Salvador (Center for Justice and Accountability)
http://www.cja.org/article.php?list=type&type=199

Roberto d'Aubuisson, 48, Far-Rightist in Salvador
http://www.nytimes.com/1992/02/21/world/roberto-d-aubuisson-48-far-rightist-in-salvador.html

El Salvador marks Archbishop Oscar Romero's murder
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/8580840.stm

c. Tuesday, 7 April

Dirty Hands (U.S. Policy in El Salvador) Part One
http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1998/12/dirty-hands/377364/

El Salvador's suffering lingers on
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/3879373.stm

El Salvador: 25th anniversary of Jesuit murders
http://www2.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB492/

El Salvador's Gang Truce: Positives and Negatives
http://www.insightcrime.org/investigations/el-salvadors-gang-truce-positives-and-negatives

d. Thursday, 9 April

TBA: Catch up articles

TBA: Cross-cultural videos

IV. In class today: reaction to the video

Video: In the Name of the People: El Salvador's Civil War 1985
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lHO-WiiZba0&feature=youtube_gdata_player

V. In class today: new material

El Salvador maps
http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/map/el_salvador_map.htm

http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/el_salvador.html

Unaccompanied Alien Children by Location of Origin
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/americas/central_america-unaccompanied_children-2014.pdf

El Salvador: BBC profile
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-19401932
timeline [start here for index tabs]
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-19402222

El Salvador: New York Times topics page
http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/international/countriesandterritories/elsalvador/index.html

El Salvador: CIA World Factbook country profiles
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/es.html

El Salvador (LANIC)
http://lanic.utexas.edu/la/ca/salvador/





Thursday, 2 April

Friday songs on Thursday [3 more weeks and we'll be through]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework for next week

a. Tuesday, 7 April

Dirty Hands (U.S. Policy in El Salvador) Part One
http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1998/12/dirty-hands/377364/

El Salvador's suffering lingers on
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/3879373.stm

El Salvador: 25th anniversary of Jesuit murders
http://www2.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB492/

Enemies of War
http://www.pbs.org/itvs/enemiesofwar/elsalvador2.html

b. Thursday, 9 April

The 1969 Soccer War (Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training)
http://adst.org/2014/06/the-1969-soccer-war/

Farabundo Marti
http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farabundo_Mart%C3%AD

El Salvador President: Salvador Sánchez Cerén
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-19401934

El Salvador's Gang Truce: Positives and Negatives
http://www.insightcrime.org/investigations/el-salvadors-gang-truce-positives-and-negatives

III. In class today: more thoughts on our term paper

Please go to our separate wiki page
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/POLI+385+Term+Paper

IV. In class today: reaction to homework

Background on El Salvador (Center for Justice and Accountability)
http://www.cja.org/article.php?list=type&type=199

Roberto d'Aubuisson, 48, Far-Rightist in Salvador
http://www.nytimes.com/1992/02/21/world/roberto-d-aubuisson-48-far-rightist-in-salvador.html

El Salvador marks Archbishop Oscar Romero's murder
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/8580840.stm

V. In class today: FYI

U.S. Army School for the Americas: Background and Congressional Concerns (2001)
Congressional Research Service
http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/crs/rl30532.pdf

Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation
CRS Report RS 20892
http://crs.wikileaks-press.org/RS20892.pdf

School of the Americas Watch (SOA Watch)
http://www.soaw.org/

VI. In class today: new material

Review Political Development template
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/POLI+385+Template

Proceedings Begin in El Salvador Soccer Match Fixing Scandal
http://www.insightcrime.org/news-briefs/el-salvador-soccer-scandal

Soccer Crime articles [scan this listing]
http://www.insightcrime.org/component/tags/tag/186-soccer-crime

2001 January, February - Massive earthquakes kill 1,200 people and render another one million homeless.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/13/newsid_2554000/2554149.stm

Struggle with aftermath of the quake
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/1757567.stm





Tuesday, 7 April

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework for Thursday, 9 April

Northern Ireland and its fragile peace
[read this article in the context of the reconciliation issues we are seeing in our course]
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/08/world/europe/northern-ireland-and-its-fragile-peace.html

The 1969 Soccer War (Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training)
http://adst.org/2014/06/the-1969-soccer-war/

Farabundo Marti
http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farabundo_Mart%C3%AD

El Salvador President: Salvador Sánchez Cerén
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-19401934

El Salvador's Gang Truce: Positives and Negatives
http://www.insightcrime.org/investigations/el-salvadors-gang-truce-positives-and-negatives

Hispanics of Salvadoran Origin in the United States, 2011
http://www.pewhispanic.org/2013/06/19/hispanics-of-salvadoran-origin-in-the-united-states-2011/

III. In class today: reaction to homework

Dirty Hands (U.S. Policy in El Salvador) Part One
http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1998/12/dirty-hands/377364/

El Salvador's suffering lingers on
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/3879373.stm

El Salvador: 25th anniversary of Jesuit murders
http://www2.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB492/





Thursday, 9 April

Friday songs on Thursday [2 more weeks and we'll be through]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework for next week: Honduras

a. Tuesday, 14 April (Honduras)

Honduras: Center for Justice and Accountability
http://www.cja.org/article.php?list=type&type=254

Honduras: The Perils of Remittance Dependence and Clandestine Migration
http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/honduras-perils-remittance-dependence-and-clandestine-migration

Past vanishes in Honduras [Salvadoran refugee camps in Honduras]
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/3906977.stm

b. Thursday, 16 April (Honduras)

Cables Show Central Negroponte Role in 80's Covert War Against Nicaragua
http://www.nytimes.com/2005/04/13/politics/13contra.html?_r=0

Our Man in Honduras: John Negroponte
http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2001/sep/20/our-man-in-honduras/

Q & A: Political Crisis in Honduras (2009)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/8124154.stm

III. In class today: reaction to homework

Northern Ireland and its fragile peace
[read this article in the context of the reconciliation issues we are seeing in our course]
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/08/world/europe/northern-ireland-and-its-fragile-peace.html

The 1969 Soccer War (Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training)
http://adst.org/2014/06/the-1969-soccer-war/

Farabundo Marti
http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farabundo_Mart%C3%AD

El Salvador President: Salvador Sánchez Cerén
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-19401934

El Salvador's Gang Truce: Positives and Negatives
http://www.insightcrime.org/investigations/el-salvadors-gang-truce-positives-and-negatives

Update to the Gang Truce
http://www.insightcrime.org/news-analysis/el-salvador-homicides-skyrocket-after-gang-truce-unravels

Hispanics of Salvadoran Origin in the United States, 2011
http://www.pewhispanic.org/2013/06/19/hispanics-of-salvadoran-origin-in-the-united-states-2011/

IV. In class today: new material

Review Political Development template
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/POLI+385+Template

El Salvador: Political and Economic Conditions and U.S. Relations
CRS (Congressional Research Service) Report RS21655
Clare Ribando Seelke, CRS Specialist in Latin American Affairs
https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RS21655.pdf

Monroe Doctrine
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1801-1829/monroe

Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, 1904
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/roosevelt-and-monroe-doctrine

FYI:

The Eclipse of the Oligarchs
http://www.nytimes.com/1981/09/06/magazine/the-eclipse-of-the-oligarchs.html?pagewanted=all

Oligarchs and Officers: The crisis in El Salvador (1980)
http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/33957/william-m-leogrande-and-carla-anne-robbins/oligarchs-and-officers-the-crisis-in-el-salvador

Zapatistas call for different forms of protest in Mexico
https://mexicoinstitute.wordpress.com/2015/04/07/zapatistas-call-for-different-forms-of-protest-in-mexico/

Mexico steps up deportation of Central American migrants
https://mexicoinstitute.wordpress.com/2015/04/07/mexico-steps-up-deportations-of-central-american-migrants/

U.S., Mexico deport over 15,000 migrants
https://mexicoinstitute.wordpress.com/2015/04/07/u-s-mexico-deport-over-15000-honduran-migrants/





Tuesday, 14 April

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework for the remaining class sessions

a. Thursday, 16 April (Honduras)

Honduran History: Timeline from BBC News profile
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-18974519

Cables Show Central Negroponte Role in 80's Covert War Against Nicaragua
http://www.nytimes.com/2005/04/13/politics/13contra.html?_r=0

Our Man in Honduras: John Negroponte
http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2001/sep/20/our-man-in-honduras/

Q & A: Political Crisis in Honduras (2009)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/8124154.stm

b. Tuesday, 21 April (Nicaragua)

Nicaragua Timeline
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-19909695

Confessions of a 'Contra'
http://www.newrepublic.com/article/confessions-contra

Central America, 1977-1980
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1977-1980/central-america-carter

Central America, 1981-1988
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1981-1988/central-america

In Central America, Reagan Remains A Polarizing Figure
Page 1
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A29546-2004Jun9.html
Page 2
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A29546-2004Jun9_2.html

c. Thursday, 23 April (Nicaragua)

Augosto Sandino [scan this article]
http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augusto_Sandino

Daniel Ortega
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-15544315

Reagan Endorses CIA Support of Nicaraguan Contras
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/November/Reagan-Endorses-CIA-Support-of-Nicaraguan-Contras.html

Iran-Contra Scandal Breaks
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/November/Iran-Contra-Scandal-Breaks-in-a-Lebanese-Magazine.html

III. Term paper: thesis

Is or is not your country on a path to being a developed nation? If not, what are the obstacles (use our development template)?

Political Development template
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/POLI+385+Template

IV. My accountability to you on my own research
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/POLI+385+My+Research

V. In class today: reaction to homework

Honduras: Center for Justice and Accountability
http://www.cja.org/article.php?list=type&type=254

Honduras: The Perils of Remittance Dependence and Clandestine Migration
http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/honduras-perils-remittance-dependence-and-clandestine-migration

Past vanishes in Honduras [Salvadoran refugee camps in Honduras]
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/3906977.stm

VI. In class today (and Thursday): new material

Banana Wars
http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banana_Wars

Banana Republic
http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banana_republic

1998 October - Hurricane Mitch devastates Honduras.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/special_report/1998/11/98/hurricane_mitch/202395.stm

Honduras struggles 10 years after Hurricane Mitch
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/7682412.stm

1981 [these following items from the BBC News timeline for Honduras
Honduras becomes embroiled in various regional conflicts.
US-run camps for training Salvadorans in counterinsurgency are set up on Honduran territory. [why Salvadorans?]

Past vanishes in Honduras
[Salvadoran refugee camps in Honduras]
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/3906977.stm

1982 - US-backed Nicaraguan counter-revolutionaries, or Contras, launch operations to bring down Nicaragua's Sandinista government from Honduran territory.

1984 - US-run training camps for Salvadoran counter-revolutionaries are shut down, but the government continues to cooperate with the US administration's anti-Sandinista activities in return for substantial economic aid.

2002 January - Honduras re-establishes diplomatic ties with Cuba which it severed in 1961 when Cuba was expelled from Organization of American States

President Zelaya trip to Cuba.

2008 August - Longtime US ally Honduras joins the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas (ALBA), an
alliance of leftist leaders in Latin America headed by Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, a staunch US
foe. President Manuel Zelaya says a lack of international support to tackle chronic poverty forced him to
seek aid from Venezuela.

2009 June - President Manuel Zelaya is removed by the military and forced into exile. Coup is widely condemned. Organization of American States (OAS) suspends Honduras.

Honduran Political Crisis: June 2009-January 2010, Manuel Zelaya
CRS (Congressional Research Service) Report R41064
Peter J. Meyer (February 2010)
http://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/R41064.pdf





Thursday, 16 April

Friday songs on Thursday [1 more week and we'll be through]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework for remaining class sessions

a. Tuesday, 21 April (Nicaragua)

Watch these two videos and tell me if you like this kind of material:

Hand gestures around the world
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2h0V1YkccEE&feature=youtube_gdata_player

Cultural mistakes beyond your borders
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=haohj1sVnyk&feature=youtube_gdata_player

Then read these articles on Nicaragua:

Nicaragua Timeline
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-19909695

Confessions of a 'Contra'
http://www.newrepublic.com/article/confessions-contra

In Central America, Reagan Remains A Polarizing Figure
Page 1
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A29546-2004Jun9.html
Page 2
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A29546-2004Jun9_2.html

b. Thursday, 23 April (Nicaragua)

Few Nicaraguans among Central America's exodus to the US
http://www.latimes.com/world/mexico-americas/la-fg-nicaragua-no-migrants-20140830-story.html

Augosto Sandino [scan this article]
http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augusto_Sandino

Daniel Ortega
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-15544315

Reagan Endorses CIA Support of Nicaraguan Contras
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/November/Reagan-Endorses-CIA-Support-of-Nicaraguan-Contras.html

III. Relief Maps

Central America [check out the mountain ranges]
http://www.worldofmaps.net/en/north-america/north-america-maps/map-central-america.htm

Honduras
http://720mpreunion.org/history/time_line/1983/08/big-pine2_honduras.html

IV. In class today: reaction to homework

Honduran History: Timeline from BBC News profile
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-18974519

Cables Show Central Negroponte Role in 80's Covert War Against Nicaragua
http://www.nytimes.com/2005/04/13/politics/13contra.html?_r=0

Our Man in Honduras: John Negroponte
http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2001/sep/20/our-man-in-honduras/

Q & A: Political Crisis in Honduras (2009)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/8124154.stm

V. My Research: additions since our last class
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/POLI+385+My+Research

VI. In class today: new material

FYI: Salvadoran refugee camps in Honduras (Thanks to Amy for this link)
http://speakingout.msf.org/en/salvadoran-refugee-camps-in-honduras-1988

Bio sketch of Negroponte
http://www.nndb.com/people/813/000044681/

Tales of 1980s brutalities by Contras arise in Honduras
[check out the reference to the founder of the Washington Office on Latin America]
http://articles.latimes.com/1999/oct/27/news/mn-26806

Honduras becomes US military foothold for Central America
https://nacla.org/news/honduras-becomes-us-military-foothold-central-america

5 facts about Honduras and immigration
http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2014/08/11/5-facts-about-honduras-and-immigration/

Honduras President: Juan Orlando Hernández
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-18954313

Remember: Gang activity
The two most notorious street gangs in Honduras
Mara Dieciocho (M-18) Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13)

Gang Truce in 2013
[compare to gang truce in El Salvador]

Gangs in Central America
CRS (Congressional Research Service) Report R34112
Clare Ribando Seelke (February 2014)
http://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL34112.pdf





Tuesday, 21 April

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. My darling wife
http://www.apu.edu/faculty/

III. Homework for Thursday, 23 April

Few Nicaraguans among Central America's exodus to the US
http://www.latimes.com/world/mexico-americas/la-fg-nicaragua-no-migrants-20140830-story.html

Augosto Sandino [scan this article]
http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augusto_Sandino

Daniel Ortega
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-15544315

Reagan Endorses CIA Support of Nicaraguan Contras
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/November/Reagan-Endorses-CIA-Support-of-Nicaraguan-Contras.html

IV. Term paper
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/POLI+385+Term+Paper

I am not legalistic about the guidelines. My own approach is to overdo things. Consider the guidelines a threshold, not necessarily a guarantee that by merely meeting those word/source guidelines you will get an A on your paper.

V. Final Exam
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/POLI+385+Final+Exam

Working with the whole development template is the key to your getting a good grade on the exam. Coverage of the specific readings will not in itself guarantee that you will get an A on the exam.

No note cards// this time.

Our final is on Thursday, 30 April: 9:35-11:25 am

Let's talk both today and Thursday about what I am hoping you will demonstrate on the exam.

VI. Semester grade

Class participation over the course of our entire semester together is a key component.

VII. In class today: response to homework

Video: Hand gestures around the world
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2h0V1YkccEE&feature=youtube_gdata_player

Video: Cultural mistakes beyond your borders
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=haohj1sVnyk&feature=youtube_gdata_player

Maps:

Central America [check out the mountain ranges]
http://www.worldofmaps.net/en/north-america/north-america-maps/map-central-america.htm
Nicaragua
http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/map/nicaragua-political-map.htm

Nicaragua History: BBC New profile timeline
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-19909695

Confessions of a 'Contra'
http://www.newrepublic.com/article/confessions-contra

In Central America, Reagan Remains A Polarizing Figure
Page 1
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A29546-2004Jun9.html
Page 2
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A29546-2004Jun9_2.html

VIII. In class today: new material

1927-33 - Guerrillas led by Augusto Cesar Sandino campaign against US military presence.
[connection to Sandinistas]
Augusto Cesar Sandino
http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augusto_César_Sandino

1934 - Sandino killed on the orders of the National Guard commander, General Anastasio Somoza

Somoza family dictatorship [US relations with dictators]

1937 - General Somoza elected president, heralding the start of a 44-year-long dictatorship by his family.

1961 - Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) founded

Revolution turns sour. Sandanista's got rid of a dictatorship - but civil war ensued. The US supported the
Contra rebels while the Soviet Union backed the FSLN government of Daniel Ortega.

Daniel Ortega
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-15544315

Nicaragua's broken dreams
[return of a coffee brigade volunteer]
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/3856843.stm






Thursday, 24 April

Friday songs [Today's the day that we are through; I'm so glad and you are, too]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Term paper
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/POLI+385+Term+Paper

I am not legalistic about the guidelines. My own approach is to overdo things. Consider the guidelines a threshold, not necessarily a guarantee that by merely meeting those word/source guidelines you will get an A on your paper.

III. Final Exam

Our final is on Thursday, 30 April: 9:35-11:25 am

Note: Please write in pen with paragraphs.

Your classmates, Juan Garcia and Anna de Graaf, lobbied me effectively that you should be allowed a note card this time. I agree.

Base your answer around the applicable concepts from our Political Development template
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/POLI+385+Template

Then integrate (as a minimum) material from the links on the Final Exam study guide. You don't need to cite the links specifically.
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/POLI+385+Final+Exam

Deal with each country one at a time, using the categories in the development template and blending in material from the links on the study guide.

Working with the whole development template is the key to your getting a good grade on the exam. Coverage of the specific readings will not in itself guarantee that you will get an A on the exam.

IV. FYI

Distant Lands bookstore website
http://www.distantlands.com/

V. In class today: reaction to homework

Few Nicaraguans among Central America's exodus to the US
http://www.latimes.com/world/mexico-americas/la-fg-nicaragua-no-migrants-20140830-story.html

Augosto Sandino [scan this article]
http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augusto_Sandino

Daniel Ortega
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-15544315

Reagan Endorses CIA Support of Nicaraguan Contras
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/November/Reagan-Endorses-CIA-Support-of-Nicaraguan-Contras.html