POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT TEMPLATE

Various impediments to political development

History affects the present in many ways

Colonial rulers: Spain in our case
US interventions
Cold War legacy
Effect of Cuba and Venezuela and other leftist places on these countries
This country vis-a-vis major powers currently: US, Russia, China, UK
U.S. sanctions against the country
Strings attached by US Congress to foreign aid allocations (CRS Reports)

Civil wars/fight for independence/wars with neighboring countries
IDP Internally Displaced Persons (disasters, civil war)
Reconciliation problems from past wars/atrocities
Role of disputes with neighboring countries
Role of military: external; internal (in policing, for example)

Dictators
History of coups d'├ętat/ military takeovers
Role of militias/hit squads in past/currently (left-wing or right-wing or both)
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Pressures from international (UN) and regional (OAS) organizations, and financial donors (like US):
human rights, corruption, impunity, etc.

Natural disasters: hurricanes, typhoons, earthquakes
IDP Internally Displaced Persons

Economics:
One-crop or one-product economy
Dependence--these days--on the price of oil
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Corruption

Culture of impunity

Lack of security
Crime
Gang activity
Narco-trafficing

Poverty
Inequality (role of elites)

Migrations:
To US
To other countries
Remittances role in budget

Homogeneity problems:
Language(s)
Ethnic strife
Indigenous groups
Tribal rivalries
Role of terror groups/insurgents

Role of religion:
Catholic Church leadership
Liberation Theology
Evangelical activity
Religious enmity: (Muslim-Christian, for example)