HISTORY AND POLITICS OF MEXICO (POLI 390)
COURSE CONTENT






For migrants, new land of opportunity
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/22/world/americas/for-migrants-new-land-of-opportunity-is-mexico.html?ref=global-home&pagewanted=all

The Danger in Mexico's Divided House
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/29/opinion/krauze-the-danger-in-mexicos-divided-house.html?hp&rref=opinion/international&_r=0&pagewanted=all



GENERAL WEBSITES

Mexico Country Study (Federal Research Division, Library of Congress)
http://memory.loc.gov/frd/cs/mxtoc.html
Cannot bookmark search results from this site.

Go to the timeline on the Borders website to get the details on chronology
http://www.pbs.org/kpbs/theborder/history/index.html

Mexico (NY Times Topics)
http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/international/countriesandterritories/mexico/index.html

Library of Congress/HLAS Online Home Page
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/hlas/

Hispanic Reading Room Home Page (Library of Congress)
http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/

Visit Mexico website
http://www.visitmexico.com/

Visit Mexico YouTube
http://www.youtube.com/visitmex




Side note: Let's have at least two Sweet Search/Google Jockey students [http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Google+Jockey] for each of our future class sessions.

Class Scribe wiki page:
http://mexicospring2012.wikispaces.com/AA+CLASS+SCRIBE

Blend into the modules:

Note to myself:
Search also, under the following:

Mexico (NY Times Topics)
http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/international/countriesandterritories/mexico/index.html

Mexico Institute
http://www.wilsoncenter.org/program/mexico-institute

Economist Magazine Topic: Mexico
http://www.economist.com/topics/mexico




THINK TANKS

Mexico Institute
http://www.wilsoncenter.org/program/mexico-institute
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Mexico+Institute

Work through each of these three think tank sites:

Institute for Mexico and the United States
University of California (Riverside)
http://ucmexus.ucr.edu/

Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies
University of California (San Diego)
http://usmex.ucsd.edu/
Serendipity:
http://usmex.ucsd.edu/research/21st-century-us-mexico-project/

Katz Center for Mexican Studies
University of Chicago
http://mexicanstudies.uchicago.edu/
Serendipity:
Mexico Resources: Library catalogs
http://mexicanstudies.uchicago.edu/page/mexico-links

Read these two articles:

Young U.S. Citizens in Mexico Up Early to Learn in the U.S. - NYTimes.com
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/17/us/young-us-citizens-in-mexico-up-early-to-learn-in-the-us.html?_r=1&hp=&pagewanted=all

Remittances to Mexico are rebounding - latimes.com
http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-mexico-remittances-20120112,0,6700884.story

Digression: Value Added: HLAS
Library of Congress: Handbook of Latin American Studies online
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/hlas/

Hispanic Reading Room Home Page (Library of Congress)
http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/

Maps:
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/mexico.html
http://www.embassyworld.com/maps/Maps_Of_Mexico/




DRUG WAR

BEGIN HERE FOR THE REACTION FOR TUESDAY, JANUARY 24

Read completely the following articles to whet your appetite for this exciting topic:

Inside the Homes of Mexico’s Alleged Drug Lords - NYTimes.com
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/19/garden/inside-the-homes-of-mexicos-alleged-drug-lords.html?ref=americas&pagewanted=all

Mexico Drug War Bloodies Areas Thought Safe - NYTimes.com
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/19/world/americas/mexico-drug-war-bloodies-areas-thought-safe.html?_r=1&hp=&pagewanted=all

Mexico’s changing drug war: Shifting sands | The Economist
http://www.economist.com/node/21540289

Mexican Soldiers Are Outgunned by Drug Traffickers - The Daily Beast
http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/2010/05/18/outmatched.html

U.S. Widens Its Role in Battle Against Mexico’s Drug Cartels - NYTimes.com
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/07/world/07drugs.html?pagewanted=all

Mexico’s drug war: Not so fast | The Economist
http://www.economist.com/node/21543183

BBC News - 100 years of the war on drugs
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-16681673

BBC News - Zetas are Mexico's 'largest drug gang', study says
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-16712239


Continuing the requirements for the Tuesday, January 24 reaction.

Let's begin with a portion of the website we will use for the next three class sessions.

Origins of the Mexican Drug Conflict (Finding Dulcinea)
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/guides/Reference/The-Mexican-Drug-War.xa_1.html

Read this entire screen

SECTION ONE: Origins of the Mexican Drug Conflict

A. PBS FRONTLINE
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/drugs/cron/

Just scan this one.

B. Congressional Research Service (CRS)
CRS Report for Congress: Mexico's Drug Cartels (October 2007)
http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL34215.pdf

Read this completely.

C. TIME magazine
In Mexico's Drug War, Bad Cops Are a Mounting Problem
http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1861296,00.html

Read this completely.

Add to your knowledge by clicking on the Photo collection icons on the left side of the article.

END OF REQUIREMENTS FOR TUESDAY, JANUARY 24 REACTION



BEGINNING OF REQUIREMENTS FOR THURSDAY, JANUARY 26 REACTION

Reaction for Thursday, January 26

Section entitled "The Drug Conflict Today"
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/guides/Reference/The-Mexican-Drug-War.xa_1.html

A. Mexico Under Siege
Los Angeles Times special project
http://projects.latimes.com/mexico-drug-war/#/its-a-war

Dig around in here.

What items in particular would you want us to read for class?

See also:

New York Times TOPIC: Mexican Drug Trafficking
http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/international/countriesandterritories/mexico/drug_trafficking/index.html

Dig around in here as well.

What would you like to pursue from this website?

B. Finding Dulcinea
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/Americas/2009/April/Mexican-Drug-War-Spills-Over-U-S--Border-Amid-Government-Inaction-.html#1

Read this completely.

How can we use this article to expand our search for useful sources?

C. BBC
Q&A: Mexico's drug-related violence
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-10681249

Read this completely.

Go to the bottom of the page ("More on This Story") to follow up on other sources.

1. BBC News - Cartoons enlisted to tackle Mexico's drug war 'myths'
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-14322001

2. BBC News - Mexico's drugs war: Lessons and challenges
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-16337488

D. NPR
Juarez Police Face Both Criminals and Suspicions
http://www.npr.org/tablet/#story/?storyId=91955586

Read this completely.

Go to bottom of the page: "Related NPR Stories"
All these are from 2008.
How to get more recent NPR stories.

Overall: I might need to be more alert to good material from NPR.
I virtually never listen to radio though, so how should I use their website homepage?

END OF REQUIREMENTS FOR THURSDAY, JANUARY 26 REACTION





BEGINNING OF REQUIREMENTS FOR TUESDAY, JANUARY 31 REACTION

Reaction for Tuesday, January 31

Section entitled "The Impact of the Conflict and Proposed Solutions"
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/guides/Reference/The-Mexican-Drug-War.xa_1.html

A. Council on Foreign Relations
Mexico's Drug War
http://www.cfr.org/publication/13689/

Read this completely.

Go to the bottom: More on This Story

Several of the links are worth pursuing.

1. The Drug War in Mexico - Council on Foreign Relations
http://www.cfr.org/mexico/drug-war-mexico/p24262

2. How Mexico Can Win the Drug War, Colombia's Way - Council on Foreign Relations
http://www.cfr.org/mexico/mexico-can-win-drug-war-colombias-way/p25298

B. Finding Dulcinea
Former Latin American Presidents Call for Drug War Reform
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/Americas/2009/feb/Former-Latin-American-Presidents-Call-for-Drug-War-Reform.html

Read this completely.

What items to follow up on?

C. Brookings Institute
The Violent Drug Market in Mexico and Lessons from Colombia
http://www.brookings.edu/papers/2009/03_mexico_drug_market_felbabbrown.aspx

Read this completely.

How do we access the complete report?

See "Related Content" section at bottom.

D. NPR (National Public Radio)
Clinton Touts Anti-Drug Cooperation In Mexico
http://www.npr.org/tablet/#story/?storyId=102353836

Read this completely.

END OF REQUIREMENTS FOR TUESDAY, JANUARY 31 REACTION




MEXICAN MILITARY

Discover Mexico's World Heritage Cities
http://www.visitmexico.com/en-us/world-heritage-cities-of-mexico

U.S. military works with Mexico to fight drug traffickers - USATODAY.com
http://www.usatoday.com/news/military/2010-04-06-Mexico_N.htm

Special Report: Federal forces sully Mexico's war on drugs | Reuters
http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/12/27/us-mexico-ciudadjuarez-violence-idUSTRE7BQ0BN20111227

Assailed Mexican State Fires City's Police - WSJ.com
http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970203686204577114803311099824.html?mod=djemITP_h

Mexican Military Flies Over South Texas | Military.com
http://www.military.com/news/article/mexican-military-flies-over-south-texas.html

Mexico military faces political risks over drug war - Los Angeles Times
http://articles.latimes.com/2010/mar/23/world/la-fg-mexico-army23-2010mar23




IMMIGRATION

An Immigrant's Journey (In Focus) 22 pictures
http://www.theatlantic.com/infocus/2013/08/an-immigrants-journey/100573/

Discover Mexico through its Routes
The magic of Traditions and Nature
http://www.theroutesofmexico.com/wb/Visitmexico/la_magia_de_las_tradiciones_y_la_naturaleza


After Workers Are Fired, an Immigration Debate Roils California Campus [Pomona College]
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/02/us/after-workers-are-fired-an-immigration-debate-roils-california-campus.html?_r=1

Smugglers Guide Illegal Immigrants with Cellphones
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/09/us/09coyotes.html?_r=1

Romney Immigration Position at Odds With Mormon Church - NYTimes.com
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/03/us/politics/romney-immigration-position-at-odds-with-mormon-church.html?_r=1&hp=&pagewanted=all

Immigration Upended/Changes at Home
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2011/07/06/world/americas/immigration.html

Kansas prepares for clash of wills over future of its unauthorised immigrants
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/feb/02/kansas-prepares-clash-unauthorised-migrants




BRACERO/GUEST WORKER PROGRAMS

Opportunity or Exploitation: The Bracero Program (Smithsonian National Museum of American History)
http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthemove/themes/story_51_5.html

Bittersweet Harvest: The Bracero Program Smithsonian National Museum of American History
http://americanhistory.si.edu/exhibitions/small_exhibition.cfm?key=1267&exkey=770
Work through each of the 14 different screens.

Former bracero recalls program's legacy
http://articles.latimes.com/2010/oct/15/local/la-me-tobar-20101015

Guestworker Programs for the 21st Century (Center for Immigration Studies)
http://www.cis.org/GuestWorkerProgramReform




EDUCATION

Discover Mexico through its Routes
The Huastecas and their Outstanding Beauty
http://www.theroutesofmexico.com/wb/Visitmexico/las_bellezas_huastecas

Wikipedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Mexico

Education in Mexico: Challenges and Opportunities | RAND
http://www.rand.org/pubs/documented_briefings/DB480.html

Education in Mexico: Schooling the whole family | The Economist
http://www.economist.com/node/18682699

18 Things to Know About Education in Mexico
http://www.edudemic.com/2013/06/18-things-to-know-about-education-in-mexico/

Higher Education in Mexico
http://ucmexus.ucr.edu/publications/uc_mexus_news_issue_44_color.pdf

Factbox: Facts about Mexico's education system | Reuters
http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/04/13/us-mexico-education-factbox-idUSTRE73C4UY20110413

'Jimmy Hoffa in a Dress': Union Boss's Stranglehold on Mexican Education Creates Immigration Fallout | Center for Immigration Studies
This article written by College of William and Mary professor George Grayson
http://www.cis.org/mexican_education_fraud.html

Mexico's Universities Struggle to Respond to Demand for Degrees - Chronicle of Higher Education
http://chronicle.com/article/Mexicos-Universities-Struggle/66143/

Education in Mexico: The teacher holds back the pupils | The Economist
http://www.economist.com/node/9516526

Children cross Mexican border to receive a U.S. education
http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/education/children-cross-mexican-border-to-receive-a-us-education/2013/09/20/1237862a-1bdd-11e3-8685-5021e0c41964_story.html

Higher education in Mexico: A doctor takes charge | The Economist
http://www.economist.com/node/10253431

Education in Mexico: Testing the teachers | The Economist
http://www.economist.com/node/11412309

Campaign puts Mexico teachers union leader back in spotlight - Los Angeles Times
http://articles.latimes.com/2011/jul/31/world/la-fg-mexico-elba-20110731

Mexico's PRI splits from teachers union party heading into election - latimes.com
http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/world_now/2012/01/mexico-politics-elections-pri-panal-split.html

Analysis: Few pupils learn with Mexico's Teacher | Reuters
http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/04/13/us-mexico-education-idUSTRE73C4U920110413

The Handbook for Educators Who Work with Children of Mexican Origin
http://people.uncw.edu/martinezm/Handbook/html/transfer.htm




RACE RELATIONS

Discover Mexico through its Routes
The Millenary Tarahumaras
http://www.theroutesofmexico.com/wb/Visitmexico/los_tarahumaras_milenarios

Relief for the Tarahumara Indians | Mexico Unmasked
http://blogs.mcclatchydc.com/mexico/2012/02/relief-for-the-tarahumara-indians.html


Mexicans confront racism with white, black doll video - latimes.com
http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/world_now/2011/12/mexico-racism-video-children-debate-race.html

Video of man beating Mexican parking attendant triggers calls for authorities to tackle prejudice | World news | The Guardian
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/jan/11/video-man-beating-mexican-parking

These next few articles are in chronological order; the same theme reoccurs:

Racism? Mexico's in Denial. (1995) New York Times
http://www.nytimes.com/1995/06/11/weekinreview/the-world-racism-mexico-s-in-denial.html?pagewanted=all&src=pm

Racism Rears Its Ugly Head in Mexico (2005) San Francisco Chronicle
http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/g/a/2005/08/03/cstillwell.DTL&ao=all

Racism in Mexico rears its ugly head (2010) Los Angeles Times
http://articles.latimes.com/2010/jul/05/world/la-fg-mexico-racism-20100705

In Mexico, Times report on network's use of blackface renews racism debate (2010) Los Angeles Times
http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/laplaza/2010/07/mexico-race-racism-black-face-televisa.html




JOURNALISTS

Coverage in Latin America
http://www.confidencial.com.ni/articulo/2270/speech-of-mr-lee-c-bollinger-columbia-university-president

Economist

Economist Magazine Topic: Mexico
http://www.economist.com/topics/mexico

Bureau Chief Tom Wainwright bio
http://www.economist.com/mediadirectory/tom-wainwright
Tom Wainwright blog
http://wainwriting.blogspot.com/

Economist conference: Mexico 2011: Change from the Bottom Up
http://latinamerica.economist.com/event/mexico-summit-2011

Economist Intelligence Unit: Mexico Economy, Politics and GDP Growth Summary
http://country.eiu.com/Mexico


New York Times

Bureau Chief Randal Archibold
http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/a/randal_c_archibold/index.html

Mexico (NY Times Topics)
http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/international/countriesandterritories/mexico/index.html


Wall Street Journal

Wall Street Journal Topics: Mexico
http://topics.wsj.com/subject/M/Mexico/3271

Who is the bureau chief?


Los Angeles Times

Mexico Under Siege: The Drug War at our Doorstep LA Times
http://projects.latimes.com/mexico-drug-war/#/its-a-war
List of past articles
http://projects.latimes.com/mexico-drug-war/

Tracy Wilkinson
Daniel Hernandez


McClatchy

Mexico Unmasked
This blog is written by Tim Johnson, the Mexico bureau chief for McClatchy Newspapers
http://blogs.mcclatchydc.com/mexico/


Washington Post

http://www.washingtonpost.com/william-booth/2011/03/02/ABPG4sM_page.html
http://www.washingtonpost.com/nick-miroff/2011/03/02/ABryvmP_page.html





MEXICAN HISTORY MODULES

PRE-COLUMBIAN
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pre-Columbian_Mexico

Discover Mexico through its Routes
The Mystery and origin of the Maya Culture
http://www.theroutesofmexico.com/wb/Visitmexico/el_misterio_y_el_origen_de_los_mayas

Ancient Mexico - The Civilizations of Ancient Mesoamerica
http://ancientweb.org/explore/country/Mexico

See also:

Around the World in 80 Treasures - Mexico 1/3
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7VPkEBPwhqc&feature=youtube_gdata_player
Around the World in 80 Treasures - Mexico 2/3
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=854Omo55pPg&feature=youtube_gdata_player
Around the World in 80 Treasures - Mexico 3/3
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s5beCdVOVo4&feature=youtube_gdata_player





COLONIAL PERIOD

When Worlds Collide
http://www.pbs.org/kcet/when-worlds-collide/essays/social-order-in-the-spanish-new-world.html





WHEN WORLDS COLLIDE TIMELINE
http://www.pbs.org/kcet/when-worlds-collide/timeline/

Left side=Old World
Right side=New World

Image Gallery (37 images in all)

You can learn more by clicking on any image in the timeline below.
View all of the images by simply clicking on the previous and next buttons located toward the top left or right margin of each image.

The world's earliest civilization, Sumer, arises in Mesopotamia; they later invent city-states, the plow, the wheel, irrigation systems, and the world's first system of law. Circa 5000 BC

Farmers in Mesoamerica successfully domesticate maize (corn) from teosinte, a wild grass. Circa 4000 BC

America's first urban center, Norte Chico, consisting of at least 25 cities, arises along the Pacific Ocean just north of present day Lima, Peru.
The temple in Huaricanga (built between 3200 and 2500 BC) was among the world's tallest buildings. Circa 3500 BC

Sumerians develop the world's first system of writing, which they use to track animals, crops, and other goods. Circa 3100 BC

The great pyramids are constructed in Egypt as tombs for the pharaohs. Circa 2550 BC

Permanent agricultural villages spread in Middle America; Mayan settlements form in areas now in Belize. Circa 2500-1500 BC

Olmec civilization arises in Mesoamerica. Circa 1500 BC

Rise of the Greek civilization. Circa 1100 BC

Earliest known writing in Mesoamerica, one of only two or three times in history that a culture developed writing independently. Circa 750 BC

First world map drawn by Greek mapmaker Hecateus. Circa 510 BC

Romans create a republic, governed by a Senate and assembly, that lasts 500 years. Circa 509 BC

Outside present-day Mexico City, inhabitants of Teotihuacan, one of the world's largest urban centers, begin constructing the world's third-largest pyramid. Circa 100 AD

Mayan civilization flourishes. They create calendars and make significant advances in mathematics and astronomy. Circa 300 - 900 AD

Last Roman emperor is dethroned. 476 AD

Gunpowder is invented in China. Circa 800 AD

Cahokia, the only city north of the Rio Grande, is established near present-day St. Louis, Missouri, and eventually grows to 15,000 inhabitants, similar in size to London at that time. Until the 1800s, it was the largest city in the territory that is now the United States. Circa 950-1250

Leif Ericson, a Viking sailor, explores Vinland and establishes a short-lived settlement in present day Newfoundland, Canada. Circa 1001

Oraibi, the oldest continuously occupied settlement in the United States, is founded by Hopi Indians in present-day Arizona. Circa 1100

Marco Polo returns to Europe from China. Circa 1295

The Mexicas begin building Tenochtitlan on an island in Lake Texcoco.
When the Spanish arrived in 1519, the city, with its canals, aqueducts, wide avenues, and botanical gardens, was larger than Paris, Europe's largest city. Circa 1325

Rise of the Incan empire, which would become the largest empire on earth by 1491 with the biggestroad system on the planet (~25,000 miles). 1438

8,000 feet high in the Andes Mountains, the Incas build Machu Picchu, believed to be a royal estate for their leader Pachacuti. The site features 700 terraces, an underground drainage system, canals, and fountains. Circa 1450

Mayas abandon their cities Uxmal and Chichen Itza.Circa 1451 Gutenberg prints his first Bible. Circa 1454

Bartolomé de Las Casas is born. 1484

Spanish take Granada, the last Moorish area of the Iberian Peninsula; commanding three ships, Christopher Columbus embarks on his first voyage. 1492

Columbus returns to Spain in March. His second voyage begins in September with 17 ships. 1493

Spanish found Santo Domingo on Hispaniola (now Dominican Republic). 1496

Columbus returns from second voyage.1496

Spanish Crown begins program of forced baptisms for the Muslims of Granada. 1499

Pedro Alvares Cabral takes possession of Brazil for Portugal. 1500

African slaves introduced into Hispaniola (now the Dominican Republic). 1501

Moctezuma II becomes leader of the Mexica. 1502

Spanish leaders Isabella and Ferdinand order Muslims in Granada to convert or leave the city. 1502

Columbus returns from his last voyage on November 7; Queen Isabella dies later that month. 1504

Columbus dies, a largely forgotten man. 1506

Martin Waldseemüller's world map includes a new continent, which he names "America," in honor of explorer Amerigo Vespucci. 1507

Charles, the grandson of Isabella and Ferdinand, becomes king of Spain. 1516

Martin Luther launches the Protestant Reformation in Europe. 1517

Smallpox epidemic on Hispaniola wipes out one-third of the indigenous population. 1519

Hernán Cortés and indigenous allies capture and raze Tenochtitlán, capital of the Mexican empire. 1521

On a hillside overlooking Mexico City, the Lady of Guadalupe appears to Juan Diego, an indigenous convert to Catholicism. 1531

Francisco Pizarro captures Incan leader Atahualpa at Cajamarca. 1532

Writer Garcilaso de la Vega is born in Cuzco, Peru. 1539

King Charles V decrees the "New Laws" respecting the treatment of indigenous people. 1542

A massive silver strike is discovered in the Andes mountains in present day Bolivia. 1545

Mayan revolt crushed by Spanish troops. 1546

Archbishopric of Mexico founded. 1547

Bartolomé de las Casas debates the treatment of the New World people with Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda. 1550

Philip II becomes king of Spain. 1556

Bishop of the Yucatan Diego de Landa burns five thousand Mayan religious images and at least twenty-seven Mayan books. 1562

Spain occupies the Philippines and formally organizes treasure fleets to carry New World treasure back to Europe. 1564

Pedro Menéndez de Avilés founds St. Augustine in present-day Florida, the first permanent European settlement in what is now the United States. 1565

Tupac Amaru, the last Incan leader, is killed. 1569

The British defeat the Spanish Armada. 1588

Garcilaso de la Vega's The Royal Commentaries of the Inca is published. 1609

An uprising brought on by famine, popular discontent, and frustration explodes in Mexico City.
Indigenous people, along with blacks, mulattoes, and poor Spaniards, burn the Viceroy's palace and burn and sack much of the central plaza or Zócalo. 1692

Charles II's death marks the end of the Hapsburg dynasty in Spain; the Bourbon dynasty, beginning with Philip V, institute reforms based on French institutions and the ideas of the enlightenment. 1700

Mexico City names the Virgin of Guadalupe its patron saint. 1737

Tupac Amaru II leads a rebellion against the Spanish in Peru; he is defeated and executed in 1781. 1780

Haiti proclaims its independence from France, becoming the second independent state in the Western Hemisphere and the first free black republic in the world. 1804

Napoleon occupies Madrid and forces Spanish King Charles IV to abdicate, setting off uprisings in the Spanish New World colonies. 1808



MEXICAN INDEPENDENCE FROM SPAIN

Build our segment on this:
Mexico 2010
http://english.bicentenario.gob.mx/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=45&Itemid=2

This overview from Wikipedia is as good (and of workable length) as anything I can find.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexican_War_of_Independence

Discover Mexico through its Routes
A Colonial Experience
http://www.theroutesofmexico.com/wb/Visitmexico/una_experiencia_virreinal

Mexico Country Study (Federal Research Division, Library of Congress)
http://memory.loc.gov/frd/cs/mxtoc.html
Cannot bookmark search results from this site.

Mexican Independence (Texas A&M)
http://www.tamu.edu/faculty/ccbn/dewitt/mexicanrev.htm

Cry of Dolores (Mexican Independence)
Today in History (LOC) 16 September
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/sep16.html



WAR WITH THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (1846-1848)

Mexico Country Study (Federal Research Division, Library of Congress)
http://memory.loc.gov/frd/cs/mxtoc.html
Cannot bookmark search results from this site.

Great interactive website: Mapping History

http://mappinghistory.uoregon.edu/english/US/US16-00.html
http://mappinghistory.uoregon.edu/english/US/US16-01.html
http://mappinghistory.uoregon.edu/english/US/US16-02.html

The Religious Origins of Manifest Destiny
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/nineteen/nkeyinfo/mandestiny.htm

Items from the PBS website on manifest destiny

Mexican Texas (this is good)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexican_Texas

A Guide to the Mexican War (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress)
http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/mexicanwar/

PBS video
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/U.S.-Mexican+War
http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/index_noflash.html
Put in the material from the reactions for HIST 151

Alamo
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/alamo/

Mexican War Animated Map
http://www.civilwaranimated.com/mexico





From: David Lambert
Sent: Wednesday, February 15, 2012 6:06 AM
To: David Lambert
Subject: U.S.-Mexican War

U.S.-Mexican War
Manifest Destiny

Pull together the material I have already used in my reaction assignments, my Expansion module, and any blog posting

http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/U.S.-Mexican+War

http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Expansion

Reaction #27 Monday 11/14 U.S.-Mexican War

James K. Polk and the Mexican War
http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/prelude/jp_jp_and_the_mexican_war.html

Stephen F. Austin
http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/biographies/stephen_austin.html

Sam Houston
http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/biographies/sam_houston.html

Captain John C. Fremont
http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/biographies/john_fremont.html

Colonel Stephen W. Kearny
http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/biographies/stephen_kearny.html

General General Antonio López de Santa Anna
http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/biographies/antonio_lopez_de_santa_anna.html

The American Army
http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/war/american_army.html

Army Life: U.S. Army
http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/war/army_life_us.html

Army Life: Mexican Army
http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/war/army_life_mexican.html

Newspapers: U.S. Press
http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/war/us_press.html

War Correspondents
http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/war/war_correspondents.html

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/war/wars_end_guadalupe.html

Was the U.S.-Mexican War Necessary?
http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/aftermath/was_the_war_necessary.html

Crucible for Greatness
http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/aftermath/crucible_for_greatness.html

Many Truths Constitute the Past
http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/aftermath/many_truths.html

Reaction #26 Friday 11/11 Manifest Destiny

1. Donald Scott's article: "The Religious Origins of Manifest Destiny"
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/nineteen/nkeyinfo/mandestiny.htm

2. From the U.S.-Mexican War website, read these portions:

Introduction
http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/prelude/md_introduction.html

The Power of an Idea
http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/prelude/md_power_of_an_idea.html

An Ideal or a Justification?
http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/prelude/md_an_ideal_or_a_justification.html

An Early Agenda of Expansion
http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/prelude/md_an_early_agenda.html
Manifest Destiny - Sam W. Haynes
http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/prelude/md_manifest_destiny.html



FRENCH INTERVENTION/CINCO DE MAYO/BENITO JUAREZ

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_intervention_in_Mexico

Mexico Country Study (Federal Research Division, Library of Congress)
http://memory.loc.gov/frd/cs/mxtoc.html
Cannot bookmark search results from this site.

Cinco de Mayo
Today in History (LOC) 5 May
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/may05.html#cincodemayo

Benito Juarez
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benito_Juárez



MEXICAN REVOLUTION

Discover Mexico through its Routes
The Birthplace of History and Romanticism
http://www.theroutesofmexico.com/wb/Visitmexico/la_cuna_de_la_historia_y_el_romanticismo

Build our segment on this:
Mexico 2010
http://english.bicentenario.gob.mx/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=45&Itemid=2

Porfirio Díaz
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Porfiriato

Best article for us to use for the Mexican Revolution
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexican_Revolution

Distant Neighbors: The U.S. and the Mexican Revolution (Library of Congress)
http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/mexico/intro_a.html

John Reed’s “What About Mexico?”: The United States and the Mexican Revolution
http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/4948/

The United States and the Mexican Revolution: “A Danger for All Latin American Countries,” Letters from Venustiano Carranza
http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/4940

U.S. ends search for Pancho Villa — History.com This Day in History — 1/28/1917
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/us-ends-search-for-pancho-villa

“Avoid the Use of the Word Intervention”: Wilson and Lansing on the U.S. Invasion of Mexico
http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/4947

The United States Armed Forces and the Mexican Punitive Expedition
http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1997/fall/mexican-punitive-expedition-1.html
http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1997/winter/mexican-punitive-expedition-2.html





DISTANT NEIGHBORS: The U.S. and the Mexican Revolution
http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/mexico/timeline.html
Basic Timeline for the 1910 Mexican Revolution

March 1908
Pearson's Magazine publishes "Creelman interview" with President Díaz, stating that Mexico is ready for democracy and a new leader.

October 1910
Francisco Madero writes "Plan of San Luis Potosí" in San Antonio, Texas, calling for all Mexicans to rise up against the dictator on November 20, 1910.

Late 1910
Francisco Madero persuades Pascual Orozco and Francisco "Pancho" Villa to join the revolution.

March 1911
Emiliano Zapata leads uprising of villagers in Morelos for land and water rights. Simultaneously armed revolts begin in other parts of Mexico.

May 10, 1911
Orozco and Villa capture Ciudad Juárez (sister city to El Paso)

May 25, 1911
Francisco Madero elected President of Mexico.

March 1912
Pascual Orozco leads rebellion in Chihuahua, after losing gubernatorial election. General Victoriano Huerta, representing Madero, defeats Orozco and arrests Panco Villa.

February 18, 1913
Huerta leads coup against Madero, who is deposed, arrested and jailed.

February 22, 1913
President Madero and Vice President Pino Suárez are shot to death. Huerta declares himself President of Mexico.

March 1913
United States declares itself against Huerta.

April 1913
Venustiano Carranza, governor of Coahuila, is declared First Chief in the fight against Huerta ("The Usurper") and including both Villa and Zapata. Alvaro Obregón leads Carranza's army.

April 21, 1914
United States forces occupy Veracruz.

June 15, 1914
Huerta resigns as President and flees to Europe on a German ship.

June 23, 1914
Zacatecas captured by Villa's "División del Norte."

November 1914
World War I starts in Europe. United States leaves Veracruz.

October 19, 1915
United States recognizes Venustiano Carranza as provisional President of Mexico.

March 9, 1916
Pancho Villa sacks Columbus, New Mexico in retaliation for the United States' recognition of his enemy Carranza. Eight U.S. soldiers and 10 U.S. civilians killed.

March 1916
General John J. Pershing leads a force into Mexico in a futile search for Villa.

February 5, 1917
Mexico adopts the Constitution of 1917, claiming rights over the subsoil, instituting new regulations to benefit organized labor and decreeing sanctions against the Catholic Church.

April 6, 1917
United States declares war on Germany.

April 10, 1919
Zapata slain in ambush.

June 1, 1919
Obregón announces his campaign for the presidency.

April 20, 1920
Obregón declares himself in revolt against Carranza, whose support collapses.

May 20, 1920
Carranza murdered.

October 26, 1920
Obregón elected President.

November 30, 1920
Obregón sworn in as President. The Revolution is over.

1922
First murals appear in Mexico.

Click the 'next' button below to begin




Zoot Suit Riots
http://thelearningprofessor.blogspot.com/2011/12/website-spotlight-zoot-suit-riots.html

The parts of this website which I find particularly useful are the following:

I. The Film & More

Several items in the "Further Reading" section were especially useful to me:

"1943 Newspaper Clippings"

"Zoots by Zuavecito" (where you can buy a zoot suit today)

II. Special Features

The "Online Poll" can elicit discussion about those who wore a zoot suit to their high school prom.

Don't miss the article "Zoot Suit Culture."

III. Timeline

This comprehensive timeline is comprised not just of dates but a sentence or two explanation of each date.

IV. Gallery

Interesting series of photos of prison life at San Quentin.

V. People & Events

Great summary article: "The Zoot Suit Riots of 1943"

VI. Teacher's Guide

Make your choice from several wonderful suggestions.





MUSIC/SPORTS

Discover Mexico through its Routes
Thousand flavors of Mole
http://www.theroutesofmexico.com/wb/Visitmexico/los_mil_sabores_del_mole

MUSIC

Discover Mexico through its Routes
The art of Tequila and Music under the Sun
http://www.theroutesofmexico.com/wb/Visitmexico/el_arte_del_tequila_y_la_musica_bajo_el_sol

Mexican music itself
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_of_Mexico

Music About Mexico and South of The Border
http://www.parlorsongs.com/issues/2004-5/thismonth/feature.php

SPORTS

Overall article (Thanks to Devin!)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sport_in_Mexico#American_football_.28gridiron.29

Soccer
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Football_in_Mexico
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_football_clubs_in_Mexico

U.S. Players in Mexico


American Football
American Football (Thank you, Devin, for the link)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexican_College_Football

Baseball

Basketball