PRESIDENT RONALD REAGAN




Ronald Reagan
Miller Center (University of Virginia)
http://millercenter.org/president/reagan

The Reagan Years (CNN In-Depth Special)
http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2001/reagan.years/

How Evangelicals Turned from a Born-Again Christian to a Divorced Hollywood Actor
[Carter to Reagan]
http://www.patheos.com/blogs/anxiousbench/2016/05/how-evangelicals-turned-from-a-born-again-christian-to-a-twice-divorced-hollywood-actor/

Ronald Reagan bio
http://youtu.be/MOzg83FFY9o

Miller Center
http://millercenter.org/president/reagan

Campaign commercials
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1980
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1984

Reaganomics (Alanis Morissette's "Ironic" parody) - @MrBettsClass
http://youtu.be/BdaLrYTCE7g

Beruit bombing
http://youtu.be/KgyTb6O3gwI

President Ronald Reagan - Address on Iran-Contra
http://youtu.be/R67CH-qhXJs

Oliver North hearing
http://youtu.be/dZw8PzLZn2s

Cold War in Latin America



Election of 1980

Reagan accused President Carter of letting America be kicked around in world affairs.
Reagan's bold conservatism scared many voters
Reagan elected largely as a reaction against Carter.
Reagan's theme of "Stand Up, America" resonated with the electorate.

Campaign commercials (Living Room Candidate)
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1980

There you go again!
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wi9y5-Vo61w&feature=related



Assassination attempt (March 1981)

Reagan's courageous response to assassination attempt (during first 100 days) increased his political power.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xYlYSc9hAUA

Finding Dulcinea: On This Day: John Hinckly, Jr., Shoots President Reagan and James Brady
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/March/John-Hinckley-Jr--Shoots-President-Reagan-and-James-Brady.html

President Reagan shot (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0330.html#article

March 30, 1981 | President Reagan Is Shot (New York Times)
http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/03/30/march-30-1981-president-reagan-is-shot/

Brady Center to Prevent Gun Violence
http://www.bradycenter.org/about/bio/jim



Reagan's administrative agenda

1. Cut taxes

2. Cut government red tape

3. Cut government spending on domestic programs

4. Increase defense spending

Scroll to the section entitled "Military Buildup"
http://millercenter.org/president/reagan/essays/biography/5

Pointe du Hoc, Normandy
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WhXeZ453ux4

5. Stand up to communism

Scroll to the section entitled "Confronting the Soviets"
http://millercenter.org/president/reagan/essays/biography/5

Reagan pictured Soviet Union as "evil empire." [Axis of Evil??]

Believed intense military buildup needed to confront Soviets.

"Evil Empire" speech
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=do0x-Egc6oA

Ronald Reagan: “Evil Empire” Speech (1983) [use this] (Milestone Documents)
https://www.milestonedocuments.com/documents/view/ronald-reagans-evil-empire-speech

6. Negotiate with the Soviets

Scroll to the section entitled "Reagan and Gorbachev"
http://millercenter.org/president/reagan/essays/biography/5

Reagan Urges Soviets to Tear Down Berlin Wall (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0612.html#article

"Tear Down This [Berlin] Wall" speech
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WjWDrTXMgF8



Republican party coalition

Made up of ideologically diverse constituencies:

1. Economic conservatives who had always voted Republican

2. Cultural conservatives

Fundamentalist and evangelical Christians
Advocated family values
Opposed abortion and homosexuality

3. "Reagan Democrats"

Blue–collar workers who supported family values

4. White voters in South (no longer the Solid Democratic South)

5. Young Americans (18–30) activated during Reagan years

6. Suburban voters (anti-taxes and anti-government).



Reaganomics

Supply–side economic policies.

Cut federal spending on domestic programs

Cut taxes for the wealthy and for corporations

Free up investment capital and encourage new job creation

Investment income to offset loss of tax revenue caused by tax cuts.

Money freed up by tax cuts would "trickle down" to less wealthy

Did not work.

We got tremendous economic deficits.



Foreign policy events during the Reagan Administration

1. Beirut barracks bombing (1983)
Scroll to the section entitled "Involvement in Lebanon"
http://millercenter.org/president/reagan/essays/biography/5

Scroll to the section entitled "Middle Eastern Terrorism"
http://millercenter.org/president/reagan/essays/biography/5

The Bombing of U.S. Embassy Beirut — April 18, 1983
http://adst.org/2013/04/the-bombing-of-u-s-embassy-beirut-april-18-1983/
The Embassy Beirut Bombing — A Consular Officer’s Perspective
http://adst.org/2013/04/the-embassy-beirut-bombing-one-consular-officers-perspective/

Beirut Bombing 1983 (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/1023.html#article

1983 Beirut Bomb Still Reverberates Today (Finding Dulcinea)
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/Middle-East/October-08/1983-Beirut-Bomb-Still-Reverberates-Today.html

2. Invasion of Grenada (American Experience)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/reagan-grenada/

U.S. Invades Grenada - 1983 | Today in History | 25 Oct 16
http://youtu.be/F4aSfX47Mgo

US activities in the Caribbean, 1898 to the 1930s
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI504.jpg

Trouble spots in Central America and the Caribbean
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI695.jpg

3. Reagan Doctrine
U.S. would openly support all anticommunist fighters.

Reagan Doctrine, 1985
https://2001-2009.state.gov/r/pa/ho/time/rd/17741.htm

Elliot Abrams: The Reagan Doctrine in Central (America Ashbrook Center)
https://youtu.be/Otz5TdoqNP8

4. British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Reagan
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GHfH5TUbhi4

Margaret Thatcher biography (Finding Dulcinea)
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/features/profiles/t/margaret-thatcher.html

Margaret Thatcher (New York Times Topics)
http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/t/margaret_h_thatcher/index.html

5. Egypt

Anwar Sadat Assassinated - 1981 | Today in History | 6 Oct 16
http://youtu.be/cKu-u-W5J84



Presidential Election (1984)

President Reagan easily re-elected.

Campaign commercials (Living Room Candidate)
http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1984



Iran–Contra scandal

Beginning of Iran-Contra Affair (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/1125.html#article

Understanding the Iran-Contra Affairs (Brown University)
http://www.brown.edu/Research/Understanding_the_Iran_Contra_Affair/index.php

Iran Contra Affair
Scroll to the section entitled "Iran-Contra Affair"
http://millercenter.org/president/reagan/essays/biography/5

Two sides to the issue: Contras in Nicaragua and US arms sales to Iran (American Experience)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/reagan-iran/

Finding Dulcinea: On This Day: Reagan Endorses CIA Support of Nicaraguan Contras
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/November/Reagan-Endorses-CIA-Support-of-Nicaraguan-Contras.html

U.S supported those fighting against (contra) the communists in Nicaragua.

After Vietnam and Watergate, Congress anxious to oversee foreign policy

Congress ordered Reagan not to continue support of Contras

Finding Dulcinea: On This Day: Iran-Contra Scandal Breaks
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/November/Iran-Contra-Scandal-Breaks-in-a-Lebanese-Magazine.html

Role of Oliver North.
Sold arms to Iran (illegal) and our enemy.
Used profits to send to the Contras to keep fighting Communists

See also:

The Iran-Contra Affair 20 Years On (National Security Archive)
http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB210/index.htm

US guilty of backing Contras (BBC On This Day)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/27/newsid_2520000/2520169.stm