Colonial Take-Home Final
4-5 pages
Due that day (Thursday)

Grading based on pertinent categories on the Grading Rubric

Term Paper due by close of the office on that Friday.

I want this to be a reflection on what you have learned about:
About historical research process
About yourself as a self-directed learner

Our First and Scariest Inaugural Address, Courtesy of the Puritans

Historical Rivalry: Jamestown and Plymouth (Colonial Williamsburg)
Reflection: which reflects the real America

Puritanism and Predestination (Divining America, National Humanities Center)

Salem and Three Sovereigns for Sarah
A Midwife's Tale
Historical film production

Thursday, 1 September: Introduction

Tuesday, 6 September: Voyages of Exploration
Thursday, 8 September: Colonial Williamsburg readings

Tuesday, 13 September: Jamestown
Thursday, 15 September: Jamestown

Tuesday, 20 September: Jamestown
Thursday, 22 September: Jamestown/Critical Thinking

Tuesday, 27 September: Slavery and Indentured Servitude
Thursday, 29 September: Slavery and Indentured Servitude

Tuesday, 4 October: Colonial Virginia
Thursday, 6 October: Colonial Virginia

Tuesday, 11 October: Term Paper wiki page/Critical Thinking
Thursday, 13 October: Drama in Colonial Era

Tuesday, 18 October: No Class
Thursday, 20 October: Film: Desperate Journey

Tuesday, 25 October: New England
Thursday, 27 October: New England, Term Paper discussion

WEEK #10
Tuesday, 1 November: Deerfield overview
Thursday, 3 November: Deerfield (English) plus Artifacts, etc.

WEEK #11
Tuesday, 8 November: Deerfield (French) plus Military items
Thursday, 10 November: Deerfield (Natives) plus Clothing, tools

WEEK #12
Tuesday, 15 November: Salem Witchcraft articles, Making Sense of Film
Thursday, 17 November: Three Savereigns for Sarah

WEEK #13
Tuesday, 22 November: Salem Witchcraft
Thursday, 24 November [Thanksgiving holiday]

WEEK #14
Tuesday, 29 November: Martha Ballard articles
Making Sense of Diaries
Making a Historical film
Thursday, 1 December: Diary of a Midwife film

WEEK #15
Tuesday, 6 December: Matrha Ballard
Thursday, 8 December: First Great Awakening

WEEK #16




Need to do more reflection

Use as a readings change of pace or during class time

Early American Newspapering (CW)

Analyzing a Colonial Newspaper

The Virginia Gazette Archive 1736-1780

Colonial Teenagers

Colonial education NMWH

Men's Wigs

The Many Faces of Willie Balderson
[use during a class session]

A Colonial Williamsburg Christmas Under the Tree
[use during a class session]

Colonial Williamsburg blanketed in snow
[use during a class session]

Williamsburg Autumn photos

Exploration material from class session

Colonial Williamsburg readings

a. Staying Connected before the Age of the Silicon Chip (Colonial Williamsburg)

Here are some of my questions as starters:
Why was the Virginia Governor Berkeley so much against printing presses?
What items mentioned in the article were unfamiliar to you.
What can we learn about the neat kind of research done using business records.
Where can we find examples of the Virginia Gazette/Virginia Almanack?

b. Pop Culture

Which of these board or card games are you familiar with?
Where would you go to find out more about them (literature on popular culture).
Does anybody play backgammon. How about where you would go around here for a pool table. Difference between pool and billiards.
Tea party and social manners.
Almanacs. Are there any today?
Plays. Which ones do we still perform.

c. Women's Clothing
Glossary of Women's Clothing terms

Check out the definition of full dress.

d. To Bathe or not to Bathe (Colonial Williamsburg)

How come earlier cultures were good at having virtually running water and we were not.
What do doctors think of that cold water treatment.
Have you ever been to any hot water springs places.

e. Coping with Cold Weather

Does anyone have any good cold weather experiences to relate to us.
Amazing how much wood was needed (and how many trees cut down) for fireplaces.
Rivers as roads.
Story: Dutch ice skating race if the ice is thick enough.

Student regulations at Yale College

Let's look at sourcing of this document (at bottom of first page).
What do you think of this kind of college life?

What is meant by the "traditional routes of conjugal correctness?"
What surprised you about items from this article?
What about the notion of arranged marriages: good/bad; prominent today?
How similar/dissimilar are the notions in this article from our lives today?

Gossip, Flattery, and Flirtation: The art of letter writing
How often do you hand write letters or thank-you notes.
Where do you go (if at all) for advice on what we call etiquette or manners in certain social situations.

Department of Deportment: Stances and dances made the eighteenth-century man—and woman
Is there anything equivalent to this today?
Is there a certain way to stand or sit if you want to be either cool or appropriate. Can you be both at the same time.
Where do we learn "good breeding."

Manners [George Washington]
Have you ever done such a list for yourself. Would it be useful or a waste of time. What else would you include.

Dance during the Colonial Period
Has anyone ever done the minuet.
Have you ever been to a really formal Ball?

Roanoke Island

See separate wiki page

Sacred three sisters [where to put this]



Jamestown, Québec, Santa Fe: Three North American Beginnings | National Museum of
American History

The Science of Jamestown

Colonial Virginia [read down to Slavery]

Pocahontas Revealed | PBS

The Powhatan Indian World


Lost City of Powhatan | Smithsonian

Changing images of Pocahontas

John Smith

John Smith's Bold Endeavor (NOVA)

NWHM Women of Jamestown

Slavery and Indentured Servitude

a. Tuesday, 27 September
Africans in America: From Indentured Servitude to Racial Slavery
(Erin Hastings facilitator)

"Our Plantation Is Very Weak": The Experiences of an Indentured Servant in Virginia, 1623
(Kristian Kidd facilitator)

"Slaves for life, and servants for a time": the economics and legalities of servitude—five perspectives, 1705-1750
(Brannon Muya facilitator--pages 1-6; Rachel Oedewaldt facilitator--pages 6-11)

The varieties of slave labor
(Luis Oliva facilitator--down to Guiding Student Discussion; Hanna Richmond facilitator--Guiding Student Discussion and Historians Debate)

b. Thursday, 29 September

Intro to Colonial African American Life
(Alex Rowland facilitator)

African-American Family
(Bryson Schreiner facilitator)

African-American Christianity
(Parker Tamura facilitator)

How slavery affected African-American families
(Mikaela Truckey facilitator--down to Guiding Student Discussion; Meagan Warner facilitator--Guiding Student Discussion and Scholars Debate)

[Note to myself: use this in class on Tuesday]
An Enslaved Person's Life

[Note to myself: use this database in class on Thursday]
The Geography of Slavery in Virginia: Virginia Runaways, Slave Advertisements, Runaway Advertisements

Tuesday, 4 October: Colonial Virginia
Thursday, 6 October: Colonial Virginia


Religion in Early Virginia (Colonial Williamsburg)

Anglican Church in Virginia

The Church of England in Early America (Divining America, National Humanities Center)

The Parish in Colonial Virginia

Religion, Women, & the Family

Deism (CW)

Early American Jews Found Freedom to Celebrate Autumn's High Holy Days


Diary of William Byrd II of Virginia, selections, 1709-1712

Diary of Landon Carter of Virginia, selections, 1758

Voting in Early America

Crime and Punishment in Colonial America

Tuesday, 11 October: Term Paper/Critical Thinking

Thursday, 13 October: Drama


George Washington at the Theater

Timberheads and Talking Stools: puppetry (CW)

Theatre in Colonial Virginia (Colonial Williamsburg)

Play Booth Theater: Colonial Williamsburg (CW)

Playbill for the Beggar's Opera (CW)

Popular Culture (Playbills) in Colonial America slideshow



Historical Rivalry: Jamestown and Plymouth (Colonial Williamsburg)
Reflection: which reflects the real America


America as a Religious Refuge, Part 1

William Bradford

God in America: Pilgrims

Faith of the Pilgrims

Lift every voice

Puritanism and Predestination (Divining America, National Humanities Center)


The Puritans (God in America, PBS)

Governor John Winthrop (God in America, PBS)

Our First and Scariest Inaugural Address, Courtesy of the Puritans

Roger Williams (God in America, PBS)

Anne Hutchinson (God in America, PBS)

The Legacy of Puritanism (Divining America, National Humanities Center)

Deerfield Raid

WEEK #10
Tuesday, 1 November: Deerfield overview
Thursday, 3 November: Deerfield (English) plus Artifacts, etc.

WEEK #11
Tuesday, 8 November: Deerfield (French) plus Military items
Thursday, 10 November: Deerfield (Natives) plus Clothing, tools

Salem Witch Trials


Making Sense of Films

Witchcraft in Salem Village

Brief excerpts from books referenced in the Witchcraft in Salem Village article

A brief history of witchcraft persecutions before Salem

The Witchcraft Trials in Salem: A commentary (Doug Linder)

Causes for the outbreak of witchcraft hysteria in Salem

Why the hysteria ended

Have we learned the lessons of Salem?


Three Sovereigns for Sarah

Martha Ballard

Making Sense of Letters and Diaries

Martha Ballard wiki page



Common-Place (The journal of early American life)

Doing History blog - Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture

The Junto « A Group Blog on Early American History

Mining bibliographies
World Cat (see also)
Find Pocahontas/John Smith in World Cat

Grading Rubric

How to Create Google Alerts


Virginia Gazette

America:History and Life

William and Mary Quarterly

Term Paper

Term Paper: plus class presentation
Can't use articles from class readings

Term Paper (4 X 6 card)

a. Use the side with lines
b. Your name at top
c. What topic intrigues you to delve into further
d. What help do you need in finding sources (you will need at least 10 solid ones) for your term papers?

e. Tuesday, 1 November, a tentative thesis statement and a working bibliography.

f.. General description of the assignment. More details to follow.

Research paper (35% of your semester grade): 2000 (+/- 25) words, typed (12 point type), double-spaced, stapled in the upper left-hand corner, with properly written footnotes and a bibliography. Note that the History/Political Science Department follows the Chicago Manual of Style footnote format. Others styles (MLA, APA, etc.) are not acceptable. Late papers will be accepted, but penalized one day late unless you have made prior arrangements with me.

You should be prepared to share with me your topic, your process, and your drafts. Paper is due the last day of classes.

Term Papers: Narrow your term paper topic and find key articles with good bibliographies

1. Do a Google search

Let's use "religion on the Oregon Trail" as an example:

[I was not getting much when I searched on Google for "religion on the Oregon Trail," but I found this one after changing my search term to "Christianity on the Oregon Trail."]

Jerry Rushford. Christians on the Oregon Trail: Churches of Christ and Christian Churches in Early Oregon, 1842-1882. (1997)

One version: [go to page 577 for the Bibliography]

Book version on


Search within a book>>Table of contents>>Bibliography pages>>page search

Other similar books. This particular book doesn't have anything.

Can't look inside this particular book from

Here is an example of one that has both other suggestions and search inside option. [I ran out of time before I could find one for us this morning.]

3. APU Quick Search

When I tried using the APU Quick Search, this same book came up.

4. LINK+
LINK+ does not list this book, so that avenue is closed.

5. World Cat

a. World Cat does have it.
Then go to World Cat from this Quick Search screen

b. Here is how to get into World Cat from scratch

All Databases>>W>>World Cat [I don't use the World one]>>Author search

World Cat helps me get other search terms:

Here is the one that will help the most to begin with:
Restoration movement (Christianity) -- Oregon -- History -- 19th century.

To get the actual book, request it on Interlibrary Loan [a different step than LINK+]

6. Then I decided to look up info on Jerry Rushford on Google

This turns out to be great!

Jerry Rushford Center (Pepperdine University)

Plus other links to him.

7. I am sure many other sources are available for Christians on the Oregon Trail.

II. Term Paper:

I want to use class time today and Thursday to help you nail down your topic.

Pose a specific question you are trying to answer:
What were the characteristics of childhood education in colonial Pennsylvania.
What were the characteristics of religion at the family level in colonial Virginia.

Let's play around with a few databases:

Here is how to mine one source for bibliographic items to follow up on:

Quick search: Religion in colonial Virginia

"An Entire Affection and Attachment to our Excellent Constitution": The Anglican Political Culture of British Virginia.
[follow Full-text finder to Pro Quest]
[use the footnotes to get other sources]

Pursuing happiness in colonial Virginia: sacred words, cheap print, and popular religion in the eighteenth century
[use the footnotes to get other sources]