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WHERE TO PUT THESE???

Sí, me gustaría saber también...

¿Qué es la diferencia entre los dos?

En mi opiniön ...
No soy de tu opinión
Qué opina usted?

Qué le parece a usted este estudio?

Naci en/Soy de ... I was born in ...

Me he citado con el jefe a las cuatro

Ayer se celebró una reunión de los vecinos en el ayuntamiento

Buenas noches y qué descanses (sleep well)

Me alegro de haberte conocido

Queremos darle la bienvenida [en] nuestra casa.

Es un honor recibirles en mi casa

No creo que podamos ayudarle en este asunto

Cuando veas a tu prima, dale recuerdos de mi parte.

Mi nuera no se entiende con mi mujer.
Me entiendo muy bien con mis colegas

Su tía nunca me ha caído bien

Estás conforme con mis planes?

Reconocemos que tenían razón, aunque poca

En qué consiste el problema?

Qué pena/lastima que no puedas venir a la fiesta

Le pido perdón por las molestias

Qué me aconseja?

Deberías seguir mi consejo

David emplea siempre muchos términos téchnicos.

Puede añadir algún dato más?

Los alumnos no saben a qué se está refiriendo usted.

Conoces las últimas novedades de Internet?

Me puede explicar esa explicación?

David no tiene un acento muy marcado

Estábamos conversando cuando sonó el teléfono

Pedro tiene mucha habilidad (ability, skill) para el arte.

Pedro tiene gran capacidad (capacity, ability) para las lenguas

A propósito, cúando nos vemos?

Quieres café o té? Me es igual.

No es cuestión de inteligencia.
La cuestión (question, problem) es que no hay dinero
Consulta esa cuestión (matter) con tu abogado

Te aseguro que todo lo que he dicho es cierto

Desea algo más? No, nada más. Es todo.

Me permite pasar?

Todos decidieron en contra de (against) tu propuesta.

Puedo preguntarle una cosa? Can I ask you something?

Disculpe, está libre este asiento?

Informarse=inquire into, find out about
Tengo que informarme sobre la guerra entre Iraq e Iran

Te está llamando tu madre. Your mother is calling you.

Me he hecho el propósito de estudiar inglés

Me he decidido a estudiar español

David se esfuerza por aprender español

Tengo que reflexionar (reflect, think) sobre esto

No se me va del pensamiento. I can't get it out of my mind.

Es que no te fías de nosotros? Don't you trust us?

Ayer supe que venías

No sé ruso

Me [garantizaron] que [terminarían] el trabajo hasta marzo (by March)

Cuánto tiempo atrás? How long ago? Desde cuándo?

Cúan a menudo? How often?

Has escuchado expresiones coloquiales recientemente?



FAVORITES

Es más, ...

O si ya pecaste... ¡qué más da!

Qué increíble!

Fue así como ...

Sentir + noun + por

Sentir respeto por ...
Siento admiración por Jorge.

El atleta dijo que sentía alegría y satisfacción por el logro del campeonato.

Siento pena y tristeza por ello.

Sentirse + adjective
Me siento enojada y frustrada.

Que yo sepa
Pase lo que pase
Salga lo que salga
Sea lo que sea

Si no fuera por ... If it were not for ...

Si yo fuero usted. If I were you.

Yo que usted

A juzgar por ...

Estar para + infinitive (estar a punto de ...) to be about to ...

Estar por + infinitive it remains to be ...
Estar por ver it remains to be seen

Dime cómo se hace para ...
Cómo se juega

Cómo se usa/se emplea
Para qué se usa ...

Vamos a aprender más vocabulario sobre ... (la comida, ...)

Qué está diciendo?

Qué significa ...
Lo que se conoce en inglés como ...
Lo que en inglés se denomina ... (whistle blower)
Cómo se dice ... (whistle blower) en español?

Cómo se llama esto?

Cómo se pronuncia esto?

Cómo se escribe (se deletrea) ...
Creo que la palabra lleva acento.

Ah, sí!
Ah, no!

Me resulta (difícil, ...) entender por qué ...
Me resulta (imposible, ...) hacer lo que ... (quieres, ... )

No me conviene
A tí te conviene?

No me explico por qué ...

De qué se trata? [se trata de below!]

De qué sirve ...

En qué consiste ...

Cuál es tu comida favorita?
Cuál fue tu peor momento de vergüenza?
Cuál ha sido tu mejor amigo?

Fíjate
Imagínate
Figúrate

Oye/oiga
Mira/mire

Puedo ayudarle/lo/la en algo?

Que ... (gusto, pena, astucia ...) que ...

Pienso que fue bastante/muy ...

Que ... (interesante, raro, curioso, extraño, loco, divertido, chistoso, excelente, bien, bueno, absurdo, hermoso, bonito, tremendo, fantástico, fenomenal, genial, increible, ...)

al + infinitive=when
Al llegar

A+ (de) infinitive:
a (de) haberlo comprado yo, lo hubiera devuelto
De haberlo sabido, no hubieran ido

A ...
A comer!
A trabajar!

Así de ... (fácil, ...)

Caer bien / mal
Te va caer bien el hermano de Luis.
No me cae bien I don't like him

¿Cómo es que ...?
¿Cómo es que te quedas tan poco tiempo?

Es que …
Es que hoy no tengo ánimos para limpiar la casa.

Sentence starters:
Lo que pasa es que ...
La verdad es que ...
Así que ...
Por eso ...

Resulta que ...
Resulta que sus esfuerzos fueron muy inutiles

Menos mal
Menos mal que has llegado. Necesito tu ayuda urgentemente.
Thank goodness you've arrived.
Menos mal que ...
“Good thing that…”, or “It’s just as well that…”.
Fantastic little sentence-starter that you can get a ton of mileage out of.

Se lleva bien con todos
llevarse bien con

Sentir (admiración, ...) por alguien

Quedarse sin .... (cenar, ...)

Tener cara de … (enfado, sueño, tonto)
Una cara de aburrimiento

Costar tiempo
Cuesta tiempo acostumbrarse
Costar trabajo
Me cuesta trabajo entenderlo

Ways to negate:

poco ...
des... [deshacer]
no .... [no muy amistoso]
falta de ... [falta de respeto]
im... [impaciente/paciente]
mal ... [mal criado]
sin [hablar, cesar, parar]


Faltar poco para + infinitivo [not be long before]

No deje usted de .... (llamarme, ...)

Por lo general
Por lo común
De costumbre
Tener por costumbre
Acostumbrarse
Soler
Expresiones similares

Según mi entender
Expresiones similares

Da gusto...
Da gusto estar aquí

Me da.... (hambre, envidia, pena, ...

Me da ... (dos tacos y una cerveza)

Está de ...with a noun (paseo/compras/examenes)

Debe ser ... It ought to be
Debe de ser ... It is probably

Ir (salir) de compras

Dar por + past participle=consider
Lo doy por perdido
El gobierno diera por terminado el programa de flexibilización monetaria

Darse por + past participle=consider oneself
Me doy por insultado

Estar por ... (ver, llegar, venir)
Estar por ver it remains to be seen

Estar para + infinitivo
To be about to (a punto de)

Tener ganas de ... to feel like

Arreglárselas
Se las arregla para llegar a tiempo

Ingeniárselas para (find a way, manage, se débrouiller
Se las ingenió para quedarse en Paris

Ir tirando to get by

Carece de ... (experiencia, sentido, ...) lacks

Llevar plus gerund (to spend time doing something)
Llevo cinco años estudiando italiano
Solo lleva un año como gerente
Cuanto tiempo lleva aqui?

Lo bueno, lo malo, lo mejor, lo peor, lo gracioso, lo extraño, lo ideal, lo deseable,

Lo de ...
lo de ayer
Lo de siempre

Compañero de cuarto, juego, escuela, clase, equipo, cárcel, trabajo

Se me acabó ...
Se nos acabó ...

Te/se lo agradezco appreciate it

Ocurrirsele to occur to one
No se me occurió pedirselo

Da igual/me da igual
A mi me es igual
Da lo mismo/Me da lo mismo
Que mas da what's the difference
No importa
Eso no importa
Qué importa?
A mi no me importa
No me Importa

Se puede...
Se puede ver?
Eso se puede hacer?
++++++++++

ways to say "how did you like"

Qué tal ...
Qué te pareció ... (4 x 6 card on parecer)
Te gustó ...

Qué tal .... (la fiesta, el viaje, tu papá)
Qué tal estuvo (la fiesta, el viaje)
Cómo estuvo ...
Que tal le gustó el restaurante

Qué tal si ...

Qué te parece si ...

Que le parece el libro what do you think of the book

En lo que se refiere a su futuro
Con relacion a lo que me dijo ayer
Por lo que respecta (toca) a su plan, estoy muy contento
Tocante al puesto que me ofreciste, lo acepto
Por lo que se trata de ...

Se nota que ...

A ver si...

Quedarse is not always strictly reflexive. Often simply a more emphatic form, just as irse is a more decisive form of ir.

Salir turn out, work out
Salir bien/mal
Ha salido bien
A lo mejor, no me sale
aun asi no me salio
Sale igual/lo mismo
Me salió muy caro cost a lot

Quedar bien/quedar mal turn out well/badly
Parar en mal

Días/semana/meses/años atrás/antes

No me fue bien didn't turn out well

Seguir=translates a lot of "still"; more natural than "todavia"
Seguir + present participle keep on
[Sigo cometiendo] los mismos errores
Sigue sin comprender
Sigue sin trabajo

Soler
Suelen salir a las diez

Se trata de....

Tener que/deber/hay que

Varios/diversos/distintos/diferentes

A ver
Se puede ver
a ver si
Vamos a ver
Tener que ver
No tiene nada que ver conmigo

Tratar (use it instead of bothering with intentar, procurar, pretender)
Traté de dormir.
Trata de venir antes de las once.

De qué se trata?

Lo siento/lo siento mucho
Siento haber llegado tarde
Siento mucho no haber podido ir (come or go)

Bien visto/mal visto
El visto Bueno

Sentirse confuso embarrassed

Ya
Ya no
Ya lo sabes/como ya sabes as you know
Ya lo creo i'll say, you bet
Ya veo que vamos a tener problemas
Pues, ya es algo
Ya me voy
ya es hora
Ya viene

Volver a ...
Nice alternative to "otra vez"
Gracias, vuelvo a llamar más tarde.

Hacerse ...

Volverse ... (triste, loco, ...)

Ponerse + adjective=to become
Ponerse furioso, nervioso

Que yo sepa
Salga lo que salga
Pase lo que pase
Sea lo que sea
Venga lo que venga

Si no fuera por ... If it were not for ...
Si yo fuera usted. If I were you
Yo que usted



LAMP Tips

Develop a route of listeners (138-139)

Daily learning cycle (10)
PREPARE what you need for the day
PRACTICE whatbyou prepare
COMMUNICATE what you know
EVALUATE your needs and your progress

Nucleus of sentence patterns and vocabulary (46) Structure Substitution Drill pattern (46)

Tell people about myself (56)

Organizing my materials (101)
Topics for which I lack vocabulary (in coxtext of a sentence, 117)
Things I would like to say

Goals should be short term and doable (121)

(221-222) Listening comprehension is foundational to speaking ability.
(243) How best to listen

(245) Use a word 3 times and it's yours.

How to practice (316)

Structure Substitution Drills

Subject: He/they/we

He loves mom
He calls Doris
He likes Shari
He sees David

Pattern sentence
Slots to insert nouns or verbs
Fillers to put into the lots

Always practice complete sentences.

Multiply the basics:

Change each sentence to a negative form

Change each sentence to a question.

"Yes, no" question format: were the bears walking?

Informational format: who, what, when, where, why, how

Objects or people involved: who was walking
Event: what happened
Identification: who is that girl
Description: what is she like
Possession: whose book is this
Location: where was she
+++++++++

Flexibility (329)

REPLACE (330) sentence parts with other kinds of words/tenses

EXPAND (333-334) the minimal sentence by adding modifiers

DELETE (338) appropriate parts of basic sentences

REARRANGE (341) the words of a sentence



LACE: Questions and Answers

Taken from Field Manual for the LACE Method of Language Learning
LACE=Language Acquisition for Cross-Cultural Effectiveness

Peter Pikkert

[pages 37-38]

Running list of specific instructions and requests used repeatedly

Let's read this lesson. You read it first and I'll say it after you.
Please help me with these words.
Let's practice these sentences.
Please speak a bit more slowly for the moment.
Please help me write it down. I want to learn it/study it later.
Please repeat.
Please pronounce this word for me.
Please say it again.
What does this mean.
What is the name for this object/image
What is this used for.
Please give me an example.
Please correct me when I make a mistake/say something wrong.
I don't want to learn/study this right now.
Did I say that right.
Is it correct to say . OR "Can I say it this way _
How do you say (e.g.) "I forgot"…. in Spanish.

Tools to express your ability and aspirations

I don't know (can't speak) very much Spanish yet.
I understand what you are saying, but I can't (yet) answer in Spanish.
I understand most of this, but not all of it.
I have to go now. Thanks for your help.
I wish I could speak Spanish better.
I want to tell you something in Spanish but I don't know the words yet, so I have to tell you in English.

Tools to establish you in the learner role

May I practice speaking Spanish with you.
Can you help me for a few minutes.
May I come back and visit tomorrow.
May I tell you what I learned today/yesterday
Please talk to me in Spanish.

CONVERSATION STARTERS

Beginning students:

Please tell me about your family.
What do you do (student, worker, etc.)
Where do you do it?
Where do you live?
Do you like it there. Why or why not.
What did you do yesterday?
What do you plan to do tomorrow?
Please tell me how to get from here to your house (or to the university or some store or etc.)
What do you like to do with your free time?

Intermediate students (can also use the above questions)

What did you do yesterday, from the time you got up until you went to bed.
Why did you choose to study _.
What would you like to be doing five years from now?

Please tell me about your favorite: restaurant, book, movie, store.
Please tell me about your best friend, your mom, your dad, your brothers/sisters, cousins,, etc.

Please tell me about an important moment in your life.
What kind of books/movies/etc. do you like?

Advanced students (can also use the above questions)
Note: some of these questions should only be used with speakers of the same sex.

Please use a lot of detail and tell me what you did yesterday between (for example) 2:00 p.m. and 3:00 p.m.
What qualities (characteristics or traits) do you like in a friend.
What was your childhood like.
Please tell me about the happiest/saddest/ day in your life.
How important is religion/politics/etc. in your life. Why.
What is your opinion about (some major world event going on).
What is the biggest mistake you have ever made.
What was your most embarrassing moment.
What is the next big thing you would like to learn.
What was the best/worst job you have ever had. Why was it so good/bad.
What was the best/worst course you have ever taken. Why was it so good/bad.
What kind of social events do you like/hate.
What kinds of problems do you face in your family/job.
What sports do you enjoy playing/watching.
What are your favorite teams.

Go over maps of each other's countries and discuss the different areas, cities, industries, rivers, peoples.
Discuss where the favorite places are to go on vacation.

Find out about your language helper's favorite subjects, hobbies, extended family (sketch their family tree), background, jobs, religion, politics.

Complete the sentence: A good/bad thing which happened to me today/yesterday/last week/last month/last year was …

BASIC TEXTS TO GET YOU STARTED [pp. 39-44]

These are jumping off points. Try to determine what kind of talk goes on in each area.

1. Basic Greetings
Hello.
My name is _.
What is your name.
I'm happy to meet you.
Where do you live.
I live over there.
I must be going now.
Good-bye.

2. Basic Greetings/Invitation
Hi (to someone across the way)
I live next door. We just moved in.
I came over to meet you.
We are new here.
Come over sometime.
Please come for dinner. What do you like.
Do you have any food restrictions.
Come about 7:00.

3. Basic Hospitality
Greeting (when you open the door)
Please come in.
Please sit down.
Please have some tea.
Thank you for coming.
Please come back again.

4. Basic Question and Answer (1)
What are you doing.
I'm studying/working/playing.
When will you be done.
In about 2 hours.
When are you going home.
Later today.
How long will you be here.
Till noon.

5. Basic Question and Answer (2)
When did you come here.
(I came here) in April.
How long will you stay here.
(I'll stay) about 3 months
Do you like living here.
Yes, I like it very much.

6. Basic Question and Answer (3)
Where are you going.
(I'm going) to the market.
How long will you be gone.
(I'll be gone) about an hour.
Can I go with you.
Sure. Come on. Let's go.

7. Basic Buying/Shopping
I want to buy some bread.
What kind/type.
White/wheat/French.
How many do you want.
Three loaves. They are really tasty.
Anything else.
No, that's all.
That'll be/The cost is .
Here! (Here's the money)

8. Basic Bargaining
How much is this/that.
Get typical price.
Wow. That is expensive.
I can't pay that much.
I'll give you _ for it.
No, how about .
Okay. I'll take/buy it.
It's a very nice one.

9. Basic Cost [put in all kinds of items into this pattern]
The oranges/etc. are/cost _.
The total is .

10. Basic Feelings
[Do people express or keep feelings to themselves?]
I'm ill/I don't feel well.
I have a cold/fever/the flu.
I'm very sad/very tired/very happy/homesick.
I feel much better.
I feel cold. (or, It's freezing in here.)

11. Basic Telephone (1)
[Get proper telephone etiquette.]
Hello.
This is (Dave).
Is (Edgar) there.
No, he's not.
When will he be back.
About 5:00 this afternoon.
Okay, I'll call back later.
Good-bye.

12. Basic Telephone (2)
Hello.
Yes, what time do you open/close.
We open at 9:00 a.m.
We close at 6:00 p.m.
Do you sell (raisins)?
Yes we do/no we don't.
How much are they.
per kilo.
Okay, thanks. Bye.

13. Basic Gratitude
[How verbose are they in gratitude?]
Thank you.
Thank you very much.
I really appreciate that.
You are very generous.
Praise the Lord.
Thank God for his help.

14. Basic Regrets
[How bluntly do people express regrets?]
I wish I could help you.
I'm very sorry, I can't go (with you).
I'm sorry, I can't do that (for you).
I'm sorry, we don't have room.
I'm sorry, I don't have time.
I'm sorry, he's not here.
I'm sorry, I can't find it.
I'm sorry, I don't know.

15. Basic Apology
Pardon me. Excuse me.
Please forgive me.
It was an accident.
I'm so sorry it happened.
How can I repay you?
Please don't hold it against me.
Sorry I'm late.
I'm sorry to bother you/trouble you.

16. Basic Comments to a Child
Come here. Right now.
Stop your crying/whining. Stop that.
Don't do that. Sit still.
Drink your milk. Eat your rice.
Get ready for bed.
What's the matter.
Listen to me.
That's too bad. There, there now.
You're a very nice boy/girl.
Let's go.
Put on your shoes/socks/coat.
Be nice to your sister.
Say, "I'm sorry".
Don't run. Be careful.
Wait for me.
Don't make so much noise.

17. Basic Parents
Are your parents still living.
Are your parents well.
Where do your parents live.
What does your father/mother do.
Who is taking care of your parents.

19. Basic Weather
It's a nice day today, isn't it.
It's very cold/very hot today.
It's about to rain. It's raining very hard. It rains every day.
I need my umbrella.
It's very windy/very dry.
I hope it will be a nice day that day.
What is the weather supposed to be like tomorrow.
It's supposed to rain.

31. Basic Monologue on Daily Activities
[Discuss their daily/weekly routines]
I get up at
I leave for work at _
I get to the office at _
I take coffee break at _
I eat lunch at _
I go home at _
I eat supper/dinner at _
I watch TV until _
I go to bed at _

32. Basic Urgency
Please keep trying.
Please come back right away.
I need this right away.
Can you do it right away.
When will it be finished.

33. Basic Autobiographical
Where are you from? I'm from _.
What are you doing here.
I am studying/learning to speak Spanish.
Why are you studying Spanish.
Because I want to make friends/
Are you married? Yes I am/No, not yet.
Do you have children/a family.
Yes, two boys and one girl.
How old are they? (Actual age)
Do you have a picture.
Yes, these are my children.

34. Basic Days of the Week
Today is Wednesday.
Tomorrow is Thursday
Day after tomorrow is Friday.
Yesterday was Tuesday.
Day before yesterday was Monday.
I don't go to work on Sunday.
On Sunday I go to church.

35. Basic Community Contacts (1)
I have come here to learn/study Spanish.
I am studying at _ or with .
I am studying on my own using materials from the internet.
I would like to talk to many different people.
Can I talk with you. Do you have time.
Do you have friends I can talk to.
I have to go now. See you tomorrow.

36. Basic Community Contacts (2)
You are patient with/help me very much.
I enjoy talking with you very much.
Thank you with taking time for/with me.
I'm glad/appreciative you are willing to help me.
Sometimes I think I'm taking up too much of your time/bothering you.
Because of you, I'm making progress.

37. Basic Request
Are you busy. Can I talk with you.
I have a problem. I hope you can help me.
I need your help. Can you help me.
Do you have time to help me.

38. Basic Plans/Anticipation.
I'm planning to go.
I've decided to do it.
I'm looking forward to it.
I hope to see you again.
I plan/want to do that some time.

39. Basic Appointment
I want to make an appointment.
I have an appointment.
Please sit down. I'll go see if he is in/here.
I'm sorry. He just left.
Please come back tomorrow.

40. Basic Compliment
[discuss how expressive one can be about complimenting another person]
You did a great job.
Congratulations on your promotion.
I like the way you do that.
You look great today.
I like your dress/haircut/etc.
Happy birthday/anniversary.

41. Basic Interjections
[Try to learn the profanity to avoid]
Oh, yeah.
Ouch.
Ugh.
Phooey/Nuts/Rats
Wow
Oh, no
Oh, dear
Yippee
Great
Terrific
Awesome
Nice
Hey
How about that
Good heavens
Profanity: Gosh. Darn. Damn it.

42. Basic Question Words

WHAT
What is this/that.
What time/day is it
What are doing/going to do.
What do you want.
What did you say.
What will the weather be like tomorrow.

What kind of car/etc. is that.

WHERE
Where is it.
Where is the Post Office/_
Where are you going.
Where can I buy soap.
Where did you put it.
Where are my shoes/
Where did you come from.
Where have you been.
Where do you live/work/play sports/_

WHEN (PAST/FUTURE)
When is your appointment.
When does the store open.
When are you going/leaving.
When do you generally eat.
When were you there.
When did you see him.

WHO/WHOM
Who's there (at the door).
Who is it.
Who is that over there.
Who is (who all) going.
To whom/who did you give it (to).
Who took my newspaper.

WHOSE
Whose book is this.
Whose house is that.

WHY/HOW COME
How come/why isn't the bank open.
How come/why are you here.
Why did you do that.
Why aren't you going.
Why are they fighting.
Why is there so much smoke in the air.
Why not go with us?

HOW MUCH/HOW MANY
How much is this.
How much time do you have.
How much do you make a month.
How many children do you have.
How many bananas do you want.

HOW (MANNER, MEANS, PROCESS, ETC.)
How do you say this word.
How are you today? (i.e., a sick person)
How did you get here.
How old are you.
How did it happen.
How do you do that.

DO YOU/DID YOU/DON'T YOU
Do you think it will rain.
Do you have relatives in the United States/California/Azusa.
Do you want a ride.
Do you have time.
Don't you want to go.
Don't you have any.
Did you like it.
Did I say it right.
Do you know where it is.

ARE/IS IT TRUE
Are you going to the market.
Is it true that the bank is closed today.
Are you married.
Is this any good (a fruit).
Is it going to rain today.
Is it gone.
Is it far.
Is English difficult for you.
Is this the way to the market.
That's right, isn't it.

CAN/MAY (PERMISSION)
Can/May I have some more soap.
Can/May I help you.
Can/May I try it.
Can/May I go with you.
Can I say this? (i.e., is it proper?)

CAN (ABILITY)
Can you jump that high.
Can you help.
Can you reach that for me.
Can you make pizza.

DID/HAS/HAVE
Did/Has the mail come (yet).
Did you tell him (yet).
Has it started to rain (yet).
Have you eaten/done it (yet).
Have you read this book.

IS THERE/ARE THERE
Are there any oranges left.
Is there a post office near here.

HOW OFTEN
How often do you pray.
How often does it rain.
How often do you come here.
How often do you make enchiladas.

HAVE YOU EVER
Have you ever been to London.
Have you ever gone on an airplane.
Have you ever lied about it.
Have you ever missed the train.

HOW LONG (LENGTH/TIME)/HOW FAR
How long is that rope.
How long will you be here.
How long does it take you to get there.
How long is the meeting.
How long were you there.
How far away is the airport.

WHICH
Which one do you want.
Which one is better.
Which bus should I take to get there.