Thursday, 10 December

Friday Songs on Thursday [today's the day we are finally through]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Term paper: due at the time of our final exam

III. Final exam is on Thursday, 17 December from 9:35-11:35 am.

Study Guide
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+382+Final

IV. Items of interest since last class session

Don’t think Trump will ever pass a Muslim Exclusion Act? Just ask Sen. James G. Blaine.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/posteverything/wp/2015/12/08/the-gop-front-runner-wants-to-ban-a-whole-group-of-people-this-isnt-the-first-time-thats-happened/

Donald Trump meet Wong Kim Ark, the Chinese American cook who is the father of ‘birthright citizenship’
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2015/08/31/donald-trump-meet-wong-kim-ark-the-chinese-american-cook-who-is-the-father-of-birthright-citizenship/

V. In class today: reaction to homework

Woodrow Wilson (Miller Center, University of Virginia)
Life Before the Presidency
http://millercenter.org/president/wilson/essays/biography/2
Foreign Affairs [read down through Moral Diplomacy]
http://millercenter.org/president/biography/wilson-foreign-affairs

General Pershing [stop reading when you get to WWI: "Named head of AEF"]
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0913.html

The United States Armed Forces and the Mexican Punitive Expedition
http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1997/fall/mexican-punitive-expedition-1.html
http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1997/winter/mexican-punitive-expedition-2.html






Tuesday, 8 December

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Term paper

III. Final exam is on Thursday, 17 December from 9:35-11:35 am.

Study Guide [I will continue to polish it]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+382+Final

IV. Homework for Thursday, 10 December

Woodrow Wilson (Miller Center, University of Virginia)
Life Before the Presidency
http://millercenter.org/president/wilson/essays/biography/2
Foreign Affairs [read down through Moral Diplomacy]
http://millercenter.org/president/biography/wilson-foreign-affairs

General Pershing [stop reading when you get to WWI: "Named head of AEF"]
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0913.html

The United States Armed Forces and the Mexican Punitive Expedition
http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1997/fall/mexican-punitive-expedition-1.html
http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1997/winter/mexican-punitive-expedition-2.html

V. In class today: several interesting articles

a. Maritime Academy salaries
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/grade-point/wp/2015/12/07/whats-more-telling-for-future-earnings-your-college-or-your-major/

b. Muslims are to Trump as the Chinese were to President Arthur in 1882
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2015/12/08/muslims-are-to-trump-as-the-chinese-were-to-president-arthur-in-1882/

VI. In class today: reaction to homework

Japanese-American Relations, 1900-1922 (Historian of the State Department)
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/JapaneseRelations

Portsmouth Treaty and the Russo-Japanese War (Historian of the State Department)
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/PortsmouthTreaty

Segregation of Japanese students in S.F 1906
On This Day, 10 November 1906 (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/harp/1110.html

Gentlemen's Agreement reduces Japanese immigration
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gentlemen's_Agreement_of_1907

S.F. Earthquake (Today in History, Library of Congress)
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/apr18.html

Great White Fleet [read "Background and Purpose]
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_White_Fleet






Thursday, 3 December

Friday Songs on Thursday--on Tuesday [1 more week and we'll be through]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Term paper

III. Homework

a. Tuesday, 8 December

Japanese-American Relations, 1900-1922 (Historian of the State Department)
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/JapaneseRelations

Portsmouth Treaty and the Russo-Japanese War (Historian of the State Department)
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/PortsmouthTreaty

Segregation of Japanese students in S.F 1906
On This Day, 10 November 1906 (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/harp/1110.html

Gentlemen's Agreement reduces Japanese immigration
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gentlemen's_Agreement_of_1907

S.F. Earthquake (Today in History, Library of Congress)
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/apr18.html

Great White Fleet [read "Background and Purpose]
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_White_Fleet

b. Thursday, 10 December

Woodrow Wilson (Miller Center, University of Virginia)
Life Before the Presidency
http://millercenter.org/president/wilson/essays/biography/2
Foreign Affairs [read down through Moral Diplomacy]
http://millercenter.org/president/biography/wilson-foreign-affairs

General Pershing
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0913.html

The United States Armed Forces and the Mexican Punitive Expedition
http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1997/fall/mexican-punitive-expedition-1.html
http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1997/winter/mexican-punitive-expedition-2.html

IV. In class today: reaction to homework

1. Defending U.S. international interests
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913

2. U.S. Intervention in Latin America [read "Teddy's Legacy" and "End of an era"]
http://www.smplanet.com/teaching/imperialism/#intervention

3. Building the Panama Canal
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/panama-canal

4. Dollar Diplomacy
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/dollar-diplo

V. In class today: overview on Panama Canal

Map of Panama
http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/map/panama-political-map.htm

Panama Canal (1904-1914)

Spanish–American War demonstrated need for a Panama Canal
Shift naval forces quickly from Atlantic to Pacific.
Panama originally a province of Columbia.
Columbia rejected proposed canal route treaty with the U.S. in 1903
Wanted more money
Treaty infringed on their sovereignty.
Almost immediately, Panama declared its independence from Columbia
With the help and approval of TR).
U.S. signed a treaty with Panama (1903).
Canal completed in 1914.

Interview: Walter Lafeber (American Experience)
Read the section on the "Panama Canal"
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/interview/tr-lafeber






Tuesday, 1 December

I'm excited to see everyone. I missed you tons!

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Term Paper

III. Homework for Thursday, 3 December

1. Defending U.S. international interests
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913

2. U.S. Intervention in Latin America [read "Teddy's Legacy" and "End of an era"]
http://www.smplanet.com/teaching/imperialism/#intervention

3. Building the Panama Canal
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/panama-canal

4. Dollar Diplomacy
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/dollar-diplo

IV. Items from last time

Dowager Empress
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/dowager

Legation
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legation

V. In class today: reaction to homework

1. Assassination of President McKinley (1901)

President McKinley Fatally Shot by Anarchist (On This Day, Finding Dulcinea)
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/September-October-08/On-this-Day--President-McKinley-Fatally-Shot-By-Anarchist.html

2. Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt (Miller Center, University of Virginia)
Life Before the Presidency
http://millercenter.org/president/roosevelt/essays/biography/2
Domestic Affairs
http://millercenter.org/president/roosevelt/essays/biography/4
Foreign Affairs
http://millercenter.org/president/roosevelt/essays/biography/5

3. Roosevelt Corollary (1904)

Roosevelt Corollary (Historian of the State Department)
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/RooseveltandMonroeDoctrine

a. What was the Monroe Doctrine
http://www.ushistory.org/documents/monroe.htm

b. What was the Roosevelt Corollary [to the Monroe Doctrine]

Speak softly but carry a big stick
President Roosevelt warned Latin American nations to keep their affairs in order or face American intervention.
U.S. would assume the role of an international police power, a 911 number—whether requested or not.

4. President William Howard Taft (1909-1913) (Miller Center, University of Virginia)

Life Before the Presidency
http://millercenter.org/president/taft/essays/biography/2
Campaigns and Elections
http://millercenter.org/president/taft/essays/biography/3
Domestic Affairs
http://millercenter.org/president/taft/essays/biography/4
Foreign Affairs
http://millercenter.org/president/taft/essays/biography/5






Tuesday, 24 November

Friday Songs on Thursday--on Tuesday [2 more weeks and we'll be through]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Term Paper

III. Homework:

a. Tuesday, 1 December

1. Assassination of President McKinley (1901)

President McKinley Fatally Shot by Anarchist (On This Day, Finding Dulcinea)
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/September-October-08/On-this-Day--President-McKinley-Fatally-Shot-By-Anarchist.html

2. Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt (Miller Center, University of Virginia)
Life Before the Presidency
http://millercenter.org/president/roosevelt/essays/biography/2
Domestic Affairs
http://millercenter.org/president/roosevelt/essays/biography/4
Foreign Affairs
http://millercenter.org/president/roosevelt/essays/biography/5

3. Roosevelt Corollary (1904)

Roosevelt Corollary (Historian of the State Department)
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/RooseveltandMonroeDoctrine

4. President William Howard Taft (1909-1913) (Miller Center, University of Virginia)

Life Before the Presidency
http://millercenter.org/president/taft/essays/biography/2
Campaigns and Elections
http://millercenter.org/president/taft/essays/biography/3
Domestic Affairs
http://millercenter.org/president/taft/essays/biography/4
Foreign Affairs
http://millercenter.org/president/taft/essays/biography/5

b. Thursday, 3 December

1. Defending U.S. international interests
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913

2. U.S. Intervention in Latin America [read "Teddy's Legacy" and "End of an era"]
http://www.smplanet.com/teaching/imperialism/#intervention

3. Panama Canal

Building the Panama Canal
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/panama-canal

Panama Canal Opens (On This Day, Finding Dulcinea)
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/July-August-08/On-this-Day--Panama-Canal-Opens-for-Business.html

The Panama Canal [read the portions entitled "President Roosevelt" and "Joining the Waters"]
http://www.smplanet.com/imperialism/joining.html

Interview: Walter Lafeber (American Experience)
Read the section on the "Panama Canal"
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/interview/tr-lafeber

4. Dollar Diplomacy
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/dollar-diplo

IV. In class today: reaction to homework

a. Overview

As a trading nation, the U.S. opposed barriers to international commerce and demanded equal access to markets.
Secretary of State John Hay
  • 1st Open Door Note (1899): all nations guarantee free trade in China.
  • Boxer Rebellion (1900). U.S. and others rescue foreigners in Peking.
  • 2nd Open Door Note (1900): all nations protect China's territorial integrity

b. Maps: Spheres of Influence

1. Colonial Powers Carve up China
http://images.classwell.com/mcd_xhtml_ebooks/2005_world_history/images/mcd_mwh2005_0618377115_p369_f01.jpg

2. Spheres of Influence and Treaty Ports
http://images.classwell.com/mcd_xhtml_ebooks/2005_world_history/images/mcd_mwh2005_0618377115_p374_f1.jpg

c. Readings

Open Door Notes (Historian of the State Department)
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/HayandChina

The Birth of an American Empire (EDSITEment)
Lesson #4: Imperialism and the Open Door
http://edsitement.neh.gov/lesson-plan/lesson-4-imperialism-and-open-door#sect-background

American missionaries in China
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/filmmore/reference/interview/lafeber_americanmissionar.html

Boxer Rebellion, Spheres of Influence, Fists of Righteous Harmony (Small Planet)
http://www.smplanet.com/imperialism/fists.html

Boxer Rebellion (America 1900): Walter Lafeber interview
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/filmmore/reference/interview/lafeber_boxerrebellion.html

Revolution in China
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/filmmore/reference/interview/lafeber_revolutioninchina.html

Chinese Revolution of 1911
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/chinese-rev






Thursday, 19 November

Friday Songs on Thursday [3 more weeks and we'll be through]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Term Paper

III. Homework: Tuesday, 24 November>>Open Door and Boxer Rebellion

Open Door Notes (Historian of the State Department)
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/HayandChina

The Birth of an American Empire (EDSITEment)
Lesson #4: Imperialism and the Open Door
http://edsitement.neh.gov/lesson-plan/lesson-4-imperialism-and-open-door#sect-background

American missionaries in China
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/filmmore/reference/interview/lafeber_americanmissionar.html

Boxer Rebellion, Spheres of Influence, Fists of Righteous Harmony (Small Planet)
http://www.smplanet.com/imperialism/fists.html

Boxer Rebellion (America 1900): Walter Lafeber interview
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/filmmore/reference/interview/lafeber_boxerrebellion.html

Revolution in China
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/filmmore/reference/interview/lafeber_revolutioninchina.html

Chinese Revolution of 1911
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/chinese-rev

IV. In class today: reaction to homework

a. Overview:

1. Emiliano Aguinaldo's army had helped U.S. against the Spanish.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/peopleevents/pande8.html

2. Aguinaldo expected to be president of an independent Philippines.

3. U.S. decided not to permit him to be President.

4. Aguinaldo led a guerrilla war against the occupying U.S. military.

5. War foreshadowed tactics and atrocities of Vietnam.

6. Aguinaldo finally captured. The revolt ended.
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl19.html

b. Maps

Southeast Asia
http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/map_of_southeast_asia.htm

Philippines
http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/map/philippines-political-map.htm

c. Readings for today:

Philippine–American war (1898–1902)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/peopleevents/pande33.html

Philippine-American War (Historian of the State Department)
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/War

The Fight for the Philippines (Walter Lafeber interview)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/filmmore/reference/interview/lafeber_fightforphilipines.html

American soldiers in the Philippines write home about the war
http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/58/

"Civilizing" the Filipinos
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/filmmore/reference/interview/lafeber_civilizingfilipino.html

Revolt in the Philippines
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl5.html






Tuesday, 17 November

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Term Paper

Grading Rubric
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Grading+Rubric

Term Paper process
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Term+Paper

III. Homework for Thursday, 19 November

Philippine–American war (1898–1902)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/peopleevents/pande33.html

Philippine-American War (Historian of the State Department)
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/War

The Fight for the Philippines (Walter Lafeber interview)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/filmmore/reference/interview/lafeber_fightforphilipines.html

American soldiers in the Philippines write home about the war
http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/58/

"Civilizing" the Filipinos
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/filmmore/reference/interview/lafeber_civilizingfilipino.html

Revolt in the Philippines
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl5.html

IV. In class today: reaction to homework

Overview:
1. Advocates of empire appealed to motives of
Patriotism
Manifest destiny
Commerce.

2. Those against acquiring Philippines: anti–imperialist case.

Many felt imperialism counter to U.S. principles.
Other felt U.S. could expand markets without ruling other countries.
Labor unions felt they would be undercut by importation of low–wage contract workers.

Readings for today:

The Birth of an American Empire: The Matter of the Philippines
http://edsitement.neh.gov/lesson-plan/birth-american-empire-lesson-3-matter-philippines#sect-background

A Gift from the Gods (Small Planet)
http://www.smplanet.com/imperialism/gift.html

Senate Debate over Ratification of the Treaty of Paris (January 1899)
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl17.html

"Aguinaldo's Case Against the United States.
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/gilded/empire/text9/filipino.pdf

Albert Beveridge, "March of the Flag," Address to a state Republican Party meeting
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/gilded/empire/text5/beveridge.pdf

Anti-Imperialism in the United States
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/filmmore/reference/interview/lafeber_antiimperialism.html

William McKinley documents on Imperialism
Read only the “Benevolent Assimilation” Proclamation and Home Market Club portions
http://www.schlagergroup.com/mdal_sample.php






Thursday, 12 November

Friday Songs on Thursday [4 more weeks and we'll be through]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Term Paper

III. Homework

a. Tuesday, 17 November

The Birth of an American Empire: The Matter of the Philippines
http://edsitement.neh.gov/lesson-plan/birth-american-empire-lesson-3-matter-philippines#sect-background

A Gift from the Gods (Small Planet)
http://www.smplanet.com/imperialism/gift.html

Senate Debate over Ratification of the Treaty of Paris (January 1899)
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl17.html

"Aguinaldo's Case Against the United States.
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/gilded/empire/text9/filipino.pdf

Albert Beveridge, "March of the Flag," Address to a state Republican Party meeting
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/gilded/empire/text5/beveridge.pdf

Anti-Imperialism in the United States
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/filmmore/reference/interview/lafeber_antiimperialism.html

William McKinley documents on Imperialism
Read only the “Benevolent Assimilation” Proclamation and Home Market Club portions
http://www.schlagergroup.com/mdal_sample.php

b. Thursday, 19 November

Philippine–American war (1898–1902)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/peopleevents/pande33.html

Philippine-American War (Historian of the State Department)
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/War

The Fight for the Philippines (Walter Lafeber interview)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/filmmore/reference/interview/lafeber_fightforphilipines.html

American soldiers in the Philippines write home about the war
http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/58/

"Civilizing" the Filipinos
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/1900/filmmore/reference/interview/lafeber_civilizingfilipino.html

Revolt in the Philippines
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl5.html

IV. In class today: reaction to homework

Read through each of these short sketches; they will summarize for us the entire war sequence.

What other historical or present day incidents remind you of each one?

1. 1868-1878: Ten Years' War in Cuba
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl1.html
2. 1895: Cuban War for Independence
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl3.html
3. February, 1896: Reconcentration Policy
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl4.html
4. March 4, 1897: President McKinley Inaugurated
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl6.html
5. April 16, 1897: T. Roosevelt Appointed Assistant Secretary of the Navy
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl7.html
6. December, 1897: McKinley Asks Congress for Aid to Cuba
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl8.html
7. February 9, 1898: Dupuy de Lôme Letter Scandal
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl9.html
8. February 16 1898: Battleship U.S.S. Maine Explodes
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl10.html
9. March 17, 1898: Senator Proctor Exposes Spain's Brutality in Cuba
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl11.html
10. April 25, 1898: Congress Declares War
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl12.html
11. May 1, 1898: Commodore Dewey's Victory in the Philippines
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl13.html
12. May 15, 1898: Theodore Roosevelt resigns as Assistant Secretary of the Navy
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl14.html
13. June 22, 1898: U.S. troops land in Cuba
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl15.html
14. July 1, 1898: Victory in San Juan Heights
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl16.html
15. January 1899: Senate Debate over Ratification of the Treaty of Paris
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl17.html
16. February 6, 1899: Treaty of Paris ratified
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl18.html
17. March 4, 1901: McKinley inaugurated for 2nd term; Roosevelt becomes Vice-President
September, 1901: President McKinley assassinated
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl20.html

[note to me: I used the Site Map to get Timeline]

[note to me: use 1890s Music in class next Thursday]
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/music.html
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/frames/_music.html





Thursday, 10 November

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework for Thursday, 12 November

Read through each of these short sketches; they will summarize for us the entire war sequence.

What other historical or present day incidents remind you of each one?

1. 1868-1878: Ten Years' War in Cuba
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl1.html
2. 1895: Cuban War for Independence
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl3.html
3. February, 1896: Reconcentration Policy
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl4.html
4. March 4, 1897: President McKinley Inaugurated
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl6.html
5. April 16, 1897: T. Roosevelt Appointed Assistant Secretary of the Navy
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl7.html
6. December, 1897: McKinley Asks Congress for Aid to Cuba
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl8.html
7. February 9, 1898: Dupuy de Lôme Letter Scandal
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl9.html
8. February 16 1898: Battleship U.S.S. Maine Explodes
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl10.html
9. March 17, 1898: Senator Proctor Exposes Spain's Brutality in Cuba
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl11.html
10. April 25, 1898: Congress Declares War
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl12.html
11. May 1, 1898: Commodore Dewey's Victory in the Philippines
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl13.html
12. May 15, 1898: Theodore Roosevelt resigns as Assistant Secretary of the Navy
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl14.html
13. June 22, 1898: U.S. troops land in Cuba
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl15.html
14. July 1, 1898: Victory in San Juan Heights
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl16.html
15. January 1899: Senate Debate over Ratification of the Treaty of Paris
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl17.html
16. February 6, 1899: Treaty of Paris ratified
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl18.html
17. March 4, 1901: McKinley inaugurated for 2nd term; Roosevelt becomes Vice-President
September, 1901: President McKinley assassinated
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl20.html

[note to me: I used the Site Map to get Timeline]

[note to me: use 1890s Music in class next Thursday]
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/music.html
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/frames/_music.html

III. In class today: reaction to homework

A Splendid Little War
http://www.smplanet.com/imperialism/splendid.html

Spanish-American war—essay by David Trask
http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/trask.html

A Spanish view of the Spanish-American War
http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/ojeda.html

Cuba in 1898
http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/hernandez.html

Yellow Journalism
http://www.smplanet.com/teaching/imperialism/#SAW1-1

Remember Yellow Journalism [written in 1998 on 100th anniversary of the war]
http://www.nytimes.com/1998/02/15/weekinreview/the-world-remember-yellow-journalism.html

Bio: William Randolph Hearst
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/bio_hearst.html

bio: Richard Harding Davis
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/bio_davis.html

[note to me: use Yellow Journalism Headline Gallery and Cartoon Gallery in class next Tuesday
Headline Gallery
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/headlines.html
Cartoon Gallery
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/cartoons.html]





Thursday, 5 November

Friday Songs on Thursday [5 more weeks and we'll be through]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Mid-Term exam

Explanation of how I graded the exam.

III. Homework for next week:

a. Tuesday, 10 November

A Splendid Little War
http://www.smplanet.com/imperialism/splendid.html

Spanish-American war—essay by David Trask
http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/trask.html

A Spanish view of the Spanish-American War
http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/ojeda.html

Cuba in 1898
http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/hernandez.html

Yellow Journalism
http://www.smplanet.com/teaching/imperialism/#SAW1-1

Remember Yellow Journalism [written in 1998 on 100th anniversary of the war]
http://www.nytimes.com/1998/02/15/weekinreview/the-world-remember-yellow-journalism.html

Bio: William Randolph Hearst
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/bio_hearst.html

bio: Richard Harding Davis
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/bio_davis.html

[note to me: use Yellow Journalism Headline Gallery and Cartoon Gallery in class next Tuesday
Headline Gallery
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/headlines.html
Cartoon Gallery
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/cartoons.html]

b. Thursday, 12 November

Read through each of these short sketches; they will summarize for us the entire war sequence.
What other historical or present day incidents remind you of each one?

1. 1868-1878: Ten Years' War in Cuba
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl1.html
2. 1895: Cuban War for Independence
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl3.html
3. February, 1896: Reconcentration Policy
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl4.html
4. March 4, 1897: President McKinley Inaugurated
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl6.html
5. April 16, 1897: T. Roosevelt Appointed Assistant Secretary of the Navy
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl7.html
6. December, 1897: McKinley Asks Congress for Aid to Cuba
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl8.html
7. February 9, 1898: Dupuy de Lôme Letter Scandal
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl9.html
8. February 16 1898: Battleship U.S.S. Maine Explodes
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl10.html
9. March 17, 1898: Senator Proctor Exposes Spain's Brutality in Cuba
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl11.html
10. April 25, 1898: Congress Declares War
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl12.html
11. May 1, 1898: Commodore Dewey's Victory in the Philippines
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl13.html
12. May 15, 1898: Theodore Roosevelt resigns as Assistant Secretary of the Navy
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl14.html
13. June 22, 1898: U.S. troops land in Cuba
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl15.html
14. July 1, 1898: Victory in San Juan Heights
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl16.html
15. January 1899: Senate Debate over Ratification of the Treaty of Paris
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl17.html
16. February 6, 1899: Treaty of Paris ratified
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl18.html
17. March 4, 1901: McKinley inaugurated for 2nd term; Roosevelt becomes Vice-President
September, 1901: President McKinley assassinated
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl20.html

[note to me: I used the Site Map to get Timeline]

[note to me: use 1890s Music in class next Thursday]
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/music.html
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/frames/_music.html

IV. Term Paper reminder

Research paper (25% of your grade): 1,500 words (not counting the footnotes and bibliography), typed, double-spaced, with properly documented footnotes and bibliography (15-20 sources). Paper is due on the day of our final exam.

V. In class today:

overview of Spanish-American War

Spanish–American War (1898-1902)

Motives for war:

[Underlying versus immediate]
[How does this compare to decision these days whether to go to war?]

U.S. had sizable economic interests in Cuba and a lobbying group of 100,000 Cubans who lived in the U.S.

1. Humanitarians. Believed Spain too cruel in fighting rebels.

2. Hawks (jingoes). Believed America should chastise Spain

3. "Yellow journalism." Circulation war: Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst.
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/frames/_journalism.html

4. De Lome letter—Spanish Ambassador to U.S. criticized McKinley
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl9.html

5. Sinking of the U.S. battleship Maine.

Blown up in Havana harbor.
Probably an internal explosion of the boiler.

Remember the Maine
http://www.smplanet.com/imperialism/remember.html
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl10.html

The War Itself

Teller Amendment: U.S. had no intention of taking possession of Cuba.

1. Short and glorious—"a splendid little war."

2. Major battles:

Excellent map of Spanish-American War:
http://images.classwell.com/mcd_xhtml_ebooks/2005_world_history/images/mcd_mwh2005_0618377115_p385_f1.jpg

a. Manila. George Dewey defeated Spanish fleet in Manila.

b. San Juan Hill. Theodore Roosevelt and his Rough Riders.

3. U.S. defeated Spain.

4. Beginning of a U.S. empire.

Treaty of Paris (10 December 1898)

1. Guam: to the U.S.

2. Puerto Rico: to the U.S.

3. Cuba: granted independence by Spain

4. Platt Amendment permited U.S. intervention in Cuba's internal affairs

Platt Amendment (Historian of the State Department)
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1899-1913/Platt

5. Philippines: U.S. paid $20 million to Spain.

VI. In class today: reaction to homework

Mahan's The Influence of Sea Power upon History (Historian of the State Department)
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1866-1898/Mahan

William McKinley (Foreign Affairs issues)
http://millercenter.org/president/mckinley/essays/biography/5

The Birth of an American Empire (EDSITEment)
Lesson #1: The Question of an American Empire (Background)
http://edsitement.neh.gov/lesson-plan/question-american-empire#sect-background

The Birth of an American Empire (EDSITEment)
Lesson #2: The Spanish-American War (Background)
http://edsitement.neh.gov/lesson-plan/spanish-american-war#sect-background

A Splendid Little War
http://www.smplanet.com/imperialism/splendid.html

VII. Items from last class session

U.S. Merchant Marine Academy
https://www.usmma.edu/

California State University Maritime Academy
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_Maritime_Academy

Become a Merchant Marine
https://www.navy.com/careers/merchant-marine.html#ft-key-responsibilities

FAQs about Merchant Marine
http://www.usmm.org/faq.html

Transatlantic Cable
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/cable/peopleevents/e_second.html




Tuesday, 3 November

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Mid-Term exam

I will get the exams back to you on Thursday.

III. Two classes

I'm teaching several classes during Spring semester that you may want to consider:

HIST 386 Modern America

POLI 385 Politics of Developing Nations

IV. Term Paper

Research paper (25% of your grade): 1,500 words (not counting the footnotes and bibliography), typed, double-spaced, with properly documented footnotes and bibliography (15-20 sources). Paper is due on the day of our final exam.

V. Homework for Thursday, 5 November

Mahan's The Influence of Sea Power upon History (Historian of the State Department)
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1866-1898/Mahan

William McKinley (Foreign Affairs issues)
http://millercenter.org/president/mckinley/essays/biography/5

The Birth of an American Empire (EDSITEment)
Lesson #1: The Question of an American Empire (Background)
http://edsitement.neh.gov/lesson-plan/question-american-empire#sect-background

The Birth of an American Empire (EDSITEment)
Lesson #2: The Spanish-American War (Background)
http://edsitement.neh.gov/lesson-plan/spanish-american-war#sect-background

A Splendid Little War
http://www.smplanet.com/imperialism/splendid.html

VI. In class today: new material

Nelly Bly (1889)

Around the World in 72 Days (American Experience)
Narrative account of her trip
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/world/peopleevents/pande05.html
Interactive map of her trip
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/world/maps/index.html

Worldwide scramble for empire

1. 1890 census declared the frontier "closed."

2. College professor Frederick Jackson Turner: Frontier thesis (The West)
http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/people/s_z/turner.htm

1893: Turner's thesis
http://www.pbs.org/crucible/tl2.html

3. Many looked to overseas expansion.

4. Great powers measured their greatness by the colonies they acquired

a. Britain, Germany, and France divided up Africa

b. Looked to do the same in Asia

c. America will eventually get in on the act.

Let's take a look at several maps.

World Colonial Empires, 1900
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI445.jpg

Imperialism in Africa
http://images.classwell.com/mcd_xhtml_ebooks/2005_world_history/images/mcd_mwh2005_0618377115_p343_f01.jpg

American Empire, 1900
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI444.jpg

5. Alfred Thayer Mahan

a. President of Naval War College.

Alfred Thayer Mahan obituary (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0927.html

b. Mahan's The Influence of Sea Power upon History (Historian of the State Department)
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1866-1898/Mahan

In this important book (Influence of Sea Power upon History), Mahan's argument ran as follows:

National greatness and prosperity depended on naval power.
Mahan urged the Navy to shift from wood construction to steel.
Overproduction: More produced than domestic market could absorb.
Overseas markets needed to dispose of surplus.
Overseas markets implied distant ports.
Reaching distant ports required large merchant marine.
Merchant marine needed protection of powerful navy.
Ships needed coaling stations and repair yards.
Coaling stations implied secure stops: colonies.
Canal across Panama needed to link East coast with Pacific Ocean.

6. Transatlantic cable (1866) Cyrus Field
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/cable/peopleevents/p_field.html

Hawaii

Hawaii: Footholds in the Pacific (Small Planet)
http://www.smplanet.com/imperialism/hawaii.html

1. In 1820, the first American missionaries arrived.

2. Their offspring became powerful sugar planters in Hawaii.

3. By 1875, a treaty between the U.S. and Hawaii tightened the links between the two:

a. Allowed Hawaiian sugar to enter the U.S. free of customs duties;
b. Required Hawaiian monarchy to make no territorial or economic concessions to other countries.

4. In 1890 McKinley Tariff ended special status given to Hawaiian sugar.

5. By this time, Caucasian Americans owned three–quarters of the islands' wealth, though they represented a mere 2.1 percent of the population.

6. In 1891, a strongly nationalistic Queen Liliuokalani ascended to the throne and tried to restore greater power to Hawaiian natives.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/hawaii/

7. In 1893, Americans overthrew Queen Liliuokalani, set up a provisional government, and asked to become an American state—so that their sugar would be classified as domestic and would avoid tariffs.

Jan. 17, 1893 | Hawaiian Monarchy Overthrown by America-Backed Businessmen (New York Times)
http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/01/17/jan-17-1893-hawaiian-monarchy-overthrown-by-america-backed-businessmen/

8. Annexation took place in 1898 during the Spanish–American War.





Thursday, 29 October

Mid-term Exam





Tuesday, 27 October

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Thursday, 29 October: MID-TERM EXAM

You can use a 4x6 note card for the exam.

Study Guide
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+382+Mid-Term

III. In class today: reaction to homework

Women
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/women.html

Women suffrage
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/suffrage.html

Temperance
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/prohibition.html

Civil War and Slavery
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/civilwar.html

Sectional Interests
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/sections.html

Antisemitism
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/antisemitism.html





Thursday, 22 October

Friday Songs on Thursday [7 more weeks and we'll be through]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Thursday, 29 October: MID-TERM EXAM
You can us a 4x6 note card for the exam.

Study Guide (I am still polishing it)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+382+Mid-Term

III. Homework for Tuesday, 27 October

Women
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/women.html

Women suffrage
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/suffrage.html

Temperance
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/prohibition.html

Civil War and Slavery
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/civilwar.html

Sectional Interests
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/sections.html

Antisemitism
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/antisemitism.html

IV. In class today

Trusts and monopolies
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/trusts.html

US Foreign Relations
Spain and Cuba; Turkey and Armenia
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/foreignrelations.html

[Thanks to Alex for this link]
Hamidian Massacres
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamidian_massacres

Immigration [we read this in our immigration segment]
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/immigration.html

Immigration continues to be Donald Trump's rallying issue
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/post-politics/wp/2015/10/22/immigration-continues-to-be-donald-trumps-rallying-issue/

Socialism
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/socialism.html

Racial Prejudice
[Plessy versus Ferguson]
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/prejudice.html

Plessy versus Ferguson
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_plessy.html

Plessy versus Ferguson
http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=false&doc=52





Tuesday, 20 October

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Item from past session

[Thanks to Charles for this link]
Political interpretation of the Wonderful Wizard of Oz
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Political_interpretations_of_The_Wonderful_Wizard_of_Oz

III. Thursday, 29 October: MID-TERM EXAM
You can us a 4x6 note card for the exam.

Study Guide (I am still polishing it)
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+382+Mid-Term

IV. Homework

a. Thursday, 22 October

Trusts and monopolies
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/trusts.html

US Foreign Relations
Spain and Cuba; Turkey and Armenia
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/foreignrelations.html

[Thanks to Alex for this link]
Hamidian Massacres
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamidian_massacres

Immigration [we read this in our immigration segment]
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/immigration.html

Socialism
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/socialism.html

Racial Prejudice
[Plessy versus Ferguson]
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/prejudice.html

Plessy versus Ferguson
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_plessy.html

Plessy versus Ferguson
http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=false&doc=52

b. Tuesday, 27 October

Women
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/women.html

Women suffrage
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/suffrage.html

Temperance
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/prohibition.html

Civil War and Slavery
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/civilwar.html

Sectional Interests
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/sections.html

Antisemitism
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/antisemitism.html

c. Thursday, 29 October: MID-TERM EXAM

V. In class today: reaction to homework

The labor vote
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/labor.html

Tariffs
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/tariff.html

McKinley Tariff
http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1468

Currency Question
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/currency.html

Republicans and the Bible
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/goldbible.html

Bryan and the Bible [religion, Bryan, and the silver question]
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/bryanreligion.html

Bryan's Cross of Gold speech
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/crossofgold.html

Check out these sites; both gold and silver fluctuate in price:
http://money.cnn.com/data/commodities/
http://www.monex.com/liveprices

Gold Standard

March 14, 1900 | U.S. Officially Adopts Gold Standard - NYTimes.com
http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/03/14/march-14-1900-u-s-officially-adopts-gold-standard/

In Rise of Gold Bugs, History Repeats Itself - NYTimes.com
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/03/business/in-rise-of-gold-bugs-history-repeats-itself.html?_r=1&adxnnl=1&adxnnlx=1331722960-zicLewt1yGtRvOCUXlOWag&pagewanted=all

Back to a Gold Standard? - Room for Debate - NYTimes.com
http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2010/11/09/back-to-a-gold-standard





Thursday, 15 October

Friday Songs on Thursday [8 more weeks and we'll be through]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework

a. Tuesday, 20 October

The labor vote
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/labor.html

Tariffs
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/tariff.html

McKinley Tariff
http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1468

Currency Question
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/currency.html

Republicans and the Bible
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/goldbible.html

Bryan and the Bible [religion, Bryan, and the silver question]
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/bryanreligion.html

Bryan's Cross of Gold speech
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/crossofgold.html

Check out these sites; both gold and silver fluctuate in price:
http://money.cnn.com/data/commodities/
http://www.monex.com/liveprices

Gold Standard

March 14, 1900 | U.S. Officially Adopts Gold Standard - NYTimes.com
http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/03/14/march-14-1900-u-s-officially-adopts-gold-standard/

In Rise of Gold Bugs, History Repeats Itself - NYTimes.com
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/03/business/in-rise-of-gold-bugs-history-repeats-itself.html?_r=1&adxnnl=1&adxnnlx=1331722960-zicLewt1yGtRvOCUXlOWag&pagewanted=all

Back to a Gold Standard? - Room for Debate - NYTimes.com
http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2010/11/09/back-to-a-gold-standard

IIIa. Items we may use in class today

Presidential election summaries, 1876-1912
http://www.usmidtermelections.com/president_summary.php?year=1876_1912&chart=pres&rank=Y
http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/showelection.php?year=1912

Mary Lease
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/lease.html

John Peter Altgeld
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/altgeld.html

IIb. In class today: reaction to homework

Uncle Sam
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/unclesam.html
Here is a more complete explanation of the origin of the term "Uncle Sam":
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~cap/sam/sam.htm

Political Parties in the 1896 Presidential campaign
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/parties.html

Republican Party
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/republicans.html

Republican Party platform
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/gopplatform.html

Democratic Party
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/democrats.html





Tuesday, 13 October

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework for Thursday, 15 October

Uncle Sam
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/unclesam.html
Here is a more complete explanation of the origin of the term "Uncle Sam":
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~cap/sam/sam.htm

Political Parties in the 1896 Presidential campaign
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/parties.html

Republican Party
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/republicans.html

Republican Party platform
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/gopplatform.html

Democratic Party
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/democrats.html

III. Term paper: due at final exam

a. 1500 words. Use at least 15 solid sources.

b. Grading Rubric
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Grading+Rubric

c. We will talk more about this in subsequent class sessions.

IV. Items from past sessions

a. Gender-gap in wages [Thanks to Frankie]
No, women don't make less
http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/02/01/no-women-don-t-make-less-money-than-men.html

Why women don't make less
http://www.topmanagementdegrees.com/women-dont-make-less/

b. Company town: Google [Thanks to Charles]
http://www.dailyfinance.com/2010/11/21/google-the-company-town/

V. In class today: reaction to homework

Bicycles [this is a fun one to get you going!]
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/bicycle.html

William McKinley (Miller Center) [Read both of these links]
http://millercenter.org/president/biography/mckinley-life-before-the-presidency
http://millercenter.org/president/biography/mckinley-campaigns-and-elections

William Jennings Bryan
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/bryan.html

William Jennings Bryan
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/mar19.html

VI. In class today: new material

Party Politics in the Gilded Age
  • Politics was the most popular form of local recreation,

More popular than baseball, vaudeville, or circuses.
  • Political torchlight parades, picnics, and speeches were exciting.
  • Close political party balance.
  • [Commentators compared the 2000 election results to that during the Gilded Age.
  • Neither political party gained clear control for any sizable time.
  • Presidential elections were close
  • Swing states (New York, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois) made the difference.
  • Political party choice dependent on religion and ethnicity.

Republican party

  • Party of evangelical Protestants.
  • Believed government could be an agent of moral reform
  • World must be purged of evil
  • Legislation necessary to protect people from sin.
  • Opposed parochial schools.
  • Supported prohibition of liquor.

Republicans and the Bible
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/goldbible.html

Democratic party

Party of immigrant Catholics and Jews.
Opposed interference by government in

Matters of personal liberty
Use of leisure time
Celebration of Sunday.
  • Supported parochial schools
  • Opposed prohibition of liquor

Election of 1896

Major realigning election in U.S. history
Winner: William McKinley—a Republican

Election of 1896
http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/showelection.php?year=1896

No primaries back then. Candidate picked by party elders.

McKinley conducted a traditional "front porch" campaign
McKinley supported the gold standard.

Bryan broke with tradition; traveled across the country
Bryan supported free silver
Bryan argued for an older America
Farms as important as factories,
Rural and religious life outweighed sinfulness of the city
Common people, not corporations, still ruled.

Election of 1896 realigned national politics:

Old split: North versus South
The "Bloody Shirt"
Vote as you shot

New split:
East versus West
City versus farm





Thursday, 8 October

Friday Songs on Thursday [9 more weeks and we'll be through]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework

Home page for our major website for the next section of our course:
1896 Presidential campaign
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/1896home.html

a. Tuesday, 13 October

Bicycles [this is a fun one to get you going!]
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/bicycle.html

William McKinley (Miller Center) [Read both of these links]
http://millercenter.org/president/biography/mckinley-life-before-the-presidency
http://millercenter.org/president/biography/mckinley-campaigns-and-elections

William Jennings Bryan
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/bryan.html

William Jennings Bryan
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/mar19.html

b. Thursday, 15 October

Uncle Sam
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/unclesam.html
Here is a more complete explanation of the origin of the term "Uncle Sam":
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~cap/sam/sam.htm

Political Parties in the 1896 Presidential campaign
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/parties.html

Republican Party
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/republicans.html

Republican Party platform
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/gopplatform.html

Democratic Party
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/democrats.html

III. In class today: reaction to homework

Haymarket Affair (1886) [Left over from Tuesday's homework]
http://www.illinoislaborhistory.org/haymarket/the-story-of-the-haymarket-affair.html

[Note to myself: Haymarket Cafe in Northampton, Massachusetts (Dr. Hale's home town)]
http://www.haymarketcafe.com/
http://www.haymarketcafe.com/about/

[Note to myself: Causes and Effects of Emigration from Germany (1870s-1880s)]
http://germanhistorydocs.ghi-dc.org/sub_document.cfm?document_id=1739

Haymarket Riot and Subsequent Trial
http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/haymarket/haymktaccount.html

Homestead Strike (1892)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/carnegie/peopleevents/pande04.html

Panic of 1893
http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/w/Panic_of_1893

Pullman Strike (1894)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/chicago/peopleevents/p_pullman.html

Eugene Debs and the Pullman Strike
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/features/profiles/d/eugene-debs.html

Can Bernie Sanders keep socialism alive? [read both pages]
http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2015/09/bernie-sanders-socialism-eugene-v-debs-213093
http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2015/09/bernie-sanders-socialism-eugene-v-debs-213093?o=1




Tuesday, 6 October

I. Prayer (Joy Reinke)/Attendance

II. Homework for Thursday, 8 October

Haymarket Affair (1886) [Left over from Tuesday's homework]
http://www.illinoislaborhistory.org/haymarket/the-story-of-the-haymarket-affair.html

Haymarket Riot and Subsequent Trial
http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/haymarket/haymktaccount.html

Homestead Strike (1892)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/carnegie/peopleevents/pande04.html

Panic of 1893
http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/w/Panic_of_1893

Pullman Strike (1894)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/chicago/peopleevents/p_pullman.html

Eugene Debs and the Pullman Strike
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/features/profiles/d/eugene-debs.html

Can Bernie Sanders keep socialism alive? [read both pages]
http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2015/09/bernie-sanders-socialism-eugene-v-debs-213093
http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2015/09/bernie-sanders-socialism-eugene-v-debs-213093?o=1

III. In class today: reaction to homework [do this after the new material]

Child Labor in America, 1908-1912 (History Place)
http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/childlabor/index.html

Panic of 1873
http://cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/10/14/learning-lessons-from-the-panic-of-1873/?hp

Railroad Strike of 1877
http://explorepahistory.com/hmarker.php?markerId=1-A-1C1

Great Upheaval
http://www.ushistory.org/us/37a.asp

Haymarket Affair (1886) [Let's put this off until Thursday]
http://www.illinoislaborhistory.org/haymarket/the-story-of-the-haymarket-affair.html

IV. In class today: new material

GROWTH OF BIG BUSINESS

U.S. had extensive natural resources

  • Coal, iron, timber, petroleum, and waterpower.

U.S. had abundant labor

  • Ex–farm families
  • Immigrants.

U.S. became the largest free trade market in the world.

  • Role of the railroad in knitting the country together.
  • A nationwide transportation network.

Investors liked the profit outlook.

Government at all levels helped business:

  • Money
  • Land
  • Stability
  • Upheld private property
  • Laissez–faire approach.

Accelerated technological innovation: new inventions

U.S. had capable business leadership

  • Called captains of industry by their admirers
  • Called robber barons by their critic

Let's talk about the difference in the terms: captains of industry versus robber barons

LABOR ISSUES

Changing status of labor
  • Industrialization changed the nature of work
  • Power of employers increased
  • Worker independence and self-respect declined
  • Industrial workers were employees rather than crafts persons
  • Robot-like tasks made them feel like machines.
  • Emphasis on quantity over quality dehumanized the workplace
  • Workers resisted these trends
  • Worker resistance only led employers to tighten restrictions

Iron law of wages
  • Employees paid according to conditions of supply and demand.
  • Employers would set wages as low as possible

At a level where some persons would accept the work

Companies hired women and children to further cut costs
  • Prevailing free–market views stifled protective legislation for workers
  • Employers denied responsibility for employees' well–being.
  • Repetitive work decreased concentration and caused industrial accidents

No workers' comp at the time.
If you got hurt, tough luck.
  • Is beating down the worker a prerequisite for industrialization? Should we care how Thailand runs its factories today?
  • Courts reinforced iron law of wages

Supreme Court denied workers the right to bargain collectively
Wages a private negotiation b/n employee & employer.
All of this sets the foundation for the rise of labor unions.




Thursday, 1 October

Friday Songs on Thursday [10 more weeks and we'll be through]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework

a. Tuesday, 6 October

Child Labor in America, 1908-1912 (History Place)
http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/childlabor/index.html

Panic of 1873
http://cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/10/14/learning-lessons-from-the-panic-of-1873/?hp

Railroad Strike of 1877
http://explorepahistory.com/hmarker.php?markerId=1-A-1C1

Haymarket Affair (1886)
http://www.illinoislaborhistory.org/haymarket/the-story-of-the-haymarket-affair.html

b. Thursday, 8 October

Homestead Strike (1892)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/carnegie/peopleevents/pande04.html

Panic of 1893
http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/w/Panic_of_1893

Pullman Strike (1894)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/chicago/peopleevents/p_pullman.html

Eugene Debs and the Pullman Strike
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/features/profiles/d/eugene-debs.html

Can Bernie Sanders keep socialism alive? [read both pages]
http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2015/09/bernie-sanders-socialism-eugene-v-debs-213093
http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2015/09/bernie-sanders-socialism-eugene-v-debs-213093?o=1

III. In class today: reaction to homework

New attitudes toward wealth/Social Darwinism/Horatio Alger
http://www.ushistory.org/us/36e.asp

Horatio Alger
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/gilded/people/text3/alger.pdf

Apple’s iPad and the Human Costs for Workers in China (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/26/business/ieconomy-apples-ipad-and-the-human-costs-for-workers-in-china.html?_r=1&pagewanted=all




Tuesday, 29 September

Our classmate: Joy Reinke
http://www.apu.edu/athletics/volleyball/stories/23717/

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework for Thursday, 1 October

New attitudes toward wealth/Social Darwinism/Horatio Alger
http://www.ushistory.org/us/36e.asp

Horatio Alger
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/gilded/people/text3/alger.pdf

Apple’s iPad and the Human Costs for Workers in China (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/26/business/ieconomy-apples-ipad-and-the-human-costs-for-workers-in-china.html?_r=1&pagewanted=all

"8-Hour Work Day" (Today in History, Library of Congress)
[This article sets the stage for our discussion of the labor movement.]
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/aug20.html

III. A note about my approach to our material

I don't want you to think I'm just reading to you when we go over an article.

I want you to practice an important skill: close reading.

I pick short, tightly-written articles.

It is tempting for all of us to merely skim them.

But the meat of our course is in these articles.

So rather than me lecturing or doing power points, I am developing the material through the close reading of the articles.

A great advantage for you is to be able to reread the article to review for our exams.

IV. In class today: reaction to homework

Andrew Carnegie
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/carnegie/peopleevents/pande01.html

Andrew Carnegie, The Autobiography of Andrew Carnegie
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/gilded/progress/text7/carnegie.pdf

Frederick Winslow Taylor
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/theymadeamerica/whomade/taylor_hi.html

Viewpoint: Are Amazon's feedback tactics unusual?
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-33988479

Standard Oil Company and John Rockefeller
http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/w/Standard_Oil_Company?rec=988



Thursday, 24 September

Our guest today:
Jennie Messenger
Study Abroad Lithuania

Friday Songs on Thursday [11 more weeks and we'll be through]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework: Tuesday, 29 September

Andrew Carnegie
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/carnegie/peopleevents/pande01.html

Andrew Carnegie, The Autobiography of Andrew Carnegie
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/gilded/progress/text7/carnegie.pdf

Frederick Winslow Taylor
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/theymadeamerica/whomade/taylor_hi.html

Viewpoint: Are Amazon's feedback tactics unusual?
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-33988479

Standard Oil Company and John Rockefeller
http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/w/Standard_Oil_Company?rec=988

III. In class today: reaction to homework and items left over from last class session

Whatever happened to German America? [we will go over this in class]
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/23/opinion/whatever-happened-to-german-america.html?_r=0

Chinese Immigration
http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/immigration/chinese.html

Angel Island: Chinese immigration
http://www.kqed.org/w/pacificlink/history/angelisland/china.html

Chinese Exclusion Act
http://ocp.hul.harvard.edu/immigration/exclusion.html

Japanese immigration
http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/immigration/japanese.html

Angel Island: Japanese immigration
http://www.kqed.org/w/pacificlink/history/angelisland/japan.html

The Immigration Act of 1924 (The Johnson-Reed Act)
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1921-1936/immigration-act

Timeline: Gilded Age
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/gilded/timeline.pdf



Tuesday, 22 September

Our classmate: Mattie Shelford
http://www.apu.edu/athletics/volleyball/stories/23694/

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework:

a. Thursday, 24 September

Chinese Exclusion Act
http://ocp.hul.harvard.edu/immigration/exclusion.html

The Immigration Act of 1924 (The Johnson-Reed Act)
http://history.state.gov/milestones/1921-1936/immigration-act

Timeline: Gilded Age
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/gilded/timeline.pdf

b. Tuesday, 29 September

Andrew Carnegie
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/carnegie/peopleevents/pande01.html

Andrew Carnegie, The Autobiography of Andrew Carnegie
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/gilded/progress/text7/carnegie.pdf

Frederick Winslow Taylor
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/theymadeamerica/whomade/taylor_hi.html

Viewpoint: Are Amazon's feedback tactics unusual?
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-33988479

Standard Oil Company and John Rockefeller
http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/w/Standard_Oil_Company?rec=988

III. In class today: reaction to homework

A Chinese Immigrant Makes his Home in Turn-of-the-Century America
http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/41/

Angel Island
http://www.kqed.org/w/pacificlink/history/angelisland/

Settlement House Movement (National Women's History Museum)
http://www.nwhm.org/online-exhibits/progressiveera/settlementhouse.html

Hull House (National Women's History Museum)
http://www.nwhm.org/online-exhibits/progressiveera/hullhouse.html

Lewis W. Hine, photographs of immigrants, Ellis Island
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/gilded/people/text4/hine.pdf

IV. In class today: review our materials on Immigration

Italian immigration
http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/immigration/italian4.html

Chinese Immigration
http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/immigration/chinese.html

Angel Island: Chinese immigration
http://www.kqed.org/w/pacificlink/history/angelisland/china.html

The Chinese Laundryman: A Study in Social Isolation
http://www.amazon.com/The-Chinese-Laundryman-Isolation-Chinatown/dp/0814778747

Confucius [Kong-foo-tsze]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confucius

Wu-Ting Fang
http://www.thechinastory.org/ritp/wu-ting-fang-%E4%BC%8D%E5%BB%B7%E8%8A%B3/

Japanese immigration
http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/immigration/japanese.html

Angel Island: Japanese immigration
http://www.kqed.org/w/pacificlink/history/angelisland/japan.html

Bohemian
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bohemian



Thursday, 17 September: Happy U.S. Constitution Day
http://www.constitutionday.com/

Friday Songs on Thursday [12 more weeks and we'll be through]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework: Tuesday, 22 September

A Chinese Immigrant Makes his Home in Turn-of-the-Century America
http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/41/

Angel Island
http://www.kqed.org/w/pacificlink/history/angelisland/

Settlement House Movement (National Women's History Museum)
http://www.nwhm.org/online-exhibits/progressiveera/settlementhouse.html

Hull House (National Women's History Museum)
http://www.nwhm.org/online-exhibits/progressiveera/hullhouse.html

Lewis W. Hine, photographs of immigrants, Ellis Island
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/gilded/people/text4/hine.pdf

III. In class today: reaction to homework

a. 1896: McKinley and the American Protective Association
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/apa.html

b. Boss Tweed Escapes from Prison (On This Day, Finding Dulcinea)
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/December/Boss-Tweed-Escapes-From-Prison.html

c. The Sage of Tammany Hall (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/2005/08/28/nyregion/thecity/28plun.html?pagewanted=all

d. German Immigration to the United States
http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/immigration/german.html

Read these subtopic links at the bottom of the page:
Introduction | The Call of Tolerance | Building a New Nation | A New Surge of Growth | Filling the Nation's Breadbasket | Urban Germans | Building Institutions, Shaping Tastes | Shadows of War

e. Irish Immigration to the United States
http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/immigration/irish.html

Read these subtopic links at the bottom of the page:
Colonial Immigration | Irish-Catholic Immigration to America | Adaptation and Assimilation | Joining the Workforce | Religious Conflict and Discrimination | Racial Tensions | Irish Identity, Influence and Opportunity

f. Italian Immigration to the United States
http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/immigration/italian.html

Click through the subtopic links at the bottom of the page:

Introduction | Early Arrivals | The Great Arrival | L’Isola dell Lagrime | A City of Villages | Tenements and Toil | Working Across the Country | Under Attack | A Century in the Spotlight

IV. In class today: new material

Migration (emigration, immigration) as a key theme in history.
http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/disp_textbook.cfm?smtID=2&psid=3300

Why do people migrate? Push/Pull
http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/disp_textbook.cfm?smtID=2&psid=3305

Stages of migration
http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/disp_textbook.cfm?smtID=2&psid=3302

Push factors:

Wars
Unemployment
Food shortages
Anti–Semitism (Poland and Russia).
German Jews versus Polish/Russian Jews

Pull factors:

America as a land of opportunity
Patterns of settlement and adaptation.
Role of chain migration.
Role of return migration.

The "new" immigration.

Change in origin:
Scotch-Irish and German earlier
Irish during famine time (1848)

Irish and German Immigration [from our online textbook]
http://www.ushistory.org/us/25f.asp
This connects to the Nativism articles we read for today

The new immigrants (1880-1920)
Catholic and Jewish
http://www.ushistory.org/us/38c.asp

U.S. has always had immigration: Asylum of liberty.

Source of immigration changed.
Prior immigrants: northern and western Europe and the British Isles.
New immigrants: eastern and southern Europe.

Characteristics of newer immigrants (1890-1900)

Generally poor
Often illiterate
Jewish or Catholic
Catholicism became largest American religion
Had very different customs.
Most settled in eastern cities
Few settled in South.

Great material from Mapping History website: Immigration and Population
Introduction
http://mappinghistory.uoregon.edu/english/US/US27-00.html
Population Maps
http://mappinghistory.uoregon.edu/english/US/US27-01.html
Foreign-Born Population
http://mappinghistory.uoregon.edu/english/US/US27-02.html
Graph of Immigration
http://mappinghistory.uoregon.edu/english/US/US27-03.html
Summary
http://mappinghistory.uoregon.edu/english/US/US27-04.html

Immigrant cultures

Role of ethnic enclaves: preserve culture

Ethnic associations
Newspapers
Schools (tied to religion: parochial and rabbinical)
Churches
Restaurants
Stores

How to strike a balance between assimilation and ethnic identity
Melting pot or salad bowl as appropriate metaphor?

Generational divide

First generation: not speak English
Second generation: not speak native tongue
Third generation: aware of heritage



Tuesday, 15 September

I. Prayer/Attendance

II. Homework for Thursday, 17 September

a. 1896: McKinley and the American Protective Association
http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/apa.html

b. Boss Tweed Escapes from Prison (On This Day, Finding Dulcinea)
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/December/Boss-Tweed-Escapes-From-Prison.html

c. The Sage of Tammany Hall (New York Times)
http://www.nytimes.com/2005/08/28/nyregion/thecity/28plun.html?pagewanted=all

d. German Immigration to the United States
http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/immigration/german.html

Read these subtopic links at the bottom of the page:
Introduction | The Call of Tolerance | Building a New Nation | A New Surge of Growth | Filling the Nation's Breadbasket | Urban Germans | Building Institutions, Shaping Tastes | Shadows of War

e. Irish Immigration to the United States
http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/immigration/irish.html

Read these subtopic links at the bottom of the page:
Colonial Immigration | Irish-Catholic Immigration to America | Adaptation and Assimilation | Joining the Workforce | Religious Conflict and Discrimination | Racial Tensions | Irish Identity, Influence and Opportunity

f. Italian Immigration to the United States
http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/immigration/italian.html

Click through the subtopic links at the bottom of the page:

Introduction | Early Arrivals | The Great Arrival | L’Isola dell Lagrime | A City of Villages | Tenements and Toil | Working Across the Country | Under Attack | A Century in the Spotlight

III. In class today: reaction to homework

a. Donald Trump Isn’t The First Know Nothing to Capture American Hearts | The New Republic
http://www.newrepublic.com/article/122427/donald-trump-isnt-first-know-nothing-capture-american-hearts

b. Nativism and the Politics of Immigration | the Stanford Political Journal
http://stanfordpolitics.com/2014/12/nativism-and-the-politics-of-immigration/

c. Roman Catholics and Immigration in Nineteenth-Century America (National Humanities Center)
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/nineteen/nkeyinfo/nromcath.htm



WELCOME TO FALL SEMESTER 2015

I'm Dave Lambert. I hope you had a great summer.

We are going to have fun together this semester--while learning much in the process.



Here is the web address for this material.
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Today+HIST+382



TODAY'S SCHEDULE

1. PRAYER

2. My Thorn in the Flesh
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Thorn+in+the+Flesh

3. HOME WIKI: THE LEARNING PROFESSOR
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/

4. OUR COURSE PAGE
Always turn to this page for our daily schedule.
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Today+HIST+382

5. INFORMATION CARD
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Info+Card

6. SYLLABUS: still needs to be tweaked a bit
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+382+Syllabus

Major thrust of the syllabus:

a. No text per se.

b. Laptop required

b. Grade based on two exams (blue book essay exams), term paper, and class participation.

7. HOMEWORK FOR NEXT CLASS SESSION

a. Donald Trump Isn’t The First Know Nothing to Capture American Hearts | The New Republic
http://www.newrepublic.com/article/122427/donald-trump-isnt-first-know-nothing-capture-american-hearts

b. Nativism and the Politics of Immigration | the Stanford Political Journal
http://stanfordpolitics.com/2014/12/nativism-and-the-politics-of-immigration/

c. Roman Catholics and Immigration in Nineteenth-Century America (National Humanities Center)
http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/nineteen/nkeyinfo/nromcath.htm

8. What we will cover during this semester [this page needs more work]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+382+Content

9. Fridays songs on Thursday [13 more weeks and we'll be through]
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/Friday+Songs

10. High Fives!!**

Here is why I like to do High Fives:
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/High+Fives