WORLD WAR TWO




This Fall 2012 semester, I am teaching a course entitled Modern America (HIST 386) in which I concentrate on the Great Depression, New Deal, and World War Two.

My most updated material for this World War Two module is on the following page of our wiki:
http://thelearningprofessor.wikispaces.com/HIST+386+Content




FROM NORTON TEXT

CHAPTER 26: THE UNITED STATES IN A TROUBLED WORLD, 1920-1941

The Course to War in Europe, 751
German Aggression under Hitler
Isolationist Views in the United States
Nye Committee Hearings
Roosevelt's Evolving Views
Poland and the Outbreak of World War II

Japan, China, and a New Order in Asia, 754
Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek)
Manchurian Crisis
Map: Japanese Expansion Before Pearl Harbor
Roosevelt's Quarantine Speech

U.S. Entry into World War II, 757
Map: The German Advance
Links to the World: Radio News
First Peacetime Military Draft
Atlantic Charter
U.S. Demands on Japan
Surprise Attack on Pearl Harbor
Explaining Pearl Harbor
Avoidable War?
Legacy: Presidential Deception of the Public




World War II Diplomacy interactive
http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/neh/interactives/wwiidiplomacymap/main.swf

Historian of the State Department items to be inserted

Mukden Incident and the Stimson Doctrine
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1921-1936/mukden-incident

Good Neighbor Policy
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1921-1936/good-neighbor

Recognition of the Soviet Union
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1921-1936/ussr

Neutrality Acts
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1921-1936/neutrality-acts

American Isolationism in the 1930s
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1937-1945/american-isolationism

Henry Luce and 20th-Century U.S. Internationalism
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1937-1945/internationalism

Lend Lease
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1937-1945/lend-lease

Lend Lease
(Today in History, Library of Congress)
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/oct23.html

Tehran Conference
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1937-1945/tehran-conf

Yalta Conference
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1937-1945/yalta-conf

Potsdam Conference
https://history.state.gov/milestones/1937-1945/potsdam-conf



Website Spotlight blog posts that pertain to this module

World War Two (BBC)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/
http://thelearningprofessor.blogspot.com/2012/06/website-spotlight-world-war-ii-bbc.html

Battle of the Atlantic Interactive (BBC)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/launch_gms_battle_atlantic.shtml
http://thelearningprofessor.blogspot.com/2012/06/website-spotlight-battle-of-atlantic.html

World War II Europe (History Animated map)
http://www.wwiianimated.com/
http://thelearningprofessor.blogspot.com/2012/06/website-spotlight-world-war-ii-europe.html

World War II Pacific (History Animated map)
http://www.pacificwaranimated.com/
http://thelearningprofessor.blogspot.com/2012/06/website-spotlight-world-war-ii-pacific.html

WWII Behind Closed Doors: Stalin, the Nazis and the West (PBS)
http://www.pbs.org/behindcloseddoors/
http://thelearningprofessor.blogspot.com/2012/06/website-spotlight-wwii-behind-closed.html

Nuremberg Trials (Famous Trials)
http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/nuremberg/nuremberg.htm
http://thelearningprofessor.blogspot.com/2011/12/website-spotlight-nuremberg-trials.html

Nuremberg Trials (American Experience)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/nuremberg/
http://thelearningprofessor.blogspot.com/2011/12/website-spotlight-nuremberg-trials_30.html

The War (Ken Burns)
http://www.pbs.org/thewar/
http://thelearningprofessor.blogspot.com/2012/06/website-spotlight-war.html

Bataan Rescue (American Experience)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/bataan/
http://thelearningprofessor.blogspot.com/2011/07/website-spotlight-bataan-rescue.html

Battle of the Bulge (American Experience)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/bulge/
http://thelearningprofessor.blogspot.com/2011/07/website-spotlight-battle-of-bulge.html

Zoot Suit Riots (American Experience)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/zoot/
http://thelearningprofessor.blogspot.com/2011/12/website-spotlight-zoot-suit-riots.html

MacArthur (American Experience)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/macarthur/
http://thelearningprofessor.blogspot.com/2011/12/website-spotlight-macarthur.html

American and the Holocaust (American Experience)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/holocaust/
http://thelearningprofessor.blogspot.com/2011/12/website-spotlight-america-and-holocaust.html

Codetalkers (National Museum of the American Indian)
http://www.nmai.si.edu/education/codetalkers/
http://thelearningprofessor.blogspot.com/2012/06/website-spotlight-codetalkers.html

Japanese-American Internment (Smithsonian)
http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/non-flash/index.html
http://thelearningprofessor.blogspot.com/2012/06/website-spotlight-japanese-american.html

Powers of Persuasion: Posters from WWII (U.S. National Archives)
http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/powers_of_persuasion/powers_of_persuasion_home.html
http://thelearningprofessor.blogspot.com/2012/06/website-spotlight-posters-from-world.html


Maps

World War II in Europe
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI585.jpg

World War II in the Pacific
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI578.jpg



FROM COURSE NOTES

1931

Japan became a major threat to U.S. goals in Asia:
Events preceding World War II in Asia (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Events_preceding_World_War_II_in_Asia

Standard Map: Pacific Theater
http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI578.jpg

(1) Japan's "New Order" in Asia.

Wanted a sphere of influence in Asia
Similar to United States in Latin America
U.S. unwilling to permit such Japanese influence.
United States had major interests at stake in Asia:
Philippines and various Pacific islands
Religious missions
Trade and investments
Open Door in China.

Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greater_East_Asia_Co-Prosperity_Sphere

(2) Japanese seized Manchuria
Japanese invasion of Manchuria (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_invasion_of_Manchuria
Manchuria Invasion 1931 Mukden Incident (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mukden_incident

American response: Stimson Doctrine of nonrecognition
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stimson_Doctrine
Mere moral lecture
U.S. had neither the means nor will to use military force.


1933

U.S. recognized Soviet Union. To increase trade. To halt Japanese expansion.

US recognizes Soviet Union (1933)
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/1116.html#article
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/November/US-and-Soviet-Union-Establish-Diplomatic-Relations.html


Adolf Hitler: Chancellor of Germany (1/30)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolf_Hitler

Franklin Roosevelt: President of the United States (3/4)

1935
U.S. Neutrality Acts. Neutrality Acts an expression of isolationist sentiment.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neutrality_Acts_of_1930s
Congress sought to protect the nation by outlawing the kinds of contacts that had compromised U.S. neutrality during World War I.

1936

Germany reoccupied the Rhineland (3/7)
Remilitarization of the Rhineland (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Remilitarization_of_the_Rhineland

Expansion in Europe by Germany, 1930s
http://images.classwell.com/mcd_xhtml_ebooks/2005_world_history/images/mcd_mwh2005_0618377115_p460_f1.jpg

Olympic Games held in Berlin (August)
1936 Summer Olympics
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1936_Summer_Olympics

See also:

Jesse Owens . American Experience . WGBH | PBS
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/owens/

Jesse Owens (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesse_Owens

50 stunning Olympic moments No6: Jesse Owens's four gold medals | John Ashdown | Sport | guardian.co.uk
http://www.guardian.co.uk/sport/london-2012-olympics-blog/2011/dec/21/jesse-owens-four-gold-medals


Civil war in Spain. (1936-1939)

Spanish Civil War (History.com)
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/spanish-civil-war-ends

Spanish Civil War
(Today in History, Library of Congress)
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/jul17.html

Spanish Civil War (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_Civil_War

Foreign involvement in the Spanish Civil War (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foreign_involvement_in_the_Spanish_Civil_War

Democratic (left-wing) Spanish government supported by Soviet Union and international mercenaries.

Abraham Lincoln brigade from America.

1st Lincoln Battalion flag.svg (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:1st_Lincoln_Battalion_flag.svg

General Franco (right-wing) supported by Germany and Italy (fascists).


Britain, France, and U.S. looked the other way.
U. S. arms embargo.
Franco eventually won.

Bombing of Guernica (Wikipedia)

BBC News - Picasso's Guernica in a car showroom
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-16927120

Spanish Civil War websites
1. DBQ Spanish Civil War (National Archives)
Don Henry story
http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/don-henry/
See the Sacrifice for Spain poster at a college campus (Univ. of Kansas)
http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/don-henry/rally-poster.html

2. Spanish Civil War (LOC) Today in History July 17
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/jul17.html
Work through this as a guide to research sources

3. Spanish Civil War Letters from American Volunteers
http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/scw/letters.htm
One is a letter from a nurse; another from a woman volunteer.

4. Spanish Civil War Posters (LOC)
http://www.loc.gov/pictures/
Go to OTHER WAYS TO SEARCH
Go to Preview; click on All the Images
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/p?pp/ils:@FILREQ(@FIELD(CALL(+POS))@FIELD(COLLID+spcw))::SortBy=CALL
Can click on any of 124 posters

See also:

BBC News - Spain's Franco-era probe judge Baltasar Garzon on trial
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-16696330

Spain and the Lingering Legacy of Franco
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/mar/28/spain-lingering-legacy-franco

Facing Fascism: New York and the Spanish Civil War
http://www.nytimes.com/2007/03/24/arts/design/24fasc.html

The Spanish civil war remembered
http://www.guardian.co.uk/galleryguide/0,6191,395635,00.html

Civil War legacy divides Spain
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/5192228.stm

BBC News - Fate of Franco's Valley of Fallen reopens Spain wounds
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-14189534


1937

Beginning of World War II in Asia.

Marco Polo Bridge Incident (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marco_Polo_Bridge_Incident

Nanking Massacre (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nanking_Massacre

BBC - BBC World Service Programmes - Witness, Rape of Nanjing
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00h783w

On This Day: Thousands Die in Shelter During Japanese Bombing of Chongqing
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/May-June-08/On-this-Day--Japanese-Bombing-of-Chongqing-Kills-Thousands.html

Panay incident (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panay_Incident_1937
Japanese Sympathy over Panay incident
http://www.archives.gov/historical-docs/todays-doc/index.html?dod-date=1212#2010
http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2001/summer/two-japans-1.html
http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2001/summer/two-japans-2.html

Pearl S. Buck The Good Earth (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Good_Earth
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/features/profiles/b/pearl-buck.html

Hideki Tojo (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hideki_Tojo
Hirohito (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Hirohito_of_Japan

Japanese invasion of mainland China (7/7)
China then was a U.S. ally. Chang Kai–Shek, and Chinese communists under Mao Zedung, will both fight against the Japanese invaders.
Chiang Kai-shek (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chiang_Kai_Shek
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/features/profiles/c/madame-chiang-kai-shek.html

Comfort Women Still Resonates
Monument in Palisades Park, N.J., Irritates Japanese Officials - NYTimes.com
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/19/nyregion/monument-in-palisades-park-nj-irritates-japanese-officials.html?_r=1


1938

German invasion and annexation of Austria (3/12)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_invasion_of_austria

Munich agreement (Chamberlain/Hitler) (9/15). Czech Sudetenland to Germany.
Appeasement
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Appeasement_of_Hitler
Munich Agreement (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Munich_Agreement
Neville Chamberlain (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neville_Chamberlain
Sudetenland (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sudetenland

Chamberlain and Hitler 1938 (UK National Archives)
http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/lessons/lesson31.htm

September 30, 1938 | Hitler Granted the Sudentenland by Britain, France and Italy - NYTimes.com
http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/09/30/september-30-1938-hitler-granted-the-sudentenland-by-britain-france-and-italy/


1939

Germany occupied remainder of Czechoslovakia (March)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_occupation_of_Czechoslovakia

German-Russian Non-Aggression Pact (8/23). The odd couple: fascists and communists. Agreed not to attack each other.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molotov-Ribbentrop_Pact

01 Sep 1939: Germany invades Poland
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/1/newsid_3506000/3506335.stm

On This Day: Nazi Germany Invades Poland, Starting World War II
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/September-October-08/On-This-Day--Nazi-Germany-invades-Poland--starting-World-War-II.html

1. Beginning of WWII in Europe

03 Sep 1939: Britain and France declare war on Germany
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/3/newsid_3493000/3493279.stm

2. BBC Special Report: The Day the War Began
a. Read this section entitled "Hitler's War"
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/special_report/1999/08/99/world_war_ii/430918.stm
b. Read this section entitled "Newspaper Headlines"
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/special_report/1999/08/99/world_war_ii/430178.stm

3. U.S. declared neutrality (5 September 1939).
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/special_report/1999/08/99/world_war_ii/430187.stm
U.S. still trying to stay out of war

4. BBC NEWS | Europe | How Poles cracked Nazi Enigma secret
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/8158782.stm


1940

1. German blitzkrieg (lightning warfare) [today we call it "shock and awe"]

Germans invade Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Belgium
Germans invade France

a. Remember: Hitler's conquests and attacks in Europe made French, Dutch, and British colonies in Asia vulnerable to Japanese attack.

Check out these possessions on Google Earth

b. BBC News Theme Report: Blitzkrieg
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/blitzkrieg_01.shtml

2. Animated Map of Dunkirk and the Fall of France
Read the description for each of the six maps: Fall of France; Germany Attacks; Allies Retreat; Allied Forces Trapped; Evacuation from Dunkirk; Paris Captured
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/launch_ani_fall_france_campaign.shtml

3. Dunkirk:

10 May 1940: Churchill takes helm as Germans advance
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/may/10/newsid_3497000/3497115.stm

Online Speech Bank Winston Churchill - Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat (13 May 1940)
http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/winstonchurchillbloodtoiltearssweat.htm

The miracle of Dunkirk - Telegraph
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/tvandradio/7724309/The-miracle-of-Dunkirk.html

British and French evacuated from beach (6/4)

a. BBC On This Day: 4 June 1940
Dunkirk Rescue Over: Churchill Defiant
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/4/newsid_3500000/3500865.stm

b. Letter from a Dunkirk hero
http://www.bbc.co.uk/ww2peopleswar/stories/35/a2317835.shtml

BBC Archive: WWII: Dunkirk Evacuation (Major Source)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/dunkirk/

BBC - BBC World Service Programmes - Witness, Left Behind at Dunkirk
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p007qf3k

BBC - BBC World Service Programmes - Witness, Retreat from Dunkirk
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00gx5fy

4. France conquered (6/5-6/25)

14 Jun 1940: German troops enter Paris
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/14/newsid_4485000/4485727.stm

Historic Headlines | June 22, 1940: Hitler Gains Victory Over France - NYTimes.com
http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/06/22/june-22-1940-hitler-gains-victory-over-france/

5. Battle of the Atlantic game. Guide a convoy across the ocean.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/launch_gms_battle_atlantic.shtml

6. Battle of Britain

a. BBC On This Day: 10 July 1940
Luftwaffe Launches Battle of Britain
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/july/10/newsid_3516000/3516193.stm
Note: Audio of a dogfight over the British Channel

BBC Archive: WWII: The Battle of Britain (Major Source)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/battleofbritain/

BBC Archive: WWII: Outbreak - Britain on the brink (Major Source)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/ww2outbreak/

15 Sep 1940: Victory for RAF in Battle of Britain
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/15/newsid_3521000/3521611.stm

b.Blitz

BBC On This Day: 7 September 1940
London Blitzed by German Bombers
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/7/newsid_3515000/3515708.stm

On This Day: Nazi Germany Begins Blitz Attack of London
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/Sept/Nazi-Germany-Begins-Blitz-Attack-of-London.html

On This Day: Coventry Devastated By German Bombing BLITZ 1940
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/November/Coventry-Devastated-by-German-Bombing.html

Colour pictures revealed of London blitz from Nazi bombers in World War II | Mail Online
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2016667/Colour-pictures-revealed-London-blitz-Nazi-bombers-World-War-II.html






FROM NORTON TEXT
CHAPTER 27: THE SECOND WORLD WAR AT HOME AND ABROAD, 1941-1945

Chapter Vignette: Navajo "Code Talkers"
The United States at War, 769
A Nation Unprepared
War in the Pacific
Map: The Pacific War
"Europe First" Strategy

The Production Front and American Workers, 772
Businesses, Universities, and the War Effort
Manhattan Project
Women at Work
Success on the Production Front

Life on the Home Front, 775
Supporting the War Effort
Propaganda and Popular Culture
Families in Wartime

The Limits of American Ideals, 779
Internment of Japanese-Americans
African Americans and "Double V"
A Segregated Military
America and the Holocaust

Life in the Military, 784
Selective Service
Fighting the War

Winning the War, 785
Tension among the Allies
War in Europe
Map: The Allies on the Offensive in Europe
Yalta Conference
Harry Truman
War in the Pacific
Bombing of Japan
Legacy: Nuclear Proliferation





FROM COURSE NOTES

Lineup of opposing sides

Allies:

United States
Franklin D.Roosevelt
http://www.pbs.org/behindcloseddoors/biographies/roosevelt.html

Great Britain
Winston Churchill
http://www.pbs.org/behindcloseddoors/biographies/churchill.html

On This Day: Churchill Galvanizes Congress in Fight Against Nazism
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/On-this-Day--Churchill-Defies-the-Nazis-on-Capitol-Hill.html

Churchill | PBS
http://www.pbs.org/churchill/

Soviet Union
Josef Stalin
http://www.pbs.org/behindcloseddoors/biographies/stalin.html

France
Charles DeGaulle
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_DeGaulle

China
Chang Kai–Shek
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chiang_Kai-shek



Axis:

Germany
Adolf Hitler
http://www.pbs.org/behindcloseddoors/biographies/hitler.html

Why Was Hitler Popular in Germany?
http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/10/19/claiming-responsibility-understanding-the-rise-and-popularity-of-hitler/#more-37333

Hitler Assassination Plan | The National Archives UK
http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/lessons/lesson17.htm

Italy
Benito Mussolini
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benito_Mussolini

Japan
General Hideki Tojo; Emperor Hirohito
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hideki_Tojo
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hirohito


1941

Lend–Lease Act (March)
http://www.pbs.org/behindcloseddoors/in-depth/supplying-allies.html

Cash and carry (World War II) (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cash_and_carry_(World_War_II)
Lend-Lease (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lend-Lease
U.S. became the "arsenal of democracy" by lending and leasing American military goods to those fighting against the Axis powers.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arsenal_of_Democracy
American unemployment dropped as our industries geared up to produce war material.

Battle of the Atlantic Game
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/launch_gms_battle_atlantic.shtml


Germany invaded Soviet Union

(6/22). Major mistake.
http://www.pbs.org/behindcloseddoors/in-depth/stalin-stands.html#Germany

22 Jun 1941: Hitler invades the Soviet Union
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/22/newsid_3526000/3526691.stm

BBC - BBC World Service Programmes - Witness, Operation Barbarossa
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00h9rx0

BBC Archive: WWII: The Soviet Union Joins the Allies (Major Source)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/ussr/

70th anniversary of the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union
http://blogs.sacbee.com/photos/2011/06/70th-anniversary-of-the-nazi-i.html


Japan attacked Pearl Harbor

(12/7) Major mistake
Japanese initial victories (December): Philippines, Malaya, Thailand, Hong Kong.
War between China and Japan going on simultaneously.

07 Dec 1941: Japanese planes bomb Pearl Harbor
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/december/7/newsid_3494000/3494108.stm

11 Dec 1941: Germany and Italy declare war on US
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/december/11/newsid_3532000/3532401.stm

See also:

December 7 This is no Drill
http://www.archives.gov/historical-docs/todays-doc/index.html?dod-date=1207

Photos: The 70th Anniversary of Pearl Harbor | Plog The Denver Post
http://blogs.denverpost.com/captured/2011/12/06/captured-the-70th-anniversary-of-pearl-harbor/5126/

Pearl Harbor | Boston Globe
http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2010/12/pearl_harbor_69_years_ago_toda.html

Was the United States Ready for Pearl Harbor?
http://www.nationalgeographic.com/xpeditions/lessons/13/g912/ready.html



American Home Front

Exhibit: Powers of Persuasion: Poster Art from WWII
http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/powers_of_persuasion/powers_of_persuasion_home.html

Boy Scouts Distribute Posters during World War II (2 part series)
http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2005/summer/posters-1.html
http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2005/summer/posters-2.html

Rosie the Riveter Remembers
http://www.americanheritage.com/content/rosie-riveter-remembers?page=show



1942

Japanese-American internment

Smithsonian National Museum of American History
A More Perfect Union: Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution
http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/experience/index.html

Click on "Begin the Story Experience"
Each of the six pictures corresponds to the six major headings listed below.
Click on either the picture or the major heading to go to that section.

Here is an outline of the topics contained within each of the major headings of the exhibit. Within each topic, use the horizontal scroll bar to move through the exhibit materials.
A. Immigration
1. Issei: First Generation
2. Hawaii [use horizontal scroll bar at bottom of page]
3. U.S. Mainland
4. Legalizing Racism

B. Removal
1. Crisis: Pearl Harbor
2. Constitution and the Executive Order
3. Process
4. Moving Out
5. First Stop: Assembly Centers

C. Internment
1. Permanent Camps
2. Conditions
3. Home==Barracks
4. Work
5. Community Activities
6. Arts and Culture

D. Loyalty
1. The Questionnaire
2. Segregation Camp: Tule Lake
3. Expatriation and Repatriations
4. The Draft

E. Service
1. 100th and 442nd
2. Soldier's Life
3. Military Intelligence and Translation
4. Honors and Awards
5. Ironies of Service

F. Justice
1. Post-War
2. Court Cases
3. Formal Apologies and Redress
4. Repairing the Constitution
5. Japanese Americans Today

See also:

National Park Service: Confinement and Ethnicity (Japanese-American Internment Sites)
http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/anthropology74/

Manzanar National Historic Site
http://www.nps.gov/history/museum/exhibits/manz/index.html

On This Day: Supreme Court Upholds Constitutionality of Japanese Internment
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/On-this-Day--The-Supreme-Court-Upholds-WWII-Internment-of-Japanese-Americans-.html

Children of the Camps: the Japanese American WWII internment camp experience
http://www.pbs.org/childofcamp/

Japanese-American Evacuees Celebrate New Year's Eve
http://www.archives.gov/historical-docs/todays-doc/index.html?dod-date=1231

How an eagle feels when his wings are clipped and caged (Prologue NA)
http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2009/winter/wra.html


Tuskegee Airmen

Here are some of the best places to learn about them.

A. Our Norton text: "African Americans and 'Double V'" (pages 782-783)

B. The comprehensive article in Wikipedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuskegee_Airmen

1. Note particularly the section entitled "The First Lady's Flight"

2. Rose Bowl float: from the section titled "Postwar"

"In the 2010 Rose Parade, the city of West Covina, California paid tribute to the "service and commitment of the Tuskegee Airmen" with a float, entitled "Tuskegee Airmen—A Cut Above", which featured a large bald eagle, two replica World War II "Redtail" fighter planes and historical images of some of the airmen who served. The float won the mayor's trophy as the most outstanding city entry—national or international."

Click on this link for a picture of that float: http://bit.ly/hLBS8D

C. "Tuskegee Airmen" movie
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0114745/

D. The Tuskegee Airmen were honored guests at President Obama's inauguration
http://nyti.ms/gS5Uw1


1942

Doolittle raid on Tokyo (4/18)

http://www.historyanimated.com/Doolittle.html
Work your way through each of the parts of this wonderful animation: Prelude, Preparations, Deployment, Approach, The Raid, Aftermath

Battle of Midway (6/6). U.S. wins. Turning point in Pacific war.

07 Jun 1942: Japanese beaten in Battle of Midway
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/7/newsid_3499000/3499378.stm

Work your way through each of the parts of the following animation: Early 1942, Battle of the Coral Sea, Midway Island, Japanese Deployment, American Deployment, Fleet Movements, Action June 3, Action June 4-7
http://historyanimated.com/Midway.html

Dieppe

19 Aug 1942: Allies launch daring raid on Dieppe
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/19/newsid_3560000/3560309.stm

El Alamein

04 Nov 1942: Rommel goes on the run at El Alamein
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/november/4/newsid_3564000/3564385.stm

Britain Knows Detail of Holocaust

17 Dec 1942: Britain condemns massacre of Jews
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/december/17/newsid_3547000/3547151.stm


1943

Stalingrad
02 Feb 1943: Germans surrender at Stalingrad
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/2/newsid_3573000/3573003.stm

Italy

10 Jul 1943: Western Allies invade Sicily
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/july/10/newsid_3587000/3587283.stm

25 Jul 1943: Italian dictator Mussolini quits
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/july/25/newsid_3600000/3600649.stm

03 Sep 1943: Allied troops invade mainland Italy
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/3/newsid_3585000/3585719.stm

08 Sep 1943: Italy's surrender announced
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/8/newsid_3612000/3612037.stm

28 Apr 1945: Italian partisans kill Mussolini
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/28/newsid_3564000/3564529.stm

Teheran Conference (Dec).

01 Dec 1943: Allies united after Tehran conference
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/december/1/newsid_3535000/3535949.stm

In the following web link, read the two paragraphs entitled "Objectives" and "Outcomes."
http://www.pbs.org/behindcloseddoors/in-depth/the-conferences.html#Eureka
Dispute b/n Britain & U.S: when/where Europe invaded.
Soviets demanded a second front.
Soviets bore brunt of land war until mid–1944.
Decision was finally made on a cross-channel invasion against Europe mainland
Eisenhower was named to be Supreme Commander of Allied Forces

See also:

Big Three in Teheran
http://www.archives.gov/historical-docs/todays-doc/index.html?dod-date=1130#2010


1944

Normandy invasion

D-Day=Operation Overlord. (June 6, 1944).

Biggest invasion armada in world history (5,000 ships, 150,000 men).
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Overlord

1. BBC Special Section: D-Day and Operation Overlord
Animated Map: The D-Day Landings
Read the description for each of the four maps: The Atlantic Wall, Concentration of Forces, The Landings, Securing the Beachheads
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/interactive/animations/wwtwo_map_d_day/index_embed.shtml

2. Paratroopers and their equipment
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/dday/sfeature/sf_paratrooper.html

Fantastic story of one US paratrooper:

U.S. Paratrooper Joseph Beyrle fought for both U.S. and Soviets.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Beyrle
http://www.mlive.com/news/muskegon/index.ssf/2010/02/local_hero_joe_beyrles_possess.html
http://www.1victory.org/

3. BBC Special Section: D-Day and Operation Overlord
Animated Map: Operation Overlord
Read the description for each of the seven maps: Operation Overlord, D-Day, The Slog for Normandy, A Slow Advance, The Breakout, The Falaise/Argentan Gap, The Liberation of Paris
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/launch_ani_overlord_campaign.shtml

4. From D-Day to Berlin Photo Gallery.
Click through each of the 12 photos
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/dday_berlin_gallery.shtml

See also:

Interactive Map with D-Day Invasion of Normandy | EDSITEment
http://edsitement.neh.gov/student-resource/interactive-map-d-day-invasion-normandy#node-1335



Attempted Assassination of Hitler (July 1944)

20 Jul 1944: Hitler survives assassination attempt
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/july/20/newsid_3505000/3505014.stm

Liberation of Paris (August 1944)

On This Day: Paris Liberated from German Occupation
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/July-August-08/On-this-Day--Paris-Liberated-from-German-Occupation.html

25 Aug 1944: Paris is liberated as Germans surrender
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/25/newsid_3520000/3520894.stm



A Bridge Too Far

17 Sep 1944: Airborne invasion of Holland begins
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/17/newsid_3662000/3662264.stm

26 Sep 1944: Airborne troops retreat from Arnhem
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/26/newsid_3523000/3523972.stm

Battle of the Bulge

(December). Surprise German attack. Ultimate Allied victory.

17 Dec 1944: Germany counter-attacks in Ardennes
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/december/17/newsid_3515000/3515538.stm

Battle of the Bulge (American Experience)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/bulge/




1945

Bataan Rescue (January)

This entire website is great. The movie "The Great Raid" is based on this event.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/bataan/gallery/index.html
[Click through the 12 drawings in this section. Read the caption to each one.]
Montana native Ben Steele was a Bataan death march survivor. He spent the next 40 months in prison camps, [click on this link] on a hell ship, and working as a slave laborer in a Japanese coal mine before his liberation at the end of the war.

Surviving Bataan: Ben Steele
http://www.americanheritage.com/content/surviving-bataan?page=show

Bataan Death March (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bataan_Death_March

See also:

American POWs on Japanese Ships (2 part series)
http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2003/winter/hell-ships-1.html
http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2003/winter/hell-ships-2.html

Forbidden Diary of American woman prisoner in Philippines
http://www.americanheritage.com/content/forbidden-diary?page=show

Bataan Death March
http://www.americanheritage.com/content/death-march?page=show



Yalta Conference (February 1945)

07 Feb 1945: Black Sea talks (Yalta) plan defeat of Germany
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/7/newsid_3517000/3517236.stm

From the following weblink, read the two paragraphs entitled "Objectives" and "Outcomes."
http://www.pbs.org/behindcloseddoors/in-depth/the-conferences.html#Argonaut2
Soviets would control most of Eastern Europe.
Germany would be divided.
Soviets would fight Japan three months after German surrender

See also:

BBC - BBC World Service Programmes - Witness, Yalta
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p0069cfz



Iwo Jima (Feb-Mar)
Battle of Iwo Jima (Wikipedia)

23 Feb 1945: US flag raised over Iwo Jima
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/23/newsid_3564000/3564547.stm

Animated map of the battle
http://www.pacificwaranimated.com/iwo-jima-islandhoppingcampaign-44

Code talker (Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Code_talker
Code Talkers virtual exhibit from the National Museum of the American Indian
http://www.nmai.si.edu/education/codetalkers/

Code Talkers
http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2001/winter/navajo-code-talkers.html



Okinawa (April) Attacks by 3,000 kamikaze planes on U.S. fleet.

Okinawa
(Today in History, Library of Congress)
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/jun21.html

Animated map of the battle
http://www.pacificwaranimated.com/okinawa-islandhoppingcampaign-26

21 Jun 1945: US troops take Okinawa
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/21/newsid_3564000/3564489.stm

Kamikaze Attacks
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/September-October-08/On-this-Day--Japanese-Pilots-Begin-Kamikaze-Campaign.html

Kamikaze attack at Okinawa as experienced by an American
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/pacific/peopleevents/p_chapman.html

Kamikaze attack as experienced by a Japanese
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/pacific/peopleevents/p_shimada.html



Holocaust

World War II in focus: Alan Taylor photo essays in Atlantic Wire
http://www.theatlantic.com/infocus/2011/10/world-war-ii-the-holocaust/100170/

SS St. Louis: the ship of Jewish refugees nobody wanted
http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-27373131

America And The Holocaust
http://www.americanheritage.com/content/america-and-holocaust?page=show
Primary Sources
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/holocaust/filmmore/reference/primary/index.html
Rabbi Stephen Wise
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/holocaust/peopleevents/pandeAMEX101.html

BBC Archive: WWII: Witnessing the Holocaust (Major Source)
http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/holocaust/

Auschwitz: Inside the Nazi State | PBS
http://www.pbs.org/auschwitz/

FRONTLINE Memory of the Camps
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/teach/camps/

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
http://www.ushmm.org/

27 Jan 1945: Auschwitz death camp liberated
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/27/newsid_3520000/3520986.stm

Liberation of Dachau, 7 May 1945
http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,797475,00.html?internalid=ACA



Victory in Europe

FDR died (4/12)
Hitler died (4/30)

21 Apr 1945: Red Army enters outskirts of Berlin
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/21/newsid_3560000/3560175.stm

Russia Celebrates Victory Day 2012 - The Big Picture - Boston.com
http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2012/05/victory_day_2012.html

Annual Russian Victory Day Parade 2012 | The Frame
http://blogs.sacbee.com/photos/2012/05/annual-victory-day-parade-2012.html

01 May 1945: Germany announces Hitler is dead
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/may/1/newsid_3571000/3571497.stm

07 May 1945: Germany signs unconditional surrender
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/may/7/newsid_3578000/3578325.stm

Germany surrendered (5/7)
May 7, 1945 | Nazi Germany Surrenders in World War II - NYTimes.com
http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/05/07/may-7-1945-nazi-germany-surrenders-in-world-war-ii/

08 May 1945: Rejoicing at end of war in Europe
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/may/8/newsid_3580000/3580163.stm

Potsdam Conference

16 Jul 1945: Allied leaders gather at Potsdam
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/july/16/newsid_4685000/4685683.stm

26 Jul 1945: Churchill loses general election
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/july/26/newsid_3572000/3572175.stm

Notes by Harry S. Truman on the Potsdam Conference
His handwriting is wonderfully legible
http://www.trumanlibrary.org/whistlestop/study_collections/bomb/large/documents/index.php?documentdate=1945-07-17&documentid=63&studycollectionid=abomb&pagenumber=1



Victory against Japan

Japanese Balloon Bombs
http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/May-June-08/On-this-Day--Japanese-WWII--Balloon-Bomb--Kills-Six-in-Oregon.html

BBC News - Shoichi Yokoi, the Japanese soldier who held out in Guam for 28 years after WWII ended
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-16681636

1. Role of Manhattan Project in building atomic bomb.
Film “Fat Man and Little Boy.”

2. Factors involved in the decision to drop the atomic bombs on Japan:
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/pacific/sfeature/sf_poll.html
Fear that the Soviet Union would soon enter the war against Japan
Concern that a land war in Japan would result in massive American casualties

First atomic bomb: Hiroshima (8/6)
06 Aug 1945: US drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/6/newsid_3602000/3602189.stm

Soviets entered war in Pacific with 1.5 million troops (8/8)

Second atomic bomb: Nagasaki (8/9)
09 Aug 1945: Atom bomb hits Nagasaki
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/9/newsid_3580000/3580143.stm

Japanese survivor of both bombs
http://www.economist.com/obituary/displaystory.cfm?story_id=15268228
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/07/world/asia/07yamaguchi.html?hp

3. Victory Day

15 Aug 1945: Allied nations celebrate VJ Day
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/15/newsid_3581000/3581971.stm

4. Japanese surrendered (9/2)

02 Sep 1945: Japan signs unconditional surrender
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/2/newsid_3582000/3582545.stm

Emperor allowed to keep his throne
Allied Supreme Commander Douglas MacArthur would rule Japan.

Afterwards

24 Oct 1945: United Nations Organization is born
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/october/24/newsid_4353000/4353094.stm

20 Nov 1945: Nuremberg trial of Nazis begins
http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/november/20/newsid_4356000/4356166.stm

Death Toll of World War II
World–wide: 55 million
United States: 405,000
Soviet Union: 21 million (one–ninth of Soviet population).

Postwar position of the U.S.
We suffered little damage to our own land.
We emerged as the world leader