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  1. page HIST 152 Today (S17) edited Cold War: Vietnam (CNN) http://youtu.be/6s0Z2mwTrXY How WEEK #14 Tuesday, 28 November Module:…
    Cold War: Vietnam (CNN)
    http://youtu.be/6s0Z2mwTrXY
    How
    WEEK #14
    Tuesday, 28 November
    Module: Nixon
    Thursday, 30 November
    Module: Ford, Carter
    WEEK #15
    Tuesday, 5 December
    Module: Reagan
    and why did I end up in Vietnam?
    1. Army ROTC at Georgetown, commissioned as an Infantry Second Lieutenant.
    2. Wrote term papers on insurgencies, prepared myself as much as possible for Vietnam.
    3. One part of me thought I had to go to graduate school as my classmates were doing.
    4. Army permitted deferments to pursue my Ph.D.
    5. Began a Ph.D. program in Political Science at Pitt. Difficult to be in school when war on.
    6. Finished M.A. but asked Army to call me in for my two years.
    7. Stateside assignments:
    Infantry Officer Basic Course at Fort Benning, Georgia
    Troop duty in the Infantry Advanced Individual Training Brigade at Fort Jackson, South Carolina
    Vietnamese language study at Fort Bliss, Texas
    Advisor school at Fort Gordon, Georgia
    8. Tour of duty in Vietnam as an advisor to the South Vietnamese army.
    9. Returned from Vietnam to begin MBA program at Stanford Business School.
    VIETNAM WAR
    Vietnam became one of the many sites where the Cold War and the Third World intersected.
    Maps for us to refer back to during our study of the Vietnam War.
    Static map:
    http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI650.jpg
    Map: South Vietnam provinces, 1967
    http://www.rivervet.com/mapprovinces.htm
    Context for U.S. decision-making
    Containment policy
    American leaders thought of Vietnam as an Asian Berlin, a place to draw the line against communism and to implement the containment doctrine.
    China 1949
    McCarthy in US (1950-1954)
    Korean War (1950-1953)
    French Indochina
    Indochina (Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos) colonized in 1880s.
    Vietnamese resisted French colonial regime as much as possible
    Vietnamese tradition of historical resistance to invaders: China.
    Ho Chi Minh:
    Man of the Month: Ho Chi Minh (Twentieth Century by Walter Cronkite)
    http://youtu.be/52clOyqGx00
    Leader of Vietnamese Communist Party
    Major leader of Vietnamese resistance to the Japanese
    Vietminh declared independence from France in 1945.
    Ho quoted from U.S. Declaration of Independence.
    General Giap:
    Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap, Who Ousted U.S. From Vietnam, Is Dead
    http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/05/world/asia/gen-vo-nguyen-giap-dies.html?ref=global-home&pagewanted=all
    Vietminh war against the French
    U.S. had a choice:
    a) Support Ho Chi Minh's bid for independence
    b) Support French return to Indochina
    We supported the French return.
    Context: containment of communism
    We paid 80% of the costs of French war against Vietminh
    Dienbienphu (May 1954)
    French fall to Viet Minh at Dien Bien Phu (History.com This Day in History | 5/7/1954)
    http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/french-fall-to-viet-minh-at-dien-bien-phu
    French withdrawal from Indochina
    Geneva peace conference (July 1954)
    http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/geneva-conference-begins
    Vietnam was divided at the 17th parallel.
    Ho's forces gained control of North Vietnam.
    Election to unify the country was scheduled for 1956.
    America, figuring Ho Chi Minh would win, did not permit the election.
    U.S. replaced France in Vietnam
    AMERICA IN VIETNAM
    Overview:
    Ground combat took place within South Vietnam
    U.S. never invaded North Vietnam
    U.S. pursued an air war against North Vietnam
    Enemy side:
    North Vietnam and those living in South Vietnam (called Viet Cong) who will fight against the United States
    Video: Inside the Viet Cong
    http://youtu.be/jfPx1jfoWjs
    Our side:
    United States and those South Vietnamese friendly to U.S.
    Our man in Vietnam: Ngo Dinh Diem
    Our initial handpicked leader in South Vietnam
    No real alternative leader in South Vietnam to Ho Chi Minh in the North
    U.S. backed Ngo Dinh Diem
    He consolidated power over internal rivals.
    Diem was a Catholic (in a mostly Buddhist country).
    Bachelor (role of his family, especially brother and his sister-in-law)
    Diem's oppressive policies and persecution of Buddhists made him unpopular
    Vietnamese monk burning himself to death
    http://i104.photobucket.com/albums/m179/pinguy1982/thichquangducselfimmolade7.jpg
    CIA backed an overthrow of Diem (who was murdered)
    The Ugly American Telegram
    http://www.nytimes.com/2013/08/24/opinion/the-ugly-american-telegram.html?ref=global-home
    Arrest and assassination of Ngo Dinh Diem
    JFK himself was assassinated three weeks later.
    Kennedy's escalation of the U.S. war effort
    North Vietnam and Viet Cong increased attempts to win in South
    South Vietnam on the verge of losing
    JFK had sent 16,000 American advisors.
    Big historical question: what would Kennedy have done had he lived?
    After Diem, revolving-door governments in South Vietnam
    Comparisons to Iraq and Afghanistan
    Why did we let Diem be overthrown?
    Was there any better alternative?
    Was the country itself able to operate as a country?
    Could and would the South Vietnamese leaders actually lead their own people?
    At what point could the U.S. have gotten out of Vietnam?
    President Lyndon Johnson and the Americanization of the War
    Competition with his Great Society
    Tonkin Gulf Incident and Resolution
    U.S. Involvement in the Vietnam War: the Gulf of Tonkin and Escalation, 1964
    https://history.state.gov/milestones/1961-1968/gulf-of-tonkin
    Response to North Vietnamese attack on American destroyer.
    U.S. not entirely clean in this incident.
    Tonkin Gulf Congressional Resolution
    Gave LBJ authority to use unlimited military force in North Vietnam.
    Johnson interpreted it as equivalent to declaration of war.
    George Ball's dissent against continued U.S. involvement in Vietnam
    He wanted us to bail out of Vietnam early on; in retrospect, he was probably right.
    Operation Rolling Thunder: U.S. air campaign over North Vietnam
    More U.S. bombs on Vietnam than U.S. dropped in all of WWII
    North Vietnamese did not give up.
    Hid in shelters; rebuilt roads and bridges
    Their perseverance frustrated and awed American decision makers.
    U.S. prisoners of war: John McCain among them
    Escalation: U.S. commits regular combat units to Vietnam
    Johnson's decision for major increase of U.S. effort in Vietnam
    Johnson sent 50,000 U.S. ground troops in July 1965.
    Successive escalations of U.S. troop levels.
    Maximum level of 536,000 in 1968.
    We told the South Vietnamese: watch how well we could complete the job.
    They watched.
    We did not complete the job.
    Attrition strategy
    American aim was to kill more enemy than could be sent from the North.
    Search and destroy tactics
    Body count: the indication of success.
    If it's dead and Vietnamese, it's VC
    Attrition did not succeed
    Sanctuary: Enemy could use Laos and Cambodia as a sanctuary
    Hard to defeat an enemy that has this kind of advantage.
    Compare to Taliban using Pakistan as a sanctuary.
    Ho Chi Minh trail: Google Images
    http://bit.ly/GXZlFl
    U.S. military in Vietnam
    Many different wars depending on branch of service and location within South Vietnam
    Vietnam tour of duty: 12 months for Army
    Could be stationed in a U.S. unit or on an advisory team
    Morale Problems: largely due to the draft
    1. Fragging
    http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/fragging-on-the-rise-in-us-units
    2. Drug use
    3. Post–traumatic stress. Other wars: shell shock, battle fatigue.
    TET OFFENSIVE (January 1968)
    Tet Offensive by the enemy
    Tet is the Chinese Lunar New Year holiday
    U.S. Involvement in the Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive, 1968
    https://history.state.gov/milestones/1961-1968/tet
    This event was really important in retrospect
    Enemy coordinated attacks all over South Vietnam
    U.S. was victorious militarily
    In U.S., public relations fallout bad
    Americans became convinced that war was not winnable.
    Divisions at Home in U.S.
    Pro-war—by hard hats; silent majority
    Anti-war protests:
    Sound Smart: Vietnam War Protests
    https://youtu.be/G3slnPIh_oU
    Video: Reporting Vietnam: The press and the anti-war movement
    https://youtu.be/AA0lBz6R0Z4
    Vietnam War Protests 1969 (New York Times)
    http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/1115.html#article
    Counterculture and the New Left both opposed the Vietnam War
    Used teach–ins, antiwar marches, and demonstrations.
    Some burned draft cards
    Others fled the draft by moving to Canada.
    "Hey, hey, LBJ, how many kids did you kill today?"
    Kent State University
    U.S. raid into Cambodia (1970) triggered campus protests at Kent State and Jackson State.
    Kent State University: 4 students killed; National Guard unit fired into a crowd of student protesters.
    Video: On this day: Four killed in Kent State shooting
    http://youtu.be/Lmd6CHah7Wg
    Kent State Students Shot by Ohio National Guard
    http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/May-June-08/On-this-Day--Kent-State-Students-Shot-by-Ohio-National-Guard.html
    Richard Nixon: Vietnamization of the war
    His anti-Communist credentials
    As a Republican, he had not “lost” China
    He began the withdrawal of U.S. troops
    South Vietnamese should carry the load.
    Similar to our attempts both in Iraq and Afghanistan: "if they stand up, we will stand down"
    Ending the Vietnam War, 1969–1973
    https://history.state.gov/milestones/1969-1976/ending-vietnam
    Fall of South Vietnam (April 1975)
    Google Images: Helicopters Leaving Saigon
    http://bit.ly/H9huRr
    Saigon Falls to Vietcong Ending Vietnam War (On This Day, Finding Dulcinea)
    http://www.findingdulcinea.com/news/on-this-day/April/Saigon-Falls-to-Vietcong--Ending-Vietnam-War.html
    Legacy of the Vietnam war
    58,000 U.S. dead
    Video: Reporting Vietnam: One Week’s Dead (27 June 1969)
    https://youtu.be/3WK9VtHNb3Q
    Financial cost to U.S.: $200 billion.
    America's most unpopular war.
    Involvement of six U.S. presidents: Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, and Ford.
    Vietnamese refugees who came to America
    Vietnamese boat people
    https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnamese_boat_people
    Bush 41
    Thursday, 7 December
    Module: Clinton, Bush 43, Obama

    PRESIDENT RICHARD NIXON
    Vdeo: Richard Nixon bio
    (view changes)
    3:59 pm
  2. page HIST 151 Today (TR S17) edited SECOND GREAT AWAKENING Mood music: Charles Wesley hymns: Christ the Lord is Risen Today https:…
    SECOND GREAT AWAKENING
    Mood music:
    Charles Wesley hymns:
    Christ the Lord is Risen Today
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X5KZlOKqb-o&feature=youtu.be
    And Can It Be That I Should Gain
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=29myH7xXI4M&feature=youtu.be
    Love Divine, All Loves Excelling
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vwso5lke6Fk&feature=youtu.be
    Oh, For a Thousand Tongues to Sing
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4O9kw3cILpg&feature=youtu.be
    Theme: What were the causes, characteristics, and consequences
    WEEK #14
    Monday, 27 November: 1850s, Compromise
    of the Second Great Awakening?
    Evangelicalism, Revivalism, and the Second Great Awakening (Divining America, National Humanities Center)
    http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/nineteen/nkeyinfo/nevanrev.htm
    Began around 1800
    Democratized American religion—as voting was being democratized
    Rejected doctrine of predestination
    A. On the frontier: West and South
    Focus on individual salvation; no impulse to reform society
    1. Camp meetings
    Attended by thousands
    Cane Ridge (1801): 10,000 participants
    Cane Ridge Revival Kentucky (Google Images)
    http://bit.ly/TlvRqt
    Cane Ridge Meeting House
    http://www.caneridge.org/
    Plus: The Great Revival
    http://www.caneridge.org/revival.html
    2. Circuit riders
    Methodist Circuit Riders (Google Images)
    http://bit.ly/Nmtd10
    Nothing but Crows and Methodist Preachers
    http://www.forgottenword.org/crows.html
    B. In the north
    Congregationalists and Presbyterians
    Small to medium-sized towns
    Northern revivals led to an impulse to reform society
    Charles G. Finney
    Key name in Second Great Awakening
    Charles Finney (God in America, PBS)
    http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/charles-finney.html
    New York lawyer
    Converted (1821)
    Finney became a full–time evangelist
    "I have a retainer from Jesus to plead his case"
    Focused initially on the small towns in western New York.
    Arminianism==Free will
    A more democratic version of Christianity than predestination.
    Any person who wanted to be saved could be saved.
    Finney's evangelistic approach
    Was controversial for its time:
    a. Protracted meetings. Revivals continued nightly for a week or more.
    b. Anxious bench
    "Almost saved" would sit up front
    Made an object of special prayer.
    c. Women allowed to speak aloud and pray for male relatives
    Converts organized into voluntary associations
    1810—Foreign Missions Board
    Students at Williams College: Haystack Prayer Meeting
    https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haystack_Prayer_Meeting
    1816—American Bible Society—distributed Bibles in the West
    1825—American Tract Society—to seamen and urban poor
    Mood music: slavery
    Beautiful Dreamer (Stephen Foster)
    http://youtu.be/4U1l5y2rkzA
    ”Follow the Drinkin' Gourd"
    http://youtu.be/pw6N_eTZP2U
    ”Go Down Moses"
    http://youtu.be/vf6jBP4YXwo
    ”Swing Low, Sweet Chariot"
    http://youtu.be/2-6LnSiqZKQ
    ”Steal Away (To Jesus)" Mahalia Jackson & Nat King Cole
    http://youtu.be/-O5hz5KnSdc
    ”Wade in the Water"
    http://youtu.be/ZXqMQfpNSes
    Roll, Jordan, Roll
    http://youtu.be/7oFcFzJT7Tw
    Antislavery
    We should all ask ourselves the question: Would I have been an abolitionist?
    Compare to feelings about immigration these days.
    Antislavery was not a unified movement at first
    Its adherents differed over several issues:
    a. How hard to push the issue
    b. The rights of women
    c. The place of free blacks in American society
    The issue of slavery eventually became so compelling that it consumed all the other reforms we have discussed.
    Gradual emancipation:
    1. American Colonization Society (founded in 1816)
    http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part3/3p1521.html
    http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/w/American_Colonization_Society
    2. Advocated gradual emancipation of former slaves
    3. Suggested resettlement in Africa
    4. Liberia was set up for this purpose
    Map of Africa showing location of Liberia:
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liberia
    Its capital, Monrovia, named for President James Monroe
    Immediate emancipation
    Immediatism surpassed gradualism as dominant anti-slavery approach
    a. Immediate—right now
    b. Complete—no other labor contract
    c. Uncompensated—owners not paid a thing
    Contrast between:
    "old" abolitionism: American Colonization Society
    "new" abolitionism: Garrison and American Anti–Slavery society
    American Anti-Slavery Society (Ohio History online)
    http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=832
    William Lloyd Garrison
    http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p1561.html
    William Lloyd Garrison
    http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/william-lloyd-garrison.html
    Garrison was a white abolitionist
    He argued for immediate emancipation
    His newspaper, The Liberator, began publication in 1831
    http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4h2928.html
    Women abolitionists
    Women more prominent in abolition than other movements
    Women could not vote
    Women expected to "keep their place" in the background
    Angelina and Sarah Grimke
    http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/angelina-grimke.html
    White daughters of a South Carolina slave owner
    Moved to the North
    Became involved in anti-slavery and women's rights
    Attacked the concept of subordination of women to me
    Free blacks
    Almost 250,000 in south by
    1850, Uncle Tom's Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe
    Wednesday, 29 November: Republican Party, Sumner-Brooks, Dred Scott
    Friday, 1 December: Lincoln-Douglas Debates
    WEEK #15
    Monday, 4 December: John Brown,
    1860
    Highly discriminated against by whites
    Legal status somewhere between slave and free
    Whites feared free blacks would lead slave uprisings
    States enacted "Black codes" to control movement of free blacks
    Black abolitionists
    Much of abolitionism was run by free blacks
    By 1830, blacks had organized some 50 abolitionist societies
    Notable free blacks:
    1. Frederick Douglass
    Frederick Douglas
    Noted escaped slave
    Famous for his Autobiography
    Video: Frederick Douglass bio
    https://youtu.be/Su-4JBEIhXY
    Frederick Douglass
    http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/frederick-douglass.html
    2. Harriet Tubman: "the Moses of her people"
    Harriet Tubman
    http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/harriet-tubman.html
    Harriet Tubman | National Women's History Museum
    http://www.nwhm.org/education-resources/biographies/harriet-tubman
    Video: Harriet Tubman bio
    http://youtu.be/CCkuph8zHsU
    3. Sojourner Truth: "Ain't I a woman"
    Sojourner Truth
    http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/sojourner-truth.html
    Sojourner Truth | National Women's History Museum
    http://www.nwhm.org/education-resources/biographies/sojourner-truth
    Kerry Washington reads Sojourner Truth (thanks to Myia for this link)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yq3AYiRT4no
    Video: Sojourner Truth bio
    https://youtu.be/q-HfiryNoXY
    Underground Railroad:
    Map
    http://www.harriet-tubman.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/What-was-the-Underground-Railroad.jpg
    Underground Railroad (Africans in America)
    http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p2944.html
    Opposition to abolitionists:
    Murder of Elijah Lovejoy
    Many white Americans violently opposed abolitionism
    They did not want to compete with freed blacks
    Hostile whites threatened abolitionist editors and speakers
    An example of this opposition was the murder of Elijah Lovejoy
    He was a white abolitionist newspaper editor
    Murdered by a mob in Alton, Illinois (1837).
    Northerners outraged:
    Not because they supported abolition
    But because they wanted to preserve free speech
    In the South, mobs blocked distribution of antislavery pamphlets
    Gag rule
    Many Northern church women signed anti-slavery petitions
    Sent these petitions to Congress
    From 1836 to 1844, Congress refused even to open or read the petitions
    Southerners were happy
    Northerners felt their free speech was violated.
    SLAVERY MODULE
    Video: Slavery: All Night Forever (Ken Burns
    election, secession
    Wednesday, 6 December:
    Civil War video)
    http://youtu.be/M3B9LFKqijY
    North American slave trade
    Slavery and sugar shifted focus of world economy from Asia and the Mediterranean to the Atlantic.
    Being black did not initially mean being a slave.
    By the 1670s, mainland colonists imported large numbers of Africans
    Only a few Quakers had any moral problem with using slaves.
    Slave trade made many merchants wealthy.
    The middle passage: voyage from Africa to America.
    Check out this map on where slaves came from and to where they were sold:
    http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI051.jpg
    Slavery in the South
    By 1720, Africans were 20% of overall population.
    Relationship between the large number of slaves in South Carolina and the survival of African culture.
    Gospel According to Gullah (Los Angeles Times)
    http://articles.latimes.com/2005/dec/29/nation/na-gullah29
    New Testament Translated into the Gullah language.
    http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5283230
    Slavery in the north
    North had fewer slaves (personal servants; dock workers)
    In some cities, slaves 10 % of population.
    Low northern slave population accentuated differences with South
    Description of the South
    Old South or Antebellum South (before the Civil War) (1800-1860)
    North grew and changed
    South just grew
    Remained a rural, agrarian society
    Thin population distribution
    Few cities
    Small number of factories
    Rise of the Cotton South
    Several factors increased the growth of slave–supplied cotton plantations:
    1. Cotton gin [before gin:10 hours for 1 pound; after: 1000 pounds/day]
    https://www.eliwhitney.org/7/sites/default/files/minisites/cotton/patent.html
    Eli Whitney's Cotton Gin (Africans in America)
    http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part3/3h1522.html
    2. Short–staple cotton
    3. English and northern U.S. textile factories need for cotton
    Southern society
    Remember: Some 75% of white southern families owned NO slaves at all.
    But the slave society influenced all aspects of southern culture.
    Planters. Most planters owned fewer than 10 slaves. Big planters set the tone for southern society.
    Planter paternalism
    Men treated both women and slaves in a domineering manner
    Racism in the master–slave relationship
    Sexism in the male–female relationship
    Women raised to be wife, mother, and subordinate companion to men
    Wives helped oversee the plantation household
    Wives had to tolerate husbands' sexual infidelities with female slaves
    Life on a plantation (Slavery and the Making of America)
    http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slavery/experience/living/history.html
    A Year in the Life: Pages from a Plantation Account Book (Slavery and the Making of America)
    http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slavery/experience/living/feature.html
    Controversy Over Mascots at Ole Miss (New York Times)
    http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/15/us/15mascot.html
    Black codes
    Slaveholders saw free blacks as potential instigators of rebellion
    Southern states wanted free blacks to move away to the North
    Black codes regulated free blacks who remained in the South
    Black codes required
    Black skilled laborers to be licensed
    Banned blacks form specific jobs (such as river boat captains)
    Forbade blacks to assemble in public
    Prohibited teaching blacks to read and write
    Slave life
    Food generally adequate, but plain and monotonous
    Slaves owned few clothes and lived in small, one–room cabins
    Slaves worth more healthy than sick
    Women as child bearers were particularly valuable to owner
    Slaves treated as property:
    Pledged for a debt
    Gambled away in a card game
    White crimes against slaves went unpunished
    Slaves could not testify against whites
    Slave quarters on St. Georges Island
    http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4h1540.html
    Enslavement (The Making of African-American Identity, National Humanities Center)
    http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/maai/enslavement/enslavement.htm
    Slave work routine
    1. House slaves
    2. Field slaves
    Most field slaves worked in the gang system
    White overseer: compensated on how much he produced
    Black slave drivers: foremen to keep down dissension
    3. Some slaves worked the task system
    In urban settings and on some rice plantations
    Assigned daily tasks to complete at their own pace
    Remainder of the time was their own
    4. Slave hire system
    Some skilled slaves were able to hire themselves out
    They could keep most of their wages
    Often used proceeds to purchase their freedom
    The Varieties of Slave Labor (National Humanities Center)
    http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/freedom/1609-1865/essays/slavelabor.htm
    Slave religion
    Most white southerners were religious
    Most believed they should help slaves become Christians
    [I wonder how prevalent Islam was among slaves.]
    But they did so on their own terms
    Whites used religion as a form of control:
    God commanded slaves to serve and obey their masters
    Slaves felt there must be a real Bible somewhere
    One not written by their white owners
    Many whites unwilling to accept slaves as brothers and sisters in Christ.
    Christianity helped slaves cope with bondage
    Slaves used religion as a refuge
    Inner sense of personal worth and dignity
    Slaves hoped for deliverance from bondage
    Surely in heaven but hopefully in this lifetime
    Slave Religion (Slavery and the Making of America)
    http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slavery/experience/religion/history2.html
    Slave family life
    Slaves tried to be monogamous
    Slave marriages had no legal basis
    Slaves still had marriage ceremonies
    Vows were changed to "till death or distance do us part"
    Family was central to slave life
    Worst fear was family separation by sale
    At any moment, the master could
    a. Sell a slave husband or wife
    b. Die in debt, forcing a division of his property
    c. Give a slave child away as a wedding present
    Husbands tried to provide for their wife and children
    Could not protect the females from sexual exploitation by the master
    How Slavery Affected African American Families (National Humanities Center)
    http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/freedom/1609-1865/essays/aafamilies.htm
    Slave attitudes toward whites
    Most slaves suspicious of white motives
    Slaves hated their oppression
    Whites stereotyped slaves as docile Sambos
    To keep from being whipped
    Slaves learned to act subservient
    Slaves spoke respectfully to their masters
    Slave resistance
    Few violent rebellions
    Whites had firepower, slave patrols, militia, and federal troops
    Slave Resistance (National Humanities Center)
    http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/freedom/1609-1865/essays/slaveresist.htm
    Slaves tried to preserve mental independence and self–respect
    Coping mechanisms
    Trickster tales
    Nonviolent forms of resistance
    Stealing food
    Temporarily running away
    Slacking off at work
    The Trickster in African American Literature (National Humanities Center)
    http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/freedom/1865-1917/essays/trickster.htm
    Nat Turner slave rebellion in Virginia (1831)
    Turner an educated black lay preacher
    Key slave rebellion—a violent one
    Caused an intense white reaction in the south
    Video: Nat Turner bio
    http://youtu.be/BBH3Xzz3Y3E
    Nat Turner
    http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/nat-turner.html
    Virginia legislature slavery debate (1832)
    White advocates of gradual abolition of slavery forced a debate
    Arguing that slavery was injurious to Virginia's modernization
    Motion favoring abolition lost
    Last public debate on slavery in the antebellum South
    War, sides, battles, Emancipation Proclamation
    Friday, 8 December: Reconstruction

    THE 1850S
    Crucial interplay of several factors
    ...
    Video: Compromise of 1850 ("Shake It Off" Parody) - @MrBettsClass
    https://youtu.be/e_c_xpBaT2A
    ...
    of 1850
    Bobblehead
    (Bobblehead)
    http://youtu.be/0QxVHLBtBFQ
    Major provisions of the Compromise of 1850:
    (view changes)
    3:55 pm
  3. page HIST 151 Exam 4 F17 edited ... https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4O9kw3cILpg&feature=youtu.be Theme: What were the causes…
    ...
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4O9kw3cILpg&feature=youtu.be
    Theme: What were the causes, characteristics, and consequences of the Second Great Awakening?
    Evangelicalism, Revivalism, and the Second Great Awakening (Divining America, National Humanities Center)
    http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/nineteen/nkeyinfo/nevanrev.htm

    Began around 1800
    Democratized American religion—as voting was being democratized
    Rejected doctrine of predestination
    Second Great Awakening
    Began around 1800
    Democratized American religion—as voting was being democratized
    Rejected doctrine of predestination
    Video: Second Great Awakening (2:30)
    Professor Christine Leigh-Heyrman
    https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=Sjt392m36yo

    A. On the frontier: West and South
    Focus on individual salvation; no impulse to reform society
    Baptist lay preachers and Methodist circuit riders
    1. Camp meetings
    Attended by thousands
    CaneMost notable one: Cane Ridge (1801): 10,000 participants
    Cane Ridge Revival

    Religion and the New Republic (Library of Congress)
    http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/religion/rel07.html
    Camp Meetings
    https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camp_meeting
    Video: Cane Ridge,
    Kentucky (Google Images)
    http://bit.ly/TlvRqt
    Cane Ridge Meeting House
    http://www.caneridge.org/
    Plus: The Great Revival
    http://www.caneridge.org/revival.html
    (700 Club) (1:32)
    http://youtu.be/i5gUY6Eoh_A
    Video: Cane Ridge: Leaders and legends (10:440
    http://youtu.be/tAQyZvF0BZo

    2. Circuit riders
    Methodist Circuit Riders (Google Images)
    ...
    Nothing but Crows and Methodist Preachers
    http://www.forgottenword.org/crows.html
    Video: Circuit Riders (3:07)
    http://youtu.be/Jv9Hi-pN_nA
    A modern-day circuit rider
    http://articles.latimes.com/1992-04-20/news/mn-443_1_circuit-rider

    B. In the north
    Congregationalists and Presbyterians
    ...
    Charles Finney (God in America, PBS)
    http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/charles-finney.html
    Charles Finney (Christianity Today)
    http://www.christianitytoday.com/history/people/evangelistsandapologists/charles-finney.html

    New York lawyer
    Converted (1821)
    ...
    A more democratic version of Christianity than predestination.
    Any person who wanted to be saved could be saved.
    Finney's evangelistic approach
    Was
    approach: New Measures
    New Measures:
    controversial for its time:time
    a. Protracted meetings. Revivals continued nightly for a week or more.
    b. Anxious bench
    ...
    c. Women allowed to speak aloud and pray for male relatives
    Converts organized into voluntary associations
    1810—Foreigna. 1810—Foreign Missions Board
    Students at Williams College: Haystack Prayer Meeting
    https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haystack_Prayer_Meeting
    1816—AmericanNote to me: show both of these videos
    Video: Haystack prayer meeting (2:56)
    http://youtu.be/8SCsQYueXN4
    Video: Haystack prayer meeting (3:52)
    http://youtu.be/OtA2QizrMgQ
    b. 1816—American
    Bible Society—distributed
    ...
    the West
    1825—American

    2016 was the 200th anniversary of the founding of the American Bible Society.
    c. 1825—American
    Tract Society—to
    ...
    urban poor
    Mood music: slavery
    Beautiful Dreamer (Stephen Foster)
    http://youtu.be/4U1l5y2rkzA
    ”Follow the Drinkin' Gourd"
    http://youtu.be/pw6N_eTZP2U
    ”Go Down Moses"
    http://youtu.be/vf6jBP4YXwo
    ”Swing Low, Sweet Chariot"
    http://youtu.be/2-6LnSiqZKQ
    ”Steal Away (To Jesus)" Mahalia Jackson & Nat King Cole
    http://youtu.be/-O5hz5KnSdc
    ”Wade in the Water"
    http://youtu.be/ZXqMQfpNSes
    Roll, Jordan, Roll
    http://youtu.be/7oFcFzJT7Tw

    Antislavery
    We should all ask ourselves the question: Would I have been an abolitionist?
    ...
    William Lloyd Garrison
    http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/people/william-lloyd-garrison.html
    Videos: William Lloyd Garrison
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s8GT2yNPJQ8&feature=youtu.be
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=glOAGZqIKbQ&feature=youtu.be

    Garrison was a white abolitionist
    He argued for immediate emancipation
    ...
    Several factors increased the growth of slave–supplied cotton plantations:
    1. Cotton gin [before gin:10 hours for 1 pound; after: 1000 pounds/day]
    https://www.eliwhitney.org/7/sites/default/files/minisites/cotton/patent.html
    Eli Whitney's Cotton Gin (Africans in America)
    http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part3/3h1522.html
    ...
    Remember: Some 75% of white southern families owned NO slaves at all.
    But the slave society influenced all aspects of southern culture.
    Planters.Planters: Most planters
    Planter paternalism
    Men treated both women and slaves in a domineering manner
    ...
    Wives helped oversee the plantation household
    Wives had to tolerate husbands' sexual infidelities with female slaves
    Life on a plantation (Slavery and the Making of America)
    http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slavery/experience/living/history.html
    A Year in the Life: Pages from a Plantation Account Book (Slavery and the Making of America)
    http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slavery/experience/living/feature.html

    Controversy Over Mascots at Ole Miss (New York Times)
    http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/15/us/15mascot.html
    ...
    Slave quarters on St. Georges Island
    http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4h1540.html
    Enslavement (The Making of African-American Identity, National Humanities Center)
    http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/maai/enslavement/enslavement.htm

    Slave work routine
    1. House slaves
    ...
    Slaves hoped for deliverance from bondage
    Surely in heaven but hopefully in this lifetime
    Slave Religion (Slavery and the Making of America)
    http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slavery/experience/religion/history2.html

    Slave family life
    Slaves tried to be monogamous
    ...
    Key slave rebellion—a violent one
    Caused an intense white reaction in the south
    ...
    Turner bio (3:35)
    http://youtu.be/BBH3Xzz3Y3E
    Nat Turner
    (view changes)
    3:50 pm
  4. page TODAY HIST 382 edited ... VIDEOS Unit 2: Gilded Age and Progressive Era List all of them with URL http://www.youtub…
    ...
    VIDEOS
    Unit 2: Gilded Age and Progressive Era
    List all of them with URL
    http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLDyAuMyhVKYfxYE05KMPcmzXngLsZtiAU
    Music from the Gilded Age
    ...
    http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/gilded/index.htm
    "You will love history" playlists
    Gilded Age
    http://youtu.be/z66lixOeJfc
    Gilded Age Politics (Crash Course)
    https://youtu.be/Spgdy3HkcSs
    Objective 2.5 Political Machines
    http://youtu.be/QJiJUlIKO-Y
    Gilded Age
    Khan Academy, part 1
    http://youtu.be/dC7BtsV-ddc
    Khan Academy, part 2
    http://youtu.be/uXQqefD6sPA

    Political Machines/Political Bosses
    Urban growth strained city government.
    (view changes)
    11:33 am

Monday, November 20

  1. page CWLA Assignments edited ... US Congress pushes back https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boland_Amendment Senator won't appr…
    ...
    US Congress pushes back
    https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boland_Amendment
    Senator won't approve promotion of James Steele
    https://www.upi.com/Archives/1988/09/18/Senator-upset-with-plan-to-promote-officer-who-
    helped-North/2294590558400/

    Nicaragua's broken dreams
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/3856843.stm
    (view changes)
    7:16 am

Sunday, November 19

  1. page TODAY HIST 382 edited ... http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/gilded/timeline.pdf William Graham Sumner Social Darw…
    ...
    http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/gilded/timeline.pdf
    William Graham Sumner Social Darwinism
    Emergence videos
    Immigrants in America video series
    Nativism
    American Protective Association
    Biographies
    Jane Addams
    Denis Kearney
    Ellis Island
    Angel Island
    Boss Tweed
    George Washington Plunkett
    Walter Rauschenbusch
    Billy Sunday
    Dwight Moody
    William McKinley
    Theodore Roosevelt
    William Jennings Bryan
    John Pershing
    Horatio Alger
    John D. Rockefeller
    Andrew Carnegie
    J.P. Morgan
    Thomas Edison
    Henry Ford
    Frederick W. Taylor
    Terence Powderly
    Samuel Gompers
    Panic of 1873
    Railroad Strike of 1877
    Transcontinental Railroad (1869)
    Haymarket Riot (1886)
    Anarchists
    Homestead Strike (1892)
    Henry Frick
    Panic of 1893
    Columbian Exposition (1893)
    Coxey's Army (1893)
    Pullman Strike (1894)
    George Pullman
    Eugene Debs
    Election of 1896
    Bloody Shirt
    Reconciliation after Civil War
    Lost Cause
    Connection to monuments discussion these days Mark Hanna
    Great White Fleet

    VIDEOS
    Unit 2: Gilded Age and Progressive Era
    (view changes)
    4:09 am

Saturday, November 18

  1. page CWLA Assignments edited ... https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Guard_(Nicaragua) Augusto César Sandino [get I ca…
    ...
    https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Guard_(Nicaragua)
    Augusto César Sandino
    [getI can't find a good video in English about him]him.
    1934 - Sandino killed on the orders of the National Guard commander, General Anastasio Somoza
    https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augusto_C%C3%A9sar_Sandino
    ...
    http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/map/central_america_map2.htm
    http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/map/honduras-map.htm
    Get a video on Honduras and one on Negroponte there
    Role of John Negroponte (Honduras)
    [Only read the part covering his time in Honduras]
    ...
    US Congress pushes back
    https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boland_Amendment
    Get an Ollie North biography video
    Senator won't approve promotion of James Steele
    https://www.upi.com/Archives/1988/09/18/Senator-upset-with-plan-to-promote-officer-who-
    (view changes)
    5:39 pm
  2. page DSLE edited ... Lesson Plans for US History and literature http://americainclass.org/lessons/ Video: Nicara…
    ...
    Lesson Plans for US History and literature
    http://americainclass.org/lessons/
    Video: Nicaragua's vote puts Damiel Ortega back into spotlight
    http://youtu.be/8ppd_QTHMFo
    Video: Proxy War in Nicaragua
    Show this first
    http://youtu.be/M8Ihf9w_KCU
    Video: Iran-Contra (kip Hughes)
    Use this
    http://youtu.be/Nix_vj2DaqQ
    Video: Nicaragua Revolution
    http://youtu.be/IuBNV3lpdZY
    Video: Nicaragua and the Contras (John Pilger)
    http://youtu.be/qsyc7y_mO4M
    Video: Senator won't approve promotion of James Steele
    https://www.upi.com/Archives/1988/09/18/Senator-upset-with-plan-to-promote-officer-who-
    helped-North/2294590558400/

    Texas and Mexican War (Mr. Betts)
    https://youtu.be/7O0jF2QrzIQ
    (view changes)
    3:50 pm
  3. page DSLE edited From: David Lambert Sent: Saturday, November 18, 2017 2:52 PM To: dlambert@apu.edu Subject: Lin…
    From: David Lambert
    Sent: Saturday, November 18, 2017 2:52 PM
    To: dlambert@apu.edu
    Subject: Links
    Links
    Great
    Great US History websiteswebsites:
    Divining America
    http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/divam.htm
    Teacher Serve
    http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/divam.htm
    Lesson Plans for US History and literature
    http://americainclass.org/lessons/
    Nicaragua'sVideo: Nicaragua's vote puts
    http://youtu.be/8ppd_QTHMFo
    ProxyVideo: Proxy War in nicaraguaNicaragua
    Show this first
    http://youtu.be/M8Ihf9w_KCU
    Iran-ContraVideo: Iran-Contra (kip Hughes)
    Use this
    http://youtu.be/Nix_vj2DaqQ
    NicaraguaVideo: Nicaragua Revolution
    http://youtu.be/IuBNV3lpdZY
    NicaraguaVideo: Nicaragua and the Contras (JohnPilger)(John Pilger)
    http://youtu.be/qsyc7y_mO4M
    SenatorVideo: Senator won't approve
    https://www.upi.com/Archives/1988/09/18/Senator-upset-with-plan-to-promote-officer-who-
    helped-North/2294590558400/
    ...
    Mexican War (mr.(Mr. Betts)
    https://youtu.be/7O0jF2QrzIQ
    Federalist Papers
    (view changes)
    3:44 pm
  4. page Post-conflict phase edited ... PRINT THIS Stephen Rabe http://web.isanet.org/Web/Conferences/FLACSO- ISA%20BuenosAires%20…
    ...
    PRINT THIS
    Stephen Rabe
    http://web.isanet.org/Web/Conferences/FLACSO-
    ISA%20BuenosAires%202014/Archive/1c1b645f-1b4e-4056-b35a-a3297453a52d.pdf
    http://web.isanet.org/Web/Conferences/FLACSO-ISA%20BuenosAires%202014/Archive/1c1b645f-1b4e-4056-b35a-a3297453a52d.pdf
    Reconciliation phase in various places
    Compare to how US trying to reconcile after recent election
    (view changes)
    3:43 pm

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